Featured Articles

A Community of Heart

In the Spotlight Profiles: 

Francine Shapiro

 

Barbara Hensley

Maria Elena Aduriz

Isabelle Fernandez

Richard Mitchell

Elaine Alvarez

Gary Fulcher

Regina Morrow

David Blore

Edmond Gergarian

Michael Paterson

Judith Boel

Mark Grant

 

Elsy Carvalho

David Hart (1)

A. J. Popky

Alan Cohen

David Hart (2)

Udi Oren

Ludwig Cornil

John Hartung

Graciela Rodriguez

Neil Daniels

Arne Hofmann

Tri Iswardana Sadaturn

Katherine Davis

Hanne Hummel

Reyhana Seedat-Ravat

Ad de Jongh

Masaya Ichii

David Servan-Schreiber (1)

Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa

Frankie Klaff

David Servan-Schreiber (2)

Raimund Doerr

Emre Konuk

Elan Shapiro

Robbie Dunton

Barbara Korzun

Steven Silver

Philip Dutton

Christopher Lee

Roger Solomon

Mark Dworkin

Jennifer Lendl

John Spector

Nancy Errebo

Elfrun Magloire

Robert Tinker

Franz and Esther Ebner

Jack McCarthy & Peggy Bacon

David Wilson

Derek Farrell

Sushma Mehrotra

Sandra Wilson

     This book of the "In the Spotlight" articles that I have been writing for the EMDR International Association's (EMDRIA) newsletter that I started to do while I was a Founding Board Member of this same association in celebration of the 20th anniversary of the beginning of EMDR.
     In the spirit of wanting to serve our organization and the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) community, I thought that it was important to celebrate the hard work, dedication to healing the suffering in the world, research, and the commitment to the greater world community that I was seeing all around me. These attributes have been an integral part of our community since its inception. In fact, Francine Shapiro's ongoing commitment to the healing of suffering in the world grew out of her own personal experience and her observation of what was transpiring in the larger society and the world. Her dedication and commitment have been the foundation upon which the EMDR community has been built.
We know that the leader of an organization sets the example for its members. In dedicating herself to the highest standards of competence to support the healing of clients around the world, Dr. Shapiro has given us a great gift. She shows us that with determination and commitment, we can make a significant difference in the lives of our clients, ourselves and the greater psychological community as more and more of us commit ourselves to research as a routine part of our practices. As Margaret Mead said, "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has."
     In the following chapters, you will meet some of your fellow colleagues who are models of this type of dedication and commitment. They are only 47 in the larger group of more than 100,000 clinicians trained in EMDR. They are part of the many who work daily in their offices, in community mental health centers, in universities, and as responders to critical incidents in the face of man-made and natural catastrophes who are making a difference and carrying on the legacy of Francine Shapiro's mission to heal the suffering in the world and to enable optimal functioning.
     During the course of my career, I have had the opportunity to meet many of these practitioners of EMDR. The work that has been done has been an inspiration. I hope that these profiles will give you a deeper understanding of the people behind the name of EMDR and inspire you to continue your own work, and share your contributions, triumphs and joys as you work with EMDR. Marilyn Luber, PhD.

About the Author
     Marilyn Luber, PhD., is a licensed clinical psychologist in general private practice in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was trained in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in 1992. She has coordinated trainings in EMDR-related fields in the greater Philadelphia area since 1997. She teaches Facilitator and Supervisory trainings and other EMDR-related subjects both nationally and internationally and was on the EMDR Task Force for Dissociative Disorders.  She was on the Founding Board of Directors of the EMDR International Association (EMDRIA) and served as the Chairman of the International Committee until June 1999. In 1997, Dr. Luber was given a Humanitarian Services Award by the EMDR Humanitarian Association, and later, in 2003, she was presented with the EMDR International Association's award "For Outstanding Contribution and Service to EMDRIA." In 2005, she was awarded "The Francine Shapiro Award for Outstanding Contribution and Service to EMDR." In 2001, through EMDR HAP (Humanitarian Assistance Programs), she published Handbook for EMDR Clients, which has been translated into eight languages. She has written the "Around the World" and "In the Spotlight" articles for the EMDRIA Newsletter, four times a year since 1997. In 2009, she edited Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols: Basics and special situations (Springer) and Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) scripted protocols: Special populations (Springer). She interviewed Francine Shapiro and co-authored the interview with Dr. Shapiro for the Journal Of EMDR Practice and Research (Luber & Shapiro, 2009). She has worked as a Primary Consultant for the FBI field division in Philadelphia. Dr. Luber has a general psychology practice, working with adolescents, adults, and couples, especially with Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD), trauma and related issues, and dissociative disorders. She runs Consultation Groups for EMDR practitioners.

Francine Shapiro
     When I think of EMDR, I think of Francine Shapiro. This is because the beginning of EMDR is the extraordinary story of the multiple forces that came together and transformed the life of Francine Shapiro when she took a walk in the park one day.
Francine was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Shirley and Daniel Shapiro. She had two sisters and a brother. Her father was a mechanic and with his family owned a garage and a fleet of taxicabs. The cultural norm in the 1950's in the United States was that Dad was the breadwinner and Mom was a housewife taking care of the children and their home; this was the way that the Shapiro family lived their lives.
     As is often the case in all of our lives, the loss of someone, something, or some place that we love impacts us profoundly and creates a ripple effect that ebbs and flows through the rest of our lives. For Francine, that loss came when her sister, Debra, died at 9 years of age. Francine was 17.
     How we respond to these losses determines how we move through our lives. Some of us freeze at that place in time; others push it into our unconscious, only to have the feelings come out in many different ways; and others continue to grieve with no resolution. Still others of us find a way to grieve the loss and figure out a way to resolve it by transforming the grief into something that changes the very nature of who we are and gives new meaning and purpose to our lives.
     As Francine grew, her interest turned to literature. She loved to read about the nature of human beings and their wide range of behaviors. She was granted her B.A. and M.A. at Brooklyn College. She became a High School teacher, instructing English in Bushwick and Bedford Stuyvesant in Brooklyn.
     Her goal was to receive her Ph.D. in Literature at New York University (NYU). She took a sabbatical from teaching High School and became a Teacher's Assistant and taught classes at NYU. Her passion was for nineteenth century literature and the poetry of Thomas Hardy, which was to be the subject of her dissertation. At the same time, she was interested in Behavior Therapy as a result of her reading the works of Andrew Salter and Joseph Wolpe. What fascinated her about the two subjects was that "The idea of a focused, predictable, cause-and-effect approach to human psychology seemed fully compatible with the concepts of literary character and plot development" and "I had fascinating discussions with my English professors on the interaction between the rich, multifaceted texts I was reading and the physiological cause-and-effect implications of behavioral formulations" (Shapiro, 1995).
Francine was A.B.D. in English Literature, when she was diagnosed with Cancer. As any scholar would do when fascinated with a topic, her interest in Cancer and its origins and cures absorbed her attention. She found the works of Norman Cousins and others in the field of psychoneuroimmunology that was just beginning. The key concept that she learned was that there was a connection between disease and stress. The only remaining problem was what to do about it.
     By this time, Francine had been treated and her Cancer was cured. When she spoke to her physicians, they said something like, "Your cancer is gone, but X percent get it back. We don't know who and we don't know how, so good luck!" (Shapiro, 1995.) Discovering what psychological and physiological methods contribute to physical health became Francine's focus. Perhaps resonating with the earlier loss of her sister and certainly with her own catastrophic illness, Francine made a life-changing decision. She decided to leave her life in New York behind her and discover what techniques were available, what worked, and make them available to the general public.
     She sold everything she owned. She bought a Volkswagen camper and began a quest that led her throughout the United States and then the world.
     Always a deep thinker, Francine changed the focus of her thoughts and spent weeks at a time introspecting in the desert. She attended different cutting edge trainings and workshops and came into contact with many different people. Ondrea and Stephen Levine taught Francine about hospice and meditative techniques. Although the information they imparted is more current and mainstream now, in the 1970's, they were ahead of their time.
     Francine was fascinated by all of the new information that she was learning. The calling that occasioned her leaving her Ph.D. program and her home of New York tugged at her, and she began to put on interdisciplinary conferences and present the work of different people whom she felt had something important to offer, such as the Levine's, Emmett Miller, Spencer Johnson, and many others.
     Her curiosity in this field led her to enroll in a Ph.D. program to learn about what was more formally known in this area. She chose the Clinical Psychology program at the Professional School for Psychological Studies in San Diego, California. The analytic tools she learned at NYU to help her evaluate and understand the deep motives and behavior of characters in literature as they unfolded helped her to become an intuitive and rational psychologist with a keen eye for the observation of human behavior and character. The integration of evaluation and intuition has been the organizing principle through which Francine has channeled her choices in psychology and in building EMDR after its discovery.
     Francine's dream was to start a non-profit organization to bring together what was known in different areas such as Business, Motivational Psychology, Creativity for musicians, Psychoneuroimmunology, etc. for the benefit of humankind. Her organization was called Meta Development and Research Institute, and she asked one of the people who had influenced her earlier, Norman Cousins, to be on the Board of Advisors and he agreed.
     In 1987, Francine was looking for a topic for her dissertation and took her famous walk in the park. In her own words: "EMDR is based on a chance observation I made in May 1987. While walking through the park one day, I noticed that some disturbing thoughts I was having suddenly disappeared. I also noticed that when I brought these thoughts back to mind, they were not as upsetting or as valid as before. Previous experience had taught me that disturbing thoughts generally have a certain "loop" to them; that is, they tend to play themselves over and over until you consciously do something to stop or change them. What caught my attention that day was that my disturbing thoughts were disappearing and changing without any conscious effort.
     Fascinated, I started paying very close attention to what was going on. I noticed that when disturbing thoughts came into my mind, my eyes spontaneously started moving very rapidly back and forth in an upward diagonal. Again the thoughts disappeared, and when I brought them back to mind, their negative charge was greatly reduced. At that point I started making the eye movements deliberately while concentrating on a variety of disturbing thoughts and memories, and I found that these thoughts also disappeared and lost their charge. My excitement grew as I began to see the potential benefits of this effect" (Shapiro, 1995).
Francine was so fascinated with her finding, that over the following 6 months she worked with approximately 70 people to understand and create a protocol that could be replicated and used to decrease anxiety. She called this protocol Eye Movement Desensitization (EMD), and its primary focus was to decrease anxiety.
     During that same year, Francine was teaching a course in Communication at San Jose University and met Robbie Dunton. Robbie was to become a friend and a key person in the ongoing development of EMDR.
     In 1988, Francine - concerned about the 40 years of war in Israel - thought that she had something to offer there and went to Israel to teach EMD. She had contacted different Israel psychologists and offered to teach them about her new finding. By then, she had written the article, "Efficacy of the eye movement desensitization procedure in the treatment of traumatic memories", which appeared in 1989 in the Journal of Traumatic Stress Studies. Francine taught about EMD in Kiryat Schmona, Haifa, Tel Aviv, and for the Israeli Army. In Jerusalem, she presented at Shiluv, a Family Therapy organization who wanted her to come back and teach them how to do EMD. She was invited back in 1989 and taught the EMD workshops all over Israel. She thought about staying in Israel, but felt that she had completed what she needed to do in Israel and felt that there was more to do in the United States concerning EMD.
     One of her trainees from the organization, Shiluv, suggested that she contact the Mental Research Institute (MRI), as the pioneers there such as John Weakland, John Fisch, and Paul Watzlawick were known for their interest in Brief Therapy. It was an ideal fit, and Francine joined and subsequently became a Senior Research fellow at that organization.
The word was getting out about EMD, and different research teams contacted Francine to train them. Charles Figley, the editor of the journal for the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS), invited her to give her workshop for the organization. She also presented her work to Joseph Wolpe who was very interested in her outcomes. After she taught him, he began to use EMD and published an article in the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry with the title, "Post-traumatic stress disorder overcome by eye movement desensitization: A case report."  He subsequently introduced it at the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy as a "breakthrough."
     Francine was astonished that it took until 1989, nine years after the diagnosis of PTSD was first accepted into the DSM, for there to be any published controlled research on the effects of different treatment methods for PTSD. This year marked studies on PTSD in the areas of behavioral, dynamic, hypnosis and EMD therapies. As she read the APA Code of Ethics, it clearly stated that clinicians should be trained in the methods that they use, as well as the researchers who were studying the methods.
In March 1990, Francine taught her first workshop with the help of three colleagues.  It was a 2-day workshop limited to 36 clinicians of those who had asked her to train them after hearing her presentations at various conferences, since practice needed to be supervised. The next trainings occurred through word of mouth.
One of the major principles that Francine followed was to always pay attention to the feedback of the participants in the trainings. As a result, she learned that teaching the procedure was far more complex than she had thought. The course was extended to attend to additional issues and questions.
     EMD was changed to Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) when Francine realized, through the evaluation of hundreds of cases, that when the procedure was done correctly, there was "a simultaneous desensitization and cognitive restructuring of memories and personal attributions, all of which appeared to be byproducts of the adaptive processing of the disturbing memories" (Shapiro, 1995). This change in name was the result of a paradigm shift that would take EMDR beyond its original purpose as a treatment of PTSD towards a methodology and new approach to psychotherapy.
     In the Cognitive-Behavioral world trouble was brewing. The belief of those in the forefront was that a therapist should be able to learn a procedure by reading a manual instead of in a formal training. Francine went against the tide when she insisted that EMDR demanded training and clinicians attending her training had to be licensed or in a licensing track while being supervised. The reason for this decision was that Francine had found out that when therapists had not been trained in EMDR, or if non-therapists worked with EMDR, there could be dire results. She had also heard the negative reports of the clients of lay hypnotists and therapists who had received instruction from people she had trained.  She then began to ask participants to sign an agreement not to teach EMDR without the appropriate training. She also continued the system during her trainings that included one facilitator for small groups of participants to help them learn this complex process. At first, the facilitators were the people who took to EMDR naturally and believed in it. They were informally trained, however, as the trainings became more formalized, a more structured training and process for them was implemented.
     As a result of some of these issues, Francine asked a group of senior clinicians to come together to monitor her, make sure the teaching was appropriate and evaluate the training requirements and professional issues. This group became the first EMDR Professional Ethics Committee.
     In order to keep clinicians up to date, the EMDR Network was created, where people could come together to talk about their cases and special interests. The EMDR Network Newsletter that grew out of these meetings was extremely popular for its content and innovations.  Members of the EMDR Network also received all the articles that were published on EMDR, both pro and con.
Trainers were trained to teach EMDR two years after Francine began to do the trainings. The learning process occurred over a 2-year period and entailed a deep knowledge of the material to be presented. These were the people who took EMDR across the nation and throughout the world.
     Francine was particularly concerned that veterans had access to EMDR. Anywhere she was asked to train members of the Veterans' Administration, she would go. By 1991, Steve Silver, Neal Daniels, and Howard Lipke, who were Directors of PTSD units, had been trained and gave a panel at ISTSS. All of them reported on the efficacy of EMDR with their veterans and advocated its use throughout the VA system.
     Unfortunately, many of the early studies of EMDR were component analyses that treated only one memory in multiply traumatized veterans, or used undiagnosed populations, or untrained clinicians. It took until 1995, when Sandra Wilson, Robert Tinker, and Lee Becker published the first randomized study with appropriate clients who were given the appropriate amount of treatment. The study appeared in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology and the title was, "Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for psychologically traumatized individuals."
     In 1995, Francine published her first edition of "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols, and Procedures."  She felt that there were enough published studies to show support for EMDR as a valid treatment for PTSD. She thought that it was time for EMDR to go public, so she canceled the earlier training agreements and endorsed an independent group to monitor the standards and trainings. This group became the EMDR International Association (EMDRIA).
     During the same week that the EMDR text came out, the Oklahoma City bombing of the Federal building occurred. Francine received a call from Judy Albert, an EMDR Institute facilitator and a Red Cross volunteer, that the therapeutic community there needed support. Francine supported her to go out, network and see if the EMDR community could help. This marked the beginning of Francine's dream to bring knowledge and healing to people in need and the start of the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP). HAP became a non-profit organization within a year and expanded its mandate to treat people in need worldwide.
In addition to the conference presentations, the way that EMDR grew was through the interest of clinicians and researchers who came to the trainings. A clinician would come to training and decide that he/she would like to sponsor one in their city, state or country. It was in this manner that EMDR has spread throughout the world in an expanding wave of people who loved it and brought their friends and colleagues in to be trained. 
     Francine has been a prolific writer on the subject of EMDR. She has written three books and edited two. She has chapters on EMDR in at least 12 books and 33 articles at last count. She has participated in 3 videotapes on EMDR. Francine has become a much sought after speaker throughout the years and has been invited to lecture or give keynote or plenary speeches at organizations as diverse as the American Psychological Society, Evolution of Psychotherapy, International Congress on Ericksonian Approaches to Hypnosis and Psychotherapy, Family Therapy Network, the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, the 1st Pan-Pacific Brief Psychotherapy Conference, the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, the American Psychological Association, the International Society for the Study of Dissociation, the Harvard Medical School, the Society for the Exploration of Psychotherapy,  the Italian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy and, of course, the EMDR International Association to name a few.
     Dr. Shapiro is a recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 56 Award for Outstanding Contributions to Practice in Trauma Psychology, the Distinguished Scientific Achievement in Psychology Award presented by the California Psychological Association and the International Sigmund Freud Award for Psychotherapy presented by the City of Vienna in conjunction with the World Council of Psychotherapy. Francine received the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry award for the best article published in 1989. The American Psychological Association and Canadian Psychological Association Joint Initiative on Ethno-political Warfare appointed Dr. Shapiro as one of the "Cadre of Experts". She has served as an advisor to many trauma treatment and outreach organizations and journals. She has three awards bestowed in her honor.  Those by the EMDR International Association and the EMDR-Ibero-American Association celebrate members of the EMDR community who follow in her footsteps of creative thinking, service and dedication to the standard of EMDR. The EMDR Europe Association presents the Francine Shapiro EMDR-Europe Research Award in order to encourage research in the field. In 2009, a comprehensive electronic resource for scholarly articles and other important references related to EMDR and Adaptive Information Processing was introduced and was named The Francine Shapiro Library in honor of Dr. Shapiro (http://library.nku.edu/emdr/emdr_data.php).
Her interest in research and the quality of the psychotherapeutic process is highlighted by the many different editorial boards of which she has been a member, such as the Journal of Traumatic Stress, Journal of Anxiety Disorder, Journal of Brief Therapy, Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis; and the new Journal of EMDR Practice and Research.
     When asked what she would like to say to the EMDR community Francine responded: "I want to repeat the same thing that I have said for years. There is so much we have done, but so much to do. Anyone who cares to can open the treatment room doors in a way that can really make an impact.  Documenting your outcomes and sharing it is "research." Research is not just about proving to others.  It is a way to guide each one of us to establish the best practices.  It is about staying on the right road. Everyone can also take a part through strengthening the professional organizations and by supporting HAP.  We are all responsible for the world we live in. Worldwide clinicians are forging bonds that transcend countries and ideologies.  Bonds that can help heal the trauma and pain that lead to ongoing violence and suffering. To make a difference that effects generations to come--don't leave it to anyone else. We all have to take a part in it."
     When I think of the extraordinary journey that led Francine to this point, I am always touched and profoundly grateful. If she has touched your lives, your patients, and your community in the way she has touched mine, I can say on behalf of us all, "Thank you, Francine."

Barbara Hensley
     What is the trajectory of your life when you have lived in 40 different places before the age of 20? Born to Keith and Josephine Lukens, Barbara Hensley was the youngest of three children and the only girl. Her parents met in Sacramento and were married six weeks later. Keith's job in construction moved the family throughout Washington, Oregon, Montana, California, Utah and Nevada. Barb's innate resilience grew as she coped with her family's sporadic homelessness and intermittent lack of finances.
Barb lived in various Ohio cities after age 16, except for a year that was spent in Western Australia, where she worked with her father for Kaiser Engineers. Upon returning from Australia, Barb finished her BA in English at Miami University. After graduation she spent short times in Alabama, South Carolina, Upper Michigan and ultimately ended up and settling in Ohio.
The Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) hired her, beginning her 30-year career working in Accounting and Information Technology. She met and married her first husband, Charlie Murray, who was a great supporter and also inspired her to obtain a BS in Accounting from the University of Cincinnati. Their marriage ended prematurely when Charlie died from a rare form of Multiple Sclerosis. She discovered that through taking care of her husband, she deeply enjoyed nurturing and helping people, so she made the decision to follow this passion.
     At first, she pursued her own counseling and then volunteered at a Hospital Care Unit where she did "Hug Therapy" with inpatients diagnosed with chemical dependence. She lectured about healing properties and the importance of touching others and introduced a stuffed animal she called a "beeple" (a combination of a bear and a person). When the patients hugged beeples in a certain way, they made pleasant, soothing beeping sounds. The group members loved it.
     Barb returned to study Community Counseling at the University of Cincinnati, where she received her MA in 1991. During that time, she married Fred Hensley and helped raise two of his three children. Barb's days sometimes began at 4:00am in order to work full-time, attend her afternoon classes and complete her practicums. She subsequently received an Advanced Graduate Studies Certificate in 1993, completed her EdD in Clinical Counseling at the University of Cincinnati in 1996, and became a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC).
     In a parallel world, Barb continued to work at ODOT with great success. As a Data Systems Manager, Barb played a leading role in the computerization of her department in the mid-eighties. She was responsible for coordinating computer activities for her District's computer systems and was the go-to person to make sure that all systems ran smoothly and securely, and that staff were adequately trained and able to coordinate within their areas. As a result of Barb's efforts, her staff became educated, proficient and sophisticated computer users. She designed and implemented a Disaster Recovery Plan and she used the Keyfile software used for document imaging ??? a helpful skill to scan all the articles written about EMDR. She kept abreast of the latest technology, coordinated her efforts with staff within her own District and statewide, and handled conflicts. With Barb's retirement from ODOT in 2003, the foundational tools she had learned became invaluable in her subsequent work as a teacher, writer, clinical practice computer specialist, emergency responder, Francine Shapiro Library founder, EMDRIA President and Board Member, full-time clinician and as a member of her regional and larger EMDR community.
     Barb's first experience with EMDR was her own therapy. While a graduate student, she took the Basic EMDR training in 1994 and 1995. In 1997, she took Part II again with Francine Shapiro. She met Irene Giessl and persuaded her to become her supervisor. Irene agreed, despite her misgivings, and a rewarding partnership began that is still ongoing. Two months after becoming an LPCC, Barb became an EMDR Institute Facilitator.
     EMDR has had a profound influence on Barb as a clinician: "Dr. Francine Shapiro has given us all such a magnificent gift because of her ???walk in the park'. Her gift keeps on giving through the ripple effect. So many lives have been touched by that fateful walk, mine included. As a result of EMDR, I now trust totally in the integrity of the process ??? mine and the client's. I trust that the clients have everything they need to resolve the issues they bring with them. My job is to guide, direct and support the process in which we engage and celebrate the successes that result."
     Barb joined Irene as the EMDR Institute Sponsors and EMDRIA Regional Coordinators for the Greater Cincinnati EMDRIA Region. In 2002, they were named Outstanding EMDRIA Regional Coordinators; a tribute to their dedication to supporting the teaching and learning of EMDR and to collaborating and working together with other EMDR practitioners in the area. They created the Cincinnati Trauma Connection, a private practice dedicated to working with adults, individuals, couples and groups. "Takoda" (Sioux for friend to everyone) or "Kodi" joined the practice in 2008 as Barb's therapy dog. Barb has automated their practice and they are up-to-date with the latest computer technology. When the Cincinnati area was hit with floods and tornadoes, Barb and Irene began volunteering for the Red Cross. They also did critical incident stress debriefing with airline employees in Cincinnati who booked people on the fatal flights of 9/11.
     Barb joined the EMDR International Association Board of Directors as Treasurer-elect in 2001. She brought her expertise, clear thinking and decisiveness to the Public and Professional Relations, Leadership, International and Audit Committees. When Barb saw that something needed to be done, in her quiet, calm manner, she was there to offer her ideas and work cooperatively to come to resolution. She enjoyed her time on the Board by learning how a Board functions and interacting with other Board members, EMDRIA staff and members. As President, Barb had to represent EMDRIA publicly ??? a task difficult for her as a shy, private person. In this position, she felt that she pushed herself to another level that she never thought possible. She made a promise to try to shake the hand of every member at the Montreal Annual EMDRIA conference as a gesture of inclusion. That is exactly what she did. She repeated the same gesture at the annual Conference in Seattle the next year.
     Cincinnati Trauma Connection is the present home of the beautiful Einstein quilt created by Anneke Van Hoecke and presented at the 6th EMDR European Conference to raise funds for EMDR-HAP in Brussels, Belgium in 2006. Barb had the winning bid and brought the quilt to the United States. This was her contribution to Europe-HAP and a gesture of support to our European colleagues.
     Barb is the creator and curator of the Francine Shapiro Library (FSL), a project that she inadvertently began while still a graduate intern. The Library started with an early collection of documents about EMDR. This collection grew from a series of boxes to an over-bulging 5-drawer file cabinet she kept in her garage. When she found that her filing cabinet would no longer hold the various journal, magazine, and newspaper articles, including Conference handouts that she had collected, she began the enormous task of scanning these documents into PDF files and collecting citations from other documents.
     While serving as Past President, Barb offered and EMDRIA accepted the gift of these articles and citations. When it was time to find a home for Barb's vast collection of valuable EMDR information, the question remained where to house it and how EMDR clinicians could gain access to it. It was at this point that Marilyn Schleyer, former EMDRIA Board Member and Northern Kentucky University (NKU) faculty member, thought that NKU could be the new home for the FSL. In collaboration with NKU's Steely Library, IT Department, and Steely Library Research Librarian, Philip Yannarella, the Francine Shapiro Library was launched. Barb and Philip have continued the arduous work of data and document collection and data verification in an effort to keep the FSL current. This year NKU's Web Development Team took on the task of revamping the FSL website, and it has a completely new look (http:// emdr.nku.edu). The FSL honors the life work of Francine Shapiro through Barb's dedication and commitment to EMDR by making information easily accessible to clients and clinicians alike. This has been a unique and unparalleled contribution to EMDR. To date, there are 5660 citations in the library.
     In her roles as EMDR Institute Facilitator and Logistician and EMDRIA Approved Consultant, Barb continues to demonstrate her devotion to EMDR. She recently joined the Board of Directors of the EMDRIA Foundation. In 2008, after writing a presentation for the Greater Cincinnati EMDRIA Regional Meeting, she was surprised at the ease of the process and decided to write a book called "An EMDR Primer: From Practicum to Practice". By October 2008, she had a contract with Springer Publishing and it was published in July 2009.
     To the EMDR Community Barb says: "If you want EMDR's momentum to continue, put yourself out there. Be generous. Give your time, money and support. Give back what EMDR has given you. I have always believed that what you give you get back tenfold, and this is true with my life. It is a spiritual truth that I have lived with since I was a little girl. There will always be enough of everything, so do not be afraid to give it away. And, I repeat Francine's perennial mantra: ???Research. Research. Research.' It's just another way to give. If you can't participate in a study, donate generously to the EMDRIA Foundation so others can. There are many ways to give of yourself."
     In 2009, Barb was the recipient of EMDRIA's Francine Shapiro Award. Not only does Barb epitomize the EMDR professional, she also upholds the standard of excellent of EMDR practice and provides service to others, which is the heart of Francine Shapiro's work. These are qualities that are part of her whole scope of life and we are lucky to have her as a part of our EMDR Community.

Maria Elena Aduriz
     The powerful ability to observe is a skill that is rarely taught in schools.  The lenses through which we look at life can allow us to see ???or not to see-what is around us. Francine Shapiro observed a "small," naturally occurring phenomenon that when your eyes move back and forth rapidly while thinking of something unpleasant, it, actually, goes away. Had she not been a keen observer of her own process, we might never have known the joy of transforming traumatic memory into "old stuff."
     Maria Elena Aduriz has been an astute observer of life from the time she was very young. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where Castor Aduriz and Elena met, then married, Maria Elena grew up in a household that encompassed two worlds: her mother's family from the South of Spain where the Arab influence enabled them to enjoy life together in the warmth of the family, laugh a great deal, and share every good moment together; and her father's family from the traditional Spanish Vascos family in the North of Spain where the norm was being responsible, hard-working and well-educated. They fell in love and, in doing so, integrated two ways of being in the world into their newly formed family.  Maria Elena embodied the diversity and the challenges of these different worlds.  
As the youngest daughter, with two older brothers, Maria was expected "to be a lady, perfect, and to marry a successful man." However, it was an era of change, and, at seventeen, she proclaimed that she would follow in her brothers' footsteps and go off to University and become a psychologist; she wanted to do this because she loved people and always felt drawn to help the poor and lonely. Her shocked parents took her to a famous priest to seek his counsel and with this observant man's blessing she went off to create her fate at the Catholic University. Drawing on her father's gift of responsibility and her innate curiosity, she applied herself and thrived in this environment; and in 1965, she received her degree from the Universidad Catolica.
     Finishing at 22 years of age, life stopped for a moment. What to do next? Her life plan did not go beyond finishing school and having a family. Out of school, she was the Clinical Psychologist of Adults and Adolescents at the Vilella Medical Center where she stayed from 1965-1976. During that time, she worked several years at the Medical Psychology Center at the Medical School Hospital of the University of Buenos Aires and practiced her craft with childless couples, groups of foster parents and adopted children at the Foster Parents' Center in San Jose from 1969-1973. It was during this time that Maria Elena met her husband, and she married at 27 years of age. 
     Children were the center of her life. She was born into a family who treated babies as blessings. Her brothers were having children and this informed her choice to learn and specialize in children in her career. When she and her husband went to London for her husband's job, she had the opportunity to study at Tavistock Clinic with Drs. Bion, Meltzer and Dr. O. Massota and Mrs Harris. It was here that she was accepted into a group of fellow observers and she learned to articulate what she always had seen in front of her. However, probably the greatest gift was to be supported in learning to think on her own ??? not just to repeat what her teachers were saying to her. It was the first time that she had ever been asked what she thought and she blossomed. In observing, infants and their mothers from their first week together through two years of age, Maria Elena truly learned to appreciate the importance of the bond of mother and child and within the holding environment of Tavistock, the reciprocal bond that was reinforced between herself and her teachers. When she returned to Buenos Aires, she had rediscovered her own internal child and activated her natural ability to see through the eyes of a child; she had learned how to use her own internal child part to assist her in establishing a bond with her clients both young and older.
     As the Coordinator of the Child and Adolescent Department of the Mental Health Service Medicus from 1982-1987 and Medicien from 1982-1987, she used all of these skills. It was a natural development for her to go on to study family therapy. She studied at the Family Therapy Center for Families and Couples (C.E.F.I.P.) and the Sistemic Family Therapy program at the School of Medicine at the University of Buenos Aires. Also, she attended seminars with M. Glaserman, J. Rabinovich, Salvatore Minuchin, Vicent Moley, C. Slutzky, G. Masieres, and Peggy Papp. At the same time, she was working as a private practitioner specializing in anxiety disorders, attention deficit, posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment disorders, grief and counseling for parents.
After she had integrated her psychoanalytic studies with systemic family therapy, in 1993, she discovered EMDR. Always curious, she wanted to see how EMDR would work on some symptoms that had not resolved with the five day a week psychoanalytic treatment she had during her stay in London. In her first session, she completed the Impact of Event Scale and, for the first time, understood her old symptoms in a new way; she learned the language of trauma and how her unresolved grief from the past was more accurately described and treated within this conceptualization. Through a course of 10 sessions, her EMDR therapist and Maria Elena had processed these situations successfully.
     With a treatment so effective, Maria Elena thought to herself, "How could I not share this with my own patients?" Her curiosity took her to New York City in 1995 to take the EMDR Institute's Part 1 training and went back the following year for Part 2.
Maria Elena had entered the world of EMDR and she and EMDR would never be the same. The learning that she had accrued concerning the importance of the reciprocal interaction between mother and child and teacher and student, she brought to her EMDR development. Immediately on her return from her training, she formed a study group with other colleagues. They read Francine Shapiro's 1995 text "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing:  Basic principles, protocols and procedures", translated articles into Spanish and revised their whole way of thinking about and practicing therapy. She attributed their ability to overcome the shock of such an important paradigm shift to the support that they received from each other. She began to attend the annual EMDR International Conferences and found the interchange of ideas with EMDR colleagues from all over the world invaluable to her development as an EMDR therapist. She admired the generosity with which expert EMDR clinicians shared their knowledge throughout the world-wide EMDR community through the Discussion lists and how they were always willing to answer emails that held the normal types of questions arising when integrating any new learning into a practitioner's work.
When John Hartung arrived for the first training event in Argentina, he brought with him a group of Spanish speaking facilitators. Hearing the concepts in her mother tongue helped her to understand them more fully and Maria Elena integrated them in a new way. In 1998, she completed facilitator training and her natural interest and enthusiasm increased exponentially???nurtured by the awe-inspiring ability John Hartung has creating respectful, cohesive units with whatever group of individuals he touches. During that same year, this group founded EMDRIA Latino-America in Buenos Aires associated with the EMDR International Association. Maria Elena was part of the Founding Board and sat on this Board for many years. She supported the growth of EMDR in Argentina with specialty presentations on "EMDR with Children" and "EMDR and Ego States." In her own words: I supervise several groups of colleagues in the use of EMDR. I give special presentations on trauma in "Children and EMDR." I love doing this as I feel I am helping to prevent, at a very early age, the pain and symptoms of traumatic origin that would appear in later years. Each time I see an abused child getting relief and regaining confidence in the world, I give thanks to Francine for having persevered in her observations.
     She then went through all of the credentialing in EMDR possible: in 2000, she become an EMDRIA Approved Consultant, and EMDRIA Approved Provider of EMDRIA Credits; by 2001, she was an EMDR Institute Approved Trainer; in 2005 was among the first group designated by Francine to be an EMDR Institute Trainer of Trainers for the Spanish-speaking trainings; and in 2007, she became an Approved Consultant or Group and Individual Supervision.
     Of all her many accomplishments in the world of EMDR, perhaps, her humanitarian work is the closest to her heart. She began as a member of the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program (EMDRHAP) Board for three years (2001-2003). From 2003, she went on to coordinate the Committee of Humanitarian Assistance of EMDRIA Latino-America over the past 5 years. With this group, during the catastrophic economic crisis in Argentina in 2001 and later after the Santa Fe flood in 2003, they went in to the field to train other clinicians and work with survivors of these terrible events. In 2003, she wrote a manual, "Confronting Catastrophe and trauma; The flood in Santa Fe Argentina Manual and a paper that is in press for the International Journal of Stress Management, "Using EMDR group intervention in Argentina: Treatment outcome and gender differences."
     Also, she was the Vice President of the EMDRIA Latino-America Board from 2001-2003 and then was a Board Member from 2003-2006. Since 2006, she has been President of the Board of the EMDR-Programa de Asistencia Humanitaria and from 2008 she is the principal representative in Argentina to the EMDR-Iberoamerica-Argentina Association. She has been Vice President of the EMDR-Ibero-America Association since 2007.
     At this time in her life, she feels it is time to dedicate her experience ???in the tradition that John Hartung modeled and mentored - to assist other professionals to be competent EMDR Trainers and Practitioners who value the EMDR work and the greater EMDR community of fellow travelers. She is working in Peru and Uruguay to support their mental health practitioners to take on the leadership in their countries. For her other love, she has created an advanced course about how to use EMDR for children of different ages and different situations incorporating Family Therapy. She has taught this successful course in Spain, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and other Spanish-speaking countries.

To the EMDR community she would like to say the following:
     Go with that. You make your life. EMDR is a good example of what is life. It is changing all the time and that is part of life. As a therapist, it allows you to change and become wiser. Life is a surprise. No matter how much you think of the future, life takes your hand and you have to learn from that. I lost my two brothers and father when I was very young. I learned from that. They all died from heart attacks. You have to accept and learn from that and you find peace."
Maria Elena's future plans include bringing what she has learned with her EMDR Latin American colleagues to the different countries. She wants to continue her writing about working with children during and after catastrophes and support research on EMDR with other clinicians. Life also includes music, dancing and spending time with her close group of friends. These friends are her forever companions, and since three years of age, they have shared their lives as they have moved through all the transitions of life.
     As they laugh, cry and experience all that life has to offer, we can be grateful to have such a gifted and dedicated woman in our EMDR community. She has had the courage to see inside herself and communicate what she has learned inside herself and through others to all of us.

Elaine Alvarez
     The EMDR community is far ranging and engaged in many different activities to promote the healing of individuals, groups, and communities all over the world. Elaine Alvarez, my close friend and colleague, is one of the EMDRIA members who helped make this possible. I first met Elaine in an extraordinary study group hosted by Neal Daniels that we both attended at the Philadelphia Veterans' Administration. On a weekly basis, we had the chance to share our latest discoveries about EMDR, as well as our excitement and enthusiasm. It was there that I first became aware of Elaine's creativity, expertise, and delight in the practice of psychotherapy.
     Elaine received her MSW from New York University and did postgraduate work at UC-Berkeley and Santa Cruz. Her professional career has focused on two types of populations: the poor and American Veterans. She was the Clinical Director of a program for quality care for the poor in San Francisco where she worked for seven years. This was followed by a stint as the Veterans' Administration's team leader in Oakland where, during the 1970's, she was the first woman to head a Veteran's Readjustment Counseling Service, a program that reached out to Vietnam Veterans. As the Director of the agency, she arranged for a conference to help other professionals understand what was then referred to as "The Post-Vietnam Syndrome."
Elaine's work with combat veterans was the catalyst for her own personal evolution. As her patients explored their shaken belief systems, she found herself challenged and compelled to delve into a deeper understanding of her values. In her pursuit of understanding herself and the world, she discovered Buddhism and began to study Vipassana-an insight form of meditation. By thus deepening her understanding of human nature, she began to integrate spirituality into "the therapeutic chamber" and felt she became "a transpersonal therapist." Elaine's work with veterans resulted in the expansion of her meditation practice, her use of self in treatment, and the search for cutting-edge methods.
     By the time Elaine learned EMDR, she had already explored a wide and varying range of methods of working with trauma and had plateaued in her ability to change the trauma symptoms she encountered. After she began to use EMDR, she saw a phenomenal change in her work with veteran survivors of war and expanded her practice to include work with men and women who have been sexually, physically, and emotionally abused.
Since Elaine was interested in working with the poor from the time she began her career in mental health, she has become aware that the middle-class, privileged group have access to cutting-edge methods far sooner than the less privileged. Through Elaine's work with the Humanitarian Assistance Program-through the EMDR Institute-she has found a way to minister to people spanning the socioeconomic classes and ethnic diversity.
     In her job as the Special Projects Director for HAP, she supported and encouraged trained EMDR mental health workers to move into communities with special needs and offer their training skills. She acknowledges her debt to her friend and former colleague in the Bay area, Pat Reynolds, who was the Director of Health for the city and county of San Francisco and facilitated the agency's receptivity to proposals made by local EMDR practitioners to offer training. She also highlights the excellent training provided by Linda Cohn in San Francisco.
     Another one of Elaine's projects concerned women who had lost children to gun violence. She was moved deeply by a woman who had been in deep mourning for 13 years. With the use of EMDR, she found closure and was able to move on, as did her son and son's girlfriend. These results have been sustained based on a six-month follow-up. Also, she remembers the response of a man jailed for murder who reported that she "must have done something" to him because he found himself thinking at a much deeper level than he had ever known.
     As a member of the board of HAP and as a HAP trainer, Elaine has twice visited Bangladesh, with her colleague, Susan Rogers, to do an initial evaluation and to serve as team leader to train our Bangladesh colleagues. After her most recent trip, she recommended that there be far less lecturing and much more focus on small groups and practica.
Currently, Elaine is in charge of the Stabilization Unit at the Inpatient PTSD unit run by Dr. Steven Silver in Coatesville, PA. She also has a small private practice.
     Many of us know Elaine as a gifted facilitator for the EMDR Institute who lends her insight, skill and humor to the seminars she attends. Although Elaine's time is amply filled by her VA and EMDR activities, she is an avid lover of the arts, including theater, dance, and jazz. Most days, however, she can be found at home with her new addition, Jockey, a champagne-colored French poodle.


Thank you Elaine for your devotion, creativity and vision on behalf of us all.

David Blore
     Nineteen ninety-eight has begun and we look forward to a year filled with exciting events regarding the use of EMDR around the world. Particularly noteworthy is our members' dedication to excellent clinical work and research and their pursuit of these goals as they translate them into their regions' cultures, languages, and mores.
     One member who is an example of excellence in these areas is David Blore. David comes from Nottinghamshire and is an enthusiastic member of the EMDR Association of the United Kingdom and Ireland. He is a nurse and has advanced degrees in advanced professional practice (with a dissertation on EMDR) and in cognitive behavioral psychotherapy.
Originally from Birmingham, England, David went to Leicester to obtain his nursing credentials. David not only became a nurse in Leicester; he also met and married his wife, Susan, and brought their children, Simon and Yvonne, into the world there.
Although EMDR and psychotherapy are his passions, David has many interesting and unusual hobbies. He collects philosophy and psychology hardback books from 1880-1940 and recently acquired a first edition of Pavlov's 1927 English translation of the Russian. As David puts it, the volume is "the one everyone quotes but probably has never seen!" His other pastimes include learning Dutch from our colleague Ad de Jongh from Holland, computers, astronomy, listening to music and watching cricket and Formula 1 motor racing on TV! His ambition is to write his memoirs and spend more time traveling in Northern Europe.
David is a versatile clinician, a supervisor of nurses, and a facilitator for the EMDR Institute. David's major focus has been working with coal-miners. In fact, he was the first European to present at a Level II training in London, presenting a lecture entitled Tips from the Pits: A Proposal for an Extended Single Trauma Protocol for Using EMDR. He has published about this subject "along with other topics" and even received a celebration pewter tankard after making his first trip down a 700-meter shaft with a miner who had a fear of heights. The colliery manager was so impressed by his effort to return his miner to work that he inscribed the tankard for him!
     One of David's major contributions to the EMDR world is his electronic journal. The EMDR Practitioner, (formerly Eye to Eye), The Electronic Journal of EMDR Europe can be accessed at: Http://www.geocities.com/HotSprings/Spa/1999.
David explains the genesis of his magazine in the following manner: "Rapid dissemination of information has traditionally been a problem where a field of expertise is developing quickly. I saw a role in utilizing the Internet to 'keep the EMDR family together' (altruistic motive). I'm enthusiastic about EMDR (hedonistic motive)."
     David's latest adventure will be to visit to Moscow in April to lecture at the Moscow Centre of Psychology and Psychotherapy on the use of EMDR amongst traumatized miners. We all look forward to hearing about his trip upon his return.

Judith Boel
     Although we know Judith as a Canadian, actually, she is an American by birth. She was born in Minnesota to Mervin and Nora Clark who met while he visited his cousins. He was entranced with their neighbor - a beautiful radio show pianist and fashion model who later became his wife. With her mother, Judith joined her father who was the Military Governor in Hesse, Germany after World War II. During her three years abroad, Judith appreciated the diversity of experience, language and culture to which she was exposed.
     After her father left public life, they moved to Coconut Grove, FL. Due to many family hardships, Judith grew up in African-American neighborhoods that educated her in the real meaning of community. When times were bleak, neighbors came to her assistance and Judith has carried these lessons forward. She married at 17 and had three children. During this time, she became a Methodist Pastor ??? the first and youngest woman to do so. In 1979, she quit the Methodist Church because of Civil Rights issues. Eventually, because of love and politics, she moved her heart and her home to Canada. Judith showed an aptitude for learning and began college on a full scholarship.
     As she needed to earn a living, she decided to become a teacher. In 1966, she returned to the University of Miami and received a BA in Speech and Hearing Therapy. In 1967, she earned an M. ED. in Special Education, graduating Magna Cum Laude. She made recordings for the blind and tutored other students to make ends meet. After graduating, she taught in a high-school setting with severely traumatized students.
     Once in Canada, she was unable to get a teaching job so she worked as an aide for autistic children. She audited the equivalent of a second MA in Counseling between 1974 and 1976 at Antioch's Campus in British Columbia (BC). She also started a small private counseling practice. In 1979, she and her husband moved to Portland so that he could become a Naturopath. She was hired as a teacher of autistic children and later became teacher-manager of several classrooms. While in Portland, she studied American Sign Language and remedial teaching methods, as well as American free-style karate.
     By 1983, they returned to Salt Island in Canada and she began to work toward her doctorate at the University of BC. She was the recipient of the Wilda Adams Memorial Scholarship and subsequently received full fellowships during her studies.
     Her dissertation involved helping autistic children sleep and/ or rest at night. Since they were non-verbal, she found a way to help their brain waves operate more slowly by activating REM sleep activity. She did this by securing a bar above subjects' beds with lights on each end that alternated on/ off. The children enjoyed watching the lights and eventually became quieter and relaxed more in bed. Data was taken by on/off switches under children's mattresses to indicate how much the children moved around. A computer was compiling the data in another room of the house so that no human observers were necessary. Although her pilot project was successful, she was unable to get funding, and, did not finish her doctorate.
     In 1985, she did qualify and register as a school psychologist. The Vancouver School Board recruited her that year to work with under-serviced gifted children who were from "the wrong side of the tracks." She also had a private practice for women who had been beaten and sexually abused and completed a two-year training program in Bowen Family Systems Therapy.
In 1992, when her stepson was doing well, she decided to travel around the world on $15 per day. She belonged to a group of Vancouver women who had been asked to help women's groups in Croatia. As part of her travels, she went into the former Yugoslavia during the ???civil wars' and helped train the social workers who worked with rape camp survivors. The lessons she learned about PTSD in the field were worth more than any university education.
     Judith discovered EMDR in 1996 from a friend who also worked with severely traumatized clients. As soon as she completed the training, she got involved full force! Her work with her first client, who was dying of cancer, is recorded in the book, Dreamcatcher by Beth Hill, published in 1997.
     She first heard about EMDR HAP from Steve Silver after hearing Jean Silver's poem she had written about her husband's work in Sarajevo with HAP after the atrocities. Because of her own experiences, she was touched by Jean's poem and called Steve up after hearing about an earthquake in Mexico and wanting to go to help. Steve's reply was "Nothing is stopping you from going!" And nothing did! Judith joined Nacho Jarero and Luci Artigas' team. This is the group responsible for the Butterfly Hug and Judith's contribution was to include drawings. The protocol that came out of this experience is used around the world to work with survivors of man-made or natural disasters.
     In 1997, she became a school trustee for her school district in Salt Island and ran successfully three times until she decided to retire and spend more time in warmer climates.
     In 1999, she joined the EMDR HAP Board of Directors. By then, she was an EMDRIA Approved Consultant and an EMDR Institute Facilitator. She was on the EMDR
     HAP Board for eight years and the President of EMDR HAP for 4 years. Judith was impressed with the many practitioners who volunteered and the fine leadership and enormous growth that occurred. She also was elected to the EMDRIA Board in 2002. She found that her Salt Island
     School Board experience was helpful in understanding her role in this new Board. She was Chair of the Membership Committee and interested in diversifying the membership. In the beginning, there was some rivalry between EMDRIA and EMDR HAP while these new organizations were figuring out their missions and their roles. Judith thought it important to encourage cooperation between them. As she was on both the EMDR HAP and EMDRIA Boards concurrently, she felt she helped support the organizations cooperate.
     She became a HAP trainer in 2004 and her training took her to Camp Pendleton, the Marine Base in San Diego. She was inspired by Trainer Susan Rogers, and Facilitator A.J. Popky. As a former ???Army Brat,' she was proud to help the American Military. She was also motivated by help she received from Roy Kiessling.
     In 2007, Judith was the trainer for the first HAP training in Vancouver, BC for the BC Coalition of Violence Prevention Centers. Twenty-six women from all over BC were trained and given ongoing consultation. In 2009, the EMDR Association of Canada gave her an Honorary Lifetime Membership for her contributions in the field.
     After the tsunami (12/26/2004), Judith was the trainer for the HAP team that went to India in 2005 and 2006 for a month in the spring and fall of both years. The following year, she went to the Philippines to train mental health professionals from a Social Service Agency, as well as clinicians at the University of San Tomas in Manila.
     In 2010, she went to Chengdu in Szechuan Province, China where 32 practitioners completed the training under her leadership. Among the students was Dr. Liu, the first psychiatrist to recognize PTSD in China after the Cultural Revolution. The Chinese trainees were dedicated, exceptional workers with great humor. The timing of the training was serendipitous as there were floods soon after in the same nearby area where severe earthquakes had occurred 2 years prior, with great loss of life and injuries.
Judith would like to say the following to the EMDR Community:  "Keep the faith. Stay true to the protocol. Don't be scared by your client's emotional reactions. Consult. Try to get enough dosage. Work on your own stuff if you start to get scared of your client's stuff. I hope that people would consider ??? depending on the funding structure you have to work with ???finding a way to get a number of low fee patients because they will be the best clients you have. They will be so glad to get an opportunity of affordable good therapy that they will go out and make a difference in the world. It is the best way to stop the cycle of domestic abuse, violence and incest. To get affordable therapy into the system, think systemically. If everybody took only two low fee patients, it would make a difference."
     Judith is also a singer. She grew up with the joy of hearing her grandmother sing beautiful Norwegian songs while doing her housework or hearing her mother "singing away the blues" at the piano when the family faced difficulties. As a result, vocal music has been a joyful, inspiring and healing part of Judith's life. Whether she was singing in her church choir as a child, for her children during their car trips, for her mentally handicapped students, at political rallies in the 1960's, on street corners as a street musician, music has been Judith's ally in helping her through difficult times and communicating what she believes to be important to others. It also has been a way to connect with some of her clients in a way that is profoundly meaningful and relevant for both the client and the therapist.
     Judith is a published poet. She will go to Buenos Aires for two months this year where she plans to dance the tango. She is an avid practitioner of Chi Kung and enjoys sharing her knowledge wherever she is. She works out in the gym, rides her bike, reads in English and Spanish and belongs to a Reader's Theater group.
     Currently, she lives part-time on the West Coast of Mexico where she is "into health foods, fiestas and moving humbly." She is also a standup comic and is occasionally found in one of the restaurants holding forth about her travels. She is always available to help out if someone needs assistance. As Judith says, "In the end, the love you take, is equal to the love you make." We are all grateful for the love and help that she has given all of us in the EMDR community.

Esly Carvalho
     When a powerful person walks into a room, it is evident. Whether it is the surety of step, the self-possessed presence, and/or the keenness of attention to surroundings, it is felt. 
     I first met Esly Regina Souza de Carvalho through email. Although it was only through the mysterious vectors of the Internet, I could feel the power of her presence. When I met her several years later in person, I was not disappointed.
Esly calls herself a "third culture kid"; a phrase coined by David Pollock and Ruth E. Van Reken who wrote a book called "Third Culture Kids: Living amongst worlds." Third culture kids are children raised in a culture that does not belong to their parents. They are taught the mother country values and are left to figure things out in their "new" culture." As Esly was a shy child, she found straddling the two worlds particularly difficult. The fact that she was a great student helped her make this transition and set the ground work for her great sensitivity to different cultures and understanding the basic human needs that arise cross-culturally.
Esly was born in Uni??o da Vitoria, in the state of Paran??, Brazil. She is the eldest of four siblings; the three girls were born in Brazil and her brother was born in the United States. In her early years, she went back and forth between Brazil and the United States as her family moved to Dallas, Texas so her father could work on his Masters. Although Portuguese was her first spoken language, English was her first written language, and "Texan" was her first introduction to English.  She attended Elementary School through 10th grade in Dallas the she returned to Brazil to finish High School.
     In her household, she was known as the girl who had the gift early on of being able to talk and counsel her friends. When her mother suggested that this gift could be translated into the career of becoming a psychologist, Esly declined thinking that this profession meant that she would have to work just with "crazy people." Despite her mother's explanation that, on the contrary, psychologists work with people who have problems, Esly declined to entertain this profession at 16 years of age.
Years later, Esly decided to give psychology a 6-month trial and found that she loved it. For her professional education, Esly went to live in Porto Alegre in the southern port of Brazil and attended the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. She later finished her course work at the Unified Educational Center of Brasilia (CEUB). The educational system is more like the European system and by the time she completed High School in Brazil, she had just about completed the college equivalent in the United States. She received her University /College Teaching Certification in Psychology at the CEUB.
     By 1983, she had begun to study Group Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy. She was a natural at this work and noted that the first time that she set foot on the Psychodrama stage, she thought, "I was born to do this thing." In what was clearly to become a pattern, Esly's passion for this form of psychotherapy propelled her to study everything she could on the subject. She became trained as a Trainer of Psychodrama by the Brazilian Federation of Psychodrama (FEBRAP) and later a Supervisor of Psychodrama by this organization. She was the only Latin American Trainer who went through the accreditation process to become a Trainer/Educator/Practitioner (TEP) certified by the American Board of Examiners and Psychodrama and Sociometry. She completed this process with distinction.
     In 1987, she was awarded a Master's Degree in Psychology at the University of Brasilia. Her original research thesis was on "The Sociometric Structure of Alcoholic Families." The following year she began to work toward a Ph.D. in Psychology at the same university but her studies were interrupted due to her transfer to Ecuador. 
     Life was full in Quito, Ecuador. Not only did Esly raise her family, she pioneered Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy in her new surroundings. For several years, she was the Secretary for the Office of Pastoral Care for Family, Women and Children (CLAI) for Latin America. In 1993-1997, she sat on the Editorial Board of the Boletin SIDA/AIDS, a quarterly publication published by MAP International. From 1993-1995, she was the International Coordinator for Eirene International, coordinating activities for a Latin American network of Family Counseling professionals. At the same time, she was teaching Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy training courses here and in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia to the Psychology staff of the Universidad Evangelical.
In 1994, her family was transferred to Colorado Springs, Colorado. This city was already known for excellent researchers and teachers of EMDR such as Sandra Wilson, Bob Tinker, Lee Becker, John Hartung and Michael Galvin.
Esly worked part-time at several jobs during her stay in Colorado. She was an outpatient Clinical Therapist at Parkview Episcopal Hospital and in inpatient care at the New Life Clinic, both in Pueblo, CO and, also, she worked part-time in Colorado Springs as a Counselor at Profile EAP and an outpatient Professional Counselor at the New Life Clinic.
It was in Colorado Springs that she had her first EMDR session when she could not find a Psychodramatist with whom to work. Her response to EMDR was that she was "amazed" and "impressed" by the sheer power of the change that she experienced after her work with EMDR. There were things that she thought would never shift, that changed with EMDR. Being a "results person," Esly was convinced that EMDR was worth pursuing for herself and her patients. At the time, with that passion that has come to be her signature, she told her husband that she was going to get trained in EMDR and take it back to Ecuador. And, so she did.
She took her Part 1 EMDR Institute training in Denver in 1996 and later Part 2 in 1997. During those trainings, she encountered the dynamic duo of John Hartung and Michael Galvin.
     Esly returned to Quito in 1998 filled with possibilities. She became a Clinical Psychologist in her own Private Practice at the Plaza del Encuentro. She worked as a Coordinator for the Program on Sex Education and Reproductive Health (CLAI) giving training workshops in fourteen countries. She was a Consultant/Supervisor for organizations involved in family violence, sexual abuse recovery and crisis intervention from 1998-2002 in Quito and from 1999-2001, she was a Professor for Post-graduate Diplomate at the Central University of Ecuador. She had never stopped giving training courses in Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy where she trained health professionals (doctors, psychologists, social workers) to become psychodramatists.
The greatest testimony to her work in Psychodrama and Group Psychotherapy is that, after setting it up and moving away because of her husband's transfer to Dallas in 2002, her students continued to work in this therapy and will host the Iberian-American Psychodrama conference in 2009 in Quito, Ecuador.
     With all that she was accomplishing, she also found time to start the EMDR movement in Ecuador as she predicted to her husband while they were living in Colorado. She invited John Hartung and Ligia Barascout to do the first trainings in Ecuador. By 2001, Esly had become an EMDR Institute Facilitator and in 2004 she became a trainer. Her impetus to follow this path was much the same as when she pursued her love of Psychodrama. She felt it was important to be involved with training professionals who will go on to heal their patients for many years to come. By moving on to be a Trainer of Trainers a year later, her ability to touch many lives multiplied exponentially and she noted that, "My reproductive capacity is being fully utilized even though I have only one biological child."
     Esly has embraced EMDR into her career. Her practice and her trainings are EMDR-oriented. She is part of a greater Ibero-American family that was cultivated and nurtured by John Hartung. Included in this group are Ignacio Jarero and Lucina Artigas from Mexico, Maria Elena Aduriz from Argentina, and Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa from Guatemala. This is the first group of Trainer of Trainers from South and Central America authorized by Francine Shapiro through the EMDR Institute. Her work has spanned two continents to include Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Spain and Portugal. She is equally facile training in Portuguese or Spanish.
Part of her foundation and wisdom springs from her collaboration with her long-time colleague and friend from Brazil, Andre Monteiro. With Andre, Esly has written journal articles, confided, brain-stormed, worked on cases and taught EMDR. She has completed training Andre to be a Trainer and is currently training Ricardo Texeira to be part of their Brazilian team of trainers.
Together they are organizing the first Ibero-American conference that so far will include at least 200 people from 14 countries. She was asked to be President of the conference. This collaboration has been the incentive for the practitioners from Portugal, Spain, Mexico, Central and South America to come together to create an EMDR Ibero-American Association that will unite Portuguese and Spanish-speaking cultures. In fact, the conference will be conducted in both Portuguese and Spanish. The Board of EMDR Ibero-America will come together to create standards of practice to be in compliance with the standards set by EMDRIA and the EMDR Institute. 
     Esly has presented workshops and presentations throughout South, Central and North America. She has showcased her work at EMDRIA conferences in the United States and in Europe and been in diverse settings such as the Andean Psychodrama Conference in Quito (2006); the Caribbean Trade Show in Puerto Rico (2005); the Ibero-American Psychodrama Congress in Mexico City (2005), the American Society for Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama Annual Conference in Miami (2005); Viva Network in The Netherlands (2003); the CAPS Convention in Kansas City (1993); 1 Brazilian Seminar on Humanism and Logotherapy in Brasilia (1987); and the Fourth Brazilian Congress on Psychodrama in Brazil (1984). 
     Esly has had another career in publishing her own work in the form of books, papers and manuals. Her areas of interest range from emotional health, families in crisis, cross-cultural themes, disaster work, forgiveness and reconciliation, psychodrama, being single, domestic violence, HIV/AIDS counseling, alcoholism, pastoral counseling, abortion, and bibliodrama.  Several of her books were finalists for the best book of the year. Her work has been written in Portuguese, Spanish and/or English. Esly has also translated works from English to Portuguese and from Spanish to Portuguese.
     When asked if she had a message for the EMDR community, Esly responded in this way:
     "I think we really need to continue to work together in order to have a better world. People do a lot of stupid things because they are hurt. The truth is, we never really have recovered from being thrust into such an imperfect world. Deep down, we expect perfect relationships, expect perfection from our friends and spouses, and never really comprehend evil or accidents. As a result of this pain, people often act out in violence or confrontation, and hurt others. We have an incredibly powerful tool in our hands with EMDR and we need to use it as much as possible to improve our world. We ourselves need to be the example of teamwork and cooperation. We need to set the standard in our own lives and mirror healing and recovery as well as offer it to others. Perhaps that is one of the reasons that I have such a huge debt of gratitude to John - not only did he train and mentor us well, he set the example with his own life."
     Esly has a wide-range of interests outside her profession that include playing the guitar, doing cross-stitch, reading, spending time with her family, learning about new cultures and visiting her daughter, Raquel, in Denton where she is at the University of North Texas in Denton. She is finishing her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology.  In fact, one of Esly's joys was to have her daughter accompany her to the EMDRIA 2007 Conference in Dallas earlier this year.
     Esly is a dynamic, passionate frontiersperson who has conquered the multi-cultural schism that she experienced early in life by diving into it and creating bridges of healing amongst the people and the cultures that she has encountered. We are lucky to have her as part of our extended EMDR community.

Alan Cohen
    Two years ago, in September 1995, I met Alan Cohen at a Level I training in London. Originally British subjects, Alan and his wife, Katya, immigrated to Israel in the early 80's. He received his first degree in General Psychology from Manchester and his second degree in Applied Psychology from the University of Aston in Birmingham.
>     I noted his wry sense of humor when we first met, but it was not until I visited Israel in June 1996 that I got to know and appreciate Alan and the important work he has been doing with Mooli Lahad and his colleagues at the Community Stress Prevention Centre in Kiryat Shmona. The Center was founded in 1981 in the north of Israel after a number of attacks on border settlements. From that time, it has served all of the people of Israel's northern border towns, villages and kibbutzim, no matter their religion or ethnic background. The stated aims of the CSPC are, according to Alan, "to prepare the civilian population to cope with crisis and disaster, to train local authorities to cope with the situation and handle it effectively, before, during, and after these incidents, and to train professionals in emergency intervention techniques." The CSPC's work is known throughout Israel and has been adopted by cities, local municipalities, government offices and countries outside of Israel. Their first project was successful-a model for the development of a psycho-educational program to handle the effects of attacks or threats of attacks through the schools.
Alan and his colleagues have been in the forefront of the provision of services to the Kiryat Shmona area. He is among the first to enter a site after bombs, missiles, and/or terrorist attack has occurred. When I asked how he handled his own trauma, he answered, "I have a great tolerance for trauma. I tell myself the statistics for who is his. And, in truth, it's a rare occurrence!"
Both Alan and Mooli were among the first trained in February 1989 when Francine Shapiro did her first training in Israel. Since then, EMD and later EMDR became an important part of their treatment protocols when treating trauma. Alan used EMDR when he intervened with the emergency teams after the terrible helicopter crash in the small suburb of Shear Yeshoof in which 73 Israeli soldiers lost their lives. The social work staff was so impressed that they decided to take the training in EMDR themselves and sent about ten people to Alan to deal with the horror of the crash. Recently, he was called in to work with the 9th grade girls who were attending a school outing when a Jordanian gunman killed seven of their friends. He reported that, "EMDR brought about a significant transformation in most cases in two to three sessions in seven out 10 of those treated."
     Since 1989, the CSPC has received referrals for people of all ages who are suffering from all types of traumatic incidents. Ultimately, Alan wrote, "Our hope is that in the future we will be able to use EMDR to enhance creativity and nurture potential rather than put right the damage done by one person to another.

Ludwig Cornell
     In the course of being involved in the EMDR community, you meet different types of people. The way that I came to know Ludwig Cornil, at first, was through e-mail after he took over the leadership of the EMDR community in Belgium. Immediately, I was touched by his warmth, clarity and sparkle that seemed to dance from the computer screen. I had no image of what he looked like or what his voice sounded like, I only knew that this was a person I was sure I would like when I met him in person. What I did not expect was that when I finally did meet Ludwig, I would like him even better in person than in his e-mails!
     Ludwig's journey to EMDR was an interesting one. He was born to a fire fighter father who would bring home his stories on a regular basis; his childhood resonated with these stories of trauma. In fact, it was only recently that his colleague, Helga Matthess, asked him how he got into the field of trauma. When he replied, "It was a coincidence", knowing his history, Helga replied, "Your father was a fire fighter commander, that means trauma was all around you all of the time"! 
     At that moment, the world stopped and Ludwig had an epiphany. He realized how accurate this observation was and he began to remember all of the stories his father used to tell him when he came back from a fire or an accident. There were two stories he said that "Never left me." The first one was about a car accident. His father told him that the head of the person sitting up front was lying in the back seat! "What do you do with that when you are 7 or 8 years old?" he said. "I just had the picture and I couldn't get it out of my mind." The second image that he held was of an old man whose house burnt down; his father told him they found him sitting on his chair all burned up." He went on to say that "Then, I got a vivid description of how the fat of the body melts because of the heat and the body shrinks and how they carried out the body. There was a horrible smell. But, in my mind, I focused on the smallness of the body. What do you do with that?" He answered himself, "You do not know what to do."
     Still, with a great deal of astonishment, Ludwig said, "I did not realize up until several months ago that the reason for becoming a psychologist was not pure coincidence. I did not realize this! It was only when Helga told me. It just struck me. I saw those images from so long ago." Trauma can often be where we least expect it.
     How did Ludwig's trail to trauma unfold? Basically, Ludwig's career path has been a straight trajectory since the age of 13 when his Dutch teacher took his class to the library to learn how it works. Ludwig ended up in the Parapsychology section and looking at a book from Van Praag that was on Hypnosis. When he opened the book, he read a verbatim transcript of a case study. It was there and then that he knew what he wanted to do! He began reading about psychology and at age 17 he found an advertisement for a stage hypnosis course. Because he was not yet 18, he had to get his parents' permission to attend. Although it fell during the exam period, his father gave him his blessing with the reminder that he needed to keep his grades up. The course was fascinating and he found that he was filled with many new ideas. He asked the Hypnosis teacher to help him with his anxiety (which was appropriate) about his two subjects of English and History. The hypnotist did "a fabulous trance" and his distress over his lack of preparation was greatly diminished; in fact, he was so relaxed that he did not feel a need to study! All of his fellow students were filled with anxiety and, he noted, that the trance worked perfectly. The only problem was that they were the "worst exams" that he ever took!
     Despite those exams, Ludwig went on to the University of Ghent for a 5-year program in Clinical and Developmental Psychology. Although Hypnosis was not part of the program, he was able to do his dissertation on "Hypnotherapy and Children." He completed his undergraduate studies in 1988.
     When Ludwig became of age to do service for his country, he decided that he just could not imagine learning to use a gun to kill and did not want to join the army so that instead of spending one year in the military, he applied for the 20-month commitment to the Civil Service.  He was very fortunate as one of his professors asked him if he would like to be his assistant at the University and he accepted this position for his service.  He had been schooled in Rogerian psychotherapy, but, now, he discovered Milton Erickson.
When he left the university in 1990 with a Postgraduate specialization in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, he went to be the Psychologist in the Mucoviscidosis-Rehabilitationcenter: Zeepreventorium in De Haan. This Center was a place to treat children with breathing problems, including asthma and Cystic Fibrosis. He was responsible for the children with Cystic Fibrosis, many of whom were German. Ludwig learned German for this position. He was in this job for 9 months before he had to stop. The treatment for this illness was very traumatic, especially since the children had to live with the knowledge that their life expectancy was short. Children with cystic fibrosis have tough mucus that has to be removed 3 times a day using difficult physical and breathing exercises to prevent the mucus from getting stuck and getting infected. His job was to keep the children motivated to do the essential daily rituals that were crucial to their survival such as having to eat 6 times per day because they were unable to extract fats from the food or to take 6 pills per day and get weighed frequently to monitor their low weight.  He noted that each infection of the lungs shortened their life spans. It was difficult to keep the children motivated but Ludwig said, "That was my job."
     After his Civil Service, he came home and had no job. He had to go for unemployment and found that there was a job in Kortrijk for a Psychologist. In 1991, Ludwig became the Psychologist at the AZ Groeninge Hospital in Kortrijk.  This was an academic hospital. Ludwig was connected to a Pediatric department but he was also responsible for the treatment of psychosomatic problems for the whole hospital and he had a great deal of contact with trauma. He also worked with Multiple Sclerosis patients here. In 1994, he started his private practice in Eeklo.
     A patient who was severely burned and sent to his hospital motivated Ludwig's interest in EMDR. He had been on the burn-unit in another hospital over a period of 1?? years, where he almost miraculously survived the burns that covered 76% of his body. Ludwig worked with him for 4-5 months and, finally, realized he could not help him, despite their good relationship. This patient was resourceful and liked to talk about his problems. It was around the time that this patient was under his care that Ludwig read an article about EMDR. He thought, "It is not possible!" However, since he had to do something, he decided to find out more information. He went to the public library and went on the Internet to Amazon. Com. He said he bought "the wrong book" as he did not buy Francine Shapiro's EMDR text. However when he read "EMDR: The breakthrough therapy", he was intrigued because he identified with the thoughts and feelings of the therapist in the first chapter. It turned out that this was the right book as he was inspired to move forward. In 1997, he went to the Internet again and found out where there were trainings in EMDR. He went to Boston for Part 1 and took Part 2 in Cologne in 1998. Because his boss would not pay for the training, he had to make a decision about how useful this training would be. He decided that he could possibly use EMDR with almost ?? his patients; this was the deciding factor and he decided to go.
     When he completed his training, he came back and worked with his burn survivor. He said, "It was a miracle!" Before, any time the patient thought about the explosion at work, he would have the sensation of being on fire! After one session of EMDR, the burning feelings stopped and for the first time in two years he could think about the accident and feel no upset. Two more sessions later the patient asked if he had to come back and continue to see Ludwig because his life had completely turned around for the better and he experienced no more problems.  Ludwig asked the patient to follow up with him and let him know how he was doing. He called six months later and told him he was doing fine and that he had even gone back to work. He asked Ludwig not to laugh and then told him that when he gets stressed, he goes into his garage and gets into his car and then watches the windshield wipers go back and forth as he thinks about what upsets him! To Ludwig, this was a "miraculous experience" because "his patient took EMDR into his life as his own skill."
     For Ludwig, EMDR was "like a rocket." However, in the workplace he had not yet convinced his boss. Unfortunately, the medical staff had only read articles that stated that EMDR did not work. Although, it could be dangerous, Ludwig was so convinced of the efficacy of using EMDR that, at the risk of losing his job, he continued to use EMDR. As research began to show the effectiveness of EMDR, the climate towards EMDR in his hospital changed. Now Ludwig is training other psychologists in his clinic in EMDR and the trauma cases from the hospital are assigned to him.
     Ludwig decided to become more active in the EMDR community and became a facilitator. To become a facilitator in Germany, where there was a larger EMDR program than in Belgium, he had to learn German again. He did this under the watchful eye of Ute Hofmann, Arne's wife and administrator of EMDR-Germany.
     In 2000, Marc van Knippenberg decided to pass on the baton of EMDR Belgium to the next generation. As the trend in Europe was to include trauma training into EMDR training, Ludwig founded BIPE, the Belgian Institute of Psychotraumatology and EMDR; he became its President (www.bipe.be). In the beginning, his team was completely Flemish and included Ann Vermeire, Catherine Barbez and Mano??lle Hopchet. They were responsible for organizing the trainings and workshops, and keeping up to date with the latest EMDR research and changes in the training. However, his vision for Belgium has been to integrate the Flemish and French areas of the country. He found 3 French colleagues, Francoise Detournay (Vice President of BIPE), Corrine Pottiez and Anne Dewailly, and supervised and trained them to become facilitators. His wife, Anneke Van Hoecke, originally volunteered her time to run the organization and now is working as BIPE's Secretary. The current goals of the team are to provide the European Community with the 6th EMDR European Conference "Where Science and Practitioners Meet" at the University of Brussels (June 11-12 2005) and in 2006, to begin the first trauma curriculum that incorporates EMDR. Eventually, they would like to see this type of program in Belgian universities.
     In 2004, Ludwig became an EMDR Institute trainer. It was during HAP-Germany's trip to China that he earned his Trainer status. Currently, he teaches in French and Flemish. Belgium has joined HAP Germany in trainings and projects in China and Slovakia. He has translated the "EMDR Handbook for Clients" into Flemish and French and has used it to support their philanthropic work.
Ludwig is married to Anneke and they have 2 teenage children. Anneke is also a psychologist and supports her husband in his working with trauma and EMDR. He is an avid reader and says that his major hobby is his BIPE mission to create an excellent EMDR and Traumatology training and network in Belgium. Although Belgium has been divided into the French and Flemish parts of the country, Ludwig believes in unity. Just as we integrate the various traumatic elements of a situation that needs healing, he is interested in the Flemish and French working together to form an integrated and whole country. So far, he is doing an excellent job.
When asked what message that he wanted to give the EMDR-community Ludwig said "United we stand" are the words that enter my mind when I think about my message for the EMDR community. It was the title of the EMDRIA-conference after 9/11. For me these words symbolize two important ideas: in times of trauma we feel an urge to connect to people. We extend the borders of the self and open up our hearts to others pain and suffering. And this human bond creates a force that makes us "stand in unity." Entering the EMDR community years ago I immediately felt the force of connecting to people who care for people, whether it was in Europe, or in America or in China. Transcending the limitations of the "ego" to get in touch with the "human we" has brought me deep satisfaction. I hope the human bond can continue to be at the core of our EMDR community."
     Ludwig is a bright light in our community. May he and his team actualize their dreams in their country of Belgium and all the other countries in which they touch with their kindness, scholarship, and determination.

Neil Daniels
     There was a man who walked among us modestly but with far-reaching influence. His name was Neal Daniels. He died on April 13, 2006. This is a celebration of the quiet brilliance of his life as told to me by his wife, Mary Daniels, his friends and colleagues, and from my own experience.
     Neal spent his childhood in Long Island, one of two children in a rather conventional family.  His father was in the first graduated class of chemical engineers from Columbia University.  His mother, a skilled musician who studied piano in Munich, was involved in teaching and community work.  Both parents were third generation German Jews.  In their later years and at Neal's encouragement, they both became interested in painting and sculpture. 
     As an adolescent, Neal's varied interests and abilities left him uncertain about a vocational or professional direction. He was drawn to the experimental college of Antioch with its program of alternating academic and work semesters.   One of the most significant experiences in this program for Neal was his participation in a Quaker service program for political refugees from Nazi Germany.  There he met Karl Korsch, a Marxist philosopher, and friend of the psychologist Kurt Lewin. Karl Korsch became a lifelong influence on Neal's thinking and values.
     While at Antioch College, Neal's major became political science and determined his decision to transfer to the University of Chicago for his last year.  His roommate at Antioch, and lifelong friend was Mary's brother, Bill.  It was through Bill that Mary and Neal met.  Mary was in high school. Both Bill and Neal, like the rest of the young men of their generation, were faced with the turmoil of World War II, the threat of Nazi Germany, and the imminence of being drafted. While Neal felt it was morally and historically necessary to take a stand against Hitler, he was determined that he would not be trained to kill. 
His alternative was the Medical Corp and his strategy was to work in a hospital gathering expertise until his draft number came up.  Neal worked for almost a year in the tuberculosis ward of Bellevue Hospital.
     After Basic Training, came the Army's placements tests and with Neal's characteristic consistency, he refused to test competent in anything other than work in a hospital, thus succeeding in forcing the army to finally recognize his non-combatant status. He was assigned to a base hospital near London where he worked as a lab technician for three years.
     Returning to New York after the war, Neal took advantage of the GI Bill to study social psychology at the New School for Social Research where he had the opportunity to work with Solomon Asch.  Neal participated in the intensely stimulating intellectual and artistic climate of the New School, in the post war era, and the bohemian life style of the village.
     Mary shifted her graduate work in anthropology from Cornell to Columbia University to be with Neal.   They lived together in the heart of Soho in an apartment that was a sixth floor "walk-up." Many of Mary's friends from her undergraduate work at Black Mountain College had also found their way to New York. (Black Mountain College was created in 1933 with the idea that a strong liberal and fine arts education had to occur both inside and outside the classroom. The faculty ??? many refugees from Nazi Germany - fostered an environment conducive to interdisciplinary work. The results impacted deeply the arts and sciences of those times.) In Mary, Neal had found a like-minded spirit with whom to share his life.
     By 1948, Neal's paramount interest was in the relationship between the individual and the group. His master's thesis, titled "Changes in Response in Atmospheres of Social Pressure" was a study of the effects of group pressure on the individual. With his M.A. in hand, again, the question came up: what to do for work? Neal was a socialist and a social psychologist. He was innovative but not ??? at the time - interested in clinical work. He talked it over with Karl Korsch and decided to follow Korsch's daughter, Sybila Korsch Escalona to The Menninger Clinic in Kansas.  Neal and Mary married in 1947 in preparation for moving to a less bohemian part of the country, Kansas.
     Neal was accepted into the newly organized joint Ph.D. program in Clinical Psychology at the University of Kansas and The Menninger Clinic. It was a rigorous course of study that included clinical training at Menninger, and internships at The Veteran's Administration Hospital in Topeka, The University of Kansas Child Guidance Clinic, and in the clinical department of the Boys' Industrial School in Topeka, Kansas. Since there were no anthropology degrees to be had in the area, Mary completed her Masters in Psychology from The University of Kansas. Neal's doctoral dissertation (which he wrote with characteristic speed, six months) was an experimental study of social influences on perception.
     Throughout graduate school, Mary and Neal's goal was to celebrate with a trip to Europe.  With the $3000 they had saved by working at an assortment of part time jobs fitted into the academic schedule ??? Neal a taxi driver on night shift for a while - they left on a cheap boat to Spain, determined to stay until their money ran out.  It gave them almost a year of vagabonding.  Neal loved to explore and master a new city, its contours and special areas: harbors, parks, markets, old town, museums. He enjoyed walking all day long. On this first trip, they established a pattern and love of traveling that lasted the rest of their lives together.
     They came back from their European travels, with only subway fare and the promise of a place to stay at a Settlement House in NYC run by a politically radical friend. There, Neal taught carpentry and Mary taught dance.  Neal looked for a job.
     He became the first clinical psychologist at The State Home for Boys in Jamesburg, NJ, a new position created by the state Mental Health Office in an effort to turn the institution away from punitive discipline toward a treatment approach. When the violence from the staff resulted in the severe fracture of a young boy's skull, Neal became the star witness as the whole system of brutality was exposed ??? and subsequently collapsed. The superintendent begged Neal to stay but he decided that he had had enough and wanted the job of a Chief Psychologist with an established program and other psychologists with whom he could interact.
It was during the stay in New Jersey that two beloved daughters, Valery and Leslie, were born to Mary and Neal.
      In 1958, they moved to West Philadelphia and Neal became the Chief Psychologist at Philadelphia General Hospital (PGH). Here, he met Jim Harris, a psychiatrist, marking the beginning of a dynamic collaboration that changed psychiatric treatment at this institution. They developed a Group Therapy ward that they called "Social Therapy." They did everything in a group format, at a time when this was not done. Neal included the nurses and aides in the groups and later decided to include all who came to visit. Patients were involved in the decision making of each member of the group. They were included in the important question of whether a patient was ready to go on leave. Neal paid attention to the physical environment as well, bringing plants, toys, and magazines to soften the sterile atmosphere of the public hospital. He rotated his psychologists so that they would have varied experiences in the inpatient, outpatient and children's wards or clinics. He made sure that the psychiatric nurses and aids who were closest to the patients were their primary therapists; this was in contrast to the traditional psychiatric wards. Neal and Jim Harris were true innovators in their fields. This friendship lasted all their lives.  Jim Harris died in 2004.
     Neal stayed at PGH until 1965. At that time Salvatore Minuchin came to Philadelphia's Child Guidance Clinic. He had heard about Neal's background and his group work. Neal trained with Minuchin in Structural Family Therapy and then became a trainer of this model. As the Family Therapy movement grew, Neal was a central part of that expansion. His duties included designing and supervising a liaison system to 19 elementary schools in the Clinic's catchment area. He formed a transition group for at risk youth in 6th grade going into Junior High School, working with a group of underachievers at West Philadelphia High School, and evaluating children while parents observed through a one-way mirror. He started groups and began home visits to conduct Family Therapy in the home, and visits to schools where he included the teacher, therapist, family, and child. 
     He stayed at Child Guidance for 15 years until Jim Harris persuaded him to be the Director of an innovative unit at Norristown State Hospital. It was to be a special collaboration between the mental health and judicial system to work with adolescent boys who were involved in violent crimes, boys who were evaluated as needing treatment, specifically family therapy as an alternative to incarceration. 
     The chance to control the total design from the onset was intensely attractive to Neal.  Norristown was a lot farther from his West Philadelphia home than PGH or Child Guidance and for the first time in his life, Neal abandoned his bicycle and   commuted to work. The staff he hired was committed to group process and family therapy. They designed the ward using group discussions.  Family therapy was intrinsic. Judges and the families had to be convinced to participate.  The unit flourished but unfortunately, lasted only 10 months before the State stopped the funding. Even though the team fought for the chance to bring their dream into fruition, it did not happen and the team was devastated. At 60, Neal contemplated retirement ??? but only briefly.
     In the meantime, with the shifts in state policy, Jim Harris had moved from Harrisburg to the Coatesville, V.A. A call came on Armistice Day, November 11, 1981 from Jim asking Neal if he wanted to accompany him to the VA and run a unit for Vietnam Veterans in Philadelphia. The following Tuesday, he went for his interview at the Cherry Street VA and was hired on the spot.
Perhaps it is a paradox that Neal with his long history of opposition to war, a non-combatant in World War II, extremely involved in the peace movement all during Vietnam, should be working with Vietnam vets many of whom felt betrayed b y the peace movement. Neal followed his beliefs in relieving human suffering, fully understanding the horror of war. 
     In 1979, the V.A. established PTSD as a condition for which a veteran could be compensated. Few treatment approaches had been developed.   As in all of his other undertakings, Neal set out to learn all that he could about Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. He worked with flooding as a technique, but he noted quickly how painful it was for his patients. Group work agitated the veterans more. Neal felt that he must find a way for the men to stick with this painful work without relying on drugs or simply dropping out. He did this by building structures to support them. He started women's groups so that the men's wives could be involved, and as a way to bring his patients out of isolation. He worked with social workers, psychologists and psychiatrists. He made videotapes with patients who were willing to take part - for support - and built in group work to engage the men as much as he could. He was using every skill that his background as a Structuralist and a Social Psychologist provided.
     In this process of continual investigation for what would help his PTSD patients, Neal found out about EMDR. He decided to call Francine Shapiro directly. Instead of going off and getting trained, Neal made sure that the whole team got trained. This type of decision was the kind of solution that characterized Neal. His values provided the clarity and the social framework: if this was something that was going to help his vets, no bureaucracy was going to stop him and his team from being trained. He found a way to get the funds.
     After Neal and the team were trained, he began to use EMDR on every one that set foot in his office. He would call back patients who had left treatment and tell them that he had something that would help. He was so interested and excited about EMDR that he poured his creative energies into the process of working with his patients and encouraging his staff and other colleagues to learn and work with EMDR. Many friends would come to Mary with stories about how Neal had cornered them to tell them about his excitement about EMDR.
     We are all the beneficiaries of Neal's creativity with EMDR. To counteract the vets re-experiencing the emotional devastation of their traumatic memories, he built in the central idea of the "safe place." He was very interested in this concept and found that there were gender differences concerning the safe place: primarily that it was harder for women than men to find one. He would focus on the triggers, and make a list of the traumatic memories, asking his patients to number them in order of difficulty. This structure helped the men know where they stood concerning their memories. It offered them clarity and a system that they had not had before. Sometimes a patient would reappear after a long absence, surprised and perhaps suddenly able to trust a little more on discovering that Dr. Daniels remembered exactly where they were on their list. So many of his vets had such a long experience of alienation, despair and profound mistrust, he would tell them, "Don't trust me, just try it." He was committed to them, and because they knew this, he could get them to try EMDR.
      Convinced by the usefulness of EMDR, Neal shared in the pursuit of a full theoretical base for its efficacy while continuing to refine and define the central pragmatic concepts. At the time of his retirement he was working on a before and after study of the systematic desensitization of triggers. Neal was also deeply engaged by the concept of the Positive Cognition. Because Neal was such a highly visual person, he would often help his patients create positive visual images. For example, he would have a vet working on an incident where he had been ambushed on the road and his buddy was killed. The soldier could not do anything. There was no one visible on the road to shoot. The patient was unable to move forward concerning this incident. Neal would suggest images such as "The road is grown over." Or, "there is no road. It is healed. No one can ride over it." Each suggestion was attuned specifically to the patient in front of him. He thought of these concepts as highly effective tools. He became very skilled in working with the safe place, the triggers, the positive cognitions and the list of traumas/memories. He was a great support to his vets as they traveled through their own arduous roads.
     From 1990-98, the EMDR work was a continual source of invention and adaptation for Neal. He used his weekly meetings with staff and lucky people like myself (whom he allowed to attend even though I was not a member of the VA) to discuss what was going on in our treatment rooms. It was in this fertile ground that many of us began to use our own creativity and helped move forward many new ideas about the process of EMDR and into the worldwide organization it is. All the different elements of the protocol were discussed and worked on.
        At the invitation of a dear friend and colleague, Maria Bylund of Stockholm, Neal returned to Sweden where he was known as a Family Therapist to describe EMDR for the staff of a treatment center for victims of torture.   Two days later the whole staff signed up for EMDR training. This was the kind of quiet impact that Neal had.   He was considering volunteer work with victims of torture after he retired. 
    As Mary says:
    "Neal fixed what was broken. He worked at repairing the world, he repaired our old house, he made things last. In terms of EMDR ??? it was a pinnacle for him in many ways. In his own secular way, he was a missionary."
    If Neal were here and I asked him to share something that he would like to say to the EMDR community perhaps it would be from a paper that he wrote on "EMDR and Burnout":  "Psychotherapy should properly be defined as a high stress occupation with multiple sources of stress. Treating difficult patients in intense sessions one right after the other places heavy demands on the therapist's sense of effectiveness and wellbeing. It is easy to become pre-occupied mulling over the negative effects, especially anxiety. I speak from my own ten-year experience as therapist with a population of chronic PTSD Vietnam veterans with multiple traumas. EMDR has been my therapeutic technique of choice for the last three years. EMDR can also be used effectively by the psychotherapists on themselves in order to debrief, de-cathect and reduce personal stress.
    The procedure is short, simple, effective. Right after the session or later on in the day when it is possible, bring up the image of the patient; do 10-15 eye movements; generate a positive cognition and install it with the patient's image and another 10-15 movements. Once the negative effects have been reduced, realistic formulations about the patient's future therapy are much easier to develop. Residual feelings of anger, frustration, regret, or hopelessness have been replaced by clearer thoughts about what can or cannot be done. Positive, creative mulling can proceed without the background feelings of unease, weariness and ineffectiveness. Daily, weekly, or even career ???long "burn-out" can be viewed as the accumulated residual of negative feelings that were not dealt with effectively when they occurred."
      Let us end this tribute with remembrances from his colleagues and his peers:

Neal Daniels was a sweet and gentle man completely dedicated to healing the combat veterans he cared for.   His reports on the use of the Safe Place exercise with the veterans supported and inspired its implementation as part of EMDR standard care.  More concerned with practice than with politics, he was one of four directors of VA PTSD units who advocated for EMDR very early in its history on a panel at ISTSS.  We were blessed to know him.
    -Francine Shapiro, Originator of EMDR; Co-founder of the EMDR Institute

I only had an opportunity to interact with him on a few occasions...and each time I was enchanted with his intelligence, charm, quick wit and storytelling. The first time I met him was at VA training in Philadelphia where it was obvious that he was well respected and considered one of the pioneers in the field of psychology by his peers/colleagues.  Neal's professional reputation and his enthusiasm for the positive effects of EMDR with the VA population were instrumental in the acceptance of EMDR throughout the therapeutic community.  
    Robbie Dunton, Co-Founder of the EMDR Institute

Thinking about Neal takes me back to when we were just starting in EMDR While I'm sure just about everyone who goes into the mental health field does so out of an idealistic desire to help others, thinking they put the client first, it doesn't take long for many to get set in schools or approaches, fidelity to which then somehow becomes primary. Cynicism often follows. I'll spare you the essay that tries to explain this.  Neal, even with his many years of experience did not succumb to that. As I knew him he was enthusiastic, bold and willing to continue exploring for better ways to help. He was knowledgeable and wise, and, generous and fun to be with. While pride is dangerous, I'm willing to let some in around the knowledge that Neal was a fellow long time VA therapist.
    Howard Lipke, colleague from the Veteran's Administration in Chicago

Neal was a pioneer in using EMDR to treat combat trauma in veterans. After years of seeing slow gains using a standard cognitive-behavioral treatment model, Neal embraced EMDR, ever thankful for a treatment approach that brought rapid, long-lasting results. He encouraged, sometimes insisted, that all of us on the PCT (PTSD) Clinical Team at the Philadelphia VAMC use EMDR with our combat veterans. Our weekly team meetings focused on applying our new therapeutic approach and being successful. Neal was the creator of pairing eye movement with safe place imagery, and did this so that we could introduce EMDR to our patients in the least threatening manner. He taught us to begin with a safe place and to return to this calming image when patients' images or affect became overwhelming, unmoving. He was acutely sensitive to the needs of combat veterans, forever respectful and compassionate. He wanted them to find relief, to regain their life, be able to think clearly and sleep again. He was devoted to them, and felt EMDR was what he had been waiting for. He called many former patients back into treatment, telling them "We have something now that really works!" He encouraged all of us to do the same. He remained energetic in his use of EMDR until he retired at the age of 79. And during his many years as our Director, he led the PCT to do their most exciting, focused and successful period of work ever."
    -Susan Del Maestro, Clinical Psychologist and colleague at the VAMC

"His strength was in his quiet wisdom. He would not shout others down???He was the reflective, wise counsel that the louder ones fell back on. He was opposed to war in general, and Vietnam and Iraq in particular. Neal listened to men tell stories of combat trauma from the war he morally opposed in order to help them cope."
    -John Grant, president of the local chapter of Veterans For Peace and friend

"I knew him as a professional psychologist, and as a person. I know what new ideas he brought to the profession and to people, through his marvelous logic and intelligence. He was not a touchy feely person. He did not go around hugging people. But, he was a soft touch for veterans seeking help. In an era of psychoanalysis, individual, insight-oriented psychotherapy and unconscious motivation, he introduced the use of group, family and milieu therapy and the therapeutic community. He promoted the use of getting inside the other person to better understand his/her view; the idea of phenomenology and the idea that insight may follow action, coming out of an existential perspective. In an era when psychologists specialized and focused their work on psychological testing and individual therapy, he sought to broaden their role, to become generalists, with many skills and able to fit into different settings. At a time when most professionals and intellectuals focused narrowly on their fields of work, he worked on broader social issues as well. He had wider interests in world peace and social justice??? A German poet writer began a piece with the lines: guide, philosopher and friend. That is how I think of him: Guide, philosopher and friend. Neal Daniels.
    -Frank Trotta, colleague at PGH and Veterans Affairs Medical Center; a portion of the text graciously spoken at Neal's Memorial Service.

Katherine Davis       
    Despite roots that go deep into American history, Katherine Davis' experience in life has turned her into a woman who deeply understands the diversity of the human spirit. Although Kathy's ancestors did not arrive on the Mayflower, her family came to America in 1723. Kathy was born in Ashville, NC to Beauford Buchanan Davis and Pryor Langford Davis. Her father was career military and traveled the world in the service of his country with his wife and daughter in tow. 
    The Davis' enjoyed the excitement of being placed into a new culture and learning all they could about the people and the new knowledge to which they were exposed. She averaged one new school a year and was educated in learning institutions both on and off military bases. For the most part, the base schools were excellent and the public schools varied. As she traveled the globe and was dropped into one new school after another, she learned the skill of "scrappiness" that a smart, only child of a military family needed to know when she had no siblings or friends to "have her back."
    One of the most significant values that Kathy learned from being part of a military family is that of service.  No matter what else you do in your life, it is crucial to do what you believe in and to be useful in the world. This is evidenced by her family history and in Kathy's own life.
    Kathy completed high school in Avondale, Georgia and went on to Nursing School at the Medical College of Georgia. During the initial part of her training she learned that "I was the worst prospective nurse" and quickly moved into Sociology and Psychology. Then, she transferred and later graduated from Georgia State University with a B.S. in Sociology and Psychology. Intrigued by what she had learned, she went on to Tulane University's School of Social Work with an emphasis in Clinical Social Work with children. In 1966, she was granted her M.S.W.
    Kathy has been exposed to the vagaries of living throughout her life, especially during childhood and adolescence. They have deeply affected her:
    Kathy is 5 years old in China, on the coast, north of Shanghai. She learned some Chinese and was the interpreter for her parents. In China, people pulled rickshaws and corpse wagons were pulled past the complex where she lived every morning with piles of bodies picked off the streets the previous night. Bodies of babies, usually females, floated in the water as she and her family traveled by boat to other cities.
    Still in China, Kathy faced her own personal trauma at age five. Watching adults digging in the dirt in the safety of the military complex in which she lived, she started to laugh thinking that they were having fun digging as she had done so many times before. One of her "buddies," a guard who had befriended her, heard her laughing.  Misunderstanding her behavior, he severely shamed her for laughing at people less fortunate than she who were looking for food.  In the course of his anger, he tried to push her out of the gate. This was a terrifying experience for Kathy as she had been told if she were put outside the gate she would be kidnapped. As she was not proficient enough in Chinese, she was unable to explain to him what had happened. She did not want to tell anyone that he had reprimanded her and tried to put her outside because, even at the young age of 5, Kathy knew that if she said anything he would be fired and his children and family would starve.
    She is 11 years old in Guantanamo, Cuba. As she traveled to the city of Santiago, she remembered the fear of entering the jungle overgrowth or cane fields as Fidel Castro's men hid in the mountains and often came down for supplies. Desperate men roamed the streets and were dangerous because of their lack of food and inability to support their families.
    Kathy is 22 years of age and a graduate student at Tulane University working on an MA in Social Work. It is 1965, Hurricane Betsy came roaring through New Orleans flooding the 9th ward and creating similarities to the recent Hurricane Katrina catastrophe. This was the first time Kathy was exposed to a natural disaster and she and her fellow students were sent out with the relief effort. Her duties were to help children who were waiting out the storm in empty public safe spaces, not knowing if they had a home to go home to or not.
    As a result of Kathy's experience, early trauma and exposure to diversity, she demonstrated a great capacity for working in the field of Social Work. She began her career at Children's Hospital in Columbus Ohio where she worked in the Comprehensive Care Clinic assessing those patients with undiagnosed medical and psychiatric disorders.
    In 1970, she moved to the Yale New Haven Hospital where she was the Director of the Child Abuse Program. While there, she was responsible for casework, teaching, research and chairing the Child Abuse Committee. Other duties consisted of Co-chairing the State Advisory Committee on Child Abuse (which drafted the first child abuse statute in Connecticut); organizing the regional committee on Child Abuse and conducting the first Connecticut Parent's Anonymous group. This was all in three years!
    In 1973 Kathy moved to Hamden Mental Health Center. She also became a Member of the new State Advisory Board on Child Abuse and authored "The Private Agency's Contribution to Child Abuse Prevention" which was distributed nationally. She was a Consultant to community groups and worked on grants and program development for these groups. She became "The Family Therapist" on "Families", a tri-weekly program that was broadcast on WNHC, her local TV station. Also, she wrote a weekly newspaper article on any mental health topic that she thought important. The goal here was to have a regular Mental Health presence in the community.
    It turned out that 1975 was a very important year for Kathy. Most importantly, she met her husband, Robert A. Gelbach -we in the EMDR community know him as the Executive Director of EMDRHAP- and she became the Clinical Director at the Hamden Mental Health Center, where she stayed for 10 years. The clinical staff she supervised saw approximately 7000 cases per year. She was responsible for the in-service training for the social workers, psychologists and psychiatrists on staff, and directed the clinical training programs for Master and Doctoral level students.
    She made sure that she had her staff trained in the modalities that she found helpful: Cognitive Therapy; Bowen's Family Therapy; and Gestalt Therapy. She trained Hamden Police officers on Domestic and Child Abuse and Conflict Mediation. She also taught Social Work as an Adjunct Professor at the University of New Haven.
    She began her private practice in 1984. Around this time, she also did short term therapy, staff training and development with for the Employee Assistance Program at the Hospital of Saint Raphael. When she stopped her EAP work in 1990, she went into full time private practice.
    In the early nineties, Kathy was a Trainer-Consultant for Family owned businesses and a Trainer for Pitney Bowes and Connecticut Transit in Substance Abuse and Family. She also conducted weekly consultation to small private practice and agency groups in Trauma, Child and Family Therapy.
    With this wide range of clinical experience at the individual, family and community levels, Kathy was seeing the range of human suffering. By 1993, after 26 years of service in the mental health field, she was ready ???as she says- for "the gift of EMDR." A colleague introduced Kathy to EMDR, Steve Lazrove. Her immediate response was "I could not imagine not working hard to make sure that everyone else I could impact would learn about EMDR. It makes it more effective to work in the area of trauma yourself, without burning out." With this goal in mind, she was interested in learning as much as she could about EMDR.  She became a Facilitator of EMDR for the EMDR Institute in 1995 and then went on to become a Trainer in the EMDR Basic Training in 2008 for EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs.
    Since Kathy's beginning work with EMDR, she has been involved with many projects, mainly through EMDRHAP. In 2004, Kathy and Leslie Weiss created "Traumatology and Stabilization", an EMDR Humanitarian Program that is being taught throughout the United States, Turkey, Russia, Philippines and the clergy in American military bases in German. This is a program that is available to all through www.emdrhap.org
     In 2005, Kathy and Leslie Weiss worked with Norma Hotaling -who is the founder of SAGE, the San Francisco project to help women leave the sex industry- and Kristie Miller to create a 4 day training program for peer counselors in programs across the nation. This program is funded by the Justice Department Office of Juvenile Justice and has been published as SAGE's "Trauma and Addiction Recovery Paraprofessional Training Program." This project marked an important collaboration between EMDRHAP and SAGE.
      Currently, Kathy has a busy private practice with children and adults.  She is in the process of writing a chapter on the misdiagnosis of Postpartum Depression. She is involved with Kathleen Wheeler on a research project and serves on the Membership Committee for EMDRIA. She continues to be involved as an Institute facilitator, EMDR consultant and volunteer EMDRHAP Trainer. As a former Commissioner for the Persons with Disabilities Commission in Hamden, Kathy is also interested in exploring the applications of EMDR to disability-related trauma, whether arising from the original injury, diagnosis and treatment, or discrimination.
     
    When asked what she would like to say to the EMDR community, this was Kathy's response:
    "I consider myself an average clinician who had the good luck to encounter EMDR.  Since then, my burning desire has been to get the word out about this amazing psychotherapy.  Not only has it helped me personally, but, professionally, it enabled me to continue to work in an area that I consider most important (trauma) without the burn-out so often the result of long work with traumatized clients.  I have tried to take advantage of every opportunity to pursue this goal, and have tried to tackle personal issues that stand in the way.  The rewards have been great.  All you reluctant clinicians out there:  Get cracking.  Do that research, that speaking engagement, those opportunities that are only yours to do. You will be glad you did."
    Kathy speaks from real experience as she originally had debilitating performance anxiety. She used EMDR for this difficulty and now speaks about EMDR in many different venues and is an EMDRHAP trainer who speaks in groups that have been up to 100 people. EMDR has been crucial to Kathy's personal growth in other ways as well, such as returning to New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina with the remnants of Hurricane Betsy whistling through her mind as she remembered this earlier traumatic experience.  Working productively to help the survivors of Hurricane Katrina and some of her own work with EMDR was crucial to the transformation of this old experience and dealing with the new one.
    Kathy is also the mother of Scott, Rebecca, Jonah and Amy. She and Bob are avid birders and enjoy the outdoor sports of biking, camping and hiking. She enjoys reading and is a print-maker, creating mono-prints and etchings in an impressionistic style.
    Katherine Davis is a versatile woman who exemplifies the wealth of experience that is in this EMDR community. She continues to engage the credo of her family and the military community in which her father served by her dedication, her service and her passion. There is no better legacy to pass on to her family, her clients, her community, her country and the world.

Ad de Jongh
    
Ad de Jongh:  Psychologist.  Dentist.  Professor.  Psychotraumatologist. Author.  Board Member. EMDRologist.  Trainer.  Network coordinator.  Father. Husband.  Colleague. Friend. Humorist. Bugs Bunny aficionado.
    Ad de Jongh is a man who wears his many hats with aplomb and great style. He is a tall man with clear, sparkling, blue eyes and an unmistakable crop of auburn hair. I met him in the early ???90's during the first EMDR Institute trainings in Europe. These began in the famed Hotel Krasnapolsky in Amsterdam. In the midst of this old warm charm, Ad stepped forward from The Netherlands along with his counterparts Francois Bonnel of France, Arne Hofmann of Germany, Elan Shapiro of Israel and John Spector of the United Kingdom to translate their interest and enthusiasm for EMDR into a plan to teach this new methodology throughout Europe.
    He began by raising his colleagues' interest in EMDR through his professional organizations, encouraging qualified professionals throughout The Netherlands and Europe to learn EMDR by taking seminars in this methodology. As the numbers of interested therapists and academicians grew -and with the assistance of Erik ten Broeke, Ellen Latenstein and Joany Spierings- he began to build The Netherlands' Network of EMDR practitioners. They disseminate the Network Newsletter three times per year, hold educational meetings and are proud of their 200 members in the organization. Through this concerted effort, EMDR is now considered a mainstream therapy in The Netherlands. 
    Ad's own development in EMDR began in 1992 when he took his first training seminar in this field. He went on to become a sponsor of trainings in Amsterdam and Utrecht and then became a facilitator for the EMDR Institute. Currently, he is training to be an EMDR Trainer and teach EMDR in the Dutch language.
    Ad's interest in having a strong European union evolved over time and resulted ???along with the assistance with many of his colleagues- in the birth of the EMDR European Association (EMDRE) last year. He is on the Board of Directors for this organization and holds the elected post of Treasurer for EMDRE.  As a result of his interest in research, he joined the Scientific Committee of the EMDR International Association (EMDRIA).
    Ad's career consists of two distinct professions:  dentistry and psychology. The common denominator that he has discovered in these two fields is based on his primary understanding of trauma. It is through his unique way of integrating the traumatic elements of these two professions that he has become one of the world's experts on dental phobia and a well-respected leader in the discipline of Psychotraumatology.  Now that he knows EMDR, he has incorporated this method into his treatment strategy.
    Ad's interest in research is extensive. He is a prolific author with more than 80 scientific articles and book chapters on the treatment of dental phobias and fear related to dentistry to his credit. He is a Senior Investigator of The Netherlands Institute for Dental Sciences (IOT) and was involved as a principal investigator in several research projects for this organization. Also, he is on the Scientific Advisory Board of the War Trauma Foundation International (WTFI), Secretary of the Dutch Association for Social Dentistry (NVSST) and a member of the Federation of Dutch Scientific Associations in Dentistry (FTW).
    The area of trauma is exciting to Ad and his interest in reflected in his many accomplishments and appointments in this field. He is an Associate Professor in the Department of Behavioral Sciences at the Academic Centre for Dentistry at the University of Amsterdam. The Netherlands (ACTA) is the largest dental school in the world with 700 students.  Here he does research, reviews articles, teaches, and supervises two Ph.D. candidates.  He is the only professor at the University who has his appointment in the field of Trauma and one of his jobs is to make EMDR well-known throughout The Netherlands one day a week! Also, he is a faculty member for the Institute for Psychotrauma (IVP) in Zaltbommel.
    Ad is the Director of the Centre for Psychotherapy and Psychotrauma in Bilthoven.  He opened this Center in 1998 to address the overwhelming demand to assist victims of violence, PTSD, medical phobias and phobias in general.  Also, in 1998, he opened D.O.E.N. (Directe Opvang En Nazorg) in Druten for the employees of shops, banks and other companies. The aim of D.O.E.N. is to help victims receive immediate help subsequent to a critical incident, robbery, job-related incident, motor vehicle accidents, medical emergency and/or other traumatic incidents so that they can address their psychological needs and return to work as soon as possible. This is a 24-hour a day facility that employs 20 people to address the needs of employees all over The Netherlands. There are two employees who stand-by for emergencies at all times. The longest distance they have to drive in this small country is 300 Km to reach their patients.
    Ad's interest in Dentistry is primarily in addressing the problems of people who have not been to a dentist for a long time. He specializes in treating traumatized individuals. He notes that often his patients are victims of sexual abuse who cannot tolerate the idea of lying down in a dental chair and feeling helpless. He uses EMDR, and Exposure Therapy to give his patients a good experience and help build a relationship with them so that they are an active part of the dental process. He begins by building a relationship of trust and then does the dental work in little pieces. If a patient has difficulty because of trauma, he introduces each part of the dental procedure and works with the patient whenever flashbacks, panic or concerns arise.
    He notes that the phobia literature does not make distinctions between a spider and snake phobia and a traumatic phobia that has much more in common with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. He reports that patients with dental phobias -when tested with the IES (Impact of Event Scale) and other measures of their symptoms 7 days prior to their dental appointment- show that these patients have "full-blown PTSD."
    Although Ad admits to enjoying doing many other activities after work, he most enjoys being with his "three women", his wife and two young daughters. He has moved from the lovely, university town of Utrecht to the more rural area of Bilthoven that is in the forest. He is a man truly content with his work and his play and an integral part of the EMDR international.

Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa
    
What is it that motivates us to champion a cause? Is it something that we are born with? Is it the urgency that comes from something that has happened to us when we are out in the world? Or, is it an integration of the two? In the case of our Guatemalan trainer Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa, as in the nature-nurture controversy in general, we may never know for sure.
    Ligia was born in Guatemala to two native Guatemalans with roots in the Spanish and French cultures. Youngest of three, she was raised in the capital of Guatemala, Guatemala City, during the time of their 35 year-old Civil War. Although the capital was sheltered from the conflagrations that were occurring throughout the interior of the country, Ligia was aware of the upheavals around her, the ever-present feeling of danger and the toll that war took on her countrymen and women. Perhaps, it was here that her passion to help people began. Or, perhaps, it was the spiritual calling that she felt through her childhood and adolescence through her "special connection with God and a big commitment to help others." We may never know specifically what it was but what we do know is that her commitment to understanding diversity and her deep level of compassion for her fellow human beings has had an enormous impact on those around her.
    Ligia learned about diversity during her schooling. She attended the American School of Guatemala from first to tenth grades which exposed her to a greater number of cultures than her own and the opportunity to learn English as well as her own Spanish. Originally, she aspired to be a teacher. In Guatemala, it is possible to become a teacher without going on for an advanced degree. Ligia earned a special degree in Elementary School teaching while she was still in high school. She graduated in 1967.  In 1968, she taught at the Instituto de la Asuncion, an urban primary school. There, she discovered that she was interested in Psychology and enjoyed the inquiring minds of older students so she went to the University of San Carlos in Guatemala City to become a High School teacher with a specialty in Psychology. However, her interest in Psychology grew and she decided that she wanted to become a Psychologist. At this point, her father ??? a revolutionary in his own right during the 1944 revolution- raised objections, "People who are Psychologists are crazy!" he told her. Nonetheless, his passion for his own beliefs was an early influence in her life and she decided to pursue a degree in Psychology, also at the University of San Carlos. She was awarded her degree in 1975.
    At the same time, she got married and one year before she graduated had the first of her two children, a daughter. As she was interested in being close to her child, she found ways to work through the office she had set up in her home. One of her jobs was writing for a newspaper called "Chiquirin" (a small child) where she wrote a column called "Problemotas." For her column, Ligia imagined a child was writing to her for help and then wrote answers. After the column ran for a while, she began to receive real letters from children and then answered them. She did this for about 3-4 years. Also, at this time, she gave trainings for elementary school teachers.
    She became more involved in Organizational Psychology doing qualitative research with focus groups and motivational groups. Through this work, she was able to interview people in her own country, Nicaragua and Central America. As she traveled, she saw the effects of poverty and trauma. As a woman from an upper middle class community, she had never seen such circumstances and she was changed by her experiences.
    During the early years of her career, she did qualitative market investigation throughout all of Central America for companies such as Data S.A., Generis Latina, Marketing Asociados, and Soporte S.A. Her interest in social economics and politics led her to do qualitative investigations for ASIES.  Countless private companies have had the benefit of her teaching for personnel motivation, Transactional Analysis and Group Dynamics such as Paiz, S.A. (the largest chain of supermarkets in Guatemala), Tabacalera Centroamericana and many workshops for teachers.
    At the same time, Ligia continued her interest in clinical work. In 1996, the signing of the peace between the guerrillas and the army occurred.  This heralded a new chapter in the history of Guatemala. At this time, she decided on a new commitment to her work as a Clinical Psychologist and her work with clients. Equipped with her knowledge of the brutality that the people had endured and her clinical understanding of trauma, Ligia joined together with a group of people who had heard of EMDR. They bought Francine Shapiro's text and studied it, then, contacted Francine, asking her to send a trainer to teach clinicians EMDR.  At first, Rigoberto Flores, a businessman whose brother was killed during the Civil War, headed the committee. Later, he left Guatemala and Ligia was in charge of continuing the work with her team that included Maria Elena Bonatti, Maria Del Carmen Castillo and Elvira Ariano.
    John Hartung and Michael Galvin arrived in 1997. John's training in the Peace Corps in Central America, his work as a university professor and his ability as a trainer has been essential to the way he has gone about building the Central and South American team. Michael took the time and effort to prepare Ligia to be a Facilitator for the EMDR Institute.
    Through the amazing work of this Central and South American team the interest in EMDR has grown throughout the Latin American communities. In 1998, Ligia went with John to Nicaragua. Here, Barbara Zelwer did an excellent job organizing and working with colleagues. Sadly, since Barbara's death 2 years ago, the work in Nicaragua has decreased, however, the Latin American team is looking into ways to fill the large gap left by Barbara's death.
    At the beginning of the millennium, there was a landslide in Venezuela that covered a number of villages and many people died. The team was invited to the Catholic University Andres Bello to train clinicians to respond to this crisis. In the year 2001, there was an earthquake in El Salvador and Dr. Reginaldo Hernandez organized the EMDR trainings there. He died two years ago after doing an excellent job. Atzimba de Vides (trainer), Sonia Silvia de Hernandez (Reginaldo's wife and facilitator), and Stella de Soundy and Consuelo Zamora who are preparing to be facilitators have continued his work. Ligia helped coordinate the work and taught the bridge training between Part 1 and 2 trainings there.
    This same Latin American team got together and went to a number of places such as Mexico and Ecuador.  In the year 2004, they went to Costa Rica and Peru. By this time, she had become a Part 1 trainer and did these trainings with Maria Elena Aduriz. John Hartung did the Part 2 trainings.
    In 2005, Ligia was approved to teach Part 2 trainings. By December 2005, her skill level was considered so good that she was asked to be a trainer of Latin American trainers by Francine Shapiro. Five Latin American Trainers had the skill to be considered a "Trainer of Trainers": Ignacio Jarero, Lucy Artigas, Esly Carvalho and Maria Elena Aduriz.
    The goal in Latin America ??? and with all countries- is that each country become autonomous from the EMDR Institute and has their own Trainers and Facilitators so that participants can be taught in their native language.  Ligia has her own team in Guatemala that includes the Facilitators Guisela Carcamo and Anamargarita de Orellana; and a Facilitator in training, Karina Schloesser.  They have trained more than 160 psychologists.
    At the beginning of the peace in 1996, she and her friends began to think about how to handle the psychological ravages of war. Because this was a civil war, they knew that there would be many difficulties with families because of the strife. They were aware that for many of the men, the only skills they had available to them was their knowledge of how to fight. After several generations of war, the men had few to no skills to provide for peacetime necessities. Many of the men still kept their weapons, and, as a result, there was an increase in personal assaults resulting in many civilians with PTSD. One of the hardest hit communities during the Civil War was the Mayan community as many of them disappeared and/or died. There are about 20 different Mayan languages and communities and most Mayans do not trust outsiders. This included Ligia who was not born to their tradition
    About 4 years ago, Ligia worked with a 16 year old young woman who had been molested by her stepfather. She was referred to her by a Psychologist in the office of the government that deals with survivors of abuse whom she had trained to do EMDR. This case was well publicized in Guatemala, as the stepfather was a commandant for the guerrillas. The accusation of this young woman was an enormous scandal. Despite the danger to herself and her family, Ligia decided to testify at the trial because she said, "I think it was what I should do." Her testimony resulted in his conviction that was ???for the times- astounding in Guatemala. By the time, Ligia had talked about the way she had found the young woman and gave the jury a course on trauma and how it could be healed. The jury trusted her word and sent this man to jail. As a result of this well-publicized case, the mother of the teenager -who was a part of the guerrilla movement and knew many Mayan women- told them about what happened with her daughter and how Ligia had helped.  Subsequently, some of the Mayan women have started to come in for therapy and are committed to their own healing.
    Ligia has been in charge of the work in Central America. Unfortunately, there is no funding for the workshops. She has trained Facilitators in El Salvador. Programs in El Salvador in 2001 were done through a humanitarian program in which the participants pay for the Trainers and Facilitators bed and board. Currently, she is beginning to train a team in Costa Rica. Here, the programs are done at the request of clinicians who pay for the training.   For Honduras, she is hoping to find a good connection through which she can introduce EMDR to the professional community. Unfortunately, as yet, no one has come forward.
    Ligia is hoping to train more Facilitators and Trainers because ???ever realistic ??? she wants to make sure that there are people to carry on the work of EMDR. Her personal goal is "to have a committed group of people who love the method and go on with the work. I will be happy if I can do that in Central America."
    Ligia has been active in her professional organizations. She has been a member of the School of Humanities of Guatemala since 1976. She founded the Reforma Clinic Center in 1976. Since 1997, she has been the founder and Consultant of International Psychological Services for Asesorias Internacionales, S.A. ??? ASI S.A. From 1999 to 2003, Ligia was one of the Founders and President of the Board of Directors for Advanced Psychotherapies (PSIAVANZA). She has been the Regional Representative for Latin America for the Association for Comprehensive Energy Psychology since 2002.  As well as being an EMDR trainer, Ligia is an Energy Psychology Trainer and a Seemorg Matrix Trainer for Latin America.
    Her words to the EMDR community is as follows:  "I love the method and whenever I go and do trainings I try to honor Francine's work because I think it is a privilege for me to do it. I think that EMDR is the hope for people because we now know healing is possible. We would like funding to do more work."
    Ligia was married for 28 years and was separated 4 years ago. She has a 31-year old daughter who is an Industrial Engineer and a 28-year old son who graduated in Printing Management and works with his father in his printing company. She likes to do Yoga and Pilates and enjoys art, museums and exhibitions. She is an avid reader and noted that she is a "permanent" student.
    Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa is a compassionate, strong and principled woman who has brought the chance of healing the wounds of the Guatemalan people and the people of those countries around her. The more I listen to the stories of our extraordinary colleagues, like Ligia's, the more convinced I am of how lucky we are to be part of this ever-growing EMDR community.

Hanne Hummel & Raimund Doerr
    
How is it that people choose to do the work that they do?
    Hanne Hummel and Raimund Doerr are life and work partners who chose their current mutual path because of the experiences of their youth. 
    Hanne and Raimund met in 1975 as a result of their interest in social issues. They were young, gifted, directed and sure that they wanted to make a difference in their world. They attended the Universities of Mainz and Frankfurt/Main in Germany and both studied Psychology, Sociology and the Educational Sciences. In 1982, they received their Diplomas (Dipl.Pad.).
    Armed with their knowledge from the university and books about education and sciences, they decided to work in a foster home together to change the life of children. They had heard about the appalling circumstances under which these children survived and were horrified into action. The children lived as if they were in prison, unable to leave the home. They wondered how children who have no parents and such profound problems could get better in such an environment.
    In 1982, in the town of Cille, 80 kilometers from Hanover, Germany, they began their foster care work in association with others in 14 group homes. Their population included children who were living on the street, child prostitutes, children involved with child pornography and children who had suffered abuse; these were the children who were among the most difficult to educate. At the time, Hanne and Raimund's belief was that "If you love children, they will love you" and they were eager to try this new approach.
    Instead, Hanne, Raimund, a long with two other colleagues with whom they worked, had a very intense, personal and profound experience of the effects of trauma on children.  The children tested their caretakers constantly and Hanne and Raimund's 40-hour workweek often extended into 60-70 hours as the children surprised them and their theories! Although they had learned from Psychoanalysis that incest is not real and just a fantasy, this learning was not congruent with what they were learning from their young charges. There ideas were proven totally insufficient to address the needs of their children.
    As a result of this baptism by fire, Hanne and Raimund decided that they had reached the boundary of their communal learning and that social therapy in the form of Milieu Therapy was not sufficient.
    In 1985, they both began training in Client-centered Psychotherapy. Raimund, beginning in 1985 and working through 1996, worked as a Psychotherapist and Counselor at a psychological and psychotherapeutic Counseling Service in Singen, Germany (Pro Familia) and later in Schaffhausen, Switzerland. In these settings, he worked with persons suffering from PTSD and problems that were the result of trauma. He worked with couples when there were difficulties in their relationship after the woman had been raped or if she had been abused as a child.  Often, the women felt safer working on these issues in the couple rather than individually with a man. Raimund notes that he works with men now, although earlier in his career, men had difficulty addressing these issues of trauma in childhood.
    During the same period of time, Hanne was working with groups of traumatized women and women who were refugees. She was involved with the Rape Hotline and, at the Counseling Services she worked with many girls, boys and women who were survivors of incest and violence of any kind.
    Hanne was gifted in this area and found that her talent allowed her to work well with these populations as she was able to help her clients work through the problems that they had. In 1987, she began to give workshops to other therapists and social workers on psychotraumatology, psychotraumatherapy and, especially, on how to stabilize traumatized survivors before processing traumatic material. Also, she became a supervisor for this work.
    In the same year, she became a Psychotherapist and Counselor at a psychological and psychotherapeutical Counseling Service in Schaffhausen, Switzerland working psychotherapeutically with girls and women suffering from PTSD and the effects of violence.
    In 1994, Hanne and Raimund entered a new joint venture. They founded the "Psychotherapeutisches Institut im Park" (Psychotherapeutic Institute in the Park) in Schaffhausen. Through their Institute, Hanne and Raimund are dedicated to providing psychotherapy to traumatized individuals, supervision, and education for psychotherapists. The also provide continuing education for people working with traumatized populations such as lawyers and police who want to learn how to interview and treat trauma survivors. As the Institute grew, first Hanne and then Raimund were able to leave the Counseling Service and work full time at the Institute. Now they offer many programs in the area of trauma. Over the years, as their reputations have grown, they have been doing less therapy and much more supervision and education as the demand for understanding trauma has grown in German-speaking Europe.
    In 1996, at the Congress of the Swiss Association of Psychotherapists, Hanne was the first of the two to hear about EMDR.  At first, she thought EMDR sounded very strange indeed and could not believe a method could work so quickly. She decided to take the course to see if it had any merit as she felt she had a responsibility to be current with new methods in the traumatology field. She went to Cologne to take the first part of the EMDR training and completed her training in 1997. During the training, she was so delighted with the results of her practicum that she decided that she wanted to bring EMDR to Switzerland. Raimund took the training the next year and then both became Supervisors through a course at Arne Hofmann's EMDR Institute-Germany.
    They are proud of a new ten weekend didactic program on trauma that includes trauma education -theoretical and clinical material- and EMDR training. Requirements include 3 case history presentations and 40 hours of Supervision and Colloquium. After candidates complete these requirements, they are placed on a referral list that serves (so far) Austria, England, Germany, Luxembourg, The Netherlands and Switzerland. Currently, members of the referral group include European facilitators. This referral source can be accessed through the following website: www.psychotraumatherapia.info
    Raimund has actively continued his interest in politics. From March, 1996 ??? November 2001, he was a member of the Board of Directors for the Swiss Association of Client-Centered Psychotherapy (SGGT). He was on the Board of Directors for the Network of the European Associations for Person-Centered Counseling and Psychotherapy (NEAPCCP) from September 1998 through November 2000. Currently, since March 1999, he is a member of the Board of the Swiss Association of Psychotherapists (SPV).
    As dedicated as Hanne and Raimund are to their work, they are equally dedicated to play. They rejuvenate from their intense lives on a regular basis by hiking and swimming. One of their favorite places to go in the summer is Sweden, where they leave civilization behind and go off into the woods to walk or kayak. They also love to swim in the Rhine and go to the mountains in the winter. Raimund and Hanne are aficionados of food and they love to eat good food and drink red wine, especially when they can sit in the sun.  
    I asked Hanne and Raimund about their views on life, liberty and EMDR and they replied in a joint statement that symbolizes their mutual beliefs and principles: "We all have only one life. But it has many consequences when you think about it to the end. We all are parts of all the living that is on earth. So, we have responsibility for all the living of which we are a part.
    Since our youth we both were engaged in social issues, and we also understand a part of our work today continues to be in this tradition. We are making a modest contribution to the movement against violence, torture and abuse.
    We believe that as therapists, we have to contribute to help create a world with less violence. We have to fight against circumstances that cause violence and traumatization because war, strong social differences, hunger and living without liberty continue to exist. We need to fight because we know the consequences of these situations.
    EMDR is a means to reduce the consequences/results of traumatization, and, so, a powerful resource to reduce suffering. We are glad and grateful that we could learn this method and we can contribute to the spreading of EMDR. We know many colleagues who, just as we, discovered that EMDR improved their work and their possibilities to help others. EMDR can be a great tool to help people to find their inner freedom.
    In this context, it seems very important to us to note that we are grateful to Arne Hofmann for bringing EMDR to Germany so e could help to bring it to Switzerland."
    This dedicated, gifted couple are part of our large, EMDR, international family of psychotherapists. Individually and together, they provide needed services in the area of traumatology from psychotherapy to education to social change. How fortunate we are to have this.

Robbie Dunton
    
Robbie Dunton was an integral part in the development of EMDR. She brought to EMDR a set of understandings about the workings of the human heart that grew out of her early experience with her large, nurturing family and human development and how children and adults learn. 
    Robbie was born outside of Chicago in Colonial Village, Illinois where she lived until she was 5 years of age. Her father worked for Cherry Burrell ??? a dairy equipment company- and was the Regional Manager in the Mid-West, and, subsequently, in the Southeast and then California. Her mother was a homemaker who took care of their five children. Robbie was in the middle of the group with an older sister and brother and younger sister and brother.
    It was in this large family that she learned the importance of respect, sharing and support for all who are members of the community. Robbie's mother ???like her mother before her and Robbie herself- was the type of person who invited everyone to the family home and did not turn away anyone. She would always take the side of the downtrodden and enlisted her whole family to be involved in the church and reaching out to their neighbors. If there was racism, her family fought it. If a neighbor fell on hard times, her family was there to give clothes and food. Even when her mother had moved to Phoenix and was much older, she would pick up people less fortunate than she was and take them shopping. Her mother's philosophy was always that you help those with less and, if you have anything, others should have a part of it. This continues to be at the core of who Robbie Dunton is.  
    As children, Robbie and her brothers and sisters were well taken care of. Her parents were frugal and believed in modeling for their children what was important to them in life. Each child had the requisite 2 pairs of shoes for the year, an allowance that they worked for that paid for their expenses and, from that, they were asked to donate half of their allowances to their bank accounts. The message was, "You don't waste. You don't use more than you need."
    Her maternal grandmother was Robbie's "dearest person." She was a musician from Ireland who came to the United States by ship. She played the zither and violin and met her future husband, an English musician from Lancastershire who played the guitar and the banjo and was a Master Plasterer, specializing in intaglio. They fell in love and despite a 15-year age difference and different nationalities married. In the summers, Robbie and her siblings would go to Chicago to spend them with their grandparents. Some of her fondest memories were of her grandmother taking her siblings, 2 other grandsons and many neighborhood children to the Riverview Amusement Park for the day. Her grandmother would save money for this annual event all year and it was with great joy that all of these children went off to the Park. Robbie noted that it was from her grandmother that she learned the importance of joy in life and how to set limits.
    When Robbie was 14 years old, she moved to North Carolina. She enjoyed her life there so it was a huge shock when her family moved to San Mateo, California when she was seventeen. She dealt with it by returning to Winston Salem College, a small women's college in North Carolina, when she was ready for college. However, there was something about this new land and she decided to return to California and attended San Jose State University. She grew to love the freedom of California and the fact that you could be and do what you wanted.
    Robbie graduated San Jose State University with a BS in Recreation and Leisure Sciences and with a BA, one year later, in Social Science and Elementary Education. Around the same time that she was finishing her degrees, she was married and a bit later had her first of three biological children and one non-biological child.
    After her degrees, Robbie continued her interest in Child Development by becoming a Private Consultant in the Santa Clara Valley. She traveled to 2 nursery schools a day, 5 days a week and taught the children how to pay attention to and use their bodies. Robbie was a pioneer in developing this type of curriculum.
    During the 1970's, interest in children with special needs was emerging and Robbie was involved in this development. Her oldest son was diagnosed with learning disabilities, and despite a high IQ, he was struggling in school. Strongly motivated to help her son, Robbie approached this situation by learning all that she could about his problem. She began to work with right and left-brain issues in learning and was invited to speak at conferences to discuss what she had learned. Eventually, through nurturing at home and correct instruction, her son became a top student. She even wrote a chapter in a book about him and her method.
    As her interest grew about children with learning difficulties, she took courses on identifying and working with children and their different learning styles. She was interested in what was getting in the way of learning and how to change these patterns.
    By 1973, she had joined the Developmental Learning Center in San Jose in the capacity of its Associate Director and Vice President. Here, she was responsible for general management and program development for diagnostic evaluation, therapy and classroom and individual instruction. She conducted seminars and was responsible for the Center's Public Relations where she hired, trained and supervised staff. She edited brochures and wrote program descriptions. Also, she served as a liaison between THE clients and the community.  She was part of the team that focused on improving self-esteem and academic skills of clients from 4 years of age to adults.
    In 1980, understanding the importance of Nutrition to human development, Robbie received her MS in Nutritional Counseling from Donsbach University in Los Angeles.
    In 1987, Robbie attended a course on Communication at San Jose University given by Francine Shapiro. She was so impressed with her professor that she asked her to give a talk at the Developmental Learning Center to parents about how to communicate with their kids. As Robbie said, "???and it launched everything!" Francine and Robbie became good friends and talked to her about the work that she had been doing and taught her the standard protocol of EMD that later developed into EMDR. 
    Francine taught Robbie how to do EMD and Robbie began to use it right away with her clients. Robbie remembers that she could not believe how powerful it was with behavior issues at school for children. From that time on, they would get together and talk about what they both were doing. Robbie was working on her MA in Educational Counseling at the time.
    Robbie's work with EMDR was eye opening. She used it in her consultancy practice. As she did her educational testing, it became clear to her that, often, her students had histories of early trauma. In fact, she began to diagnose through using the presenting learning difficulty as a clue to look for the trauma or issue that precipitated the learning problem. For instance, a child would come in not knowing fractions. As fractions were taught in 4th grade, Robbie would ask, "What happened in fourth grade"? When her student replied that this was the year that his parents were divorced, Robbie would use the trauma as the target with excellent results concerning the decrease or disappearance of the learning problem!
    The EMDR Institute was born out of this collaboration between Robbie and Francine. AJ Popky, Jennifer Lendl and Pat Riley were other members of this early team. Robbie recalled that Pat helped them get things together and encouraged them to get EMDR "out in the world." At the time, Pat was fired up about EMD and was a stay at home mom. This was the kindling that they needed to get the Institute up and running. Robbie called her "The Queen MOTHER of EMDR."
    There was no start-up money for this new phenomenon and all the work that was done for many years was voluntary. People felt that it was so important that they were willing to dedicate their time, energy and money to getting EMDR out into the world.
    Robbie reflected on how well Francine and she were able to work together. They respected each other and were able to have a good time during the trials and tribulations of beginning a new start-up organization. They would decide where they wanted to go and Robbie would take care of the administrative end of the business while Francine would do the teaching. Also, Robbie taught the first specialty on "EMDR with Children and Adolescents." She would often travel with Francine visiting agencies and universities to teach EMDR.
    For Robbie, the essence of EMDR has always been Francine. On the subject of Francine she said the following:  "I have heard her speak so many times and each time I am inspired by her and her work. You work with kids and you feel you need something else to help them. I became a workshop junkie and went once a month. I wanted anything I could get to help me. I learned EMDR and learned to apply it with kids and with learning and WOW.  It was so important. Francine was inspirational."
    In her relationship with Francine, there is trust. Robbie feels that she can always trust Francine's integrity to do what is in the best interest of EMDR. As keeper of the evaluations of EMDR Institute trainings, Robbie would review them and then pass onto Francine whatever concerns seemed to arise. From needing to find a safe place to knowing how to close down a complete or incomplete session, Francine was always interested in developing EMDR to make it better.
    What Robbie has loved over the years is the fluidity of EMDR and the fact that it is ever changing. No two years have been the same as Francine has looked to make the training better and give the participants what they need. In the beginning, trainings were 1 to 2 days, then, people felt they needed a more advanced training and Part 2 was born. Now, a new format is evolving that looks like it will implement even more positive change in teaching EMDR.
    After Francine's EMDR text came out in 1995, Robbie and Francine were concerned that people would start to work with EMDR without training. It was at that time that the seed for EMDRIA grew through a Task Force that later evolved into the EMDR International Association, as we know it. EMDRIA???s mission was to uphold a standard of excellence for the practice of EMDR.
    The goal always foremost in Robbie and Francine's minds was to get EMDR out into the world so that more people could benefit from its effects. They traveled to Europe and Australia early on to reach out to therapists from other countries. In the early nineties, in Sunnyvale, the first conference took place. It was exciting that people came from all over the world. She said it was like "a love-in" as people were hugging and excited about the possibilities of EMDR. At that time, Robbie was in charge of the conference and presented as well. During the first conference, participants spoke about what they had learned and how they were applying it with their patients. During the second conference, people were more concerned about the cautions and they recounted their experience and what to look out for. By the third conference, the experience was more professional. The presentations were more integrative and included research. It was the biggest conference sponsored by the EMDR Institute with 800 people. 
    As the ripple effect of EMDR grew, Robbie felt that they needed to institute training for the new EMDR facilitators so that everyone was teaching to the same standard. Francine's response ??? as those of you who know Francine will be familiar with- was "OK, you can do it!" Robbie gathered a group of seasoned facilitators that included Linda Cohn, Harriet Sage, and Jocelyne Shiromoto, then pooled their collective knowledge and THE COMMITTEE came up with a model for teaching facilitators.
    Robbie feels that "the life blood" of EMDR is the pool of talent epitomized in the EMDR Institute's facilitators. She feels that the Institute was fortunate that the people who wanted to be facilitators were topnotch people and that the Institute has been able to build such an outstanding team. Many of the earlier people who were the pioneers in California have moved on or retired and new facilitators are being trained, especially for HAP projects.
    Francine and Robbie's purpose always had been to reach out and work with those traumatized all over the world. It was through these early discussions that the seed for the Humanitarian Assistance Program was born. Francine started it after the EMDR teaching and volunteer therapy teams returned from their work in Oklahoma City. Robbie got the teams to Oklahoma City while Sandra Wilson was the person on-site. Both worked tirelessly, along with many other trainers and facilitators- to help out during this disaster. It was clear that the EMDR community had a huge resource in their volunteers. Most of this was done through the EMDR Network that was started early on and was similar to the Regional Groups of EMDRIA today. In California, meetings would attract upward of 150 practitioners of EMDR.
    What was needed was someone to coordinate it and a budget to make it happen. At first, Francine and her assistant coordinated the operations while Robbie would enlist the facilitators.  Barbara Korzun saved the day by coming in and keeping the network running. She took on the responsibilities and turned HAP into a viable organization. Robbie noted "I feel forever indebted to her for getting it off the ground. She did a great job." As EMDR-Hap grew, Barb brought in Robert Gelbach who became the current Executive Director of EMDR-Hap. She is honored to serve on the HAP Board and is appreciative of the dedication the other Board Members.
    When asked what she would like to say to the EMDR Community, Robbie simply stated the following:  "We are a community and we all have the common goal of bringing healing to the world with EMDR. I appreciate all of the support I have received. The evolution of EMDR???I could not have done it without that help. Every day, I think of that. One of the main parts of EMDR is the evolution. Being involved is something that gives me a feeling of worth. It is something that is meaningful in the world. I felt that way about working with children, too. What I was doing was giving back and not just bringing home a check. It was never important to me. This is not about making money. This is why we do the service business and work with people. I love that the most."
    Robbie is an avid water sport enthusiast who enjoys scuba diving, swimming and anything near the water. Also, she enjoys anything outdoors such as gardening, walking, biking, and taking hikes with her kids. She likes cooking, especially inventing nutritious recipes. She finds time to read and do artwork. Now, she is more apt to be with her children and 6 grandchildren and her friends. She is active in her community and has helped set up an Early Childhood Education programs, and raised funds for the Special Olympics and works for the Literacy Program.
    To me, Robbie has always been one of the major forces behind EMDR. This creative, intelligent and generous woman has helped to create and keep the large EMDR community together. Without her, the EMDR world as we know it would not exist. Thank you, Robbie, for all that you have brought and bring on a daily basis to EMDR and the larger EMDR community.

Philip Dutton
    
In times of disasters, we need our Lutz Bessas, Frankie Klaffs, Ricky Greenwalds, Toddy Sochaczewskys, Robert Tinkers, Sandra Wilsons and our Philip Duttons who look after the welfare of our children.
    The past weeks have been filled with enough disasters to fill many life times. We need to feel our grief, gather up our strength and get ready for the long aftermath that trauma leaves in its wake. We do well to follow our teachers who have experience in the essential healing that we need after large-scale disasters. Philip Dutton is one of these teachers.
    Philip Dutton has been working with trauma since his earliest days as a Clinical Psychologist. How did he get here?
    Philip was so eager to jump into his life in Longton, England that he was born 2 months early! At age 7, he contracted Tuberculosis and his parents moved their family to the seaside resort of Blackpool where he spent the rest of his childhood. Despite his illness, Philip does not remember any major anxiety about it ??? perhaps it was because after he had his monthly x-ray and blood test, he would be rewarded with a spicy meat and potato pie, along with the devotion of his parents. As he grew older and his education progressed, he decided on a 3-year Commercial Industrial Photography course. This first love of photography would lead him to his second love: Psychology.
    In 1970, he took on the job of Medical Photographer at the Children's Hospital in Birmingham. Two years later, he moved to the University Hospital of Wales. By 1976, he had moved again to head a department but he felt he had reached a plateau, the low pay, lack of creativity and stress of constant working to deadline motivated him to think about a new profession.  At his work, he had met a few Clinical Psychologists and thought them very interesting. With his usual pluck, he wrote to 5 universities asking to be admitted to their program.  He was accepted at the University of Bradford where he received a Bachelor of Science Degree with Honors in Psychology in 1978. On completion of University, Philip began an external postgraduate degree in Scotland under the auspices of The British Psychological Society. After working in settings for 3 years with adults, "regular" children, and children with learning disabilities, he received his Diploma in Child Psychology. For his dissertation, he wrote on the topic of Toddler Diarrhea which resulted in 6 publications in peer refereed journals. Later, the book, "Superkids: Practical Child Management" grew out of his experiences as a Clinical Psychologist for the National Health Service (NHS) and on the Maternity Unit with problems such as multiple bereavement, excessive pain, hyperemesis, pseudocyesis and psychological conditions which might later affect parenting such as fear of harming a baby or phobia of children.  Modern therapists, it seems, never wish to be "the bad guys" and tell parents what they should do. Philip discovered, however, that the key to child management was to create an environment of security for the child through limit setting. When this occurs, the child's bodily systems regulate themselves.  However, he found that what prevented parents from learning his method was trauma that one or both parents had experienced.
    The first 20 years of his work as a Clinical Psychologist with the NHS in Scotland was one of great discoveries and autonomy for him. He worked at the Falkirk & District Royal Infirmary as a true independent scientist practitioner.  He was able to make hypotheses, test them out and see what worked or did not. 
    Philip has had a range of skills that he has brought to his jobs. During this time that he was with the NHS, he provided clinical service to children and their families, including maternity services in the Falkirk district, which had an estimated population of 280,000 and a child population of 75,000. He was involved with staff development and provided service to the staff. Over the years, he developed special interests in illness, chronic pain, terminal illness and oncology, He provided Specialist Consultation in maternity and trauma. He lectured at Edinburgh University for 10 years on the subjects of psychosomatic disorders, bereavement and trauma. He did research on Psychosomatic Disorders and service evaluations. He was an External Assessor in Consultant Grade interviews in England. He served as an expert witness for custody cases for the Court system in Scotland.  If that was not enough, he has carried out psychological/legal assessments for P.T.S.D. in adult and child cases and routinely provided assessments for the Reporter to the Children's Panel and other Government bodies.  As Chair of Forth Valley Health Board's Psychology Advisory Committee, he was on the selection team for admission to the University of Edinburgh's Clinical Psychology course and he has been part of a British Psychological Society team that evaluated university courses in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy.  In the early days of his 25 years of interest in computers, he was able to advise several departments concerning their use and has written programs for clinical use.
    Philip's interest in EMDR arose after the terrible tragedy of Dunblane on March 13, 1996 where a gunman walked into a local school and killed 16 children and their teacher. He was trained at a HAP-sponsored training in Belfast, Ireland later that year. He completed Part 2 in 1997 and he became an avid user of EMDR in his practice. He bombarded one of his facilitators, David Grand, with over 500 emails with his questions (which David answered) as he began his EMDR journey to expertise.  He became a facilitator in 1998 and has facilitated throughout Europe. He is sought out for his expertise in children and was part of the International Humanitarian Assistance Program's team that trained Turkish therapists and worked with survivors of the earthquake there in 1999.
    In December 2002, due to his experience in Dunblane and Turkey, Isabel Fernandez invited Philip to San Giuliano di Puglia in Molise, Italy following the earthquake that demolished a school there. During the second day on site, there had been so many disruptions by the helpers that the whole project was in danger of collapsing. Thanks to Philip and his brilliant interpreter, Juliet Berry, they helped the staff understand the nature and effects of trauma on children. As a result, they were allowed to continue their work with the children.  During his trip to Italy, necessity created the opportunity for Philip to stretch his psychotherapeutic capabilities. He developed many interesting techniques to work effectively with EMDR in a disaster situation. One of his major findings was how to create an "interactive safe place" to ensure that a child is so sure about the safe place that he/she will have no problem in moving into the EMDR trauma work. Later, in February 2003, he was called back for a second successful consultation.
    Recently, Philip was interviewed on Scottish Television and National Radio regarding the terrible tragedy that took place in School Number One in Beslan, Russia. One of the many important statements he made was "We kind of measure tragedy in the numbers who've died and without any disrespect to those who have died, we'd better measure it in how many survivors we have and how much trauma we've gone through." He noted that the First Minister of Scotland opened Scottish Parliament with the statement that Scotland should return some of the expertise that they had learned in the wake of the Dunblane tragedy. Philip has written to him, "I think we have the capability to assist those children now and it would be a shame if we didn't give it to them."  His offer to assist colleagues and survivors in Beslan has been forwarded by the Scottish Office to the Russian Authorities.
    Along with all of us, Philip was deeply troubled by the effects of the Tsunami in Southeast Asia. On his website, he has responded to the survivors by offering "a free assessment combined with one intensive treatment appointment (up to four hours) with the ???treatment of choice' for PTSD" which of course is EMDR.  His offer includes a report to their doctor so that further treatment or follow???up can be carried out.  The website also states: "Professionals and volunteer aid workers returning from working with survivors are also included in this offer.  Participants will be given the opportunity without obligation, to make a donation to the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program which trains therapists in major disaster areas."
    Currently, he is writing a treatment manual on how to treat children soon after a disaster and hopes to have it available soon.  Philip relates that, according to the most recent data, there is reason to believe that giving assistance to children as quickly as possible results in a better outcome.
    Philip is the Regional coordinator for Scotland for the EMDR UK & Ireland Association and runs regular supervision, consultation and training updates for practitioners for adults and children.  He has presented Specialty Workshops in "Using EMDR with Children Following Disasters" in Houston, Texas and was an invited speaker at the Third European Conference on EMDR in Rome (2003) where he presented on "EMDR as an early treatment with survivors of mass catastrophes" and "Innovative techniques for EMDR with single session phobia resolution." He has presented at two EMDRIA conferences with Frankie Klaff on "EMDR after Disasters, the Long and the Short of it" (2004) and "EMDR in the Play Room: Creative Processing" (2000).
    Philip retired from his job with the NHS in 2004 and now owns a private practice that he calls "Synapse."  He has a fascinating web-site that shows his interest in the trauma world but, also, his fascination with the world through a photographer's eye (www.synapse2000.co.uk or www.health-psychology.co.uk ).  He is a consultant for "Moving Minds Ltd", a company started by Dr. Manda Holmshaw that specializes in the use of EMDR for trauma and other related issues (www.moving-minds.org/team.htm). David Blore and Richard Mitchell are other EMDR colleagues who are consultants for this group.
    He is married with two children. Recently, he has returned to photography again after a hiatus of 10 years. He attributes this to his discovery of digital photography. Also, he is an amateur radio enthusiast.
    When asked what he would like to tell the EMDR community, he responded with the following:
    "Thank you for being there. Two things beginning with "E" have made immeasurable changes to my life: EMDR and E-mail! EMDR: I believe that I was a good therapist before EMDR but receiving this gift was like receiving a whole new workshop full of tools and I began to see everything from a new perspective. Then there is the wonderful camaraderie that was never present before in my profession. EMDR and the friendships I have made also assisted me in dark times. Email gave me the chance to be recognized on an international scale and brought invitations to communicate internationally. The more I teach the more I learn and the scale is exponential. For these things I am truly grateful."
    For people starting out on their adventure with EMDR, I would say learn the basics well, read Francine's book and work with populations you know, but be sure to get supervision and discuss your cases.  Patients or clients can only learn to trust you if you trust yourself.  Be thorough and recognize all forms of trauma.  Recognize especially that trauma through bullying (school or workplace) begins with intolerance ??? teach and set an example of tolerance and acceptance."
    In these troubled times, it is good to know that our friend and colleague, Philip Dutton, is amongst us.

Mark Dworkin
    If I am not for myself, who will be for me?
     If I am not for others, what am I?
     And if not now, when?
        -Rabbi Hillel (30 BCE to 10 CE)

To Mark Dworkin, relationship is the organizing principle around which he conducts his life. What has been important to Mark from his earliest days in the Bronx to his current life experience as a husband, father, friend, and engaging professional is his ability to sit and relate to the person with whom he shares space.
    Mark grew up as "a Bronx boy" from Van Cortlandt Park. He lived in the post-holocaust era of the ???50's where many of the parents of his friends were survivors of the holocaust. All around him, he heard the raw stories of the people who had endured tragedy, death and despair and when he attended Hebrew School classes 4 days a week, he heard the ancient stories of the same type of events.
    Out of his understanding of his Jewish tradition, his ideas concerning his own moral compass grew into a sense of social responsibility to all people. He thought that because his people suffered, no one should suffer. He took his stand with others throughout the turbulent years of the 60's and 70's against the oppression of racism, sexism, the war of the time and the military-industrial complex. He spoke up and in door-to-door conversations. He used his considerable gift of relating to talk about the issues that he held close to his heart.
    He recalls with a sense of humility and clarity canvassing the northeast Bronx. One afternoon, after a long conversation with one of his traditional pro-Nixon Italian neighbors, Mark convinced him to sign a petition to end the bombing in North Vietnam through the Hatfield-McGovern amendment! He designates this experience as the root of his understanding of the power of the relational and his own ability to connect and influence others.
    His early life was difficult. His father was a moving picture projectionist who worked for the union 5 days a week, going wherever they needed him to go. This caused a great deal of unpredictability in his father's work that was reflected in the household. His mother was a homemaker and worked very hard inside the home to care for her family. His maternal grandmother lived with them and he shared a room with her until he was 11, when he moved into the living room. She had come to America from Poland where she had lost her entire family. She received reparations from the German government that allowed his family to make ends meet. As a result of his parents' own difficulties, he endured the shunning and physical abuse that they applied on a regular basis. They did not understand that by chronically traumatizing him, they inhibited his emotional and intellectual growth, teaching him to subsume his own emotions and become subservient.
    It was in relationship with his peers that he learned to soothe the wounds of his parents. Out in the street, he found the young men with whom he fit: they were not the smartest nor were they the toughest guys nor were they those who frequented the drug culture. They were the guys on the left who were concerned about social justice. Mark is proud to say that he continues to be in touch and regularly meet with 10 of his friends from the neighborhood. His social group helped to shape the man who he has become.
    When he was 12 years old, he had another decisive experience that helped shape the course his life would take. At Hebrew School, one of the students put another student's hand through a window. Mark could not understand what made someone so angry that he would behave in such a way. It was a puzzle to him that caused him to become curious about the seeming unpredictability of human behavior. Already having some innate understanding of the complexity of people and their actions, Mark felt sorry for both of them and made his first attempt at counseling them.
    In 1970, Mark moved to Boston to major in Psychology and attend Boston University. It was here that he made another one of his life-long friends, Josh Ritterer. Since both of them were influenced by the road adventures of Jack Kerouac, in 1973, they got into their 1961 Volkswagon bug and were "on the road." They landed up in California watching the sun go down on the Pacific Ocean and renting an apartment one mile from the famous Golden Gate Park where Francine Shapiro would -in the next decade- take her famous walk in the park.
    His first job in Burlingame, California was at the Peninsula Hospital as a mental health aide on a psychiatric ward. It was here that he learned that mental illness and politics went hand and hand, and, he had a chance to observe close up the many different ways that professionals engage each other both positively and negatively.
    By 1974, he traveled back to New York. His parents had moved to Florida and so he moved in with his Aunt Lillian and Uncle Morris. In 1975, he got a job at the Bronx Veterans Administration Medical Center as a psychotherapist. It was in this setting that he first felt that he began to serve his country. He learned again the devastating affects of another war; this time it was the war in Vietnam.
    In a series of events that occurred while the new VA was being built, Mark learned how devastating and long-lasting PTSD really was. The problem was ???as every schoolboy from the Bronx knew- that there was granite below where the builders were laying the new foundation. As a result, they had to use dynamite. Mark would be working and hear the two alert whistles that gave him time to prepare the Vets for the blast. He would remind them again and again that they were safe, who he was and where they were. What became obvious to him is that none of this preparation mattered because when the blast went off, each man and woman did whatever he/she needed to do to take care of him/herself. The blast had reactivated the trauma filled days and nights of their collective tours of duty. As Mark framed it, "I saw the power of PTSD up close and personal and the relational was not sufficient."
    In 1975, he took Group Therapy Training at the Bronx VA Medical Center and in 1976 began an MA in Rogerian Counseling at Lehman College, one mile from the VA. Although he learned a great deal and this program was formative in helping him understand the importance of unconditional positive regard, congruency and empathy, he wanted a more rigorous course of study. Through his work with Dr. William Frederick Orr, he learned how important good supervision was in the formative years of a young therapist. Dr. Orr was the main person responsible for convincing Mark to do graduate work in Social Work and he decided to further his studies at the Columbia University School of Social Work.
    Mark's work with 3 experts in Group Dynamics, Alex Gitterman, Rene Solomon and Irv Miller, enabled him to appreciate the power of community and formulate his practice based on the importance of community.
    He completed his Masters in Social Work in 1980 while working as the Director of the Illness Adjustment Program at the Bronx VA Medical Center where he remained in this capacity until 1986. During this time, he was by Laura Perls and Isadore From trained him in Gestalt Therapy. He found that the discipline of study was its greatest asset as was the supervision. In 1987, he was awarded a Certificate of Psychoanalysis from the Manhattan Institute for Psychoanalysis.
    By 1986, he became Director of the Mental Health Consultation Services also at the Bronx VA Medical Center, a position that he held for one year. At the time, he was doing the work of a Section Chief, a position ordinarily filled by psychiatrists, but he was paid a Social Worker's salary. After some thought, and 12 years of working at the VA, Mark decided that since the bureaucracy would not change their policy for him, he would go into private practice.
    During this new era, Mark met Uri Bergmann and David Grand. Here were two men with whom he bonded concerning the practice of Social Work. They became active in the Society for Clinical Social Work in New York, the Nassau County Chapter. Mark was the President of the Society from 1991-1991. In this capacity, Mark ran the Society's meetings once a month, supervised the committees and attended the State Board Meetings. In light of the theme of the continuing importance of the relational in Mark's life, his work in the Society fostered his important friendship with Uri. Subsequently, this great friendship turned into a business partnership in 1992 that included Don Cornelius and E. Johnson Levinson.
    In 1990, Mark was asked to form the Managed Care Committee for this Society and he became a national expert in managed behavioral healthcare. He was an invited speaker to the Psychotherapy Finances conference and was the type of speaker that people stayed in the room for even though it was the Sunday afternoon at the end of the conference!
    Ever enthusiastic of the possibility of connection, Mark attempted to achieve the daunting task of a marriage between the business and healthcare world. This new business with Uri et al was an attempt to realize this vision. However, it proved to be an impossible task and they ended the practice.

His friendship with Uri is responsible for Mark becoming interested in EMDR and, in 1991, at the Employee Assistance Professional Association (EAPA) meeting, Uri threw two papers at him and said definitively, "Read these! They might mean something." The two papers were the 1989a and 1989b papers by a woman named Francine Shapiro.
    Mark's quintessential EMDR story occurred that same night after he read the papers. One of his patients arrived at her session very shaken after witnessing a man jump to his death in front of a train. She saw his body parts flying up in the air and she could not get this image out of her head. Mark knew his patient to be a stable and calm person but this night she was distraught. He told her about the papers that he had read earlier in the day and she agreed to let him work with her in this new modality. He read the procedural steps outline from the articles and began the treatment. After two hours, his patient left and slept the entire night! Mark Dworkin was hooked on EMDR!
    Uri and David had similarly powerful experiences and all three of them became very interested in EMDR. They talked and practiced it together. In 1993, a man bicycled over from Manhattan to an EAPA breakfast. It was William Zangwill who encouraged them to attend the EMDR Institute training and they did.
    In 1995, Mark convinced them to join him in traveling to Malibu for a Facilitator training and that year became Facilitators for the EMDR Institute.  When Francine found out that he was an Expert in Managed Care, she asked him to help the Institute get EMDR accepted by the managed care companies. Mark had become burnt out concerning managed care and had no interest in interacting further with these types of groups. However, after Francine walked him around the block and listened to all of the struggles that he went through, she asked him the important question: "What about the people who do not get therapy without insurance."  This struck at the core of Mark's belief in social responsibility and he became the Founder of the Healthcare Committee for EMDRIA from 1995-2001. 
    As a Facilitator, Mark has learned many lessons on leadership and professionalism. He said the following: "By being responsible for the learning needs of 9-10 people during the afternoon trainings, I saw myself as the leader of a small community with agreed upon shared goals and tasks to achieve those goals. That contract of working with the participants heavily influenced my thinking on the collaborative working alliance ??? a centerpiece in the therapeutic relationship in EMDR."
    It was at this time, that he began his personal and professional quest to influence Francine Shapiro to elaborate the therapeutic relationship. He began a book that he completed over the course of 3 years. The book had become a burning passion of Mark's as so many people had misconceptions over what the therapeutic relationship meant. His main thesis in "EMDR and the Relational Imperative: The Therapeutic Relationship in EMDR Treatment (Routledge, 2005) is the following: "There are two people in the room each influencing each other in non-linear, inter-subjective ways (i.e., What ego states of mine are influencing what ego states of yours?) The relationship is important in that it facilitates the procedural work; When state dependent memory becomes activated in the clinician, we call it counter-transference. When it becomes activated in the client directed toward the clinician, we call it transference. There are specialized ways of identifying these moments and interpersonal strategies to make the experience even deeper."
    His wife, Laurie, supported him during this difficult time of writing his book. Part of his struggle was with his mother's declining health. She became ill during this and her great joy was walking around with the title page of her son's book in her hands. Sadly, she died 8 months before his book came out. His book, "EMDR and the Relational Imperative: The Therapeutic Relationship in EMDR Treatment" was released in September 2005.
    Another aspect of Mark's EMDR experience was his 2001-2004 term on the EMDRIA Board. Again, what Mark valued most was the importance of the friendships that he made while on the Board. Although it was a chore having to read books on Board governance, Rosalie Thomas' wisdom and steady persistence enabled the transformation of the running of EMDRIA's Board and allowed for it to be at a very high level. He speaks with great fondness for all of the relationships he made with fellow Board Members and Scott Blech and the EMDRIA staff.
    Never to rest for too long, in March 2005, Mark made the famous trek to the Sea Ranch and began his study to be a trainer with Kathy Davis (USA), Isabel Fernandez (Italy) and Michael Paterson (Ireland). During the course of the trip, Mark's days as a NYC taxicab driver came to the rescue when half way up the coast road the brakes of the car stopped working. Without a word, until after the trip was completed, Mark traveled 50 miles of treacherous coastal roads with sheer drops with no functioning brake! Good training for becoming an EMDR trainer!

He found that the beginning of his trainer's training was "an incredibly rich experience filled with great learning and great comraderie with a special positive cognition only known to the participants." He is completing this training in 2006 and will become an official HAP trainer.
    Recently, he has begun to teach workshops nationally and internationally concerning relational strategies with difficult clients, the therapeutic relationship, counter-transference and EMDR from the heart. What most excites Mark is to help people learn how the relationship impacts on the therapeutic experience as he believes it is the complement to all the procedures, protocols and processes that occur during EMDR.  John Norcross, in his book "Psychotherapy Relationships that Work" (2002, Oxford Press) wrote that "It is the combination of procedure with relationship that may make for the best outcome."
    When asked what he wanted to say to the EMDR community, he stated the following: "The most important message I can give is to echo Dr. Shapiro's commitment that the highest goal of EMDR is to end the cycle of violence and to never forget that. Also, participate in HAP. It is not about me or you, it is about the work and to make contributions to HAP so that we can do this work."
    Mark is in the process of transitioning his practice from East Meadow, Long Island to the northwest corner of Connecticut in Torrington. He has a loving relationship with his wife, Laurie, of 23 years and is the proud father of their sons: Matthew who is a junior at the University of Vermont and their son, Hal, who will be starting Penn State in the School of Journalism.
    We in the EMDR community have all learned about the importance of the relational from Mark. We are forever indebted to him for his unceasing work to forward the importance of the learning, teaching and practicing of EMDR. We hope that he is with us for a long time for his friendship, his warmth, his courage and his interest. Thank you, Mark.

Nancy Errebo
    
How do we learn to be independent, in awe of our surroundings, and a strong leader?

This is the story of how Nancy Errebo grew into these qualities.
    Nancy was born in Wichita, Kansas and grew up on a wheat farm. She came from strong Scandinavian stock. Her ancestors were frontier homesteaders who helped bring the railroad into Kansas; in fact, her great grandmother arrived on the very first train that came through Wichita. She remained in this beautiful farming country surrounded by magnificent golden limestone from Kansas and fields of beautiful wheat, until she was 9 years of age. Here, she learned to appreciate the basic things of life and how it feels to be close to the land. 
    With her parents and 4 younger brothers, she moved to Nebraska for 3 years and then at 12 years of age, they moved to Minnesota. There, they acquired land and -from that point in time- Nancy considered Cambridge, Minnesota her home.  After graduating high school, she went off to the University of Minnesota for 2 years.
    It was then her independent spirit emerged and she decided to go off on her first great adventure. University of Minnesota was too big and she wanted something more intimate. Her parents encouraged her to continue the family tradition and go west. She ended up finding the University of Montana where she felt immediately at home. Her campus was so remote that you had to take 4 planes to get back home to Minnesota, and, inevitably, one of these airports would be snowed in. The fact that she knew no one did not deter her. She jumped into this new life, began her major in Elementary Education, and graduated in 1969.
    Despite the fact that teaching was one of the hardest things Nancy has ever done, it turned out that she loved it. She taught for 9 years in Minnesota, close to where she went to High School. During that time, she got married, and, later divorced. While teaching 3rd grade on the Rocky Boy Reservation in Montana, she met friends who were interested in teaching abroad. Ready for her next adventure, Nancy learned what to do, applied for a position and got a job teaching for ARAMCO in Saudi Arabia.
    Whether she went very far to the west or took the eastern route, Nancy ???in the spirit of her adventurous family- found a new land and culture. She went to Dhahran in 1980 and taught 6th grade. It turned out to be "a great thing to do." She was there during the oil boom and met people from all over the world. She was able to broaden her horizons further by traveling all over. Teaching for Aramco Schools in Dhahran was an idyllic situation as her students were from intact and affluent families who were concerned with their children and supported her work. She had a chance to study for a Master of Education from the University of Oklahoma in Saudi Arabia and was granted her degree in 1983. Although she originally thought she would stay for 2 years, she loved the life of an ex-patriot and the two years stretched to six. At this point, Nancy had truly become a citizen of the world; life in the United States would no longer be the same.
    What to do next? She was ready for a change after her 1- year teaching career and she decided to go the University of Denver in the School of Professional Psychology. She already knew people there and then met new students who would later, also, become members of our EMDR community. They were Barbara Korzun, Libby Call, Debby Korn and Scott Fairchild.
    The training at Denver was very clinical and here is where she became interested in understanding trauma. During that time, the students worked with the Denver police and were on call to go to scenes of homicides, suicides and robbery. She still values some of the people she met in Denver as her closest friends.
    From 1989-90, she did her internship at the Brockton Veterans Administration. She was a Clinical Fellow at Harvard Medical School and through the VA did outpatient psychotherapy, was part of a family team and worked on the acute admitting ward for Inpatient Psychiatry. This internship was to be a turning point for Nancy. It is where her career as a part of the VA allowed her to start working with veterans and with trauma.
    In 1990, she was awarded her doctorate in Psychology. Libby encouraged her to move to Phoenix where they began a private practice. They also needed jobs and Nancy was hired by the Chief of Psychology to work at the Carl T. Hayden VAMC where she was on the PTSD clinical team, a co-training coordinator and supervised psychology interns and externs and psychiatric residents. Although she was in Phoenix only for a short time, she said, "It was meant to be and I got EMDR training."
    Her chief, Jack Harrington, would do anything if he thought it would help his veterans. In 1992, Francine Shapiro came to talk to this progressive group of clinicians at the VA. She was proud that the psychiatrists in her unit were among the first to be trained in the VA. She felt that these guys were "great professionals" and dedicated to veterans and that "they displayed vision and courage in sponsoring that first Phoenix training when powerful, influential colleagues were dismissing and dissing EMDR."
    Nancy's first patient was a soldier who had won the Silver Star. He had severe PTSD, Asthma, Cardiac problems and had been in a Burn Unit for one year. He had been sent to what was considered the premier VA in Palo Alto and he had been labeled "too severe to help." The message was that "If we can't help him, no one can!" He returned to the Phoenix VA and Nancy became his therapist. She told him about EMDR and he agreed that it would be a good idea to do it. Although he did dissociate at times, they were able to work through his trauma. Nancy said, "It helped him a lot. It was like putting a quarter into a slot machine and getting back thousands of dollars."
    By 1993, Nancy was ready to move back to Missoula, Montana. Since Nancy would be the only Psy.D. and EMDR therapist there, she made sure to be an excellent clinician and do good work. She kept a low profile but made sure to have people trained in her area.
    Her interest in the power of EMDR continued to grow and, in 1995, she became a facilitator. During that same year, while attending a lecture on the Rorschach as an outcome measure with Libby Call and Patti Levin, they thought it would be interesting to apply this to EMDR. Their paper, "Efficacy of EMDR Treatment for Trauma Survivors as Measured by the Rorschach" was presented in 1995 at the EMDRIA conference in Denver and the ISTSS Conference in Boston. However, they felt overwhelmed with all that they were doing at the time and decided to cut back a bit.
    By 1999, Nancy decided to direct her energy into the Humanitarian Assistance Program for EMDR. Her first trip was to Fargo, North Dakota with Will Zangwill's team. She felt that she was a natural for this type of work since she had worked for the Police Department in Denver and had to respond to critical incidents. She noted how traumatized the participants were after this major flood. She said, "It looked as if they had been through a war."
    She realized how much she had missed traveling and decided to become an active member of HAP. She went to Bangladesh and India that same year. Her early travel in Asia informed her work with HAP. She learned that there was no licensing system for counselors, social workers, or psychologists in Bangladesh but there were practicing counselors. Also, she was learning a great deal from observing the different trainers.
    After the earthquake in Turkey, she volunteered immediately. With her knowledge of the Middle East and what she had learned working in the field and supervising trainees in the field with victims, she felt that she had much to contribute to the team.
    The question of how "difficult to deliver EMDR to the people who most need it" became clear to her in Bangladesh. The team's experience there made clear how hard it is to deliver services to a target population. Nancy said, "This is a reality for all humanitarian assistance organizations. It isn't just a matter of providing good training, which EMDR trainers and facilitators always do. We need to help and inspire our HAP trainees to think through how they will deliver the services to the target population and support them in following through on their plan."
     While in Turkey, Emre Konuk and Jim Knipe got the idea of going into the field to deliver the service to the people that the team wanted to serve. When she realized what a great idea was, she paid close attention to how it was done and brought this concept into her subsequent trainings. Also, she thought it would be an excellent opportunity to supervise the trainees. This became clearer when trainees took her to a safe house for people who were targets of the insurgents and had to flee their homes while she was in Indonesia. It seemed that if a person did not have the right politics, a person would be marked and would have to flee or go to a safe house. The setting was spare and there was no furniture in the house, nonetheless, the trainees went to work and Nancy went around and supervised through her interpreters. She was amazed at how when people heard there was help they came and got to work.
    Her experiences in Turkey and Indonesia helped her integrate what she had learned for her first time as a team leader and EMDR trainer in Sri Lanka in 2005.  After the tsunami, the International Relief Team (IRT) from San Diego sent Victoria Karlin (now a HAP Facilitator) on a fact finding needs assessment. Victoria concluded that EMDR was needed and she approached HAP to enlist their aid. She put the project together and the IRT donors funded the project.
    When Rose Uranga, the IRT Project Director, was delivering medicine, houses, fishing boats, etc., she was interested to see if they would do a good job. They did! They started with a traumatology course, then, they taught Part 1 to the closest that they could get to mental health professionals.  With Nancy's education background, she was crucial to the team and succeeded in inspiring the participants to be involved and motivated.  Team members included Judith Daniels, Jonathon Brooks and Karen Forte. These colleagues were hard working, talented, personable and knowledgeable and they succeeded in bonding with the trainees. They kept the spirit of the work going through email. Karen, Judith and Carol Crow went back and did a great job in continuing the process. Karen, Jonathon and Judith Lindsay returned to finish up the project. Nancy is proud of the fact that the 30 members of the Sri Lankan National Association of Counselors (SRLNAC) she trained treated more than 1000 tsunami victims (this group included children in groups and 300 adults) and they are continuing to work with EMDR.
    Currently, Nancy is part of the team of trainers and facilitators engaged in training military mental health professionals. Nancy, E.C. Hurley, Roy Kiessling, Howard Lipke, Sue Rogers, Mark Russell, Bob O'Brien, Steve Silver, Christy Sprowls, and Jamie Zabukovec are the group of devoted EMDR practitioners who have been dedicated to making sure that our troops get EMDR. EMDR-HAP has been very generous in supporting these trainings as we watch ???yet again- what happens when our wounded return from war.
    When asked what she would like to say to the EMDR community, Nancy wanted to share some insights she has learned concerning the men and women with whom she has been working:
    "Many, if not most, American lives have been or will be affected by the global war on terror.  I encourage EMDR therapists to inquire about war-related large-T and small-t traumas in their history taking.  Of course, nightmares and intrusive thoughts should be targeted with EMDR. However, the VA and Department of Defense therapists at our HAP trainings are telling us that veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan need help with their marriages and other intimate relationships.  Finding targets that are the source of intimacy and attachment difficulties may be a subtle and complex process---just the sort of challenge relished by the skilled, sophisticated EMDR therapist."
     She went on to say the following:  "The fourteen years since EMDR and I found each other have been a blast. Every time I go to an EMDRIA conference or get involved in a project, I meet dynamic, fascinating, fun people.  I want everyone to know that there are so many opportunities in the EMDR world to contribute and develop your talents whatever they may be.  I would like EMDR therapists to ponder on the awesome reality that for the first time, we have a tool that has the potential to relieve the suffering of this generation of disaster victims and war veterans and help them avoid a negative life trajectory.  Also, the connections we have forged together have created the critical mass and the organization to deliver services all over the world.  I'd like to thank Francine Shapiro for getting this amazing ball rolling."
    Nancy loves to read, cook and travel. Often, she likes to think about decorating and redecorating her house. She enjoys photography and many of you may remember the beautiful photograph that she did in Bangladesh that was on the cover of the notepaper sold to raise money for HAP.
    Nancy has taken the pioneering spirit of her great grandparents and forged ahead into the international world of EMDR training and the support of her own country. She is dedicated, resourceful, clear thinking and an asset wherever she is. Her knowledge of different cultures and countries continues to be the source from which she draws as she works nationally and internationally in her role as trainer and facilitator. How do we learn to be independent, in awe of our surroundings, and a strong leader? We can follow the model of how Nancy lives in our EMDR community

Franz and Esther Ebner
    
What Franz and Esther Ebner both had in common when they met was a strong desire to help others. Neither one was sure exactly how they wanted to do this, but over the years their vision grew clearer. Today, they both have evolved this interest into professions that focus on helping people. In their private life, they have experienced great joy and deep grief and sadness; their story together is one of great love and transformation.
    Esther Ohl Ebner was born in Geislingen/Steige Germany. Her mother was a nurse and her father was a tax consultant.  When she finished school and was making the decision of "What shall I do?" she decided to follow in her mother's footsteps and become a nurse. She thought that this would be interesting because there would always be new patients to learn from, relate to and assist. Esther completed this goal in 1981 and went to work in the Filderklinik Filderstadt (near Stuttgart).
    Franz Ebner was born in Bad Berneck/Fichtelgebirge near Bayreuth in Northern Bavaria, Germany. Although Franz came from a beautiful, idyllic area, he was lonely growing up. It was only in recent years that he realized that his father had PTSD and this affected his early family life. When he was 15 years old, he became active in his Lutheran Church and involved in the church community. As a child, he had been "anxious and insecure" but this new practice gave him "a more positive view of the world and carries me through." Through the Church, his interest grew from technical things to helping others. His earliest thought was to combine helping people with a Christian organization and do something in psychotherapy; this resulted in his thinking about becoming a missionary. To do this, he thought it would make more sense to become a physician rather than a psychologist, following the assumption that physicians would be more able to travel. In 1979, however, when he made the decision to study medicine in Erlangen und Tuebingen, he was confronted with the reality of medicine: anatomy, physiology and physically sick people. He thought to himself that he did not want to give injections or cut people. The other setback to becoming a missionary was that when he did have the chance to travel, he became homesick! Luckily, during his medical training, he had a practicum at a Psychiatric hospital. The attending physician told him that if he worked in Psychiatry, he would have to forget everything he had learned in medicine. Franz thought that this would be exactly what he wanted to do and, thus, began his career as a psychiatrist and psychotherapist!
    The nurse and the psychiatrist met and were married in 1983. Soon after, they had their three children, Tabea, Manuel and Hannah. Esther took care of her children and did not resume her professional career until 1993. During this time, Franz finished his professional training for his specialization in Psychiatry at two Psychiatric hospitals; "Klinik Hohe Mark" in Oberursel near Frankfurt/Main and in Weilmuenster, 60 kms. north of Frankfurt for Neurology. In 1993, he passed his final exam for "Facharzt fuer Psychiatrie." From 1990-1994, he received training in Analytic Couple-Family and Social Psychotherapy at the Institute for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy in Giessen. Also, he was trained from 1990 to 1999 at the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft"(working group) for Analytic-oriented Psychotherapy of the Sigmund Freud Institute in Frankfurt. In 1999, at the completion of this last training, he received the title, "Facharzt fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie." In 1993, Franz took the position of Senior Doctor in the Department of General Psychiatry at the Klinik Hohe Mark in Oberursel where he had been trained. 
    Franz likes to use the phrase, "It came my way" from C.S. Lewis' famous "Chronicles of Narnia" for momentous happenings in his life. He explains, "Some things will come along and ???at that moment- you will not know it was a very important decision you will make, you have to make a decision and say, ???I will see what will come out'. The background is to trust the process." In 1992, Arne Hofmann came Franz and Esther's way by way of Arne's wife, Ute. Arne encouraged Franz to take the EMDR training.
    In 1993, he took his first training in EMDR in New York and then the second part in California. After the first training, Franz was in a quandary, as he did not know how to treat his population of severely depressed and schizophrenic patients with EMDR. His first severely depressed patient had a "miracle session" and 2 days after her depression lifted. They, then, did 2 more sessions on her grief concerning her father's untimely death from Bladder Cancer. After that, he said, "I did EMDR with everyone I could grab." The results were not always as miraculous as his first case, but he began to see that his patients were getting better. This began Franz' focus on understanding the nature of trauma. He went on to become a Senior Doctor not only of General Psychiatry but, of Complex PTSD and Dissociative Disorders (1998) and Psychotraumatology (1999). He was a founding member of the German Section of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) and a founding member of the "Zentrum fur Psychotramatologie" in Frankfurt.
    In 1994, there was another miracle. Franz was diagnosed with testicular Cancer that was very dangerous. The surgery resulted in a remission that was very untypical.  The Ebners were grateful for his recovery and went back into their lives with great relief and great joy.
    Meanwhile, Esther and Franz' children were growing up. During that time, Esther did her own psychotherapy and found it very helpful. She decided that she wanted to work with the body, mind and soul; but, in her chosen profession, she was only working with the body. She was becoming more and more interested in the psychosomatic theme in patients and, in 1992, decided to learn "Konzentrativer Bewegungstherapie" or KBT (Concentrative Movement Therapy), a body oriented psychotherapy that had some of its roots in Psychoanalysis and the Feldenkrais method. Esther's teachers were Heide Heckert and Arne Budjuhn. As she learned this new profession, she started working as a nurse in the Psychotherapy Department in "Klinik Hohe Mark" in Oberursel where Franz was working. In 1995, she worked as a KBT therapist under supervision and then, in 1997 until 2003, she worked as a KBT Psychotherapist in the Psychosomatic Department in "Klinik zum Heiligen Geist" in Frankfurt/Main. In 1998, she was licensed as a Health and Mental Health Professional. This license enabled her to start a private practice for KBT Therapy for individuals and groups in Oberursel. She began full time private practice in July 2003. Also, she completed a curriculum for Psychotrauma at "Deutsches Institut fur Psychotraumatologie." In 2001, she completed a 3 year training in "Myoreflextherapie, another body therapy which involves acupressure on special points ??? especially tendons and muscles; this therapy can be used with trauma patients. She followed in Franz' footsteps and took the first part of the EMDR training in March 1998 and the second part in September 1998. In April 2003, she became an EMDR Institute Germany Consultant and Supervisor and later that year became a Facilitator for this organization.
    The EMDR explosion for Franz had come earlier. In partnership with Arne Hofmann, they embarked on a mission in Germany and Europe to educate and teach professionals about EMDR. Arne became the first German-speaking trainer and began the German EMDR Institute. Franz was the founding member of the EMDR Network in Germany responsible for setting up the structure from which the EMDR community could grow in Germany and which later became EMDR-Germany in 1999. He set up a Network day once a year and then wrote a newsletter to the members, often including articles form the EMDRIA newsletter. This organization started with 30 members and now includes approximately 700 members! In 2000, he was a founding member of HHP Germany and Europe, the German and European branch of HAP. When Franz retired from this position in 2003, he became the treasurer of HHP Germany.
    Franz became a facilitator in 1995, a Supervisor in 1997 and an EMDR Trainer at the German EMDR Institute in 2000. Currently, he is training in the German speaking areas of Europe.
    In July 2000, a great tragedy occurred in the Ebner family. Their beloved son Manuel died during a family holiday. This was a terrible blow and each member of the family struggled with his/her tragic loss in his/her own way. Franz said: "Trauma changes your life and identity. I had not got that before. I had told patients that but never really felt it in my heart. There is a before and an after. It will never be like it was, after the trauma. I think that the task afterwards is what Viktor Frankl says which is to find the personal meaning for the rest of the life after that. You can't change it. There is no way back." Later, he went on to say that, "I realized I had been working with grief without having a concept for it. There is a lot of grief in depression and I was not conscious of the impact until Manuel died." 
    It changed the way Franz understood his clients and worked in his practice profoundly.
    Through the process of grieving, life continued and Franz and Esther continued working in their fields and continuing with their EMDR work. Franz notes that, "The special thing is that we are working as a couple. It started in 1998 when Esther accomplished her specialization in body work and EMDR and that is a great thing." Their HHP EMDR work has brought them together as they have traveled to Slovakia and China together. Since Esther has become a facilitator, they have been able to go to trainings together that allow them to see each other!
    Both Franz and Esther have been deeply touched by their experiences with HAP and HHP. Franz' first experience was in Turkey. He says:
    "Turkey was where the dream came true. We were in Turkey on holiday in 1990. Later, when the earthquake happened and they were looking for therapists, I knew I had to go. There were many people I knew from other trainings but this was the first time I met Gary Quinn from Israel. There was a spiritual relationship with Gary even though this was the time I saw him. I felt very close to him. Another special thing was that 10 years before I went as a tourist and now I came to help. My Turkish friend and EMDR facilitator, Visal Tumani, told me a lot about the Turkish people and culture. I thought that I would do this when I got older but it is happening now. After 5 days of training, they learned EMDR! It was amazing that it worked there, too!"
    Esther joined Franz in China. Franz talked about China in this manner:   "The first time in China was a culture shock. It was so different. We did sightseeing inwardly as there was a great deal of self-experience by the participants. During the first trip, we did trauma training and not EMDR. We had one-on-one sessions and taught about the history of trauma and about resources. The Chinese colleagues were open with us. Usually, they have such shame that they only trust their family. During the Cultural Revolution, it was dangerous for people to open up.  There was a great deal of psycho-social trauma as when families were ripped apart and mothers had to leave their children and go to work in different parts of the country. We were only 7 people and we had 52 participants with whom we worked. We did lecturing and we worked from 9 am to 9 pm. There was no Chinese speaking person in our group until Cynthia Kong joined us for the second trip. We found that you need someone from the country as a liaison.  Our Chinese colleagues learned fast but it has taken 3 years for them to truly understand what trauma is about, like in Europe. It takes years to figure out what trauma is and what it means for your country. It was the key. Many things in China reminded me of Europe. There are different regions where groups grow now. There are people who can work a lot and people who take longer. We are looking for those who can become facilitators and who will be a trainer. We are interested in how to adapt EMDR to Chinese control. We have just come back from our 4th trip to China."
    Esther highlighted another aspect of their trip to China:  "I was very touched by the colleagues. They opened their hearts and told their stories. For the first time, they told the story of the Cultural Revolution. We did self-experience with them through a translator. It was not easy but it was great work. You could see the progress after 4 years. They get the point and get what EMDR is and it was great. They told us about things you would not hear if not in this role, very personal things about China. They told us so much that they would not tell others. It was very personal and trusting and we liked them very much. The relationships and learning about the culture were very important. The most important was giving them something that was meaningful to them."
    Another area that they have traveled to together was Slovakia. Esther observed the following:
    "We have only been teaching 2 years in Slovakia. I think that working in another language is not so easy but if you do EMDR the heart of the process is the same. People are more alike than you would think. Usually, we think that people are so different but if you work with EMDR you see how the basics are the same. People want to be loved, want to feel good about them selves and want to be in control. The basics and the affects are the same. I think that you can work with EMDR in all the countries around the world because it is about dealing with the basic things in life. The process will go on."
    Both Franz and Esther work with severely traumatized patients on a regular basis. They both were in agreement when asked what they wanted to share with the EMDR community. Both emphasized the importance of installing resources with this difficult population and the comraderie amongst the therapists themselves.
    Franz said: "The amazing thing in EMDR is that you can work on both sides of the experience ??? the trauma and the resources."
    Esther added: "When you connect the resource work and use EMDR with trauma, the work moves more smoothly. Those with early trauma do much better with resources. There is so much that they did not learn in their childhood."
    Franz put it accurately for all of us when he said:  "The other core part of the EMDR community is the therapists themselves. We come from every different therapeutic methods and the importance is that we are united with the single goal of treating trauma patients to get them better." He went on to say that "You work with people from the United States and Europe. I had never seen a psychiatrist from another European country before. For me EMDR is the window to the world. It is really amazing. The greatest thing were those dreams from when I was 19 is that they both came true in different ways. The first thing I wanted to do is psychotherapy and I am doing it. The second thing is that I can travel to different countries and help people even if I am not a surgeon!"
    Franz and Esther Ebner are an inspiration. Their kindness, courage and vision make them wonderful friends, superb parents and excellent teachers. We are lucky to have them as part of our world.

Derek Farrell
    
Derek Farrell is an accomplished and principled man who has the capacity to fight when he needs to do so and to engage in diplomacy - which is his preference.
    Derek's parents and role models, Maureen Fieldstead and Tom Farrell, met on the ballroom dance floor in Liverpool, England. His mother was a secondary school teacher of English Literature and his father was a tailor. Derek is their second of four children.
    From his mother, Derek learned to appreciate the rewards and perils of principled action. Living in an area where the Catholic Church controlled the educational system, Mrs. Farrell tested the limits in her community by sending her 2 eldest children to a non-Catholic school. The price she paid was that she was black listed from teaching and was never able to obtain a secure job ??? only substitute work. Derek recognized the strength of his mother, but also learned firsthand how abusive the Catholic Church could be.
    By contrast, his father was a diplomat and "the nicest person I ever met." He stayed quietly in the background as his wife made her point, then often, facilitated a resolution where there looked to be none. Derek has emulated his father's style and become a mediator himself. From age 14, he learned about the work ethic while working alongside his father on Saturdays at the tailor shop. He also learned about the power of faith through his father's lifelong devotion and recent recovery from radical surgery.  Although the Farrell family was not wealthy financially, their love of life and sense of humor have created an important impact on their children.
    Even with his mother's sacrifice, the state school Derek attended was poor. To compensate, he took up music, learning to play the clarinet and going on to play in a brass band and an orchestra that he continues to do today. He also taught himself to play piano and guitar.
    Thinking he wanted to be a mental health nurse, he did a 3-year training program at West Cheshire Hospital where he learned that what he truly wanted was to be a psychologist. During that time, he set up a survivors' network for adult females as a result of sitting for 8 hours with a client who had set herself on fire. Because of his care and concern for her, she told him about her childhood abuse. To Derek's surprise, the psychiatrist involved was antagonistic and did not see the connection between her behavior and the abuse. Later, he created a network for male abuse survivors with the Bernardo Charity for Children in the 1990's. He completed his nursing training and took psychotherapy trainings in psychodynamic, humanistic and cognitive behavioral psychotherapies.
    With his friend and colleague, Paul Keenan, he set up a psychotherapy department in the Department of Community Psychiatry in Mercyside for the National Health Service (NHS). In 1990, a client's narrative about her rape by a priest moved him and he began a life long interest in sexual abuse by clergy. In 1994, he was awarded an MA for Counseling Studies at Keele University and his thesis was on this subject. Later, during his Ph.D. work at Manchester Metropolitan University (2003), he did his dissertation on "Idiosyncratic Trauma Survivors of Sexual Abuse by Clergy" and he has written many articles on this topic. He raised the question "Why was sexual abuse by clergy different?" and found that the survivor's symptoms included spiritual, existential and theological domains. For instance, dying petrified his client, as she thought if her abuser repented what would god do? If god accepted him, the priest would be allowed into heaven and that would mean she was not safe because her perpetrator would be there. These were significant issues to address.
    As a result of his expertise, he obtained medico-legal contracts across the UK with a leading Irish firm carrying out psychological assessments for survivors of sexual abuse by clergy utilizing self-designed psychometric measures established in his dissertation and specific to this type of trauma. Also, he created a Psychological Assessment and Treatment service on behalf of BUPA Occupational Healthcare, Manchester for railway personnel.
    In 2000, he decided to end his National Health Service career as he could no longer tolerate the lack of support dealing with difficult cases, and he began his job at the University of Birmingham where he is a Lecturer in Health Sciences. Derek is a Chartered Psychologist with the British Psychological Society and an Accredited Psychotherapist with the British Association of Cognitive & Behavioral Psychotherapies (BABCP). He is an External Examiner of Psychotherapy and Psychological programs for universities in the United Kingdom and has been successful in acquiring funding for his projects. From 2001-2004, he was a Consultant Psychotherapist with the Police Rehabilitation and Retraining Trust in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
    Before he began his doctoral work, Derek did his EMDR Basic Training in 1996, followed by Facilitator training. The effect of EMDR on his work was pivotal and he decided to develop EMDR training in the university. He created the first EMDR University Training in Europe validated by the University of Birmingham and EMDR Europe. He is now planning a new professional doctorate program that will include teaching and learning along with research and development and would include EMDR.
    Since then, Derek has been a strong spokesperson for EMDR. He is President of the EMDR Europe Humanitarian Assistance Program, a member of the EMDR Europe Science and Research Committee, Co-Chair of the EMDR Europe Practice Sub-Committee and is a member of the EMDR Europe Board. He serves on the EMDR Asian Scientific Committee for EMDR Asia. He is a Past President of EMDR UK & Ireland, the Chair of EMDR UK & Ireland Accreditation Committee and the Chair Conference Organizing Committee for EMDR Europe's 2014 Edinburgh Conference, as he was for the 2008 London Conference. He is an EMDR Europe Approved Trainer and Consultant. Recently, the UK Ministry of Defense employed him to train mental health military personnel in EMDR.
    Another seminal time in Derek's life occurred when he joined the EMDRHAP response to the Marmara Earthquake. In 1999, with many other EMDR professionals, he participated in training Turkish colleagues in EMDR. What he was not ready for was the effect of going into the refugee camps. He had never seen a camp before and the effect of seeing people who had been well to do in this awful situation, for example, where UN trucks would arrive with mattresses and people would fight over them was indelible. He also was affected by seeing the miles and miles of devastation. He believes that they all returned with PTSD yet no one spoke about it. This bothered him.
    Derek has gone on to participate in projects in India, Pakistan and Bethlehem. The link between them is the overwhelming vastness of the trauma. The effect of talking to people from different perspectives was profound and Derek found it upsetting and hard to comprehend the senselessness of many of the man-made acts of war.
    Derek has been involved in a long-term project in Pakistan developing mental health psychological services mainly around the intervention of EMDR. He has been there 14 times and has become acutely aware of the complexity of the nature of the problems there, as there was also domestic and military violence to attend to. Originally, in response to a Pakistani Psychiatrist in Ireland who appealed to Desmond Poole for help, he went to Abbotobad, a city closest to the epicenter of the earthquake. They raised funds through charity events to go on this trip.  They trained 25 civilian and military psychiatrists and then did another round in Rawalpindi. After that the Pakistani Navy requested Karachi to train a group there where they were under a high alert and the danger was so real that it felt surreal. Derek found himself working with survivors of the earthquake, domestic violence, child abuse, acid attacks and, and people afraid of religious extremists and suicide bombers. In Karachi, there was a large influx of Pashutuns and they had a great deal of fear and trepidation because many younger people were being groomed by the Talibans. During training, Derek and his team worked with the military psychiatrists and their wives, many of whom were social workers, creating a greater insight into Pakistani culture and society.
    Another of Derek's many passions is the training of EMDR practitioners. He has devoted a great deal of time in his work to evaluating the teaching and learning of EMR. He did a Q methodology to evaluate EMDR HAP Europe's Facilitator training in Pakistan and then went on to do the Delphi Study which is an exploration of the future research priorities needed in promoting the development of the teaching and learning of EMDR. Currently, he is the program Director of the MRes Health Research and EMDR in the management of psychological trauma module programs. In 2011, Dunne and Derek's article on "An Investigation into Clinicians' Experiences of Integrating EMDR into their Clinical Practice" appeared in the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research. If there is anyone who is going to come up with the best way to teach EMDR to his populations, Derek will be that person!
    To the EMDR Community:
    "EMDR does not cure Malaria and does not eradicate world poverty but what it can do is to make a significant difference in dealing with some of the world's problems. As a therapist, EMDR never ceases to amaze me. No other therapy comes close to touching it."

Derek is avid about triathalons, completing 3-4 a year. He loves to sail and play music. He recently celebrated 25 years of marriage and has a teenage daughter and son.

Derek Farrell brings his vision of EMDR to us through his work with clients, trainees, students and colleagues near and far. His dedication and commitment to his craft, as well as his expertise, are the hallmarks of his contributions to us all. His abilities as facilitator and diplomat are priceless.

Isabelle Fernandez
    There is a dynamic woman living in Milan and her name is Carmen Isabel Fernandez Reveles. We know her as Isabel Fernandez.  Isabel -a long with her able team of Italian colleagues- is responsible for the integration of EMDR into the Italian landscape of psychotherapeutic practice.
    Isabel has been a Psychologist for quite awhile but she is not sure how she became interested in her field. Perhaps, it was a result of being an exchange student in Saxton, Pennsylvania where she received her High School Diploma. Through the American Field Service Program, she applied and received a scholarship to come to the United States. She said that, "This was one of the greatest experiences. I felt very welcome there." As she was integrated into the family with whom she lived and the Saxton community, she learned about the customs and behavior of the American people. It opened her eyes to a different culture and Isabel became curious about the diversity of people.
    She returned to her home in Rocha, Uruguay and went on to the university. Pursuing her interest in other cultures, Isabel fell in love with an Italian young man who had been traveling throughout South America. After she received her degree from the University of Montevideo, she returned with him to his native Italy. They settled down in Milan and they have been living there for the past 20 years. Isabel says that she has become such a native of Italy that she can hardly speak Spanish anymore!
    Although she had completed her Psychology degree in Uruguay, the rules of the psychological community mandated that to be recognized in Italy, she must have an Italian education. She received a second degree in Italy at the University of Padua in Clinical Psychology. As in most European academic settings, Isabel was schooled in the Psychoanalytic tradition. However, she was also interested in Cognitive Behavioral work and worked on this specialty at the Cognitive-Behavioral Center in Milan, at the same time that she finished her degree at the University of Padua.
    Her interest in different ways of understanding human behavior was complemented by her excitement about Research. After her graduate work was completed, she became a Consultant at the Psychiatric Department of Niguarda Hospital and worked on the rehabilitation of psychotic patients by using Cognitive-Behavioral interventions with their families. While at Niguarda Hospital, she conducted a Research Project with heart transplant clients and the support of their families.
    In 1990, Isabel diversified her interest in Psychology even further to include the field of Organization and Development. She worked for Prudential Insurance Company of America and was in charge of their recruiting and selection. She found it exhilarating to start a project from the very beginning. She selected and trained the management team. She worked there for 8 years, as she continued her private practice as a clinician. In November 1998, she began working for a Consultant Company in Milan on management training, development and counseling. She continues this work today.
    It was in 1997, while attending the European Cognitive-Behavioral Congress in Vienna, Isabel heard about EMDR from Marcie Smith. At the time, she said that, "I had an illumination." She took Part 1 in Boston in March 1998 and later took Part 2 in Denver in August of that year. In September, she was asked to be a facilitator in Italy and received her facilitator training. By the following year, she arranged for the first EMDR training for 40 people in Milan. After that, the news about EMDR was out and several months later they were ready for a second training. Currently, 600 people have been trained in Italy. Those receiving this training are awarded 18 of the 20 credits that they need a year to satisfy the criteria for continuing education; this is a testimony to the quality of the program and the value of EMDR to the Italian Mental Health Department.
    Isabel's enthusiasm had been sparked because of how EMDR has furthered her understanding of people. She talked about EMDR in this way "EMDR has given me a way of really understanding the whole history of the client's life and how it developed. It is a good diagnostic tool and helpful in doing the assessment. Of course, working with EMDR is much more motivating because you can see results, the client's understand by themselves what is going on, they feel empowered and they understand themselves. I use if for Psychotherapy, not just for PTSD, and my clients really get big and meaningful insights working with it. It is fascinating. All the feedback is very rich from the point of view of their process. You can see how they grow, manage, master and understand themselves.
    Something that is very nice when working with people is how they relate to their children after they work on their problems. How they relate to their children and the specific behaviors they should avoid seems to be the next step. They have it so naturally! You don't see it in other therapies so deeply. They see what is necessary. They understand a child's mind and what their needs are. It is a beautiful way to work for the future generations by developing a good attachment with their own children."
    In a short amount of time, Isabel has helped move EMDR into the limelight in the treatment of Italians throughout the country. As a member of the Faculty at the School of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and as a member of the Italian Association for Behavioral Therapy (affiliated with the European and US Associations), she is a Professor in this specialization that includes an introduction to EMDR theory and research.
    Not only is EMDR considered to be a standard part of education of trauma, with Roger Solomon, as Senior trainer and mentor, Isabel and her Italian colleagues have been using EMDR, Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM), and Stress Management to people in the Army, Police, Firemen, Civil Defense, Public Services and those working on the Railroad. They have trained clinicians who work in the public and private areas, in hospitals and as court appointed therapists. This is possible because of the strong association that she has helped to forge and the great enthusiasm of the Italian clinicians despite their different approaches. EMDR has become "the common language" of them all. For Isabel:  "It has been a very good experience. It has opened up a world in Psychotherapy. How could I work before? I was very effective before but this was a whole world I would never have paid attention to before."
    Over the past few years, Italy has suffered many tragedies. In October 2001, there was a tragic air crash in Milan on the Pirelli building. Although the team did not intervene at first, recently, the Command Post of the Firemen has asked Isabel to build a psychological support system with their Association. This will include debriefing and psychological support for Emergency Workers.
    After the Molise earthquake of October 31, 2002, EMDR was the elected method by the Italian Public Service. The earthquake affected 200 towns and 5000 people of all ages. At the time of the earthquake, there was a schoolhouse in the center of the activity, where 60 children were at their lessons. The Elementary School fell down and killed half of the children, leaving the other half under the rubble from 2-20 hours. The children had to deal with this terrifying event as well as lying next to the dead bodies of their friends for a long period of time. The government allowed for a great deal of psychological support.
    The EMDR team was elected to work with 30 of the most exposed children. All of them had Acute PTSD. The team went to Southern Italy and stayed there at 2 different times. They will go back in June for a follow-up. The team spent one month there. During that time, the children worked on their experience. However, what they found is that "when you work with people with mass catastrophes, the most problems come from the adult reactions and how they are responding to the catastrophe." Therefore, the children end up reacting to both the catastrophe and the reaction of the adults around them. Members of the EMDR Association came to assist and they coordinated with the government. They were lucky to have the assistance of our colleague, Philip Dutton, from the United Kingdom. He came to support his Italian colleagues and share his expertise from working with children and trauma from his experience in Dunblane, Scotland. This work will be presented at the EMDR European Association's Conference this year in May 2003 in Rome and followed up with an article.
    Currently, Isabel is the Chairman of the Italian Association of Emergency Psychology (Societa Italiana Psicologia Emergenza) and coordinates the Emergency Psychology task force for the Regional Psychological Association (part of the Italian National Psychological Association). Also, she is the Director of the Psychotraumatology Research Center and President of the Italian Association of EMDR. She is responsible for the editing of the EMDR Protocols and Procedures Manual (Italian version) that was published in 2000. She has written the following in Italian: "EMDR. A cura;"  "Stress, trauma e Psicoterapia (2001);" and "Psicologia dell'Emergenza (2002)."
    When asked for any reflections that she had for the EMDR community, Isabel responded in the following way concerning her role as a spokesperson for the Italian EMDR community:  "All of this has been very hard because of all of the criticism.  Many people are criticizing things without knowing anything. Taking a position is a very challenging thing. It is very hard to find a way of expressing the good results of EMDR to someone who does not want to understand. It has been an opportunity to grow. In that sense, I have had to learn to tolerate all of that frustration. At a certain place, everything comes around. The people who are criticizing EMDR end up sending their brothers for EMDR therapy! It was counterproductive.
    It has been fun, also. At the same time that people tried to humiliate me, or EMDR, there were many people who really responded very well. If I talk to a group of 50 participants, two or three will be nasty to me, ten to fifteen will be very enthusiastic, and many more will want to take the training or congratulate me.  People will stay and listen and reflect. At the end, every night comes together. The message I have to the EMDR community is the following:  There are always a small percentage of people who will be nasty. Although I had been a clinician and professional in the community for 15-20 years and presented in many Congresses, I have never had someone react to me the way they are reacting to me about EMDR. It has been a different world because it is so revolutionary. They go crazy. I had never seen anything like it.
    In the end, everything has become an advantage. They make me a favor. But, it has been hard. I have worked with EMDR and overcome them and go ahead. And, I don't stop."
    Isabel is a devoted mother and wife as well. She is appreciative of her husband and daughter who are her great support. She acknowledges that she has been able to do all that she does because of them. They come with her as she goes to conferences and other professional activities. One of the benefits that she has experienced is that her 11-year-old daughter has become a part of her international community and learned the importance of diversity that Isabel values so much.
    Isabel has demonstrated an interest in people, diversity, and the human suffering of   individuals, groups and the larger population. She has had the spirit to forge ahead in the face of adversity or challenge and made a huge difference in the lives of all around her and in the extended environment of her city, country and world. How lucky we are to have this multi-talented woman as part of our international EMDR community.

Gary Fulcher
    
Many of us - in this psychotherapeutic community - have faced our own trials and tribulations. Gary Fulcher is one of us who has turned his tragedy into an inspiration for us all.
     In Sydney, Australia, during 1996, Gary had an accident while in his car. The outcome was that he was burned from head to toe, lost all of his fingers and had a severe inhalation injury. He was hospitalized in the Burn Unit at Concord Hospital. All of us in the EMDR community, who knew Gary, held our breaths and sent our prayers, as we waited to find out how he would be in the wake of his accident. I am happy to report that Gary is alive and well and as "wicked" as ever!
     Gary is a native Australian from Sydney. He has had Psychology in his blood ever since he began
    Reading, his brother's Psychology textbooks from University rather than doing his own high school homework! Despite his passion for the field, he had to delay his pursuit of Psychology after his father became ill. Three weeks before his final exams for University, Gary took over the family transport business (HG Fulcher & Son).  He did finish his BA in 1971 at the University of New South Wales, and then spent the next 12 years managing the family business.  During that time, he married and had 3 children (2 girls and 1 boy). By the late 70's, he realized that "this was not the plan" and was able to return to school. He completed his first MA in 1980, where he also won the Simmat Prize. By 1983, he was awarded his Master of Psychology, along with the Martin Prize and in 1994 he received his Ph.D. All these degrees were from the University of Sydney.  
     Gary's first job, after retiring from the transport business, was at the Developmental Disabilities Service at Laurel House, in Parramaata, where he was very interested in adults with intellectual disabilities.  Due to his excellent academic record, Gary was approached by a psychiatrist who wanted assistance in doing research in Health Psychology.. In 1983, he began working as a Research Assistant at the Concord Hospital, a Veteran's hospital affiliated with the University of Sydney. The first area of study was in the psychological aspects of cardiac health.  Gary was intrigued and did his dissertation in the area of Quality of Life after coronary bypass surgery for patients and their spouses. In 1987, as his clinical interest in the field of Health Psychology was growing as well as his research acumen, Gary became the Director of the Department of Psychology at Concord Hospital.
     During his work with the VA, Gary's interest in working with war veterans and the field of trauma grew. As he read, more in the field of trauma, Gary learned about EMDR and Francine Shapiro. He was acquainted with Don Heggie who had worked with Dr. Shapiro and who invited him "to go across" to learn EMDR. It was in 1991 that Gary was trained and he became involved with the management of the early trainings that occurred in Australia. Later, he returned to the United States to become a facilitator and eventually, in 1994, a trainer.  He trained EMDR practitioners all over Australia, in Japan and in South Africa. By this time, his day job was as a Research Coordinator/Clinical Consultant at St. John of God Hospital, Burwood. 
    "And then," in Gary's words: "I had my own trauma which was the accident of being burned. That was pretty interesting. I then used a modified EMDR to treat my own Acute Stress Disorder in the hospital. It was very funny!  I used the standard EMDR approach and nearly killed myself!  I created a continuous flashback and I couldn't stop it. I realized it was not the way to go! Standard self-approach was just stupid! If I had listened to all the advice, I would never have done it! What I realized was that there was a different way. I could just use modified exposure. And so, I would do that. Gradually, as the distress lessened by using relaxation, centering and calming, I would then use the eye movements to reinforce the calmness. Exposure, calming, eye movements, exposure, calming, eye movements. That really worked well! The exposure, I guess, was for about an hour and then the eye movement reinforcing the calmness and to stress being in control and surviving and getting the process change." 
      After the accident, Gary was in the hospital for 6 months and then was in Rehabilitation for 6 more months. After one year, he was ready to return to work, but it took the insurance companies 6 more months until they got him the equipment he needed, and had clearance from his physicians to return to work.  He did not return to St. John of God Hospital, as they did not like his post-accident appearance. In 1998, the Multiple Sclerosis Society of New South Wales hired his as a Senior Clinical Psychologist and Research Development Officer. It is here that Gary's personal and clinical experience has been integrated into and transformed his current clinical acumen.   
      As Gary says:  "I am a better psychologist. I just have a much more profound appreciation of life. I now have a whole range of disabilities, but none of them matter. And, I understand that. Now, I work with incredibly disabled people with MS, and I have a greater understanding what it means, and what it does not. It means that it does not prevent you from being a person and totally in life and every aspect of life. It does not mean that there is any part of life that you can't have. And, I know that. I lived that, and when I now work with people that have disabilities -because I know that it does not rob me of any aspect of life - I can share that with people that I work with. It is part of my life and my philosophy. EMDR will, of course, be part of what I use. Also, I use it a lot with my MS clients. I find it most effective for alleviating the trauma aspect of their condition and their diagnosis. I have carried out some detailed research in this area and have some papers in preparation and review with Journal of Traumatic Stress and Trauma Response." 
     Gary continues to be an active member of his professional and academic communities. He has been the Chairperson of the Australian Psychological Society and a Senior Supervisor. He has taught Clinical Masters and Doctoral students as an Associate at the Universities of Sydney, NSW, Wollongong, Macquarie and Western Sydney. He is a Consultant for the NSW Department of Heath, Department of Education, and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Currently, he is the National Coordinator of EMDR Australasia. He is a full member of the Australian Psychological Society, the College of Clinical Psychologists, and the Australian Behavior Modification Association. He is a full international member of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, and a member of the EMDR International Association. He has authored, co-authored and presented many articles and presentations in areas that include Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, Diabetes, EMDR, Multiple Sclerosis, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychology, Schizophrenia, and Self-Injurious Behavior.When I asked him if he had a message for the EMDR community he said the following:" My message to the EMDR community is to keep doing what they are doing. I remain impressed with the dedication to peace and to universal healing such as that organized by HAP. With EMDR now firmly established, I hope that its practitioners can forget the backyard critics and just continue using it effectively and accumulating the evidence for its efficacy. Maintenance of the highest standards and clinical competence is paramount and should be continually supported by the Institute and the Association. I am still training and am experimenting with a different format (same content) of small groups (8-10 participants only) over 3 full days, with 3 practicum opportunities and a greater emphasis on assessing the cognitions that drive the affect. It seems to be producing better and more confident practitioners." 
    Gary's creativity, intellectual integrity, and adaptability to change have flourished through the years.  As an integral member of our EMDR community, he is a true inspiration to us all from his "wicked" humor to his profound understanding of suffering and transformation. We are all hoping to see him soon in the United States or his native Australia.

Edmund Gergarian
    
It was summer when I first met Edmund Gergarian at one of the early EMDR conferences, at the time when they were sponsored by the EMDR Institute. Immediately, I was drawn to his shy, quiet smile, little realizing what a powerhouse of a scientist, clinician, and educator I had met that day.
    Over the years, I have come to understand the depth of Edmund's intellect and his dedication to his country Armenia. Edmund is a physician with a specialty in Psychiatry whose distinguished career began at Cairo University Medical School Faculty of Medicine where he earned his medical degree in 1965. He completed his Internship in Cairo University Hospitals and then won and completed a Pathology Fellowship at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Edmund did another internship at West Jersey Hospital and became a Psychiatric Resident at Thomas Jefferson University before becoming Chief Resident. He won a research Fellowship in Clinical Psychiatry at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York and is licensed to practice Medicine and Surgery in New York, Pennsylvania, and Egypt.
    Edmund's career has been an interesting and diverse one. He spent ten years at South Beach Psychiatric Center working as a Unit Psychiatrist before becoming Unit Director. His interest in research earned him the position of Clinical Director and Director of Research during a time when he also served as the Director of the Psychiatric Residency Training Program. In 1984, he moved to the Kingsboro Psychiatric Center and served as Chief Medical Officer of the Secure Care Units. He left Kingsboro in 1987 for the Staten Island Developmental Disabilities Services Office, where he continues to serve as the Chief of Psychiatry. He has also been the Attending Psychiatrist at the Armenian Home for the Aged in Flushing, New York from 1980 to the present. Edmund's broad research experience reflects his varied interests-the understanding of facial expressions, differentiating Mania from Schizophrenia, emotion theory based on facial expressions, Minimal Brain Dysfunction Scales in Adults, biofeedback treatment of Tardive Dyskinesia, PTSD in Genocide Survivors, and EMDR studies but Edmund's first priority remains helping people in need. From 1989 to 1990, he undertook two missions of mercy to Soviet Armenia to provide crisis intervention and treatment for the survivors of the Armenian Earthquake in Leminakan, Kirovakan and Spitak. During that time, he worked with 120 school age children and 100 adults using cognitive stress management, biofeedback, and stress inoculation training, teaching these methods to twenty school psychologists at the Leminakan Pedagogic Institute.
    In 1994, he was awarded the Humanitarian Assistance Award from the President of the Republic of Armenia, Levon Ter-Petrossian. The following year, he was awarded the Outstanding Achievement Award by the Armenian Behavioral Science Association for outstanding contributions to the behavioral sciences.
    Edmund completed his basic training in EMDR in 1993 and, from the moment he understood that EMDR was an excellent treatment for traumatized individuals, focused his sights on bringing EMDR training to clinicians in Armenia. In 1993, Edmund took the trainings offered by Dr. Francine Shapiro of the EMDR Institute in Pacific Grove a second time to study how she taught EMDR. He attended Dr. Shapiro's Special University Course at the 1995 EMDRIA Conference and continued to work on his EMDR presentation skills under the supervision of William Zangwill, Ph.D., an EMDR Institute trainer.
    By 1997, Edmund had begun the difficult process of translating the manual from the EMDR Institute into Armenian and forming a team of well-trained, Armenian-speaking EMDR clinicians. To solidify his clinical skills in EMDR, he went on to take Dr. Shapiro's Advanced Clinical Applications and Case Consultation course at Punte Serena in 1998.
    Unfortunately, Edmund's plans to train clinicians in Armenia were stalled due to a lack of financial resources. On January 1, 1998, he made a commitment to finance the entire training as soon as he received approval from Dr. Shapiro and the Training and Standards Committee of EMDRIA. Upon their approval, he made plans for the first EMDR training in June 1998 in Yerevan, Republic of Armenia. Due to the undeveloped resources in psychotherapy teaching, training, and practice, he decided to ensure an excellent standard of training by lengthening the training to five days to allow time for personal practicum supervision as well as supervision for patients. He also incorporated e-mail support as follow-up to facilitate supervision after the training.
    At that time, Edmund's dream was "to provide these trainings on a yearly basis until an Armenian EMDRlA Chapter [was] formed in Armenia." For his first approved training, Edmund and his Armenian-speaking colleagues, Meline Karakashian, Ph.D., and Liza Papazian, M.S., C.S.W., trained 21 clinicians in Armenia.
    During 1999, Edmund put the finishing touches on the translation of the second part of his EMDR training for Armenia clinicians, an advanced training he will be providing to the 21 clinicians who finished this year's training in July. Additionally, Edmund and his assistant, Liza Papazian, will train 18 to twenty new clinicians using last year's format, which includes at least three practica, a training that will be partially underwritten by the Humanitarian Assistance Program of the EMDR Institute and by Edmund himself.
    Edmund Gergarian has my nomination for a truly splendid soul and all-around humanitarian. Thank you, Edmund, for all you have done in the world and for upholding a high standard of the practice of EMDR.

Mark Grant
    
In this edition, I am delighted to introduce you to Mark Grant from Sydney, Australia. Mark has been involved in using EMDR from early on and is an active member of the EMDR Association of Australia (EMDRAA). In his current capacity as chairman of the committee that governs EMDRAA, he has helped to coordinate the legal incorporation of the EMDR Association of Australia. This is a process that he has referred to as "a process with more "blockages" than a resistant EMDR client!" The headquarters of EMDRAA is based in Sydney but Mark reports that he forsees the administration moving around the country as the committee faces re-election every two years. He hopes that EMDRAA will serve the needs of Australian therapists and extends an invitation to other EMDR associations in the Pacific region to call on EMDRAA to provide advice and support. EMDRAA produces a quarterly newsletter titled "Saccades" that is currently guided by the leadership of Jennifer Braithwaite (one of the original founders of EMDRAA). She writes about Mark in the September, c1997 edition of Saccades: "My first and very pleasurable task as the new Editor of Saccades is to thank Mark Grant for his hardworking and able efforts in launching our Newsletter. Mark is dedicated to developing and strengthening the Association. The role he played as Editor and his new role as Chairman demonstrates his commitment to these ends and we as members reap the benefits. Thank you Mark."
    When Mark is not attending to EMDRAA business, he can be found in Sydney where he maintains a private practice.  His is known for his interest and contribution to the use of EMDR in the treatment of pain management and has developed methods of incorporating EMDR into the psychological management of pain. He presented on this subject at the EMDR International Association conference in San Francisco in 1997 and has written a manual for chronic pain that is currently being submitted for publication. Also, he is interested in the interface between pain and culture. The concept of Emotional Intelligence and the possible correlation between EQ and susceptibility to EMDR is another area of fascination for Mark. He is the author of two self-help tapes that incorporate bilateral stimulation and were inspired by its use in EMDR.
    Not only is Mark involved in politics, publishing and psychotherapy, he is a clinician who has mastered the intricacies of the Internet and he has produced a website called "Mark Grant's Chronic Pain Pages." On his web-site, you will find articles about the psychological treatment of chronic pain, including the use of EMDR, medication; links to other pain sites; scans of pain patients; information about support groups; self-help resources (including EMDR tapes); and information about EMDR trainings. This web-site address is HYPERLINK http://www.ozemail.com.au/~markgra
    One of six siblings, Mark notes that his first 20 years were spent in New Zealand and the last 20 have been dedicated to Australia. He sees himself coming from "a transplanted English culture, with a bit of pioneer spirit thrown in." He studied psychology at the University of Sydney and graduated with a Master of Arts, majoring in Psychology in 1989. While at the University, he participated in a research project investigating the role of attitudes and beliefs in peoples' reactions to information about AIDS.
    However, Mark not only works hard, he plays hard and admits to a love of nature and the ocean. He enjoys exploring the Australian coastline and recently went snorkeling on the Great Barrier Reef where, as he floated above the many different-shaped and multi-colored corals and viewing the colored fish, he expressed, "I felt a powerful awareness of the tremendous variety of life on our planet, and the preciousness of that."  He relaxes with Yoga and enjoys non-fiction books concerning the universe, sci-fi movies and spicy foreign food.

David Hart (1)
    
Since the beginning of EMDRIA and my work with members outside of the United States, one of the people I have relied upon most is my friend and colleague, Dr. David Hart A psychologist from Canada, David has been a vital part of the International Committee and the EMDR community as a whole. His contributions have been many and he brings clarity of thought, critical ability, and heart to every project that he has undertaken.
    David spent the majority of his career as a psychologist at Memorial University of Newfoundland, where he was a professor for 34 years. Before retiring three years ago, he spent much of his time directing the M.Sc. Clinical Psychology program as well as teaching undergraduate courses in the psychology of abnormal behavior. During this time, he maintained a clinical practice and worked at a psychiatric hospital one day per week, before working at the psychiatric ward of a general hospital. He also taught at the Teaching Clinic of the University's Psychology Department. David's areas of expertise are with anxiety problems such as trauma, panic, obsessive-compulsive disorders, social anxiety, and weight.
    David recounts that his interest in EMDR began when he read Francine Shapiro's 1989 paper and then attended a variety of sessions at AABT. He trained with the EMDR Institute and, in 1992, he did his Level I and Level II trainings. While attending the EMDR 1993 Conference the following year, he was an active member in the discussions concerning international membership and was inspired to create a Canadian EMDR Association. He mailed his proposal to the 58 Canadians who had taken EMDR training, resulting in 27 members from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts of Canada. This group formed an Executive Committee of five from each province and they have led the EMDR Association of Canada, otherwise known as EMDRAC, to its present position as an incorporated organization with more than 200 members. At their first official Annual General Meeting, the Executive Committee was elected as the Board of Directors and David was asked to continue as President and Chairman of the Board.
    David has also served as the Editor of the EMDRAC/EMDRIA Newsletter for the past two years. He compiled the EMDRAC Directory, circulated to its members by floppy disk and, through his expanding wizardry with the computer and the Internet, created an e-mail discussion group for EMDRAC members and a separate forum for the International Committee, thanks to the generosity of his Newfoundland University Department.
    David has enjoyed his recent years of retirement by engaging in many of the activities he loves best He moved from the east to the west, now calling British Columbia home. He has a love of sailing and enjoys racing his Laser, although over the past two decades he has been involved more often officiating as a judge of sailing competitions. He is an avid sportsman and takes great pleasure in cross-country skiing and running.
    Music has an important place in David's life and he is a devotee of opera and chamber music. Travel is also important to David and he is often off on an adventure to Europe, China, or elsewhere in Canada with his partner, Linda. A new love in his life since he moved west is learning about the culture of the North American First Nations peoples.
    Retirement has given David the time to devote to a new area of interest in psychology concerning the emotional effects of disasters. He believes "there is much to be learned and important lessons for the management of disaster relief; for example, that often the major source of chronic stress problems is the strain caused by the relief management itself, by the bureaucracy."
    We are lucky to have David as a member of our International Committee and our EMDR international community. I would like to publicly thank him for all of the time, energy and effort he has poured into both EMDRAC and EMDRIA.

David Hart (2)
    
David Hart won the EMDRIA Distinguished Service Award at the September 2000 conference. Who is this man and what is the story about his life of service?
    David Hart was born in Lichfield, England in 1935.  His early years were spent in travel. His father was stationed in Bermuda as an Army Quartermaster Sergeant for the British Army. When he planned to retire, he decided to go to Nova Scotia for Theological Training. David and his mother joined him there and from that time on, Canada was home. David grew up in the area of Nova Scotia, often in remote areas. In these out-of-the-way areas, David had to adjust to being the new boy quite often. It was here that his interest in connecting with others -that was to be an important part of the fabric of his life- was born.
    Although David was interested in Math and Physics while at school, when visiting with his uncle outside London, he happened upon the work of Rhine. His methods intrigued David and he thought what better way to spend a life than doing Psychology experiments. With the first few statistics classes he saw that Rhine's impressive results were based on careful selection of data and were simply a neat way of lying with. Nevertheless, he was inspired by one of his professors to delve further into Psychology at Dalhousie University, Halifax where he received his MA in Clinical Psychology. For his Master's thesis, he wrote "Psychological changes in pregnant habitual aborters during psychotherapy" while a Research Assistant at the Medical School with his mentor.
    He went on to take his doctorate at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario ??? one of the leading universities of Canada. During the 2nd year of his program, he was inspired again by 2 directors who had studied under Eysenck at The Maudsley in London. They came to Queen's to set up a clinical program and David joined in. He was lucky later to work with some open-minded, young psychiatrists at Waterford Hospital in St. John's who allowed him to try out some of the new therapy practices of Mowrer, Wolpe and Eysenck. He recalled this time in his life as being intensely exciting, especially with the ferment of all of these new ideas. Despite working at Waterford and being an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Memorial University of Newfoundland, he found time for a wife and baby. He was the only Psychologist in the Psychology Department for his first two years and found it to be a grueling but fascinating time in his career.
    After working at Waterford from 1962-1976, he became a Consultant Psychologist for St. Clare's Mercy Hospital, also in St. John's. St. Clare's was a General Hospital and he had a chance to work in the Psychiatric ward which offered many stimulating challenges. 
    David's main love was academia and he went from Assistant to Associate to Professor, served time as Department Head, and for 20-odd years was Director of the Master of Sciences Clinical Program at the Memorial University of Newfoundland. He started at his University in 1962 and retired in May 1996. There, he was an active part of his academic community serving on many University and Department committees, working with students as professor and directing their M.Sc., Honors and Ph.D. theses.
    Early in his career, one of his students was interested in Eating Disorders, especially weight management. They began a project at the Children's Hospital. When, after several years running the program, they found that after teenagers returned to their families, they returned to their same eating habits; they learned from it and changed the direction of their research to teenage self-esteem. He ran a successful pilot program where they used instruction in communication as a way to improve self-esteem. The teachers and kids enjoyed this several hour program and it resulted in a change in the participants' self esteem.
    David became interested in trauma as a natural response to his study of anxiety problems over the years. He feels that "the understanding of trauma is crucial to the understanding of anxiety." He started reading about traumatic stress and disasters and how to respond. He felt it mandatory for a Psychologist and someone teaching and directing the program at Memorial to know about this important field. When several EAP firms were looking for people to respond to victims of bank robberies (even though this was not a problem in Newfoundland) -always curious- David's interest was engaged and he thought this would be a great way to put his reading into practice. In 1987, he took Terry Keane's workshop on "Trauma: A behavioral approach to assessment and treatment." He then was trained to do response training for disasters with Jeffrey Mitchell and Jim Butcher. When the big disaster occurred at Gander Airport in Newfoundland ???a significant refueling airport for transatlantic flights- David was asked to work with the Emergency Responders of the Provincial Department of Health for Psychologists who volunteered, the Firefighters and the Police.
    In 1989, in the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, David read about Francine Shapiro's treatment called Eye Movement Desensitization. Intrigued ???although thinking it was too good to be true- David went to AABT and heard her with his colleague, Helen Doan, now an EMDR sponsor and facilitator in Toronto. In 1992, he was trained in Chicago and then went on to San Jose for his Part 2 training. David's training was toward the end of his academic career, however, this did not keep him from channeling his enthusiasm into an activity at which he excels: organizing.
    David said that he became interested in organizing other professionals as a way to keep connected. Living in Newfoundland, he found that he was far away from the centers where his colleagues congregated. So, he became an expert in bringing his colleagues together to explore their mutual interests. He was a founding member of the Association of Newfoundland Psychologists. He was a Co-founder of the Canadian Trauma Response Network and Founding Member of the Steering Committee.
    Also, he is/was a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association (1977-Present); Member of the American Psychological Association (1967-2000); Member of the American Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy (1973-Present); Member of the Atlantic Provinces Psychological Association (1958-1973), Member of the MUN Faculty Association (1962-1996); and Member of the Canadian Association of University Teachers (1967-1975) and of the Canadian Yachting Association. Not only was David a member of these organizations, he was on the executive committees of all of them, serving as everything from Board Director, Secretary-Treasurer, Vice-President, Editor, President, to Website Editor, etc.
    When David's interest turned to EMDR, we are lucky that he brought his organizational skills along with him. David was the founder and Chair from 1995-2001 of the EMDR Association of Canada. It is because of his inspiration that this organization was born. He got the names of the original group of therapists who completed their full training by 1995 and started with 28 members. His original Board was comprised of Maria Erickson, Bill De Bosch Kemper, Maurice Boulet and Jim Lichti. He is proud of the work that this originating group did in 1995 and is even prouder that they have figured out how to do e-mail voting and nominations. When their organization was incorporated, the expansion began and now there are more than 300 members of EMDRAC. And, of course, there is a website (www.emdrac.ca).
    David has been part of the EMDR International Association. He has served on the International Committee from 1996-1999, the Nominations Committee in 1998 and the World Wide Link Committee from 1998-1999. He has been a member of the World Council since the millenium.
    When asked what he would like to impart to the EMDR community, David said the following:
    "I would like to see an International Council formed such as we discussed at the EMDRIA meeting at Toronto. I humbly suggest that it failed because it was run by EMDRIA and EMDRIA has so many significant matters to deal with that the International role does not get sufficient attention devoted to it. If the chair for the International Council were someone outside of the Board, it would have a better chance to function. There is an occasion to do this. At the next EMDRIA meeting, if formation of an International Council is proposed with the notion of finding ways in which international communication can be facilitated and international projects discussed, then there would be a focus for stimulating international collaboration."
    David, in his retirement, sounds as busy as he ever was. He continues to devote time to working on EMDRAC, different committees and the Canadian Traumatic Stress Network (CTSN). He edits the CTSN Newsletter and currently is the Chair of the Nominations and Elections Committee. Much time is spent on e-mail and managing several websites for various organizations.
    Living on the west coast of Canada enables David to engage in his love of sailing. His sailboat resides at his home in Salt Spring Island where he and his partner, Linda, go as often as possible. David is a sailing judge and recently had the fun of going to judge international regattas in Hawaii and Australia.
    His family is as accomplished as David. Linda is a much sought after Reading Disabilities researcher and travels a great deal to speak at International conferences. His son, Peter, has returned to teach Irish History at David's Memorial University of Newfoundland. His daughter is close to him in British Columbia and works in the Provincial Archives, while his youngest son, Stephen does Computer Science work at Kingston, Ontario.
    It is because of the "Davids" in this world that so much is accomplished and flourishes. David is an integral part of our EMDR community. He is a friend, colleague, academician, proud father and organizer par excellence. Thank you, David, for dedicating so much of your time and effort to our community.

John Hartung

It was in the early days of EMDR that I first met John Hartung. He always had a sparkle in his eye and he was interesting and enthusiastic.  Over the years I have found out what an amazing teacher and what a wonderful friend he is.
John is a man of quiet grace and fierce passions. Growing up on a farm in Minnesota (I knew I recognized that accent!), John???s interest in cultural diversity was nourished by his fascination with the Mexican farm workers who had migrated to that state. He attended The St. Paul Seminary in St. Paul, graduating in 1964 with a BA in Philosophy and English. Several days before he completed his degree, John signed up for the Peace Corps where he served in St. Louis, MO, Puerto Rico, Barra Colorado and San Jose, Costa Rica, Texas, and Mexico. During that time, he was a Peace Corps volunteer in rural community development, a vocational instructor in a juvenile correctional facility, and a trainer for Peace Corps Volunteers. It was during his work in the Peace Corps that John discovered many of the principles that would inform the way that he worked with his fellow human beings.
He learned that the key to human harmony is to empower those you serve with what you know, and have them empower you with what they know. As John put it, ???The trick is to get over giving something back because that ruins the experience for everybody.??? When we try to make something tangible in order ???to leave something behind???, we push people to build something that they are not ready to do, really, as a monument to ourselves rather than to fulfill their needs. The idea is ???not to do things for people that they can do for themselves??????.
John loved the life of a traveler and decided to join the Agency for International Development in Costa Rica when he finished his term in the Peace Corps in 1967. He was the Program Chief for an Alliance for Progress Program associated with the Costa Rican Community Development Ministry. John developed a bi-lateral program between the United States and Costa Rica. He placed many Costa Ricans on the Board to promote their becoming organized in order to help themselves. Through this program, members of his team would help with the first project such as a new road, or bridge or electrification or pure water. His job was to help people coordinate the services, however, it was up to the people to contact the Ministry of Transportation and have it happen in a timely fashion. John thrived in an atmosphere where he could help create an environment from which people could develop their own power. Here, he continued what he had learned in the Peace Corps about human nature. When he came across a sign that read, ???Brought to you by the goodness of the American people???, he would dismantle it and replace it with a sign that said, ???Developed by the efforts of the local people. And help from the people of the United States.??? He said that he took the first sign down because ???it was unkind.??? People???s efforts are their own and it is important to take pride in what they do.
A turning point came for John at a Community Meeting when the group was talking about building a bridge. When people looked at him for the answer, he realized that he did not yet understand group dynamics well enough. It was time to continue his education.
John returned to the United States to study Psychology at the University of Minnesota for 2 semesters in 1969 so that he could apply for graduate work in this field. From there, he was admitted to the MA program in Counseling Psychology at The Ohio State University at Columbus and completed this degree in December 1971. During that time, he worked for the Group for Behavior Study and Consultation where he was a health Planning Consultant to Southwestern Ohio communities. He went on at this University to complete the Ph.D. course work and Comprehensive Examinations.
Although John started several dissertation topics, it was not the right time to finish and he took off for the Indian Reservation where he worked at Children???s Village/Family Service in Devils Lake, North Dakota. While he was there, he was the Agency Coordinator, a group and family psychotherapist, and team member of a pioneering Federal Human Services pilot program.
John???s next adventure took him to Colorado Springs and Adult Forensic Services. This was a pioneering Community Corrections Program and John served as a Psychologist working with Outpatient and Residential offender-clients. He assisted with Program Planning and Staff Training. Also, after moving, in September 1977, he began his independent practice of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, offering customary assessment and treatment services, supervising doctoral-level psychology students, consulting with agencies and assisting in research.
Planning to stay in Colorado Springs, John attended the Psy.D. Program in Clinical Psychology at the University of Denver and was awarded his degree in August 1982. It was during this same year that John traveled to China and completed a photo essay on Mainland China that was published in the Colorado Springs Sun titled Chinese Respect ???Personal Space.

Since September 1983, John has been involved with The University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. For the first 10 years, he taught as an honorarium Psychology Professor and, currently, he is on the campus-based Trauma Treatment Center Board.
After several years of clinical work, John felt that something was missing. He took to his bicycle and made the grand tour of Europe. 
In 1989, John was part of the Council for the International Exchange of Scholars of the Fulbright Commission and went to Lima, Peru where he was a Fulbright Senior Scholar at the Peruvian Universities of San Marcos, Cayetano Heredia, La Catolica and Andina. To put it in perspective, John told me that the University of San Marcos is as old as Harvard University.
When John returned from his Fulbright, he joined The Center for Creative Leadership. According to John, this was one of several experiences that changed and enriched his professional life. Coaching was a brand new field at that time and opened a door for John into the mysterious ways of the business world???a new frontier. John began to appreciate ???the fascinating ways psychology can help to improve things in business.??? The Center is the world???s largest institution devoted to leadership research and education. John is a member of the Adjunct Staff as an Executive Coach and Group Facilitator. Also, he consults with the Center???s affiliate TEAM in Mexico City.
In 1992, EMDR inspired John to return to the clinical psychology world. He joined the EMDR Institute Staff in 1992 and went on to pioneer the EMDR Institute Spanish-speaking team as a Senior Trainer and conducts Standard Trainings in EMDR internationally. Both John and Francine Shapiro shared the dream of EMDR being taught by colleagues in their own countries and in their own languages.
Later in the 90???s, John grew more interested in energy work as taught by Fred Gallo. He has taken training in this area and has incorporated this work into the whole of his process.
John???s work in the Peace Corps and AID in Central America, on the Indian Reservation in North Dakota, in the communities of Ohio and Colorado Springs, in the University in Peru, Coaching for CCL and traveling the globe have all contributed to his exquisite understanding of how to support people, both individually and in groups, to reach their highest potentials. The work that he does now combines his many passions (Team building, EMDR and Energy work): ???The unexpected piece was how the three could be combined. I have to say I combine them every day I train in Latin America. We do clinical work and team building. Every time we teach a course, we are developing a local team. It has been a lot of fun. If it were just clinical, I would just be training clinicians. If I were just training leaders, it would not be as motivating. But, training leaders to train about trauma! This has been an amazing synchronicity and very unexpected!???
When I asked John what he would like to say to the EMDR community, he responded with the following:
???What can you do to encourage people to be culturally sensitive? You must keep two things in mind. First continue to look for the principles and the ingredients that are applicable all over the world. Those are the unifying principles of human change. The second is to always look for ways that those principles need to be translated so that they can be received and adapted by these different cultural groups. The communalities are what keep us going as a gift to the world. The differences are what we keep examining. If we do not do that, we are not tailoring and personalizing what we do. The local groups are different by vocation, experience, and DSM terms that are not used in this country.???
We spend much time selecting and preparing the students to make sure the foundation that we take for granted -like an understanding of trauma and dissociation- is in place. During the training, we have our manuals in binders so that we can easily change whatever needs to be changed. We change our teaching style and text to make it user friendly. Trainings are not effective when we impose our ways. Follow-up is crucial. We put money, time and energy into our team building and follow-up through on-going support.???
The interaction that John shares with his colleagues is a central focus for him. The dynamic that is created as he shares the building of the South and Central American teams to teach other health professionals about trauma is what makes the experiences worthwhile for him.
In June 2002, John founded the Colorado Center for Alternative Psychology. Through this Center, he teaches non-traditional and innovative psychotherapies to professionals and non-professionals in Europe, Asia and the Americas. John and Michael Galvin just completed their book, ???Energy psychology and EMDR: Combining forces to optimize treatment??? for Norton Professional Books. They are proud of the work that they are doing and look forward to further collaboration exploring these fascinating methods of working. John???s writing continues in collaboration with Ligia Barascout de Piedra Santa and Esly Carvalho in their edited text: ???El uso de EMDR en las Americas Latinas: casos clinicos e investigacion cientifica (in preparation).???
And then there is his passion for biking???John continues to bike as often as he can. In 1993, he and Michael Galvin rode from the beginning of the Santiago Trail in Paris to its completion in Spain. They wrote two articles on their experiences: ???The Way: Pilgrims on tour in France??? (Bike Report, 1993) and ???Pilgrims on tour in Spain: A thousand miles, a thousand years??? (The Bent Fork Chronicles, 2002, www.bikespring.org).
His relationship with his wife Nikki and his stepson and grandchildren, Cole and Natalie, wonderfully round out John???s professional life. As John says about his grandchildren, ???They are the centers of our lives.???
  John Hartung: teacher, team builder, bicyclist, clinician, and friend. We are glad that you are a vitally active part of our community.

Arne Hofmann
    
Arne Hofmann is influential in the world of trauma education and healing, especially in his native country, Germany. Those who know Arne have been astounded and delighted by the determination and the dedication he has shown in introducing, edifying and teaching the German therapeutic community about EMDR and trauma.
    Understanding diversity has been a theme and a goal throughout Arne's life. The foundation for his interest came through his father's enthusiasm in this arena. Mr. Hofmann was a man who was interested in serving his fellow human beings and did so through his position as the head of the YMCA in Mannheim and as a city leader.  They had many international guests who stayed at the "Y" and Arne was exposed at an early age to many cultural differences, especially the African culture.
    After serving 2 years in the army as a medic at the Air Force Base in Ulm, Arne helped his father for several years with developmental aid projects through the church agencies. His job was to travel to aid sites and evaluate the programs there; a structure that has served him well in his current avocation of teacher, researcher and psychotherapist.
    In 1977, Arne began Medical School at the University of Heidelberg. After this time, he was entitled to use the title of Arzt. To achieve the title of Dr., in 1983, he wrote his doctoral thesis: "Trans-cultural Conflict in a South African tribe: Traditional vs. Western Birthing Practices." In 1983, he was a Resident at the Heidelberg Psychoanalytic Research Institute at the University and studied   basic research methods and family therapy with Helm Stierlin. From 1984-1986, he was a Resident in Internal Medicine at a Cardiology Hospital in Bad Nauheim and then he went on to complete his residency in Darmstadt where he was recognized as a Specialist in Internal Medicine in February 1991. He worked in the Catheter Lab and helped to build the first AIDS program in this hospital. At the same time, he was interested in Psychosomatic Medicine and studied at the Psychoanalytic Institute in Giessen with H.E. Richter. Later, in 1991, he went to MRI for several months to continue his psychotherapy training. Here, he met such luminaries as Tom Nagy who taught him about Dissociative Identity Disorders and Francine Shapiro who taught him about trauma and EMDR. In fact, he did his EMDR trainings in 1991, during the early days of EMDR.
    Arne returned to Oberursel where he continued his training at the Hohe Mark Hospital, a psychiatric facility near Frankfurt. After he received the license to be a "Psychotherapist" in 1994, Arne was responsible for a new ward that was to specialize in the treatment of Posttraumatic and Dissociative Disorders. In 1996, he was recognized and certified in the specialization of Psychotherapeutic Medicine.
    Arne's interest in EMDR began in 1991, and continued into 1992, when he tried to organize the first EMDR training in Germany. Unfortunately, this first attempt was unsuccessful, and it was not until 1995, that he succeeded in attracting a number of qualified therapists to the first German training of the EMDR Institute, held in an Ayurvedic Clinic in Kassel. Since that time, over 1000 clinicians have been trained in the basics of EMDR, with 600 more trained in the advanced course.
    The success of EMDR in Germany has come through the huge amount of work that Arne has dedicated to this project, for example, he has spoken all over the country, published papers in respected journals, done research, and has been actively engaged in the academic communities of all of the organizations to which he belongs. Another of his skills has been to coordinate an excellent facilitator team; they have complemented his strengths and added breadth to this undertaking.  They are: Lutz Bessa, Lucien Burkhardt, Franz Ebner, Dagmar Eckers, Veronika Engl, Michael Hase, Hanne Hummel (Switzerland), Peter Liebermann, Kamilla Muller (England), Hans-Henning Melbeck, Beatrix Musaeus-Schurmann, Mark Novy, Christine Rost, Martina Tiedt-Schuette,Visal Tumani, and Brigitte Weyers (Luxembourg).  At first, American trainers such as Francine Shapiro, Gerry Puk, Roger Solomon and William Zangwill came to teach the German therapists. Now, Arne, along with Franz Ebner, teaches in German all over Germany, Switzerland, and, after an invitation of the national psychological organization, also in Austria. In 1995, he co-founded, with Michaela Huber, the German section of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation.

In 1997, Arne moved to Cologne and became a Researcher at the Institute for Clinical Psychology at the University of Cologne. He headed the project, "Trauma Therapy for Victims of Violence." This became a model project through the University and is still running. Arne also became an advocate for the EMDR European community at large. Currently, he holds the position of Vice President of the EMDREA Board in Europe since 1998.
    With the thought of deepening his knowledge in the field of Psychotraumatology and interest in educating the German-speaking psychotherapeutic community, Arne co- founded the German-speaking Society for Psychotraumatology, a branch of the European Society of Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) in 1998.
    In 1999, he was the co-director of the newly established Trauma Clinic at the University of Cologne opened by the German Institute for Psychotraumatology (DIPT). He was one of the initiators and the Supervisor of a project to help the survivors and the bereaved family members of the Eschede train accident. In this catastrophe, 100 people died and many more were injured. The German Rail organized this program to help the survivors. This incident was critical to the education of the German public into the nature of trauma.
    He went on to be involved in the Guideline Commission for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder that was formed by the Department Heads of Psychosomatic Medicine in Germany. These guidelines appear at the website of the society of the medical scientific societies of Germany (AWMF): www.uni_duessseldorf.de/www/AWMF. Also, he is on the guideline Commission for Dissociative Disorders.
    His book, "EMDR in der Therapie psychotraumatischer Belastungssyndrome" (EMDR in the therapy of Psycho-traumatic Disorders) was published in German in 1999 by the publishing house, Thieme. Currently, it is in its second printing and is being translated into English.
    At the moment, Arne has branched out and has opened his own EMDR Institute in Cologne. This is the hub from which he works on his many projects concerning EMDR, Psycho-traumatology and Dissociative Disorders. He is a member of the Psychosomatic Faculty at the University of Cologne where he teaches courses. He is also called on to train and to consult with members of different hospital staffs concerning their trauma programs. Arne is actively involved with research projects on Acute Trauma and complex trauma. He is a Senior Trainer for the EMDR Institute of the United States and achieved that status in 1997, for the beginning seminar and in 2001, for the advanced seminar.
    With all that he does, does this man have a personal life? Some! He is married to Ute Hofmann, a psychotherapist he met while working at the Hohe Mark Hospital in 1991. After two years of romance, they were married in 1993. They are great fans of traveling and count their trips to Ireland, the Maladives, Hawaii, California and Cape Cod as some of their most treasured experiences. Arne has many interests from reading a wide range of books from ancient to current History and Astronomy. He is excited by Anthropology and likes to study civilizations from the outside to look at their structures and understand what makes them the way they are. Also, he is fascinated how different nations treat their children differently.
    Arne's thoughts on EMDR and his involvement in the EMDR community are the following:
    "I think EMDR is a new movement in the beginning. Its boundaries have not been tested yet. What changes it and what it may bring in the long run is still unknown. The Shapiro-Effect has been discovered several times in human history. Francine alone had the energy to bring that approach to use natural stimulation into the mainstream of scientific psychotherapy. If I see innovators like Bessel, or Sandra or Bob or you, I feel inspired. I feel proud to be part of this movement."
    Arne is a true member of the international community of EMDR. As a psychiatrist, teacher, researcher, clinician, community-builder, husband and friend, he brings his intelligence, humor and heart to all that he does.
    We are happy to have him among us.

Masaya Ichii
    
On a sunny, lovely day, at the EMDRIA 2002 Conference in San Diego, I had the chance to visit with Masaya Ichii, in the Rose Garden, and learn about him and his life story. Despite the difficulties of the Japanese-English language barrier, Masaya graciously gave of his time to shed light on himself for the EMDR community.
    From the time that Masaya was an only child in Ohtsu, Japan, he was interested in how people became happy. Beginning in his own household, Masaya studied first hand, the differences between his parents' styles and the effects that it had on the relationships in his family. Intrigued, Masaya was going to pursue the study of writing to answer his question until he was exposed to the world of
    Psychology, and went on in this field.
    Education in Japan has its own structure. Masaya was familiar with courses where people listened very carefully, and did not ask questions. In 1985, he received a B.A. in Psychology from Waseda University and in 1988 he received a M.A. in Psychology from there as well. However, the more he studied, the more depressed Masaya became. He said that he had pursued Psychology to learn about how to help people be happy but the focus was different than he expected: it was mainly on stress and anxiety. He also noticed that Clinical Psychology in Japan is biased to Psychodynamic Psychotherapies. The scientist in him was uncomfortable with the lack of research, and the many speculations he heard, without supportive data. He thought," I don't want to be a Clinical Psychologist, I want to help people." He began to look into Cognitive-Behavioral Psychology.
    Imagine his surprise when he attended a workshop by Albert Ellis at a conference in Orlando, Florida. He heard a very active question and answer session during the presentations. Masaya saw that the process was very stimulating for the lecturer and the student, and he decided that he wanted to learn in this type of atmosphere. He was intrigued with Meichenbaum's work and translated "Stress Inoculation Training" into Japanese.
    He looked for funds and he found that the Rotary Club in Japan had an exchange program with the United States. In 1992, he applied, obtained funds, and went to study at Temple University, with Dr. Philip Kendall, in the Clinical Psychology Program. He studied Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy with Anxious Children.
    Returning from the U.S. in 1993, Masaya became a Ph.D. Candidate at Waseda University, and the following year became a Research Associate. Masaya first learned about EMDR from Mark Russell during Marks visit to Japan with his wife. Later, he wrote a letter to Masaya about "this new method." Mark had become a Research Associate of Francine Shapiro while she worked at MRI in Palo Alto. Mark returned and they had a small symposium, as they were very impressed with the research. Masaya began to use EMDR after he read the first journal article by Francine Shapiro. He began to use it for patients who had panic and he found that the recent and first-time trauma, that patients had, disappeared!
    Masaya went to Kobe to use EMD after the 1995 earthquake, despite the long distance from Tokyo, where he was at Waseda University. He went to the refugee camp where he found many psychotherapists already there. There was disorganization, however, he was able to work with 5 different women while he was there. Three of the women had realistic anxiety for the future. The other two had strong anxiety after the earthquake. He did one session with them and found rapid change occurred in the symptoms. He said to himself, "This is it! I want to do it!"
    In July 1995, Francine Shapiro came to Japan to give the keynote address at the Pan Pacific Brief Psychotherapy Conference in Fukuoka. Masaya presented one case from Kobe at the Conference and met Dr. Shapiro. She told him that he was using EMD not EMDR and invited him to come to the United States to receive training in EMDR. In September 1995 he went to San Francisco and was welcomed by Dr. Shapiro as he took the Part I EMDR training by the EMDR Institute. Masaya took Part 2 in November 1996. The Australian team was the first to do EMDR training in Japan in 1996. In 1997 an American team came over, headed by Andrew Leeds. At first, Masaya was not involved with sponsoring the trainings. He thought he might be of some assistance by translating the manual, however, later when the organizers gave up (It is a huge task to organize trainings), Masaya thought, "It is necessary. I can do this!"
    During this time, Masaya had become an Associate Professor at the University of Ryukyu. He began to publish articles on EMDR in the Japanese Journals of Psychiatry, Nursing, Psychology and Education, changing the case examples to be appropriate for his different audiences.
    In 1997, Masaya entered the trainers' training in Cologne, Germany that was conducted by Francine Shapiro. By 2002, Masaya had sponsored many yearly EMDR trainings. The audience is at full capacity with 90 participants attending the training. Japan has six facilitators: Masamichi Honda, Masaya Ichii, Masako Kitamura, Sigeyuki Ohta, Eiko Sakio, and Kiwamu Tanaka.
    Masaya is an EMDRIA Consultant and Instructor and teaches Graduate Courses. His EMDR course has been approved by EMDRIA. In his class, Masaya encourages his students to be very involved in discussion and he encourages them to ask questions. The standard of practice he follows at the University requires him to have many practica. Masaya also works as a School Counselor at an Engineering High School, and has recognized that some students have been traumatized, but have not been able to recognize that they have PTSD. In terms of the patient population in Japan, like in the United States, many potential patients with trauma-related issues do not say, "I have PTSD." He feels that it is very important to screen for trauma in our patients, as many more have these problems than can verbalize. Also, he is happy to be able to facilitate their healing with EMDR so rapidly.
    Masaya has a web page in Japanese (www.emdr.jp). He wants to help the Japanese population understand Psychotherapy and EMDR better. There is a great stigma about going for psychotherapy in Japan and people think that if you go, you are weak. Others do not want to go because they think that the therapist only talks and this is not effective, and/or it takes a long time, and costs too much money. Actually, the Japanese do not sound much different than other people around the world when it comes to investing in Psychotherapy! However, as a result of his web site, he is healing from people who had heard about EMDR for PTSD, and are interested in trying out this therapy. He notes that the interest in EMDR grows, as the number of people interested in EMDR increases on his web site.
    Masaya seems very content in his work. He is closer to helping people move through their trauma to find happiness in the world once again. Currently, he lives in Okinawa with his wife and 2 children. He suggests to us "Please do not hesitate to be active and challenge new things." His life and work is an inspiration to us all.

Ignacio Jarero
    
What provides the impetus for us to choose the paths that we take?
    For Ignacio "Nacho" Jarero, his drive to care for others' came from the influences in his early childhood. Nacho's father, Jose Jarero, began his career as an emergency medicine surgeon in Mexico City. He was so dedicated that when his patients needed a hospital, he learned the requisite skills required and built them one. Jose formed a construction company and took Nacho, beginning at age eight, to remote construction sites for the roads and dams he built throughout Mexico. These adventures prepared Nacho for his later work when he lived in difficult conditions, where no water and "room" meant living in a tent. Nacho met Eloisa Mena while in her father's bakery and they were later married. Eloisa was the homemaker and disciplinarian and raised their four children.
    For 19 years, Nacho lived with his family on the grounds of his father's hospital. During that time, he learned how to alleviate human suffering by observing the daily workings of the hospital and by the Catholic education he received from the La Salle religious community.
    Nacho followed the engineering path of his father - earning his first degree in Civil Engineering from the Universidad Nacional Aut??noma de M??xico in Mexico City in 1975. As a civil engineer, he worked throughout Mexico in the most difficult conditions. By 1980, his business was growing and he completed post graduate work in Business Administration at the Instituto Panamericano de Alta Direcci??n de Empresas. He organized his own construction company and became an entrepreneur, like his father.
    Although Nacho was successful in his work, he wanted a more meaningful existence. At 35, he divorced his wife of 12 years and went in search of a higher purpose. When he was 40 he attended a one-year seminar on Psycho Corporal Therapy at the Universidad Intercontinental that highlighted different bodywork approaches such as Bioenergetics, Gestalt, Primal Therapy, etc., and included personal work.
    During this seminar, he met a woman who changed his life. Her name was Lucina (Lucy) Artigas and she was an architect. For Nacho, it was love at first sight and he proposed three times before the more cautious Lucy said, "Yes!" They decided to pursue their dream to alleviate human suffering while continuing their original careers. They enrolled in Instituto Mexicano de la Pareja and were granted their MAs in Psychotherapy in 1995. They treated clients under supervision and knew they had made the right choice.
    In 1997, at a conference in Mexico City, Judy Jones told Nacho and Lucy about EMDR. They took her unauthorized EMDR training (they were unaware of this). During this year, Hurricane Pauline ravaged the west coast of Mexico. When Nacho and Lucy saw the news, they wanted to help. Since Nacho's father had a hotel and political connections in Acapulco, they went there immediately with Teresa Lopez Cano. Judy Jones contacted Judy Albert of the Red Cross and Judith Boel from Canada. The Mexican government sent them to work at the House of Culture in Acapulco. The first day they expected just a few people. Instead, more than 200 survivors arrived; the Mexican government had sent cars with amplifiers announcing help on certain days!
    The team members were in shock. What to do with that many people? Furthermore, "the Judys" did not speak Spanish! So, they improvised!
    Judy Jones recorded names and ages of survivors while Judy Albert helped to prevent compassion fatigue for the team. Judith Boel, Teresa, Lucy and Nacho helped the survivors create safe places.
    All of a sudden, Lucy stopped. She looked at all the women and children and knew they had no money and they would be unable to repeat the herculean effort they had made to come. She thought, "We have only one shot! Oh my god, help me! I need to give these people something." It was at that moment that she said those world-changing words: "Put your hand on your chest and put the other hand on the other side of your chest and just tap back and forth." The Butterfly Hug was born! For this significant contribution, Lucy received the EMDRIA Creative Innovation Award (2000).
    Nacho's team persevered, despite the heart-wrenching suffering around them, and stayed in Acapulco for 15 days. A week later, four of the team members travelled two hours  to find a school they had heard about. They found the school flooded and the children and teachers sitting under a mango tree. Because there were no pencils, crayons or paper, Lucy had the children think about the worst part of the hurricane and draw it in the sand with their fingers. She then taught them to do the Butterfly Hug. Afterwards, they erased the picture they had drawn in the sand and drew the next picture that came to mind; they did this 3-4 times until the fear and bad memories disappeared. Through the creativity of Lucy and the help of the team, the EMDR Integrative Group Therapy Protocol (IGTP) was created. Later, when they got supplies, the children used paper and crayons for their pictures.
    The results were astounding. The team watched the process of EMDR unfold in front of their eyes as the children first showed their distress and terror and then as the later pictures developed, the pain and suffering decreased until the children said that the pictures were done and they wanted to go out to play. Teresa then said to the children, "Let's march!" (more bilateral stimulation).
    Nacho exclaimed, "The children's faces of terror left so quickly! It was magic in front of our eyes!" They took photographs and kept the drawings. Nacho and Lucy knew that it was during this experience that their lives changed irrevocably.
    After they witnessed "the miracle," Lucy, Teresa, Nacho and Nict?? Alcal?? refined Lucy's ideas. Over the next 10 years, as a part of their disaster response, they gathered data, took pictures and films until the protocol evolved into the actual EMDR-IGTP published in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols: Basics and Special Situations (Luber, 2009). Currently, this work is used to treat survivors of disasters all over the world.
    Also, they decided to change the nature of their practices and dedicate themselves to humanitarian, trauma and emergency response work. In 1999, through the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, Nacho became a Board Certified Expert in Traumatic Stress (Diplomate) and in Emergency Crisis Response. He also was granted his Ed.D. in Advanced Social Psychology from the Atlantic International University (1998), his Ph.D. in Psychology from Pacific International University (2000) and his Master Traumatologist degree from the University of South Florida (2003). Now, Nacho teaches worldwide and has authored articles on his work that appear in the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research and the Traumatology Journal.
    Nacho and Lucy found Jeffrey Mitchell's and George Everly's International Critical Incident Stress Foundation (ICISF) and became Certified Trainers (2000). In 1998, they took the EMDR Basic Training, the "authorized version", through the EMDR Institute with John Hartung, but did not agree to become Facilitators when asked after the training. At the time, they did not realize the importance of this invitation. However, they did sponsor EMDR trainings in Mexico believing that the need for trauma work training in Mexico was enormous.
    Several years later, John asked them again to become Facilitators and this time they accepted. Under the "gentle but very orthodox" tutelage of John, they went on to become Trainers. With John's skillful instruction, they learned how to teach EMDR so that practitioners could absorb it and were motivated to use it. Francine Shapiro invited them to her Trainers' Training at Sea Ranch. Despite their anxiety and the challenges of the training, Lucy and Nacho were approved (2004) and later became Trainers of Trainers (2008), as well as EMDRIA (2003) and EMDR Iberoamerica Approved Consultants and Approved Instructors for Advanced EMDR Trainings (2008). Nacho and Lucy are also certified Compassion Fatigue Therapists and Educators through the Green Cross Academy of Traumatology (2004).
    Since then, Nacho and Lucy's lives are an ongoing series of events, disasters, trainings, clinical work, writing articles and collecting data. In 1998, they founded the Mexican Association for Mental Health in Crisis, a non-profit private organization of mental health professionals trained in the prevention and treatment of traumatic stress. As leader of the Association Trauma???Treatment team, Nacho volunteers his time and expertise to disaster survivors in Mexico, Europe, and Central and South America. They also train emergency personnel to identify and prevent compassion fatigue and continue supportive services after the team leaves. Recently, World Vision International asked Nacho to go to Haiti after the recent earthquakes as part of a multinational staff care team as a mental health and compassion fatigue advisor.
    For his dedication, expertise and perseverance in the face of adversity Nacho and Lucy received the EMDR Iberoamerica Francine Shapiro Award (2007), and the EMDR Colombia, Jaiban?? Award for Humanitarian Work (2009). Nacho also received the Argentinean Society of Psychotrauma (ISTSS Affiliate) Trajectory in the Field of Psychotrauma Award (2008) and the ICISF International Crisis Response Leadership Award (2009).
    When asked what he would like to say to the EMDR community, Nacho said the following:
    "Based on my field experience, EMDR during Early Psychological Interventions in the worst-case scenarios is an effective and efficient intervention???and also a blessing for the clients and the therapist."
    Ignacio Jarero thinks of himself as a lay missionary and a man who spent the first 40 years of his life preparing for his actual mission: to prevent and/or alleviate human suffering provoked by psychological trauma. He actualizes his mission through teaching EMDR, Critical Incident Stress Management and Compassion Fatigue Education; working in the field with survivors of disasters; and through his daily work in his private practice. It is through Nacho, Lucy and their team's effort that the work of EMDR practitioners and the lives of disaster survivors treated with their EMDR group protocol have been, are, and will be transformed.
    I know that Nacho is sending Butterfly Hugs to all of us and we send them back to him!

Frankie Klaff
    
At EMDR Institute trainings, Frankie Klaff likes to introduce herself as "Borderline." The joke is that she lives on the border of Delaware, Maryland and Pennsylvania; however, the truth is that there is no one more firmly rooted in herself and the places that she has chosen to live than Frankie.
    Frankie's story began in Durban, South Africa where her family had settled in advance of the Holocaust. She was a precocious, curious child who had the good fortune to fall into the hands of a "brilliant" teacher. Miss McGreavey taught her poetry, drama, literature and history but most of all, taught her about being a person. Frankie's touch for the dramatic sprang from those early days where her talent for the arts was cultivated and she later earned a teaching diploma in Speech and Drama. While Miss McGreavey tended to her muse, her mother and Russian grandmother trained her to be the matriarch that she has become. Her sense of charity and compassion grew from the model of her parents who taught her, "Helping people was a mitzvah (gift)." At the age of 10, she started her political activism in the Jewish Youth Movement (Habonim) where she attended and gave lectures and seminars and at 16 fell in love with "the rugged, intense and witty head of the local youth movement," her beloved Viv. Ultimately, they decided that as "appalled" as they were at the plight of black South Africans, their friends were being imprisoned for their stand against the regime, so they decided instead to fight for their own people and she and her Viv moved to Israel in 1966.
    With a group of "fellow zealots", they left South Africa and moved to a kibbutz to learn Hebrew. Later in Jerusalem, Frankie worked as an editor of scientific texts and studied Hebrew while her husband began his Ph.D. Their first son, Oren was born on the eve of the 1967 war in Israel and her second son, Tamir, was born several years later. At this point, in the tradition of her mother and her mother's mother, she devoted herself to the joys of motherhood the arts of cooking and entertaining and teaching English.
    In 1970, they moved to their third country of residence, the United States. It was a difficult decision to leave Israel but she went to follow her husband's dream of completing a Ph.D. During that time, she completed her MS in Educational Psychology at the University of Wisconsin to integrate her interest in Education and Psychology. They moved again to Urbana where Viv had a job at the University of Illinois and Frankie continued her studies and raised her boys. In 1975, with great joy, she gave birth to their daughter, Caryn. She continued to study and began work as a therapist with adolescents at a residential treatment center. By this time, her entire family of moved to Israel and she longed to return. As a result of the Yom Kippur war, Viv was unable to find work in Israel and he accepted a position at the University of Delaware in 1977. With this decision, Frankie decided it was time to give her family roots and live fully in the United States.
    Frankie evolved a new professional goal and she decided that with her devotion to parenting and psychotherapy work at Illinois, she would pursue her interest in Family Therapy. Although this was a field in its infancy, Frankie's pioneering spirit was well suited to forging ahead. She began studying at the Philadelphia Child Guidance Clinic at the exciting time when Salvatore Minuchin, Carl Whittaker and Jim Framo were there. She later was selected for an externship. She also began her first job as a family therapist in Newark, Delaware.  At the same time, she began working on her doctorate at The Fielding Institute!
    Her doctorate was a family affair. Her daughter collated her papers, while her sons ???the computer wizards- helped their mom with typing and calculations. Viv was the statistician and made sure everything was coordinated. Part of Frankie's philosophy of life is that "I am willing to do anything for anybody. I can't help but help and people help me, too." It is a practice that seems to have worked for this family.
    With her fascination with people and the plots and patterns of their lives and her training as a theater teacher, she was a natural as a therapist. The environment that allowed for that young, curious child to flourish in her early years proved to be an essential factor in understanding the children that she encountered in her life as an adult. She has maintained that ability of the child to enjoy herself thoroughly and to have fun.
    Frankie learned about EMDR through Mary Framo who called her from San Diego to tell her about this interesting new therapy "that managed care will love because it shortens treatment." She went to her first training in Philadelphia where she heard Francine Shapiro talking about Vietnam Vets and eye movement and thought "Oh my god, get me out of here!" However, Frankie, the pioneer, took over and the next day when arriving at her office decided to try it out. Later that night, she said to her family, "I do not believe what happened in my office today. My patient made more progress in one session than in the two years of work I had done with her!" Frankie was hooked!
    When Frankie believes something is effective, she becomes an advocate. Despite the controversy surrounding EMDR, she gave free presentations for colleagues and the public. Frankie persevered even in the face of criticism believing the data that she was observing in her treatment room. Later, a clinician who had been critical, began to realize the impact of EMDR and started to send her difficult cases, even a family member!
    In 1995, she became a facilitator for the EMDR Institute and as she says, "My life has turned upside down ever since."  Since then, she has devoted a large part of her professional life to EMDR. As Frankie puts it, "I am so incredibly grateful to Francine Shapiro for what she gave me because it enriched my life as a therapist and gave me the opportunity to teach ??? which I love. I have a world full of wonderful people who have enriched my life with friendship. The people that I have taught with and trained and some who have stayed in our home still e-mail me. That is my secret life late at night???connecting with the world of EMDR, keeping up with the list, offering support to people through that and shooting the breeze with friends.
    Then, one day there was a turning point. A mother asked Frankie to work with her child using EMDR after she had been successfully treated.  Feeling like a renegade from her usual family therapy work, Frankie took on this challenge with gusto. She found that EMDR worked with children but that adaptations needed to be made. While keeping the protocol in her head, she began to make adjustments to incorporate play and the developmental challenges of working with children and adolescents while still keeping a family perspective. One of Frankie's missions in life is to further her work through teaching. Through the EMDR Institute, EMDR-HAP and privately, she has been invited all over the world to impart her knowledge to other therapists. Her last challenge before she is to retire is to write about her work so that she can share what she has learned. 
    Frankie's words for the EMDR community are key to all of the values that she holds most dear:
    "I always find lucky pennies and Francine Shapiro was my lucky penny...Francine and EMDR. And, what do you do when you have a lucky penny? You share it with someone else. That is the legacy my parents gave me through their volunteer work and that is the belief that I have with EMDR. A lucky penny doubles the luck when you give it to someone else.  I want to encourage people to give of themselves. If they are in their community, offer to give talks and to share. If you believe in something, you have to stand up even if you are going to have a few rotten apples thrown at you. We have to do this as a group because, then, we have more power. This is the power of the little person to make a difference. You give and you get."
    Currently, Frankie is a clinical psychologist in private practice and a member of the staff of Behavioral Health Associates and Survivors of Abuse in Recovery. She is a Clinical Supervisor at the Delaware Guidance Center and a Consultant internationally and with private case management. She is a Trainer at International Workshops on Advances in Treating Children. She is an Adjunct Faculty Member at the Union Graduate School in Yellow Springs, Ohio and a Senior Faculty member of the EMDR Institute. She is a member of the Maryland Disaster Response Team and has participated in EMDR-HAP services. She is a Disaster Response Mental Health trained volunteer at the Red Cross and served as an Executive Board Member of the Delaware Psychological Association for multiple terms.
    Frankie is an avid reader, walker and admirer of nature. Her basic joys include cooking and having people over. Her devotion is to her Viv, her family, her patients and to EMDR. To Frankie, the well-lived life includes the give and take of a wife and her husband, of a parent and her children, of a therapist and her patient/s, of a citizen and her country and of a person and her planet.  The dedication that Frankie has demonstrated in the EMDR world is a gift. May we continue to have Frankie, with her graciousness of spirit and delight in her work with her patients and our community, as our model.

Jim Knipe
    
Who is this man, Jim Knipe, who lives in the mountains of Colorado?
    Here is what his friends and colleagues say:
    "I remember the first impression of him when I went up to the bus which took us to the lecture hall in Istanbul. I was the only one who didn't know him from the Israeli delegation and as I passed by, quite inhibited in the beginning, he introduced himself offering me to sit beside him. Since then I was sorry to realize that the way from the hotel to the lecture hall is too near because the conversation was always exciting and too short. I don't know him too well but he "gives a taste of more" (that's a Hebrew idiom)."
    -Brurit Laub, Israel
    "To me he has just been a very nice, warm-hearted handsome man. Around him is always an aura of authentic calmness and humour."
    -Lene Jacobsen, Denmark
    "Jim is great???all around a talented, sensitive, humanitarian and stable guy."
    -Robbie Dunton 
    "Jim helped me with my recent presentation in Toronto. What I would say throughout all of this is that he has been supportive, generous, highly creative, a fun and highly informed individual to tour Turkey with, and an excellent clinician based on the videotapes of his works I have seen. Everyone has a shadow side. Perhaps Jim has made friends with that part of him because his generosity and friendship with me even in stressful situations is the part that keeps showing up. I have told him that he is like a brother to me and I deeply care for him."
    Elizabeth Snyker, USA
    I had seen Jim at various EMDR functions and we have talked briefly here and there but it was not until a fall afternoon at the EMDRIA 2000 Toronto Conference that I felt that I got to know him. What a rich, warm and enjoyable afternoon that turned out to be.
    Jim makes an impressive appearance with his white hair and sparkling eyes. He is a soft-spoken man who has lived all of his life in the western United States. He loves the mountains, folk songs and his Gibson J50 guitar, and, living a life that is thoughtful and purposeful.
    The core of who he is resonates with the teachings of Viktor Frankl. His belief is that it is his conscience that directs him to life's meaning as a kind of moral sense organ. Conscience is like a sense organ in that it allows each of us to perceive where the meaning in life can be found.  Service seems to be the organizing principle through which Jim experiences his world. In this way, he follows in the footsteps of his father who died in Okinawa 12 days after setting up a hospital subsequent to the WWII invasion. Jim believes that the times when we can make a difference are "rare and brief" and he thinks that it is important to take those opportunities when they arise. He believes in the continuity and connectedness in life and feels a genetic and spiritual connection with his ancestors, his family and extended family.
    In keeping with this credo, Jim chose a life as a mental health care worker. He completed his B.A. in 1966 in Psychology from Lawrence University in Wisconsin. He went on to receive his M.A. in Developmental Psychology (1968) and Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology (1972), both from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is guided by the wish to work with and assist in the healing process of those suffering the most. He told me that the accomplishment of which he is most proud is the 24-hour Crisis and Day Treatment Center that he implemented for people who are Chronically Mentally Ill. After 23 years, it is still going strong and he is a Consultant to the program.
    He is fascinated by the difficulties that clients with DID or Axis 2 diagnoses bring to his office and how they learned to protect themselves from the trauma that befell them. He wrote a chapter in Philip Manfield's text, Extending EMDR, that he called "It was a golden time: Healing narcissistic vulnerability" and he continues to actively think about these problems on his own and in conjunction with his colleagues. Recently he has written a chapter for a book edited by Carol Forgash on the use of EMDR with Ego State Disorders and on EMDR and the treatment of Dissociative Disorders for an issue of the EMDRIA Newsletter.
    And, he loves to teach. In January 2001, as an adjunct faculty member at the Colorado School of Professional Psychology in Colorado Springs, he began teaching a new curriculum. The theme of the course was the effects and treatment of psychological trauma with the use of EMDR as the major treatment component. It is an equivalent of an EMDR Institute Level 1 course. The Level 2 equivalent course began in January 2002. The Level 1 included the added benefit of giving students a thorough grasp of psychological trauma. This is a new course and is part of the developing "Trauma Specialization" curriculum at the school. He is teaching in conjunction with another EMDR trainer, good friend and colleague, John Hartung. The Level 2 equivalent course began in January 2002.
    How did he get so interested in Turkey? That's easy! It started back in the sixties when he and his wife got to know an exchange student who came from Turkey. Over the past 30 years, their Turkish friends came to visit the United States several times. His first trip to Turkey occurred in 1992.  In 1996, he went back to visit his friends and thought it would be interesting to connect with mental health professionals while he was there. When he was in Istanbul, he went to visit a Domestic Violence Clinic and met colleagues there where he told them about EMDR. At that time, he met Emre Konuk, a quiet, yet dynamic man, who, for many years, has been President of the Turkish Psychological Association, Istanbul Branch. It is Emre who did all the groundwork to sponsor the first Turkish EMDR training.
    On August 17, 1999, terrible earthquakes occurred in Turkey. Within less than a minute, 10,000 people died. By the end of this natural disaster, 15-20,000 additional people had died. Emre immediately e-mailed Jim and within a short period of time, with the assistance of Francine Shapiro and EMDR-HAP, an emergency EMDR training was planned.
    The question was "What will it take for these therapists to be overnight experts in EMDR?" With Udi Oren, Gary Quinn and Elan Shapiro and the whole Israeli team, they established the prototype for a new way of training participants in disaster areas that maintained the integrity of the original seminars. At first, Jim and Philip Manfield worked with survivors who had been in the earthquake zones and taped these EMDR sessions. They then had excellent videos to show the method to the Turkish therapists. The training included an emphasis on how to fashion a safe place and three additional clinical practices for the training. Then, the facilitators followed the newly trained therapists to the tent cities and supervised their work. They also made sure that the participants had healed their own trauma from the earthquake.
    Jim began to choke up when he recounted a moment that he often thinks about. During the post-training supervision of trainees in the tent city clinics   there was one therapist who was very apprehensive about using EMDR with a very traumatized little girl. After their very successful session, both the girl and the therapist emerged with faces showing confidence and relief. It is the picture of these two faces of confidence and relief that still lives in Jim's mind and is symbolic of his work and the healing that has occurred through the use of EMDR in Turkey.
    Emre ???picking up on the importance of support and peer supervision- met with the newly trained therapists 3 hours a week. He made videos of the facilitators working and used them as important elements of his supervision. By June, each of the therapists who had learned EMDR was using it and had worked with an average of 50 clients each. He noted that 8000 EMDR sessions took place in that first 11 months in Turkey; that is a lot of healing! There have been three introductory trainings (159 Turkish therapists) and one advanced training (66 Turkish therapists). The clinics run by the Turkish Psychological Association, Istanbul Branch, are still in operation in the earthquake zones. In January 2001, there was a second advanced EMDR, HAP-sponsored training which was very well attended. Plans to have an additional beginning training sponsored by HAP in September 2001 were put aside following a severe economic downturn in Turkey during the past year. (Jim noted that the Turkish currency lost 55% of its value overnight, which added to the traumatization of the Turkish people). In spite of this setback, there continues to be an active EMDR therapist community in Turkey, involved in both practice and research. EMDR Turkey is now a member of EMDR Europe, with a flag on The EMDR Practitioner electronic magazine website.  (http://www.emdr-practitioner.net)
    In December 2000, Jim was part of the initial assessment team that went to Indonesia. This team was under the direction of Michael Keller from the United States and included Elaine Alvarez of the United States and Reyhana Sedat-Ravat of South Africa. In August/September 2001, Jim coordinated the HAP introductory trainings in Gaza and Ramallah. Jim reports that Roy Kiessling did "an outstanding job as the trainer" and Judith Daniel, Joany Spierings and Peggy Moore did an excellent job under very stressful circumstances. Jim noted the following about the training: "While we were there, we repeatedly witnessed the violence and anger that is part of the suffering in this part of the world. It was very discouraging to see the tragic and intractable nature of this conflict. In spite of this, though, we deeply appreciated the commitment of the Palestinian therapists to learn as much as they could about trauma therapy in general and EMDR in particular. We tried in these trainings to focus on the use of EMDR with grief issues and with children. Active e-mail contact between these therapists and the HAP team has continued, and we hope to resume this program as soon as conditions of peace and safety return to the area." 
    Jim states to the EMDR community: "I feel strongly about EMDR. I feel strongly about the work we do as therapists. It is a sacred responsibility. There are many ways for us to do something. There is a lot at stake and sometimes more than you realize. It is important to be mindful of the importance of what we are doing and the energy that comes from it. What I felt was a mutual energizing process."
    With this in mind, Jim is the Regional Coordinator for the Pikes Peak region for the EMDR International Association. Prior to that, he was one of the coordinators for informal monthly meetings that occurred between 1992 and 1995 on EMDR.   He has served in his professional organizations as Board Member, Chairman, and President. In 2000, he was asked to become a Board Member for EMDR-HAP. He has participated in many of the EMDR outcome studies of Sandra Wilson, Lee Becker and Robert Tinker.
    Jim's life partner and wife, Nancy, brought her own expertise to the women in the tent cities through their good friend Atilla Ozsuz. Atilla was the Director of one of the tent cities. Working through the Foundation for the Support of Women's Work, she was helpful in assisting Turkish women to sell their textile products. After coming back several times, Nancy and her Turkish colleagues became friends. They have been selling the textiles in the United States and will continue to do so.
    Because of the intensity of the Turkish project and his work with HAP as a Board Member, most of Jim's other interests have been placed on the back burner.  However, when he is home on the weekends, he and Nancy continue their tradition of going to their home in the mountains where they read, walk, socialize and let their lives settle. Here is a place where they retire from the hustle and bustle of the working world and relax with each other and their dogs: Sally and Ben and their 18-year-old cat, Nemo. Ben is short for "Ben Buyuk", which is Turkish for "I am big." (His name is also his positive cognition!). Their two children, Anne and Paul, have moved off into the world on their own adventures. Anne is a librarian in Grand Junction, Colorado and Paul was married last month to Archana Singh, and they live in San Francisco.

Let us end as we began with reflections of Jim's friends and colleagues: Jim Knipe has been an advocate of EMDR since October 1992, when he, John Hartung and I all took the first Level 1 training in Denver. I remember on the ride back to Colorado Springs, his disbelief and amazement at the effectiveness of this new treatment, and his saying to us, "You know this will change our lives! I wonder how it will?" In ways we have never guessed, our lives have been enriched and given purpose others only dream about.
    -Sandra Wilson, USA

Since late 1974 I have jogged, bicycled, traveled, argued, learned, roamed and laughed with Jim Knipe, and have worked out of an office 5 meters fro his. As the joke goes, in spite of all of our time together, we still consider ourselves best friends. Whether I am learning from him, or taking advantage of an opportunity to try some new "stuff" out with him, the time with Jim is so consistently a blessing. That he is also capable of the most gloriously hilariously absurd humor does not diminish the pleasure of being in his company.
    -John Hartung, USA

From a personal point of view thinking about Jim when I was in Turkey in the autumn of 1999, I now have this vision of him as a kindly Samaritan who spread a sense of calm across the whole proceedings. My theory is that it's the white beard almost like a trainee Santa Claus. He also struck me as someone with a great sense of humility, always willing to listen to others sympathetically and great at giving the team encouragement and leadership. One small memory that I feel I must write down relates to when we were given a special ashtray designed and realized by (I think) Emre Konuk's wife. I happened to see the expression on Jim's face. It was as thought he'd been presented with the (British) Crown Jewels, he was so grateful for the present and surprised, and yet here was a man who'd really earned a special token ??? it was one of the warmest moments I can recall.
    -David Blore, United Kingdom

 (Revised and updated from an article that appeared in The EMDR Practitioner in 2000).

Barbara Korzun
    
Those of us on the East Coast of the United States have created a family of facilitators over the many years we have been working together. Because of the small number of our group in the beginning, we have had the delight and the privilege of really getting to know each other with all of our foibles, idiosyncracies and unquenchable thirsts for what is new and unusual. As a whole, we East Coasters are truly a group of mavericks and ???often- thrill seekers! Into this group came our friend and much-loved colleague, Barbara Korzun. You could even say that Barb epitomizes all of us with her indomitable spirit and appetite for adventure; she just is the youngest member of our group and has much more energy! 
    Although, over the years, Barbara has become a true member of a greater world community, her roots are in New Jersey and ???along with Sheila Bender and Victoria Britt- she is one of the EMDR Institute's sponsor for that area. Barbara did her undergraduate work in Psychology with a minor concentration in Music and graduated with honors from Rutgers College in New Brunswick.  In 1984, soon after that, she went off to the University of Denver and received her Doctorate of Psychology from the School of Professional Psychology. It is here that she began the work that has become her passion: emergency response and crisis intervention.  She began with the Denver Police Response as part of her graduate school training. Here, she did on scene crisis intervention and death notification. Barb said, "I got there before the coroner did" and she quickly had to learn to deal with whatever came her way with distraught family and friends of the person who had died.
    Barbara's understanding of trauma has its personal side, too. During her undergraduate work at Rutgers, a drunk driver killed her brother. Faced with the sudden death of her brother and the response to this tragic event by her family, friends and herself, Barbara had a rapid, first-hand experience of the profound impact of trauma in every aspect of one's life. We are lucky that she has chosen to use this knowledge in a way to assist others through her humanitarian efforts.
    After Barb finished her doctoral studies, she moved from Denver to Lawrenceville, New Jersey and began her Post Doctoral training in neuropsychology and rehabilitation. It was at this time, in September 1991 that she took the first part of the EMDR Institute training and later completed the second half of the course in the fall of 1992. She was noticed because of her expert handling of a difficult abreaction in her group and later became a facilitator with the EMDR Institute in 1994.
    As with many of us, Barbara got involved with the EMDR Institute's Humanitarian Assistance Program (EMDR-HAP) in Oklahoma City after the terrible bombing that took place there in the Federal building. Barbara was horrified by what happened and transferred her feelings into action by helping to find creative solutions to transport facilitators to the area and provide them with food and shelter.  She was a natural!
    By 1996, her interest in EMDR-HAP was sealed and she became a member of the Board of Directors and the Emergency Coordinator and a fund-raiser. In Barb's words, "Nobody else wanted to do it!" The Emergency Coordinator was in charge of trying to help when a request for services following a natural or man-made disaster occurred. One of the first responses Barb took charge of was to respond to the Montoursville community after the plane crash that killed 18 members of the local High School French Club. 
    In September 1998, Barbara became Programs Director for EMDR-HAP in a part-time position. In August 1999, the Board of Directors approved Barb as its full-time Executive Director with a professional office in New Hope, PA. As Executive Director, Barb supervises a staff of two: newly hired Administrative Assistant, Julie Velioglu, who works in the New Hope office, and Administrative Director, MaryAnn Gutoff, who has been in the west coast office in El Granada, CA since 1995.
    Barbara was encouraged that an anonymous donor designated a grant of $50,000 to EMDR-HAP to develop the infrastructure for the Board of Directors and office set-up. She is excited "to be involved with moving EMDR-HAP from a well-meaning grass-roots level group of well-meaning people to a full-fledged international humanitarian assistance organization." In addition to continuing to develop an administrative board, EMDR-HAP has begun to develop on-going funding and relationships with other humanitarian organizations like the Trans-Cultural Psycho-social Organization headquartered in Amsterdam.
    As Barbara so passionately puts it:" We are seeing what a powerful, transformative methodology EMDR is for the healing of emotional trauma. We can provide that and train people. Instead of handing people fish, we can teach them how to fish and give them access to what they never would have been able to do before."
    EMDR-HAP has been involved with many widely publicized ventures over the years of its existence in Ireland, Sarajevo, Zagreb, Ruanda, Oklahoma City, Florida, Israel, Bangladesh, Armenia and Poland just for starters! However, out of the limelight, Barbara has focused much of her attention on domestic programs in community mental health in the inner city to provide trainings for mental health workers in the frontlines of dealing with severely traumatized populations. EMDR-HAP is making a difference everywhere.
    Outside her EMDR avocation, Barbara has a range of interests. We all know of her passion for music and if you wonder where she is after a long day's training it will often be listening to Blues or Jazz or anything new and exciting that she has heard about. She can always be found at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival or at the performances of The Saw Doctors, an Irish band for whom she does promotion in the United States. Barbara is interested in healing of all kinds, especially indigenous healing methods and spirituality. If you want to know the latest herbal remedy on the market, ask her!
    We are indeed lucky to have Barbara Korzun as part of our EMDR Community. Thank you Barb on behalf of us all.

EMRE Konuk
    
Emre Konuk is a man of service. Since he was a young man, he has been interested in understanding and improving the human condition and thought he would write about human nature when he got older. However, as he matured, he followed in his parent's footsteps and used his natural gifts and experience to better the human condition.
    Emre's roots go back to the Ottoman Empire. His father's family came to Bursa and farmed the land. Emre's father, Abdurrahman Konuk, was the 8th child and first son of a religious family. Abdurrahman went to Istanbul for high school and university and then to the Sorbonne to study law. In Paris, he found many Turkish poets and writers who influenced him and contributed to his lifelong interest in learning and thought-provoking discussion. He returned to Istanbul to teach at the American Girl's High School, where he met his future wife, Faliha Isim. Faliha's extended family lived together in a large house in Istanbul where they drank alcohol, played instruments, sang, played jokes on each other and brought up their children. The marriage between Adurrahman and Faliha created an interesting merger between the religious and modern worlds of Turkey.
    Due to Abdurrahman's unique kills and experience, the Turkish Prime Minister asked him to join Parliament where he was instrumental in crafting the major laws and reform to assist in the modernization of Turkey. After four years in politics, Emre's father returned to Bursa to practice law. His mother, fascinated by the arts, brought Bursa with them by creating a woman's  association and inviting writers, poets, musicians, thinkers and scientists to give speeches, lectures and workshops. Emre often stayed with his grandmother in Istanbul while his parents were travelling. More of an introvert and already a thinker, he made room in a large cupboard to gain his privacy!
    Emre's early cultural experience fostered his awareness of politics, Turkey and the world. He went to the English High School in Istanbul and learned to read and write English, a skill that opened many opportunities for him. He was attracted to the theater as a way to think about, write and portray the human condition. He acted in a professional theater from age 14 - 17, going to school in the morning and acting in 6:00pm and 9:00pm shows. He found the artists there were different than the ones who congregated at his home for long discussion about politics and art. Although his new friends were fine actors and poets, he found this drug and alcohol-based lifestyle resulted in more personal than philosophical discussions. Ultimately, Emre rejected this scene and chose psychology to deepen his understanding of human nature. He moved to a half-a-day high school, started a kindergarten program and attended courses at the university. In 1973, he received his BA in Psychology from Istanbul University during a politically tumultuous time.
    Although he was involved with the protests and tried to stop the violence there, he realized the authorities were using the students and that there would be a military coup, so he pulled back from the demonstrations. 
    When Emre was 14, while searching for documents concerning the first Turkish Civil Law, he met a man whom he learned later was a Sufi Master of the Cerrahi Order (Sheikh Muzaffer Efendi). During their initial meeting, the Sheikh expressed interest in the books he carried about Eastern Philosophy. They often sat at a local coffee house or shop and discussed Zen Buddhism and Sufism. Emre absorbed the Sufi and Zen Buddhist teachings that became seminal in his understanding of human nature and freedom; you have to live with commitment but without being so attached that you cannot do without the object. To Emre, this is the essence of freedom and he has integrated this into his practice of psychotherapy.
    Emre suffered from chronic pain in his hips, lower back and body and was later diagnosed with Ankylosing Spondylitis (an autoimmune problem similar to Rheumatism). He moved to Foca on the Mediterranean and worked four months a year at a tourist shop he owned. He exercised his talent for
    organizing, teaching and forming community by engaging approximately 2000 women to make Turkish handmade dresses for export until 1981.  Emre ended up selling his business by the sea to study therapy at the Mental Research Institute (MRI) in Palo Alto, from John Weakland, Paul Watzlawick and Richard Fisch. In 1985, when he returned to Istanbul, he established The Institute for Behavioral Studies (DBE Davran???? Bilimleri Enstit??s??), even though there was only one other therapist in Istanbul. Emre gave workshops in Family Therapy and found that students and universities were hungry for this information. Over time, the interested students grew into an educated team of professionals. Currently, there are 15 therapists and many students and supervisees.
    DBE functions in two major areas: therapy and management consulting. In the therapy sector, DBE provides research, training and psychological services to individuals, couples, families and the community through three centers (Child and Adolescent Center; Adult and Family Center; and Trauma Center). The Institute is recognized for adapting and developing innovative approaches in mental health ractice, research, training professionals and students. They are involved in many social responsibility projects: trauma training for professionals, military personnel, municipalities and hospitals; organizing congresses on trauma; crisis intervention for emergencies and disasters; marriage preparation to strengthen the relationship and manage potentially problematic areas of couples; screening gifted and at risk children and adolescents in the school system and training school counselors and therapists to appropriately intervene; and hiring and training 70 graduates in EMDR, supervision and Family Therapy to provide service to 35 Women's Health Centers throughout Istanbul for economically disadvantaged people.
    Through DBE's Management Consulting arm, the Institute is involved in the following areas: assessment and evaluation projects that can be done online for recruitment and selection of employees and employee/customer satisfaction and 360surveys; performance improvement in business; Human
    Resource projects such as competency modeling and performance evaluations systems; employee assistance programs providing psychological counseling and trainings/workshops for the employees and their families; 15 trainings including basic managerial skills, coaching training, competency based interviews, hiring, etc.; and coaching managers, executives, team leaders, artists, etc.
    In 1996, Emre attended Bogazici University and earned an MA in Clinical Psychology.
    Emre grew interested in EMDR while at the Mental Research Institute and followed its progress in the literature. By 1995, when Francine Shapiro's first EMDR book, EMDR: Basic Principles, Protocols and Procedures, was published, Emre thought that this was "serious business" and decided to bring Jim Knipe to DBE to learn more about it. While he was arranging the finances for training, the 1999 Marmara Earthquake occurred.
    As President of the Turkish Psychological Association (Istanbul Branch), he realized they did not know how to work with trauma. He contacted Jim Knipe and Robbie Dunton immediately asking for help. He then asked, "Who does know about recent trauma and/or earthquake survivors?" He reasoned that practitioners in Israel and Los Angeles would and through colleagues contacted experts in these areas. Four Israeli trauma specialists arrived and gave a five day seminar on trauma response to 100 participants. Emre closed DBE and used it for training. Turkish colleagues retooled this training to address cultural differences and taught 600 students to use these techniques. On a weekly basis, a group went to the tent cities and worked with survivors. They distributed 200,000 booklets on trauma to survivors, gave many seminars and workshops and did early intervention and group work there.
    In post-earthquake Turkey, finances were a challenge. Ever resourceful, Emre approached businessmenwith a proposal for an exchange of services: hotel rooms for hotel staff trainings in conflict management or leadership trainings, recognition in the newspapers and 16 free tickets on Turkish Airlines for staff in exchange for help with airline VIPs with flying phobias. He requested assistance from the Orthodox Church and 50 embassies and the Church and 10 embassies contributed.
    In October 1999, the first EMDR training occurred in Turkey, two months after the earthquake. Ever cognizant of his colleagues' needs, Emre requested they increase the training to five days to include a Psychotraumatology seminar. Jim Knipe and Philip Manfield came 10 days earlier and worked with real survivors in the tent cities using EMDR while the sessions were recorded. His staff then edited and translated the tapes to use during EMDR training so that the examples were relevant for the participants. Due to the need for translation, he arranged for a 6:1 ratio of participant to facilitator. After the training, Emre invited supervisors to come every two weeks to continue the work; this was done for a year. It was a grueling schedule as therapists got up early, traveled 2-3 hours to the earthquake area, worked all day supervising the therapists there and returned. Many kilos were lost during this time.
    In two years, EMDR staff trained 250 mental health workers who worked for 2-3 years in the area and treated many thousands of survivors. The average session number was 5.2. The practitioners were inexperienced students and were taught well by the trainers and facilitators; they worked carefully and responsibly. Emre thinks that this is a model that can work well for developing countries.
    Emre, with members of DBE, continue to work on projects to improve the lives of those in their community. With funding from the EU as well as the Women's Health Centers, they have partnered with Portugal, Greece and EMDR Europe to train mental health providers and consultants in the EMDR Basic Training and Family Therapy. In November 2011, a center for sexually and physically abused children
    and adolescents was established in Turkey. Forty-five professionals working for the Child Protection Agency and Police Department will give therapy both in the center and in their own centers.
    Emre is the President of EMDR Turkey and an EMDR Europe Board member. There are 650 EMDR-trained practitioners in Turkey and 8 Facilitators. Emre is doing his Trainer's Training so that EMDR training will be in Turkish. He writes a weekly column on psychology for a well-established newspaper in Turkey (SABAH). Emre is the Program Director for the Couples and Family Therapy Certificate Program at Bilgi University and completed the IFTA accredited supervision program. He also has presented and published about his work on a range of subjects from treatment of Migraines  to
    Couples Therapy to EMDR and many more.
    To the EMDR Community: EMDR has its own vision and mission. Technically, it is about working with trauma and trauma is the basis of what is negative in the world. Trauma is widespread and goes across cultures and history. When I attend conferences across disciplines, I find EMDR conferences are different. Usually, people come, present their papers and workshops, you attend and learn a lot. What makes EMDR clinicians different than others is their mission to do something in the world. When your job is a major part of your life, this adds to your clients' wellbeing. If it is not meaningful, you are unmotivated and consumed with retiring. After people absorb the spirit of EMDR, they have a meaningful life and that is very nice!
    In Emre's low-key manner, he accomplishes his objective strategically and thoroughly. Whether it is working with a patient with a migraine, translating the MMPI into Turkish and validating it, or persuading Turkish psychiatrists about the benefits of EMDR, when Emre sets a goal, he accomplishes it or mobilizes those who can. Most importantly, he will do it with heart.

Christopher Lee
    
An inquisitive and adventurous nature is often an attribute that describes early pioneers in EMDR. In 1992, Christopher Lee was given an offer he could not refuse. He received a call from Don Heggie, a very successful, Australian businessman who had been a prisoner of war during World War II. Mr. Heggie had suffered for more than 30 years with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. On hearing about EMDR, he flew from Australia to the United States to work with Francine Shapiro, originator of EMDR. After his treatment, he no longer suffered from the effects of PTSD. As a result, he sent one therapist from every state in Australia to America -all expenses paid- to be trained in EMDR. His only stipulation was that when they returned they were to tell people what they thought about EMDR. Christopher Lee accepted this generous offer and that is how he found his way to Chicago in 1992 for a Part 1 EMDR training given by Dr. Shapiro.
    Who is Christopher Lee? A native Australian, Chris was born in Melbourne to Regina and Reginald Lee. His mother came to Australia when she was 14 years of age from Czechoslovakia with her family who had immigrated because of the War. She became a ballroom dancing instructor and had "a fairly uncoordinated student" who eventually became her husband; Chris was their firstborn. Chris' father worked for Ericsson Telecommunications and travelled throughout Australia and Sweden. This accounted for Chris' early exposure ???from 6-12 years of age- to different people and locales. Chris found it easy to make friends wherever he was and, as a result, wherever they moved, Chris helped his family connect to the people in their new community. When he was 14 years old, his family settled down to live in Melbourne where he stayed until he finished his MSc.
    During that time, Chris' two major interests were in debating and learning about people. He went to the University of Melbourne and received his Honours degree in Science and then completed his Masters two years later in Clinical Psychology, and received a Post-graduate scholarship from this university.
    During his Masters, Chris had the good fortune to study with Ian Campbell ??? a talented mentor who influenced him concerning his thinking and working as a clinician. Ian's gift to Chris was to teach and model how to use the Socratic method of questioning leading to self-discovery and to appreciate the importance of continually evaluating outcomes as the process evolved. When Chris began working with EMDR, he immediately saw the parallel with his early teacher's ideas and EMDR: people are always discovering things and needing to re-evaluate in EMDR. In Supervision, he would often be asked, "Could you have helped your client by asking a question so that the client could have discovered an answer on his own?" began to inform the way he worked with clients, supervisees, and organizations.
    In Australia, an MSC in Clinical Psychology was an entry into the field of supervised practice. Chris chose a path that led to the Northern Territories working for the Department of Health and Community Services (DHCS) to work with a particular supervisor, Rob Dawson who was at the Royal Darwin Hospital a stone's throw from Kakadu National Park. His 4-year stay in the Northern Territories was parallel to being thrown into ice-cold water with rudimentary swimming skills and expected to swim expertly. Chris was a new psychologist out in the wilderness and he quickly learned to pull on all he had learned and to make up and/or learn as fast as he could what he did not. He had to deal with few resources, a supervisor who left after 4 months, and how to handle running into your clients in this very small community as you went to parties, shopping or the local pub.
    In 1988, he moved to West Australia. The climate was perfect for Chris in Perth, and the health community colleagues were staunch supporters of Psychology. Chris thrived in this atmosphere of curiosity and challenging ideas after "winging it" so long in the territories. It was in Perth that Chris decided to settle and live his life. He began as a Clinical Psychologist at the Murray Street Clinic providing services to people who presented with sexually transmitted diseases through to becoming a Senior Clinical Psychologist at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital (SCGH) where he provided psychological consultation services to the Psychiatric Unit; gave consultative services to other hospital inpatients; supervised post-graduate psychology students; and advised the director of medical services on policy matters pertaining to the delivery of psychological and psychiatric services in the hospital as a member of the senior management committee. He stayed in this position for 11 years. During this time, Chris began his Private Practice that consisted of working with individuals, couples, and groups. He also was a supervisor for clinical psychologists and psychiatrists, a trainer, and a researcher.
    It was soon after Chris went to Perth that he was approached by Don Heggie. As this opportunity unfolded, so did his fascination with EMDR. By 1993, he completed his Part 2 EMDR training when Don brought Francine Shapiro and her team to Australia. This was a golden period for EMDR and there was a huge interest. As a result, many clinicians were trained.  Chris ???ever inquisitive- began to publish concerning research and EMDR. In 1994, his first article with H. Gavriel and J. Richards appeared in the Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry on "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: a not so simple treatment for PTSD" where they looked into alternative methods for researching the efficacy of EMDR treatment. In 1996, this same team wrote about "EMDR: Past Research, Complexities, and Future Directions" for the Australian Psychologist and they reviewed the present state of knowledge about EMDR. In the same year, Chris wrote an article in The Bulletin on "EMDR: a major challenge to CBT."
    In 1996, Chris and Graham Taylor applied to EMDRIA and were accepted as trainers; they were the first non-USA trainers to become Accredited Trainers. They have conducted hundreds o trainings throughout Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Hong Kong and Japan.
    Chris also has extensive training from the leading figures in Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and Schema Focused Therapy including other psychological approaches such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Hypnosis, Consultative skills and, of course, EMDR. As he learned in his early training, Chris bases his approach on the careful listening to patients as a way to understand their particular psychological issues and treatment goals. He then links this to the relevant research based on the most effective practice and draws on this wealth of knowledge to create the best treatment for his patients. Chris counts as areas of expertise the following: addiction, anxiety and phobias, bereavement, chronic pain, depression, divorce or life transitions, habit problems, marital conflict, psychosomatic illness, personal crises, poor self-esteem, PTSD, relationship difficulties, and sexual trauma.
    While at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, in association with the Anaesthetics Department, Chris set up the Hospital's multidisciplinary pain management program. He was responsible for developing Clinical Supervision and Training Groups for therapists to address the difficulties of treating patients diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder at SCGH. He has also worked in and/or established programs for dealing with anger and violence in a number of settings. He runs the Australian Psychological Society's training workshops for supervisors and advances in Cognitive Therapy. He was the first clinician to bring training in Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder to Australia and conducts workshops on "Schema Focused Therapy for Personality Disorders," "Cognitive Behavior Therapy," and "Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" both in Australia and overseas.
    Chris has had a long-standing interest in research and evidence based practice. In the late nineties, Chris found that sometimes he used traditional CBT and other times EMDR. He was interested in learning about what clients did better with which treatment so he set up a research study to figure out this intriguing question. As the hospital did not have the capacity to carry out his research, he enrolled in a Ph.D. program at Murdoch University to get the statistical help he needed to answer this question. Although the results did not answer who might benefit from EMDR and who might benefit more from traditional CBT, he found that there was a general advantage in using EMDR over traditional CBT. In 1998, he reported on "A Comparative Outcome Study of EMDR with Stress Inoculation Training" at the Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Cognitive and Behavior Therapy with Helen Gavriel. In 1999, he received an award from EMDRIA For Outstanding Research in EMDR for this contribution and, in 2002, he went on to publish these results with H. Gavriel, P. Drummond, J. Richards and R. Greenwald in the Journal of Clinical Psychology. Their results indicated that although there were no significant differences on global PTSD measures at the end of both therapies, EMDR did significantly better than Stress Inoculation Training with Prolonged Exposure (SITPE), on measures of intrusive symptoms, and on follow-up, EMDR was found to lead to greater gains on all measures.
    In 2002, however, there was a groundswell of anti-EMDR rhetoric by 4 or 5 prominent Australian clinicians and researchers who were powerful in the Health Services and stated that EMDR was not an evidence based practice; although this critique was inaccurate, it had a huge effect and the interest in EMDR in Australia waned.
    After Chris got his results, he thought, "Why worry about the Ph.D. anymore, I got help with my study, I will just withdraw?" However, as a result of his frustration when attending conferences featuring Cognitive Behavioral Therapy where he heard colleagues saying that EMDR was the same as exposure, he got fired up to do a second study on what happens with EMDR. By then, Chris (2000-2004) joined the EMDRIA Research Committee and became its Chairperson in 2006. His doctoral dissertation was completed in 2006 on "Efficacy and Mechanisms of Action of EMDR as a Treatment for PTSD" and, in the same year, he published "The Active Ingredient in EMDR: Is it Traditional Exposure or Dual Focus of Attention?" in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy with Peter Drummond and Graham Taylor. They found that with EMDR -unlike with Traditional Exposure- clients generally do not relive their trauma; in fact, they process it at a distance; this is the antithesis of Exposure Therapy and they concluded that the mechanism of action in EMDR is not the same as Exposure Therapy.
    Recently, interest in EMDR has surfaced again. Chris thinks that this could be the result of the Cochrane Reviews that came out in 2007 that's supported EMDR as evidence based practice and rated it as effective as Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TFCBT). They also found that EMDR and TFCBT were superior to stress management in the treatment of PTSD at between 2 and 5 months following treatment. Around the same time, the Australian Guideline for PTSD was published by the Australian Center for Posttraumatic Mental Health and stated, "Adults with PTSD should be provided with trauma-focused interventions (TFCBT or EMDR, in addition to In Vivo Exposure). As a result of these reports, EMDR was accredited and the voices of those critical of EMDR in Australia were nullified.
    As a result attendance at trainings began to increase again and a leadership group has emerged of practitioners trained from the early nineties begun by Zara Yellin, spearheaded by Pam Brown and joined by Chris, Graham, Nick Cocco, Mark Grant, and Dave Howsam.
    Chris has continued to be fascinated by the crucial processes in EMDR and has published two papers concerning this subject in 2008. In June, 2008, Chris and Peter Drummond wrote on the "Effects of Eye Movement versus Therapist Instructions on the Processing of Distressing Memories" in the Journal Of Anxiety Disorders; this research again supported that the mechanism of change is not the same as traditional exposure and that post-hoc analysis revealed a significant reduction in vividness of the memory only for the eye movement and distancing instruction condition. For the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, Chris extended the discussion of his previous findings in the "Crucial Processes in EMDR-More than Imaginal Exposure."  He also took the time to respond through EMDRIA: "A Reply to the Institute of Medicine Report Commissioned by the Department of Veterans Affairs to Assess the Scientific Evidence on Treatment Modalities for PTSD." In this commentary, he detailed the serious omissions and misinterpretations of the scientific literature that would have effected the conclusions about EMDR in the report and prepared a Power Point presentation for EMDRIA members to use in support of the efficacy of EMDR. This response was published in the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research (2009).
    Chris also is a reviewer for the Journal of Behavioural Medicine, Australian Psychologist, Cognitive Research and Therapy, Journal of Clinical Psychology and the European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. He is one of the Editors for the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research and will be giving one of the keynotes (Understanding EMDR: A History of Practice Guiding Science) at the EMDR European Conference annual conference in Amsterdam this June.
    To the EMDR community he would like to say the following:  "Unfortunately EMDR is not as widely used as it deserves to be. EMDR therapists have a wealth of knowledge about how EMDR works and the potential to contribute to scientific knowledge without necessarily working in a setting that fosters or encourages research. I'd like more therapists to make a contribution to our journals. This can be achieved by a commitment to first collecting before and after measures of the various clients that we see, (see the two volumes by Fischer and Corcoran for a comprehensive set of measures) so that trends or unique findings can be supported by data. Our 2006 study is an example of data that can be collected as part of routine clinical practice and later analyzed for research purposes. The more EMDR research is informed by clinical practice, the better."
    Chris has been a vibrant member of EMDR community from the early days. He has combined his fascination with clinical questions with science to create an evidence-based way to approach his clients and his practice. He has contributed to all of us through his humor, good nature and incisive thinking that he has applied to his practice and to his research. We are delighted and grateful that he is part of our EMDR community.

Jennifer Lendl
    
???Jennifer Lendl is the epitome of the Renaissance woman. She is a multilingual world traveler, an academic with advanced degrees in history and psychology, a champion swimmer, a champion of women's causes, a public and human relations specialist, an accomplished writer and speaker, an authority on youth suicide, and an advocate and activist for improving the individual and professional response of the psychological community to public needs."
    This first sentence from a statement about Jennifer Lendl as one of the nominees for the San Jose Mercury News Women's "Women of Achievement" award sums Jennifer and her accomplishments up precisely.
    And, all of it is true!
     Jennifer Lendl is a native of California. She learned her love for sports from her parents. Gerry Lendl was a well-known football player for Loyola University and entertained the troops in World War II with his sports abilities. Joyce Lendl loved the beach and it was from her that Jennifer learned her love of swimming and later began competing from the age of eight. She spent a great deal of time with her grandmother and when she remarried and went to Youngstown, Ohio, Jennifer followed every summer. With her grandparents, she experienced a larger world. They travelled to the World's Fair, Cape Cod and for her sixteenth birthday, they went to Europe. She also competed in Ohio and attended the Junior Olympics in swimming. From her step-grandfather, she learned to fish and to fly a Cessna plane before she learned to drive.
     By the end of High School, Jennifer was so tired from all of her activities and responsibilities that she did not have the strength to apply for colleges and pulled on the reliable support of her mother to help her in this transition. The seeds of Jennifer's ability to be a leader in her community were present from early on. She was always in Student Government as president, vice-president and/or class representative. She was the editor of the school paper and early on became the statistician for the varsity boys' baseball, football, tennis, and basketball teams. In high school, she reported for 5 newspapers on these statistics with a byline in some of them. Jen also received letters for varsity girls' track, basketball, softball, tennis and volleyball. Even with all of these activities, she managed to be a member of the National Honor Society, winning awards in social studies, journalism, school service, and leadership. She was the first student from Simi Valley High School to get into Stanford University.
    Parallel with her excelling in every endeavor that she undertook, she had a strange propensity for getting into motor vehicle accidents and having head injuries. The first one was in utero when her parents rolled their car and her mother cracked her neck. Altogether, Jen has been in 15 motor vehicle accidents. No matter what her injury or injuries, Jen has fought her way back to functioning up to her high standard of excellence. She had a major motor vehicle accident during her first semester at Stanford University. She took time out because of her medical injuries. She returned to Stanford ending up as a history major and graduating with her class.
    She continued her statistics work with the male teams for Stanford and was the first woman to be allowed into the lofty ???no women allowed- third tier pressroom for newspaper reporters! This skill later translated into a job as team recorder for the Stanford football team that lasted for 13 years. While at Stanford, she also taught the children of the faculty how to swim. She started a swim team that began with 15 members and grew to 150 children ages 2-18 by her fifth and final year.
    Jen spent part of her sophomore year in Florence, Italy where she learned Italian and connected with the Florentines by joining the community pool. She was later to return to Florence for a year after she had received her MA from Stanford in History and translated for the German teams at the European games that were held there before returning to California.
    When she returned from Florence, Jen was ready for something new. A friend took her to a psychodrama group and she found it interesting enough that she went on to take a psychology course and later applied to the Clinical Community Psychology program at San Jose State; she received her MS in 1982. During her master's work, she herself was the target of a sexual harassment situation. As a result, she was being sent the most difficult-to-treat patients. The silver lining of this maneuver by an unprofessional professor was that Jen -rising to the occasion as always- became an expert on youth suicide and was asked to be part of the National Institute of Health Task Force on Youth Suicide. Jen has a real knack for turning adversity into opportunity.
    When she completed her MS, she began to work for the Santa Clara County Commission for the Status of Women, a government group that dealt with women's rights. Through her active participation in this commission, Jen ended up on the Women's Committee for the Sheriff of the County and began her wide range of political activities from working on 3 mayoral campaigns to one for the state assemblyman. At the time, she was also the Government Relations Chair for the Santa Clara Psychological Association and was a member of the state and county psychological trauma response committee. She also was the Chair for Division 6 of the California Media Division.
    Later, she attended the International College at the invitation of the new dean, Sylvia Gonzalez, and taught in the Clinical Psychology Department for the International College. In 1984, she went on to receive her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology.
     As she was studying for her licensing exam, Jen was in another motor vehicle accident. This time she had a head injury and could not remember any of her material for the test. She had to learn to read and write again. She was able to walk but had no balance; she was unable to move without falling down. Her health insurance had been changed and, at the time of the accident, she had no coverage. Again, Jen's extended network of friends came through for her, taking her to her medical appointments and helping her out. She taught her self to read again by replicating her early experience of reading comic books, Nancy Drew and newspapers. She was able to pass her written test but when she went to take her oral exam, although all concerned knew that she understood the material, she was unable to verbalize it. She took it 6 months later and completed the requirements for licensing.
     In 1989, she went to a brown bag lunch at the Giaretto Institute for Trauma. This was the first time that Jennifer Lendl encountered Francine Shapiro. At first, the audience were rolling their eyes and wondering what in the world this woman was talking about, until they saw the videotape that Francine showed of her work with a veteran from Vietnam. After the showing of the tape, the whole room grew quiet and Jen could not believe what she was seeing.  Jen met Francine again after the 1989 earthquake. She was on the Trauma Response Team and had written a survey with David Aguilera on the "Multidiscipline Survey of Therapist Reported Patient Response to the October 17, 1989 Earthquake" and Francine showed up at the Santa Clara County meeting. Francine recognized Jen and asked her to join her newly formed EMDR group. Jen agreed and her history with EMDR began.
     Jen was intrigued by Francine's passion and excitement for the work. She helped Francine on the early manual and with the protocol. Experimenting with using EMDR with close members of her inner circle who were dying, Jen helped with the formulation of working with those who were dying with EMDR. She characterized her response to Francine in the following way: Francine had this sense of wanting to help the pain in the world and a sense that if we could make a change one on one and continue to make the change, stop the stress, stop the pain, we could bring peace. We were encouraged to explore EMDR and to write and do research in our specialty areas. We were to write, write, write???and we all wanted to work on this.
    In those early days, there were monthly Saturday meetings in Palo Alto where the group members would get together and talk about EMDR. In 1991, they began more formal trainings and they would be on the road teaching 3-4 weekends a month; this went on for several years. At a certain point, Francine realized that she could not go on moving at this pace and she decided to train trainers. Jen was one of the initial twelve chosen.
    During those early years, Jen was active in promoting EMDR at hospitals, mental health associations, and government organizations, with California state legislators and colleagues and with sports organizations. She was interviewed on television, radio, and for newspapers and magazines and served on the first EMDR Professional and Ethics Committee (1991-1993). She was active in speaking at conferences and was a wise advisor for those already practicing EMDR. She spent a year at the California Naval Base as a Trauma Specialist handling Desert Shield and Desert Storm trauma. She has presented at Level II trainings nationally and internationally on "EMDR and the Military" and "EMDR and Performance Enhancement." She was one of two facilitators who had the idea to have the first EMDR Institute conference and went on to initiate the whole concept and get the program set up. She   was one of the people who encouraged Francine to extend the training and create a facilitator training. She was the Co-Founder and Chair of both the EMDR International Association Performance SIG and the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology EMDR SIG.
     By 1991, realizing the importance of integrating her knowledge of EMDR with her first love of performance enhancement for sports and other areas, Jen did an internship with Bruce Ogilvie, the grandfather of Sports Psychology. As Jen made the transition from clinical to sports psychology, Dr. Ogilvie provided her with exactly what she needed for this life change. In Jen's own right she has gone on to teach us about the integration of EMDR and Sports Psychology writing the "Personal Training Guide to Tennis" (Performance Enhancement Unlimited, 1995) and then, with Sam Foster, "EMDR for Performance at Work: A Professional Manual" (HAP, 1996; rev. 2003). Recently, they have published "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Four case studies of a new tool for executive coaching and restoring employee performance after setbacks" (in R.R. Kilburg & R.C Diedrich, 2007). She also has sat on dissertation committees for EMDR and Performance topics.
     In 1998, she began to work at the Amen Clinic with Daniel Amen. Their work together resulted in Dr. Amen's interest in EMDR and later study, in 2005, "High-resolution brain SPECT imaging and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in police officers with PTSD" for the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.
     Jennifer wanted to say this about the EMDR community: I cherish my connections with the EMDR community. It is like a family, however, this is a family that is ever expanding. I hope that we will continue to support each other. I want to thank Francine for her wonderful gift of healing, community and inspiration.
     Jennifer has continued to be an active member of the EMDR community. In 2006, she received the Francine Shapiro Award from the EMDR International Association for her contribution to EMDR. Despite another catastrophic motor vehicle accident in 2007, she has come back better than ever and continues to work her magic with her patients, her colleagues and all who know her. As one of the participants who commented on her "Performance and EMDR Workshop" wrote:" "Jennifer, each time, I have heard of your work or had the pleasure of hearing you present, I have been impressed by your expertise, creativity, professionalism, and heart. You are a consummate professional, a wonderful person, and a gift to us all."
     We are fortunate to have Jennifer herself???and all that she has to offer- as part of our community.

Elfrun Magloire
    
Elfrun Magloire was born Elfrun Saynisch in Hemer, Germany during World War 2. She was conceived while her father was on leave but he never returned. Her mother became a milliner to support her family and worked in her mother's shop and Elfrun remembers her childhood as "wonderful." Her older brother was her male model and she was positively influenced by his interest in books, culture and classical music. While her older sister was shy, Elfrun was gregarious and enjoyed speaking her mind. There were few teachers in post-war Germany and she shared a classroom with 50 other children. She first went to High School in Menden run by monks but she was too outspoken and her mother wisely transferred her to the High School in Iserlohn where she graduated in 1965.
    Despite her brother's influence, her interest in science reflected that of the father whom she never met. She excelled in Physics and wanted to go into Sound Engineering. When she did not find a program, she looked for another scientific interest to pursue. Luckily, she met a peer studying psychology and she decided to study experimental psychology at the University of Hamburg.
    While enjoying her studies in Hamburg, she met Lionel Magloire. Lionel was from Haiti and was reading Physics in the technical university of Clausthal-Zellerfeld. It was love at first sight and despite the protestations of her feminist colleagues who said to her, "It is 1968, you do not chase after a man!" she followed Lionel to the University of Munich to complete her studies. In 1970, she had their son Yves-Miro Magloire. The same year, she received her Diploma in Clinical Psychology. She loved the experimental nature of Behavior Therapy and found it a good strategy for working.
    Elfun's curious nature compelled her to continue learning. In 1974, she helped the community of Garching/M??nchen build a Counseling Center for Psychology and Psychotherapy for children and adults who had psychological problems. She was a member of the staff and alternated the role of director. She became certified in Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy accredited by the Deutsche Gesellschaft f??r Verhaltenstherapie (DGVT??? German Association of Behavior Therapy). This is a state licensure needed to work as a psychological psychotherapist.
    Elfrun worked at the Center until 1985. Over time, she came to the conclusion that Behavior Therapy did not offer her enough skills to work effectively with her patients so she started a certification programs in Family Systems Therapy with Virginia Satir and in Ericksonian Hypnosis. During the seventies-eighties, there was an "American psychotherapy invasion" and American psychotherapists came to Germany with new ideas in psychotherapy including learning through self-experience and small groups -a new concept for German clinicians. She completed the Family Systems certification (1984) while also working on Practitioner Certification in NLP (1983) and became certified in Ericksonian Hypnosis (1986).
    In 1983, Lionel was appointed to a professorship at the University of Cologne and they commuted between Munich and Cologne for 3 years.  Munich was a wonderful city filled with cafes more reminiscent of Italy than Germany, with easy access to weekend adventures at the sea, mountains or countryside. It was a difficult transition to Cologne when Elfrun moved in 1985 leaving her friends and community behind. In her mid-forties, Elfrun did not want to continue in community mental health. Through the friendships that her outgoing nature afforded during her studies, she met a colleague who   helped her. In 1986, she set up a private practice for children, adolescents and adults in Cologne specializing in Psychotraumatology and Systems Therapy.  She also worked with French-speaking patients especially African refugees who had been traumatized in their countries of origin.
    By 1989, Elfrun was recognized as a skilled clinician and began a parallel career as a training therapist, teacher and supervisor in Behavior Therapy at the Academy of Behavior Therapy (AVT) in Cologne. Later, she was asked to be in charge of the final examinations in this program for the Rhine Westphalia area of Germany. In 2004, she developed and directed continuing education training programs for licensed psychotherapists for certification in "Specialized Psychotrauma Therapy (DeGPT). She teaches three of the curriculum's eight courses: Basics of Treatment of Psychotrauma, Stabilization Techniques and Methods of Trauma Work (CBT, hypnotherapy, PIIT (Reddemann).
    In 1994, she went to the International Psychotherapy Congress in Hamburg and Donald Meichenbaum's workshop on "PTSD with CBT". During his talk, he mentioned a new method called EMDR. She thought that Meichenbaum was somewhat rejecting of EMDR: this piqued her curiosity and she began reading about EMDR. When she saw that there would be EMDR training in Cologne, she decided to attend.
    She began training through the EMDR Institute in Germany. By this time, she had much experience working with PTSD and anxiety with different modalities but noticed that often when she assisted patients in changing their cognitions or their evaluations of situations, the changes were not holding. When she worked with EMDR, changes held. Also, when learning about trauma through the eyes of an EMDR Practitioner, she was becoming more sensitized to when patients had PTSD. In 1998, she did her Part 2 training with Francine Shapiro, began supervision with Arne Hofmann and Supervisory Training with Marilyn Luber. Arne noticed she was gifted in teaching and encouraged her to become a Facilitator. She completed this training in 2003 and worked in Germany and France. During 2006-2007, she completed her Trainer's Training for EMDR Europe and became certified in "Specialized Psychotrauma Therapy (DeGPT), the German affiliate to the European and International Societies for Traumatic Stress Studies.
    Since her marriage to Lionel, they were frequent visitors to Haiti. During these visits, she had opportunities to meet Haitian colleagues. By 2004, she gave workshops to prepare Haitian psychotherapists for a certification in psychotraumatology. She tried to create a project at this time, but, due to other world catastrophes, there was no funding available.
    In 2005, Elfrun met Myrtho Mara Chilosi through friends. Myrtho, a psychiatrist, did her EMDR training in Italy and spoke about EMDR in her lectures to the medical faculty of the University in Port-au-Prince. Elfrun was delighted to have a Haitian EMDR practitioner with whom she could introduce EMDR into the guarded Haitian professional community. As a result of slavery, Haitians are reticent and a hard to know people.  They are polite but keep their distance. The only way to gain their confidence is to speak Creole and even then it takes time. Through other friends Elfrun met Roseline Benjamin, Clinical Psychologist and Director of a Counseling center in Clinical and Applied Psychology in Haiti, called IDEO. She is a Board Member of the Haitian Association of Psychologists that has about 35 members. Through her, Elfrun found a group of clinicians motivated to learn EMDR. The question still remained, "Where do we find the funding?" Roseline was so eager to learn EMDR that she went to Montreal/Canada in 2005 and 2006 despite the financial hardship.
    Lionel encouraged Elfrun to apply to the Institute of Foreign Relations (IFA), affiliated with the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs as they are interested in helping societies where there is violence and catastrophe. Her idea was to teach members of the Haitian society about psychotraumatology to help them understand the nature of trauma and integrate their learning into their society to decrease the aggressive and violent behaviors there. The IFA ordinarily worked with a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) but Elfrun was on her own. She partnered with a Haitian NGO, Unit?? de Recherche et d'Action M??dico-L??gale (URAMEL) that was helping to introduce the idea that medical and legal personnel should know about trauma and its effects. IFA agreed to partner directly with Elfrun as an individual and URAMEL. Then, URAMEL hired Elfrun as a consultant. The application was an extensive process comparable to writing a dissertation and also had to be written in French and translated into German. In 2007, it was accepted.
    The project, "Crises, Conflicts, Psychotrauma Management and Peace" began in 2008. It was sponsored by IFA and URAMEL. The first training consisted of 50 clinicians from all over Haiti. She taught about psychotraumatology including identification, stabilization and resource techniques, CBT, screen techniques and Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) for acute collective trauma. The EMDR Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (IGTP) was essential given the situation in Haiti. Participants also found it helpful to use the IGTP for their own work. The training was a success.
    Myrtho and Roseline also helped survivors in October after a huge flood in Gonaives (Haiti's second largest city). In December 2008, after the collapse of a nursery school in Nerette, a quarter of Port-au-Prince, where 97 children died and 140 more survived, Elfrun returned and worked with 15 therapists, who had been trained by her in the project of URAMEL) helping them in supervision as they worked with the children. From April ??? May 2009, Myrtho and Rosline worked with 40 aid workers who had Secondary PTSD in the aftermath of Hurricane Hanna.
    After the devastating earthquake on January 12, 2010, Arne Hofmann called Elfrun to explore ways to support the Haitian community. The beginning response is a partnership between HAP Germany, EMDRHAP (USA) and Terre des Hommes, under the umbrella of URAMEL. On February 3rd, Ute Sodemann, Vice President of Trauma AID/HAP Germany will arrive in Port-au-Prince with Chris Hartmann and Ivo M.R. Soto from Terre des Hommes. Elfrun will go on February 8th as an EMDR Trainer with Rahel Sch??epp, EMDR Trainer in Training for assessment work with URAMEL, and to meet with ???Cellule d'Urgence,' Haitian colleagues who are organizing psychological First Aid and are planning and implementing Recent Trauma Psychoeducation by radio. They are also planning CISM and IGTP interventions. They will collaborate with Ignacio Jarero, who is part of NGO World Vision's international team and an EMDR Trainer from Mexico, to become more skillful in the use of the IGTP.
    To the EMDR community, Elfrun says: "I hope that there will be a day that every psychotherapist in the world knows EMDR."
    Elfrun Magloire demonstrates the importance of serving one's family, friends, professional community, country and the world, she is essential to our EMDR community.

John Marquis
    
Since John Marquis recently told me that he rides his bicycle almost 60 miles a week going home and to work, I have been having this wonderful vision of him riding across the skies of California???sort of like E.T.! Perhaps, this is a loose association, but, truthfully, I have always thought that there is a touch of the magical about John. I think it is that strange admixture of dependability and sturdiness with that great twinkle in his eye and imperturbable spirit that has endeared him to me. John truly marches to the beat of his own drummer.
    When I think back to my early days as part of the EMDR community, I always think of John Marquis because he is one of the old-timers of EMDR. As a deeply concerned psychologist and academician, he always would lend an aura of respectability to this new, strange and wonderful method we call EMDR.
     John was first introduced to psychology as a freshman at Maryville College in Tennessee through three texts: William James' Principles of Psychology, Sigmund Freud's General Introduction to Psychoanalysis and Watson's Behaviorism. By the end of the semester, he was hooked and decided to declare his major as Psychology. He transferred to the University of Illinois to broaden his horizons and graduated with a B.S. in Psychology in the class of 1950. At that point, the Army drafted John and he was off to Fort Sam Houston where he was a Clinical Psychology Technician and continued his interest in human behavior by administering psychological tests. At the end of his military service, John attended Ohio University and received an M.S. in Psychology. With his interest in clinical work growing, he worked at a State Hospital in Logansport, Indiana for one year to gain more experience.  Convinced that clinical psychology was his future, John enrolled at the University of Michigan where he fulfilled part of his requirement for his doctorate by writing his dissertation on "Fantasy Measures of Aggressive Behavior." He was thoroughly trained in Psychoanalytic Theory as well as other areas of Psychology. He worked summers at the University of Michigan Fresh Air Camp for disturbed children and spent his winters as a teaching fellow in Introductory Psychology. He was awarded his doctorate in Personality Theory in 1960.
    During his doctoral work, John began his sojourn at the Veteran's Administration in hospitals as an intern in Ann Arbor and Dearborn. He continued this interesting work after graduation when he moved to Palo Alto, California and worked in the VA hospital there until his retirement in 1984. He thought that Palo Alto was the best placement in the VA system because it gave psychologists a great deal of responsibility. During his time at the VA, John served as a Ward Psychologist and Program Director for eight years, and Principal Psychologist for the Mental Hygiene Clinic for eight years. He also served on the Social Learning Unit, an Out-placement Unit, a Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit and a Co-ed Psychiatric Ward.
    While he was there, John had the opportunity to work along with some of the luminaries in Psychology such as Lenny Krasner, Al Bandura, Arnold Lazarus and Jack Atthowe. John retired from the VA in 1984 at age 55 after 30 years of service including his time in the Army.
    During this period of time, John was intrigued by other possibilities and worked as a Staff Psychologist at the Behavior Therapy Institute in Sausalito under Arnold Lazarus from 1966-68. From 1971-76, He was part of the Behavior Change Corporation Alcohol Treatment Program in Los Altos in the capacity of Chairman of the Board of Directors. He joined Stanford University in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences first as a Clinical Instructor and then as an Assistant Professor from 1975-1984. Also, he worked at the Behavioral Medicine Clinic at the Psychiatry and Behavioral Science Department of the Stanford University School of Medicine from 1977-82. He became an Emeritus Professor at Stanford in 1984.
    John took his skills out into the community and soon after he came to Palo Alto, he joined the Mid-Peninsula ACLU. As a member, he worked on the Committee on Civil Liberties of Mental Patients and contacted those who were working on the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act that ended indefinite commitments for mental patients. Through their intervention, they got their recommendations incorporated into the law, including the first Bill of Rights for mental patients, which John's committee drafted.  From 1970 ??? 1971, John was on the Board of the Ecology Center Foundation located in Berkeley. Through the work of this group, the first Ecology Center was formed and served as a model for other centers. People came from all over to learn about the center and then returned home to create their own centers. Also in the seventies, John was an active member of the California State Psychological Association (CSPA). He was the Insurance Chair and also led the task force on Masters-Level Psychologists. In 1976, John assumed the position of President for the Santa Clara County Psychological Association.
    After John VA, he became interested in Psychologists for Social Responsibility and served as the Chair of the chapter in Northern California. He was on the steering committee that resulted in the beginning of the APA Division of Peace Psychology.
    In the late 80's, John was a part-time Professor at Pacific Graduate School of Psychology in Palo Alto where he served as Director of Clinical Training from 1991-1992. John has been in private practice since 1964 and lists his areas of specialization as the following: "phobias, anxiety, stress, and panic disorder: relaxation training and application; breathing training for hyper-ventilators; systematic desensitization: flooding and implosive therapy; cognitive behavior therapy; social skills training; couples and family therapy; adolescent problems; sex therapy; sexual offenses, and sexual object choice; alcohol problems ??? controlled drinking, abstinence, and relapse prevention training; health problems and self-management skills; eye movement desensitization and reprocessing; evaluations and expert testimony; and dissociative disorders.
    Through all the years of John's career he has always felt that "The thing that was important to me was looking for new effective therapies. The goal was to get psychotherapy out of the witch doctor stage." With that in mind, John was always interested in new, better and more efficient kinds of psychotherapies such as Tom Stampfl's Exposure Therapy; orgasmic reconditioning for sex offenders (which resulted in the cessation of Aversive Therapy) and the moderate drinking training, and, of course, EMDR.
    John became aware of EMDR when he noticed that a woman by the name of Francine Shapiro was giving a presentation at a 1989 AABT convention at the same time as he was. Curious, he jumped at the opportunity to hear Dr. Shapiro speak at the Gioretto Institute for sex offenders' lecture series just before the 1989 earthquake and spoke to her afterwards about this new trauma treatment. He went home and tried it immediately and was very impressed with its clinical effectiveness. During that time, he sought consultation with Dr. Shapiro and tried EMD (the early name of EMDR) with a wide variety of clinical problems. In March 1990, he attended the first public training in the United States and then took the second level training in the fall.
    Smitten with EMDR's efficacy with his patients, in 1991, at the invitation of Joseph Wolpe, John published the results of 78 cases of EMDR in the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. During the following spring, John sponsored the first academic training at the Pacific Graduate School of Psychology. This experience included the first translation of the training into Spanish for a psychology professor from El Salvador by his daughter, Priscilla Marquis. Later John arranged for other colleagues from El Salvador to take subsequent trainings at the EMDR Institute.
    John's social activism grew and he began to volunteer his time, energy and money to be part of the active humanitarian team of EMDR practitioners. As the interest in Central America evolved, in the summer of 1991, John and Priscilla (as translator and facilitator) gave the first HAP-type training at the Baptist Hospital in Managua, Nicaragua with Dr. Shapiro's blessing. This was at John's own expense. He also volunteered a week of his time to help survivors of Hurricane Andrew in Florida. Later, in August 1995, he spent a week in Oklahoma City after the Oklahoma City bombing as part of the facilitating team and on-site volunteers who worked with the emergency workers and surviving members of people killed in the blast. In December 1998, John spent two weeks in Bangladesh with the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program helping to complete their contract with UNESCO to train and consult. Life came full circle as during this trip, he worked for Priscilla who is now a trainer for HAP.
    John joined the Humanitarian Assistance Program's Board from its inception in 1996 and served a four-year term.
    To the EMDR community, John wants to communicate the following:
    "I think that it is wonderful all of the good therapeutic methods that have been originated and developed and disseminated through EMDR. So many people have been impressed with the quality of the training and in the general therapeutic skills that serve as a matrix for EMDR. I think that this is just an exciting time as it becomes agreed upon that EMDR is effective in treating PTSD and that the research can move on to how EMDR works and how to improve it and treating other problems. These are exciting times"!
    John's personal life is as rich as his professional life. His wife Pat of 43 years is filled with the same vitality as John. She was the former proprietor of a Native American arts store and she is an avid cook who has collected 5000 cookbooks. She is the President of the Stanford Women's Club. They have 2 sons, Neil and Paul, and our Priscilla who is an active member of our community. John is a gourmet cook and amateur gardener who grows fresh herbs and citrus for their table. He loves to go snorkling.
    John's dedication to psychology, the EMDR family and the larger community of the world is apparent in who he is and all that he does. How lucky we are to have John Marquis among us.

Jack McCarthy & Peggy Bacon
    
John J. McCarthy (Jack) and Margaret S. Bacon (Peggy) met in 1992, while participating on a consultation team.  Both were psychologists who shared a passion for learning, understanding diversity, challenging situations and travel. 
    Peggy was born in Washington D.C. to Margaret Hope Bacon and Samuel Allen Bacon. Her parents met at Antioch College and married. Her father, from an old Quaker family, was a conscientious objector in World War II, doing his military service at Schwenkesville Mental Hospital. Service was paramount in Peggy's family. Her father worked for the Friends' Service Committee and as a Social Work Administrator in Settlement Houses. Her mother was a writer, publishing numerous books about Quaker historical figures. Peggy lived in an affluent suburb that did not fit with her family's values. She learned early how important it was for children to have someone to talk to when they were having difficulty adjusting. She found a sense of community when she moved to Philadelphia to attend Germantown Friends School.  In 1969, she completed college at the University of Pennsylvania. Shaped by the times, she grew interested in alternative lifestyles and volunteered for a Quaker sponsored work camp with Afro-American Activists in Los Angeles during her Junior Year and then later worked in a Czechoslavkian orphanage with students from Russia, Britain and the USA. They shared how they perceived the world and life resulting in the shattering of her worldview when her privileged American upbringing clashed with seeing the effect of American policy in the world. Consequently, the world got "bigger, complicated and nuanced." Earlier, she volunteered for the Friends Neighborhood Guild in North Philadelphia. She noted, "We all take for granted how people live. I felt like I was in boot camp." After college, she was a Case Worker in a North Philadelphia Mental Hospital, then, worked in the Philadelphia Public Assistance Department. She conducted house visits, talking to clients about their financial and social service needs. After Peggy married, she moved to Connecticut with her first husband. In 1972, she graduated with her MSW from the University of Connecticut. She worked in a community mental health setting with adolescents, adults and couples at the Griffin Hospital Outpatient Unit in Derby, CT. In 1979, she was a Post-Masters Fellow at the Child Development Center at Yale University and was influenced by their Object Relational perspective. She wrestled between her early training in bio-psychiatry and her later, more clinical, influences. Clinical work triumphed and she attended the University of Minnesota receiving a joint degree in Developmental and School Psychology in 1989. Her dissertation was in conjunction with a long-term study concerning the power of attachment in an at risk population from 3 months preterm to 9 years old. By 1990, she moved to New Bedford, MA and began her general psychology private practice. She was a Psychological Consultant at New Bedford's Regional Vocational and Technical High School.
    Peggy lived in an affluent suburb that did not fit with her family's values. She learned early how important it was for children to have someone to talk to when they were having difficulty adjusting. She found a sense of community when she moved to Philadelphia to attend Germantown Friends School. In 1969, she completed college at the University of Pennsylvania. Shaped by the times, she grew interested in alternative lifestyles and volunteered for a Quaker sponsored work camp with Afro-American Activists in Los Angeles during her Junior Year and then later worked in a Czechoslavkian orphanage with students from Russia, Britain and the USA. They shared how they perceived the world and life resulting in the shattering of her worldview when her privileged American upbringing clashed with seeing the effect of American policy in the world. Consequently, the world got "bigger, complicated and nuanced." Earlier, she volunteered for the Friends Neighborhood Guild in North Philadelphia. She noted, "We all take for granted how people live. I felt like I was in boot camp." After college, she was a Case Worker in a North Philadelphia Mental Hospital, then, worked in the Philadelphia Public Assistance Department. She conducted house visits, talking to clients about their financial and social service needs.
    After Peggy married, she moved to Connecticut with her first husband. In 1972, she graduated with her MSW from the University of Connecticut. She worked in a community mental health setting with adolescents, adults and couples at the Griffin Hospital Outpatient Unit in Derby, CT. In 1979, she was a Post-Masters Fellow at the Child Development Center at Yale University and was influenced by their Object Relational perspective. She wrestled between her early training in bio-psychiatry and her later, more clinical, influences. Clinical work triumphed and she attended the University of Minnesota receiving a joint degree in Developmental and School Psychology in 1989. Her dissertation was in conjunction with a long-term study concerning the power of attachment in an at risk population from 3 months preterm to 9 years old. By 1990, she moved to New Bedford, MA and began her general psychology private practice. She was a Psychological Consultant at New Bedford's Regional Vocational and Technical High School. By 1992, she became interested in trauma while dealing with very disturbed clients.
    Jack grew up in an entirely different setting. Jack was born in Sebring, Florida while his father was doing military service, and then moved back to South Boston with his family. Jack was part of the Irish Catholic community where people identified themselves by parish. His grandparents came from Ireland and his father, John McCarthy, was born in South Boston where he first became a liquor salesman and then the Assistant Register of Deeds in Boston. His mother, Katherine Goode, was an educated woman and became an elementary school teacher. She was the only one in both families who graduated college. She was a multifaceted teacher who enjoyed working with new immigrants and teaching people horticulture through her Victory Garden on the Fenway. John and Katherine met through her brother Joe. They had to wait for years to get married because of the economy.
    Jack is an only child and attended the oldest public high school in the country, Boston Latin School. He was a History major at the College of the Holy Cross (Worchester), graduating in 1967. He then went on to complete his MA in History. He taught and coached at Dartmouth High School in Southeastern, MA and became fascinated in the students who struggled and underperformed for no apparent reason. After 2 years, he became a Guidance Counselor and later an Adjustment Counselor at an alternative school with 20 of the most difficult students. To be better equipped for his students, Jack enrolled in Boston College's Counseling Psychology. Program and graduated in 1982. He was also a Clinical Supervisor for 4 years at New Bedford Area Center for Human Services, working with clients with thought disorders.
    In 1984, he began his private practice and learned that he needed training in family therapy to best serve the referrals he was receiving. He attended the Family Institute of Cambridge's Intensive Program meeting once a week for a year and continued Family Therapy Consultation with several supervisors, including David Treadway.
    It was then that Peggy and Jack met at their consultation team meeting. They were both in Private Practice working with individuals, couples and families. Jack was married and Peggy was single. In this team, they worked mostly with couples. One group member brought in a couple, another member would interview them and the 3rd and 4th members would reflect on what they saw, talking among themselves.
    Jack's first wife had died in 1993 after an ongoing illness. During this time, the team continued to meet. By the spring of 1994, Jack realized one day that Peggy was not just "my esteemed colleague" but that "she is a woman!" It turned out that Peggy had been thinking about him too and they married in 1995.
    They continued their interest in learning by training in Psychodrama (Robert Ginn, Richard Chasin), Dissociative Disorders (James Chu), Mindfulness Based Stress Disorders (John Kabat Zinn), Couples Therapy (Richard and Antra Borofsky), and Dialectical Behavior Therapy of Borderline
    Personality Disorder (Marsha Linehan).
    In 1997, they heard Bessel van der Kolk present on EMDR and took the EMDR training. At the time, it was "The Wild West of EMDR" with no cautions, so they went out, used it immediately and received supervision from Libby Call.
    Jack's youngest daughter went to Madagascar with the Peace Corps, and he and Peggy visited for 5 weeks in 1997. They wondered about bringing EMDR to remote places and also thought this when visiting a nephew in the Peace Corps in Nicaragua. Their opportunity came when Libby got involved with the Burma Border Projects. She was asked to teach medics how to deal with mental health issues after, and asked Jack and Peggy if they wanted to come. They gave a wholehearted, "YES!" In January 2000, they went to the Burmese Border to teach about trauma and its effects. Libby did a great job and they were invited back. The medics told them of their horrifying experiences at the hands of the Burmese Army.
    Through businessman Michael Forhan, who had worked in Burma and wanted to do something for the people, Libby met Dr. Cynthia Maung, a Burmese physician who had created a clinic and resource center for the Karen Hill people on the border between Burma and Thailand. Jack and Peggy "fell
    in love" with the wonderful people there who transcended their own suffering to take on the demanding roles of medics and women's groups organizers. The situation was dire as the refugees were there without permission and had to choose life in the refugee camps or work as illegal aliens in Thailand. There was a great deal of domestic violence and addictive behaviors. There was also a need for financial help to provide for orphanages and schools. Michael, with the help of Libby, Peggy and Jack, founded Burma Border Projects, a non-profit organization, to raise money to help with these basic needs.
    Baptist missionaries came to their land in the 1900's, but the people
    felt they could not ask the preachers or monks to help cope with the breakdown of the family. Although
    the Karen were Christian, they were Christian within a Buddhist Culture and the ideas of compassion
    and experiencing were pivotal to understanding them. They had no tradition of mental health treatment.
    Accordingly, Peggy and Jack started with the basics such as motivational interviewing, how to relate with others, how to listen, and how to elicit problem solving in others. They also incorporated the Karen's cultural values and morals and validated the work the Karen were doing already. The women were the organizers and through "tend and befriend," they started schools and safe houses for women, often getting arrested by Thai police. The men had lost everything ??? their property, businesses, status and role as providers. Consequently, some drank and became abusive to the women and children.
    By 2001 -2007, three times a year, they closed their practices and went to the Border. They had hoped to work there fulltime but funding did not work out. They told their clients what they were doing and only one woman fired them. When they went, they made contacts through the Karen's Women's Organization and worked with the medics or leaders. They set up trainings along the border and did 3-4 day trainings teaching how to cope with trauma. They did some EMDR work, but because of the volatile political situation, it was impossible to track those trained. Before they left, they had trained 800 people and completed 35-40 trainings. The Burma Border Project continues to operate on the border supporting social projects and providing counseling training.
    By 2008, Jack became a Trainer for EMDRHAP. He has done trainings in Community Mental Health Centers in the Northeast US, Boise, Idaho and Ruston, Louisiana. He updated the "Traumatology and Stabilization" presentation, at the request of EMDRHAP staff, and has taught clinicians who are working with developmentally disabled populations.
    Recently, their youngest daughter moved to Zambia and works for the Clinton Foundation in Public Health and her husband is a Neurologist working in a hospital there. When Peggy and Jack visited last year they presented on trauma and stabilization. When they return this year, they plan to conduct the first of a series of EMDR trainings in Zambia through EMDRHAP. The hope is to help develop a self-sustaining EMDR community in Zambia that will address the impact of their devastating HIV/AIDS epidemic and collaborate with other EMDR programs throughout Africa.
    Besides their interest in their work, Peggy and Jack have found time to hike in the Italian Alps and the Canadian Rockies. They also enjoy reading, kayaking, gardening and their 7 grandchildren.
    We are lucky that Peggy and Jack have come together to make this mutual contribution to our EMDR community.

Sushma Mehrota
    
Extraordinary women flourish in our EMDR organization. Sushma Mehrotra from Bombay, India has followed in the footsteps of Francine Shapiro as a woman with vision, compassion and the drive to push through, despite the obstacles in front of her.
    Although Sushma was born in North India, she resides in Mumbai with her husband and his mother. Sushma was the eldest of five born into the loving home of Vimla and Dwarika Mehrotra. Her father was the manager of a textile mill and her mother took care of the children. Later, when her parents moved to Canada, her mother owned her own boutique, employing women to make clothes to order.
    Growing up in Nainital, at the foot of the Himalayas, Sushma and her siblings were nurtured in the warmth of a secure attachment and the wonder and beauty of one of the natural wonders of the world. Sushma's parents understood the importance of fostering a sense of self and independence in their children. As a result, each of their children grew up knowing that their parents had confidence in them, and, this allowed for the emerging of each one's natural tendencies and talents.
    In 1972, Sushma married her husband, Rajen Mehrotra, after completing a college program where she graduated with a focus on Political Science and the History of India at the undergraduate level. Two years later, they welcomed their daughter, Parul, into their lives. She became a Montessori teacher and, after a period of time, her daughter attended this very same school.
    In the late ???70s, Sushma engaged her creativity by working with her hands. She taught embroidery and toy making at the College of Home Science at the University of Bombay.
    Sushma was enjoying her life and the fruits of her labors when she asked a question that would change the direction of her life. During a faculty meeting, she noted that there was a disparity in the pay between the faculty in the Home Science College for the Polytechnic-where she was teaching- and the faculty in the Home Science College. She asked for an explanation. Her principal's answer to her question hurt her in her core. She said it was because the other faculty was more "educated" and that entitled them to a higher pay scale. Sushma was hurt at the assumption that the skill that went into the creativity of handicrafts was not as worthwhile as what the others were doing. The thought that she was considered "uneducated" was particularly painful and disturbing.
    Although this was a shocking experience, it turned out to be one that mobilized her and her family. Sushma told her family members what happened and they encouraged her to go back to school. Her husband said "You have to prove them wrong and go and study."
    With the support of her husband and family, in 1986, Sushma went back to school. It was her mother-in-law who took on many of her daily chores, and, for 5 years, Sushma did not enter the kitchen so that she could study and excel at her work.
    Since Sushma was a child, people had said that she could listen well to people and empathize with them. They trusted her and knew that she would keep their confidence. Enjoying this natural talent, Sushma decided that her life's work ???a long with being a wife, mother, daughter, and daughter-in-law- would be to extend her talents to the greater society in which she lived. When Sushma was in High School in Nainital, she had wanted to pursue studies in Psychology. Unfortunately, Psychology was not available and it was only in 1986, when she began her Masters in Psychology followed by a M. Phil and Ph.D. at the Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey (S.N.D.T.) Women's University, that she could pursue her interest.
    Sushma went on to receive her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the same university. She had received an assistantship during the M. Phil. and started her study of Clinical Psychology with extensive Psychodiagnostic and Psychotherapeutic internships besides the research assignments. During the course of her work, Sushma worked in mental hospitals, addiction centers, child guidance clinics, and women's cells for destitute women. Also, she was involved with outpatient work.
    Quickly, Sushma's teachers recognized her talent. She was asked to begin supervising new post-graduate students, while still in her program. The fact that she was chosen over those with more academic qualifications than she had at the time, created discontent amongst some of the faculty. She began by teaching psycho-diagnostics and psychopathology and moved on to supervision. She then became a full-time lecturer. By 1995, she had completed her doctorate and was working at the Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research where the energy and excitement of the work inspired her and her colleagues to teach all day and sometimes into the night.
    Another turning point for Sushma occurred at the end of her studies. Her mother wanted to give her a graduation gift and so she and her husband went to Canada where she was able to meet other psychologists and learn new advances in the field. She ended up taking a number of trainings including courses in Family Therapy, Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology, Transactional Analysis, Psychodrama, Gestalt and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). During the course of the holiday, Sushma met Margaret Cunningham, a psychologist who introduced her to a fairly new therapy called EMDR. As she did not have the time or resources at the time to take the trainings, Sushma bought Francine Shapiro's text, "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols and Procedures." She read it cover to cover and tried it herself.
    During annual professional conferences in India, new developments in Mental Health are presented often either in the form of book review or emerging new methods. Sushma was so excited about the work that she saw, she wrote a conceptual paper about EMDR and presented it at the Annual Conference at the Bombay Psychological Association in 1996. Sushma followed this by a series of presentations with other mental health professionals.
    At one seminar where she was presenting, she met someone who knew Ann Kafoury, an EMDR Institute Facilitator and EMDRIA Approved Consultant. Sushma, excited at the possibility of meeting and speaking to someone who had been trained in EMDR, wrote to Ann. As a result of Ann's letter, Sushma decided not to practice EMDR until she was properly trained.
    In a confluence of events, in 1998, there was a flood in Bangladesh and coincidently Sushma met the UNICEF chief of Bangladesh who was in Bangalore, India for a Nature Cure Therapy.  He mentioned that a team of psycholologists from HAP ???USA were coming to help the flood victims and would be using EMDR. When Sushma expressed the desire to learn EMDR, he tried to invite her but it was not possible for her to go to Bangladesh due to several reason s related to logistic support.
    Sushma at this point was continuously writing to Ann. Ann Kafoury, in the meantime, was in Bangladesh and they made arrangements for her to come to India to talk about starting to do HAP trainings in India. Ann gave a presentation to the Mental Health community, and, soon after, HAP-USA brought trainers and facilitators to India. Manoshakti, the crisis intervention center of the Department of Psychology of Post Graduate Studies of Research Studies of S.N.D.T. Women's University was ready to receive and coordinate activities related to EMDR. Between 1999 and 2001, approximately 100 Indian practitioners were trained at S.N.D.T. Women's University in Mumbai.
    In 2000, Sushma's husband moved to Delhi and worked for the International Labor Organization. 
    On January 26th 2001, during the celebration of Republic day, tragedy in the form of a major earthquake hit in the western part of the Indian province of Gujarat. In a few seconds, life for the inhabitants of this area changed irrevocably. This was the second most deadly earthquake in recorded Indian history and took a heavy toll of life and property. Many were left homeless, orphaned or injured. The world responded with massive relief and life was beginning to return to some sense of normalcy.
    Sushma, however, was concerned about the psychological repercussions in the inhabitants. Although the site of the earthquake was 15 hours away from her home, Sushma gathered a team together to respond to those in need. Her daughter -now a psychiatrist- was instrumental in helping people and giving medical advice besides participating in EMDR work. At first, not one of the agencies that they approached wanted their help. They found Mr. Jasubhai Shah who encouraged and sponsored the fledgling group and the Manoshakti, the Crisis Intervention Center from S.N.D.T. University coordinated the rest.
    At first, the people on-site denied any psychological problems. Despite the seeming lack of interest, the team prepared a checklist of PTSD symptoms and publicized the list through newspapers, and speeches at local schools, offices and organizations. Nature intervened again in the form of a monsoon with thunder and lightning that brought back the acute stress reactions ??? as the people ran out of their buildings for safety. The stress reaction ranged from fear and anxiety to stampede in some of the schools. The work began with a plan to attend all the primary and secondary schools of the city of Bhuj, one of the worst affected areas.
    Sushma remained in and out of Gujarat for 4 months coordinating the work of 40 EMDR trained professionals who volunteered to participate in a 3-month intervention. During this time, they lived in tents, as there was no infrastructure available. They stayed in the open and were unable to even get drinking water because of lack of resources. The team learned to handle these inconveniences and began to truly appreciate the amenities that they had taken for granted. They worked from early in the morning until late at night.
    Their work resulted in reaching 16,000 children and several hundred teachers, parents, women, men and some families. The work extended to 6 months and the volunteers by rotation continued to work in the target location. For each group 2-3 sessions were conducted and follow-ups occurred after one, two and three month intervals. On follow-up, schoolteachers noted that the behavior and academic performance of their students had improved and the children were able to cope better, so much so that they could return to the classroom.
    In 2001, the research that was conducted during the work in Gujarat was presented at the South Asia Regional Conferences held in Mumbai and published in the Indian journal named "Bombay Psychologists." 
    In Delhi, after her earlier work with HIV prevention in her state, Sushma joined the National AIDS Control Organization in New Delhi to set up and strengthen HIV counseling and testing centers across India. Sushma supported the National Government's work in this area by writing HIV counseling and testing guidelines, designing curriculum for the counselors, setting up best practices, supporting the writing of the Global Fund proposal, conducting training of trainers and writing the manual. She was in close contact with WHO staff to write the regional manual for HIV counseling in South Asia. She was connected with the HIV prevention program for Sex Workers and Intravenous Drug abusers as a Director of the SAKSHAM program Of CARE India. This was part of the AVAHAN initiatives of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. She has associated with the Ministry of Health of Maldives and Timor-Leste for HIV counseling and testing initiatives. Sushma remained in Delhi from 2002- 2007.
    In 2004, after the tsunami that hit the South Coast of India, HAP-USA returned to India, training 50 more participants in Chennai and the southern part of India. Some of the participants from the Mumbai and Chennai trainings went on to become facilitators.
    She has returned to Bombay and has resumed as a free-lance consultant and works in her Private Practice. The International Planned Parenthood Federation has asked her to assist them in their work in family planning in Asia. They have asked her to write a manual to help address the prevalent problems of trauma, self-esteem and guilt. She is currently developing a manual for the Reproductive Health Counselors of South East Asia in the area of trauma, guilt and self-esteem. She has included her knowledge about EMDR to inform others about this modality and is hoping that this work will include reaching out to 8-10 more countries in Asia.
    To date, there are about 100 EMDR trained mental health professionals in Mumbai. There is a need for follow up, supervision, consultation and retraining. United in their concern to have EMDR as a viable treatment in India, a core of practitioners in Bombay, Bangalore and Chennai are beginning to build the EMDR Association in India to provide more training and support afterwards.
    At the EMDR Europe Conference in London, in June, Sushma and her colleagues came together to begin the steps to create an EMDR Asia Association. The countries represented at the time included Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Korea, Pakistan, Thailand, and Vietnam with the idea of including other Asian countries with an EMDR presence. Their mission is to uphold the standards of EMDR in Asia and educate practitioners about EMDR and trauma.
    When asked what she would like to say to the greater EMDR community, Sushma responded: "What really touched me this time (at the EMDR European 2008 Annual Conference in London) is that we are going global. This is an affiliation that I would like to continue. I want EMDR to remain undiluted. I like it in the pure form. Let us be united and together with this common thread."
    Sushma's interest in working in the field of Psychology and for the greater good is balanced by her love for home and family. She enjoys decorating her home and doing the important, day-to-day activities that unite a family such as cooking and inviting people over for meals and comraderie. She is an avid reader and especially enjoys reading biographies.
    Sushma brings a solidity and vision to her work with EMDR. Pulling from the early strength of a strong, vital family, she has translated the wisdom she has learned in time through interactions with her family, friends, colleagues and acquaintances and married it with her keen powers of observation and intelligence. As a result, she has profoundly touched all those who meet her and has the ability to change what needs to be changed. We in the EMDR community are lucky that she is part of our family.

Richard Mitchell
    
The circumstances of Richard Mitchell's birth were symbolic of many of the things that would become important in his life: separateness; trauma; madness; large institutions and connections to Europe.
    Born in the Lennoxtown lunatic asylum -that was also functioning as a maternity ward- in Glasgow, Scotland, Richard came into the world during World War II in the midst of the chaos of not only the world, but, literally and figuratively, into its "madness." His parents were emigrants; his mother's parents had come from Ireland during one of the Irish famines while his father came from Germany in the 1930's. They met at the famous Gleneagles Hotel where they both worked. His grandfather had stayed in Germany and was imprisoned in Dachau because of his left wing political views. His father became a political refugee who came to Scotland in protest of the political climate of the Third Reich.
    Unfortunately, the change of name from Lutz to Mitchell aroused suspicion and, because his father still was a German national, he was incarcerated in 1941 at Barlinnie Prison and then interned in the Isle of Mann camp for the better part of the war. His mother who had already given birth to Richard's elder brother, Peter, was ostracized by the society in which she lived because of her marriage. In 1944, Richard was born when his father was allowed to return to Glasgow toward the end of the war when victory for the Allies was within reach.
    The era in which Richard was born was filled with turmoil. He grew up in a world that had managed to produce more trauma in a short period of time than had been produced for centuries. Coming from two parents who had sustained trauma of their own, Richard grew up hearing about the trauma and indignities that his father had sustained as a prisoner of war and how his father had responded with the feeling of anger at the injustice of what had happened.
    The effects on Richard and his 2 brothers were twofold; they felt both separate and special. Separate because of their father's German heritage in a postwar era that vilified Hitler and Germany and caused them to not publicize their German connections, yet, special because of his father's positive reaction to his European and German connections.
    Richard grew up with the advantage of understanding the consequences of war and also the multi-dimensional experience of people on different sides of a conflict. From an early age, he incorporated the guilt and responsibility of what had happened. Even though his family had not supported Hitler's regime, his family suffered for it and was part of the whole experience of the war. As a young child, he visited his grandfather, aunt and cousins in Germany and remembers the devastation that had occurred in that land. Later, when he married his wife, Judy, he heard the stories of how Judy's mother and her sister escaped Germany but lost the rest of their family in Auschwitz. This trauma of post-World War II has been a leitmotif that has shaped Richard's life choices and path. 
    Influenced by his older brother's success in the academic world, Richard completed his Scottish education and decided to follow an Engineering Management course to move into the professional world. By the third year, it became clear to him that he was unhappy in this work and was much more interested in a profession that supported human interaction and caring. He found out about Social Work and decided to pursue a course of study with children.
    For the first time, he left Scotland and pursued a Certificate of Qualification in Social Work in Colchester, England. He met Judy and, in 1970, he both married and completed his training. Judy was English from outside of Birmingham and they decided to settle in England.
    His first job was at the Oxford City Social Services, Department at Oxfordshire where he worked with children and adolescents. Richard felt like he had found his niche. He had enjoyed his psychodynamic training and was working with families with children who had behavioral problems or had been taken away from their families because they had been abused. His work was to manage the case and do individual psychotherapy. He found that he was really concerned about the families who could not cope with their children and they had to be placed away from their families. Over time, this work was emotionally draining. He felt that, although he was enthusiastic and did much good work, he did not know how to deal with that level of distress that was condemning these children to a second rate kind of existence. He felt better equipped to deal with the adults and moved into this area and went for more training.
    During that time he became a Senior Social Worker in Mental Health at the Kent County Council Social Services Department. His job was in a semi-rural community where he and his team provided services to Mental Health Hospitals and they had the chance to be the liaison between the community and the hospitals.
    This phase of Richard's career brought him face to face with the "extreme end of madness" that defined his entry into the world at Lennoxtown insane asylum where his mother had been terrified by the strange sounds in the "loony bin." Richard felt that these institutions were like wombs ??? huge places where people spent their lives. He was challenged by working with this population and then moved to London where he became the Senior Manager for a Mental Health Crisis Intervention Service at the Department of Psychiatry at Barnet.
    In 1997 Richard went to the Institute for the Development of Human Potential. At the time, "Humanistic Psychology" was the buzzword and everyone thought that this was the answer to the deficits in psychodynamic psychotherapy. Richard felt that this course of study transformed his life. He learned about himself, the world and became a much happier person
    1977 was the height of the anti-psychiatry movement spearheaded in the UK by R.D. Laing.  Dr. Laing was instrumental in setting up the 24-hour mental health Crisis Intervention Service in which Richard worked. Putting his humanistic training into action, Richard and his multi-disciplinarian team were committed to providing a comprehensive range of psychological services for patients in their home as an alternative to hospitalization. They felt that they had found the answer to healing mental illness, and, Richard dedicated himself to this work until 1994. During this time, he learned a great deal about the pros and cons of politics, institutions, and true believers. His job was to lead the rapid response team that operated 24/7.  His team was totally committed to the concept of preventing human distress that had been seen prior to this only as an illness.  However, over time, he learned how it is easy to go from being committed to a philosophy to defending it at all costs.
    Feeding his hunger for more understanding of the situations that he was in, Richard went on for more training: he was accredited as a Psychotherapist by the Association of Humanistic Psychology Practitioners in 1981; received a Certificate in Biodynamic Psychotherapy from the Gerda Boysen Institute in 1988; a diploma in Consultation with Organizations and Working Groups in 1990 from the Tavistock Institute; and earned an accreditation as a Psychotherapist from the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy in 1990. He then attended Cranfield University where he was awarded a Master of Philosophy in Mental Health in 1993.
    Richard's research for his thesis was inspired by the dynamics in his workplace. He discovered how, at times, his colleagues began to defend their principles rather than look at the reality of this way of treating patients.  Instead of evaluating this new method of treatment, politics overrode objectivity and the multi-disciplinarian teams and, at times, individuals lost their ability to be impartial.
    His thesis grew out of listening to the patients. What he found was that some patients agreed with the overall idea that staying out of the hospital was good and beneficial, however, there were a number of patients who felt aggrieved that they were not given the proper service since they were denied entry into the hospital. Richard observed that many of the practitioners who were treating the patients could not hear what their patients were saying to them and there was a major break in communication between the patients and the therapists. The psychotherapists were trying to squeeze patients into the model and they felt that it was the patients who were wrong and not the model! As some staff began to hear the message, the institution was split by the power struggles that ensued.
    Richard used the Delphi model of observing multi-disciplinary team functioning. He interviewed the teams who saw the patients as successful in this model and those who did not. He also interviewed the patients to understand their perspective. What he found was that, often, the clinicians who thought they were the most successful were the least successful in predicting the experience of their patients, and, often, the patients whom the clinicians felt gained the least from the intervention were the ones who received the most.
    As a result of the relationship that Richard had with his colleagues, they began to incorporate his results, became more realistic and realized that they had not been properly listening to their clients.
    Richard went on to write a book called "Crisis Intervention in Practice (Avery Press, 1993) that clarified his findings for other mental health professionals. He found that his whole experience was enlightening as it gave him the opportunity to be a true believer and then test his results and influence his colleagues as he came up with a different finding than he and they once believed. It became an exercise that tested his flexibility and enabled him to experience a deeper understanding of himself, his colleagues and the institution within which he worked.
    It was in the year of the publication of his book that Richard heard about EMDR. In a story that we have come to know, one of his team members returned from the United States after being trained in EMDR. Richard was "incredibly skeptical" and "unenthusiastic" but, even so, his friend persuaded him to go to the EMDR training and "the rest is history"!
    Richard was amazed by his experience and encouraged the colleagues on his team to go to the very next training. After that, they set up a peer supervision group where they did live supervision and Richard noted, "We learned on our feet." Not only did he experience a new treatment, his eyes were suddenly opened to the trauma all around him. As he reviewed the devastating histories of the patients he served in the Community Mental Health Crisis Intervention Service, he began to understand them from a totally different perspective. However, he feels that it was not until he took the Facilitator Training with Robbie Dunton of the EMDR Institute that he really knew EMDR.
    Learning about the effects of trauma was so enlightening that, in 1994, he left his job of 17 years and opened up "The Trauma Center" in London with several colleagues. Richard is the Clinical Director of the Center where he sees private patients and does Consultation and Supervision with mental health professionals and organizations.
    As Richard began to see the deep and profound changes that occurred as he worked with his patients with EMDR, his desire to share his knowledge grew and he joined EMDR's Humanitarian Assistance Program traveling nearby to Northern Ireland and then further to The Palestine Authority, Israel, Turkey and Bangladesh. The learning that he acquired were formative. Francine Shapiro's notion of the internationalism of EMDR and her passion for how it can heal the trauma of the world inspired him and his HAP experiences taught him about the potentiality of EMDR and the power and the possibility of EMDR to work across language and cultures. It also taught him about humility in the face of the force of Nature. As Richard said:  "I think about the enormity of these gigantic events and the impact on people. I thought that I knew. You can read it in the news but the first time I went to Turkey after the earthquake, the enormity of the crushed buildings with all of the people living in tent, it moves you up in awareness. It is humbling but empowering because there is something that you can do about it."
    During the mid-nineties, EMDR was beginning to grow in Europe. Sitting in a debriefing in London after an EMDR Institute training with colleagues such as Ad de Jongh, John Spector, Elan Shapiro, Arne Hofmann, I (in my role as the International coordinator for the EMDRIA Board) asked for someone to step up and become the voice for EMDR practitioners in Europe. As I looked around that circle, Richard was the one who met my eyes unflinchingly and was unanimously elected as the head of this group.
    This was a very important moment for Richard that influenced the course of the next 12 years of his life. His taking on the mantle of leadership that day evolved into his becoming the first President of EMDR Europe in 1995. It was an experience that transformed him totally. The timing for Richard was perfect. He had the time, the energy and the knowledge to lead an organization as it grew from a fledgling organization into a respected and large organization with 18 member countries.
    The forces that led to the formation of the European Community (EU) arose from a deep desire to transcend the destructive conflicts between nations that resulted in two of the worst conflicts that mankind has ever known. Richard was committed to this concept and believed in the ability of the members of the EMDR community to transcend diverse languages and cultures. He had learned even when we were few, we could work as Facilitators in each other's countries despite the language barriers. Many of us became expert in teaching EMDR, even though we might not know the language of the country that we were in. As experts in EMDR, we had learned the language of affect that is a clear indicator of a vibrant and effective EMDR session. The members of the EMDR European community bonded together through these types of experiences and due to the many discussions that occurred during trainings and over meals at that time.
    All of Richard's experience and capabilities came together at this moment to take on this huge task. His understanding of organizations, his European background, his awareness of the unique dynamics of Europe and his dedication to changing lives through healing trauma and creating the possibility for healthy lives made him the perfect choice for this job. The amount of interest and excitement that was felt during those early trainings was palpable and Richard helped focus the energy into a viable organization that grew into its own autonomous group, independent of the organization that had been formed in the United States. With each passing year, the organization of EMDR Europe has grown stronger and, as EMDR trainings have been taught in the language of the country, the attendance at the European-based conferences has grown.
    The Standards of Training have been the key to EMDR Europe. As in the United States, the goals of the organization are to set, maintain and enforce standards. In Europe, there are standards for Trainers, Facilitators and Consultants. The European model has been the inspiration for extending participants' training to include more practice and supervision and demonstration of competence between the Part 1 and II weekends.
    In 2002, Richard earned his certification as an EMDR Trainer by EMDR Europe. He began by doing trainings between the Part I and II trainings that included a review of the EMDR Standard Protocol, followed by Supervision and practice. This evolved into a training model that he calls "EMDR Workshops Ltd." Richard, David Blore and Manda Holmshaw created this company to provide psycho-trauma and EMDR training to mental health professionals.
    After 12 years of service, Richard left his position as President of EMDR Europe. He was honored at the EMDR Europe 2007 conference in Europe for being the organization's founding President and for leaving a rich legacy of dedication, focus and a profound belief in the importance of upholding the standards of EMDR.
    Richard's words for our diverse EMDR community are the following: "The power of EMDR to heal the pain of the past and break into the cycle of future violence never fails to amaze me.  If the flap of a butterfly's wings in France has the potential to set a chain of events that brings about a storm in the US, then, just think of what change treating one traumatic memory might have down generations.  Now, just wonder at the possible impact of teaching just one clinician EMDR who goes on to treat hundreds of clients.  Such thoughts fill my heart with great hope.  If you follow your heart you can't go wrong."
    Although Richard has retired from the Presidency, he seems just as involved in the development of EMDR in Europe as he ever was. He has done Tai Chi for over 20 years and enjoys walking, music, theater and cinema. His most recent interest is in learning how to build and write his own website.
    In a world that is plagued by chaos, trauma and doubt, Richard Mitchell is one of our colleagues who has helped light our path in the pursuit of teaching and learning EMDR. As he has made his way, he has inspired us, laughed with us and seeded his heartfelt interest in healing the wounds of humanity. His skill and humanity has touched many, his legacy is for us all.

Regina Morrow
    
What is immediately noticeable about Regina D. Morrow when you first meet her is her heart and capacity for joy. She embodies the best of the legacy of her family. 
    Harold Forbes Davis and Rebecca Nan Stringer Davis came from Thomasville, GA. They met at Mercer University. Harold was a creative thinker and researcher who ???with his 3 brothers- built their father's water meter business into the Davis Water and Waste company concentrating on anything that had to do with the treatment of water. His focus always was on how to make something work better in an ecological manner and his generosity resulted in his making friends wherever he traveled throughout the South as he sold pipes, pumps and sewage plants and helped people with the implementation of these products. He passed down his generosity, creativity, resourcefulness and concern for the environment to his daughter.
    Nan was a homemaker who opened her door to family, friends and exchange students. She would always look for the good in people and -early on- would redirect Reg into rethinking any negative comment she might have about someone. This perspective has become a part of Reg and no matter how many issues clients have, she is always able to point out the good and "hang in there" with them. Reg was the middle child with an older and younger brother. Her family moved to Florida from Georgia when she was in first grade, but mainly lived in Sarasota.
    Regina worked in the lab of the family business in High School and learned how to be more scientific, even when using unusual measures that might be considered "weird and different." According to her father, "If it got results, go for it!" It was assumed that Reg would go into the family business and become an engineer. However, she had other interests. 
    Other experiences shaped Reg's professional path. She was influenced by an encounter with a man who tried to force entry into her home. Although she prevented it with "brute force and my fear," the experience stayed with her ??? especially the fear her parents and boyfriend had when she told them. 
    She was also influenced by "good losses." She had time to reflect with her grandmother during the course of a catastrophic illness and support her father as he passed surrounded by all of his family at their favorite place in the world on the Ichetucknee River outside of Gainesville.
    In college, Reg took the Strong Inventory to help her figure out her professional path. While the test did not provide the answer, the questions were invaluable. She wanted a financially viable career that would allow for her independence, self-directedness and develop her interest in families and the stressors that affected them. In 1985, she graduated from the University of Florida, Gainesville with a BS in Psychology and later, in 1987, with a M.Ed. and Ed.S. in Mental Health Counseling with a specialization in Marriage and Family Therapy. During her studies, she had experience as a Crisis Counselor Volunteer at the Alachua County Crisis Center, an Addictions Specialist and then Counselor at the Little House Adolescent Substance Abuse Program, and as an Intern at the Seminole Community Mental Health Center and then with Behavioral Health Associates. She noted that often family and group therapy stirred the adolescents up while she had much better results reaching them when she took them running or camping. She established a local American Association of Marriage and Family Therapy in 1986-1987 and in, 1992, became the President of the Central Florida AMFT.
    After graduate school, she married Michael Morrow and they moved to Orlando where he worked with Earth Resources. His job was to figure out how to clean up toxic chemicals that had contaminated the earth and then organize the cleanup. In 1992, in order to travel less and reduce exposure to toxic chemicals, Mike worked for Disney where his job was to make sure that there were no toxic chemicals on Disney property. He was also asked to implement an Emergency Response Team (ERT); this is how Reg learned how an ERT functions.
    Her first job after Graduate School was as a Behavioral Health Therapist with Behavioral Health Associates, a division of Physician Associates of Florida where she had the opportunity to work with couples, children, adolescents and facilitate groups on depression management, anxiety mastery, surviving childhood abuse, and ADHD parent training. It was an ideal position. In the company of 22 therapists, Reg was able to be innovative in supporting the care and recovery of patients. Unfortunately, with the advent of Managed Care, this climate changed and she moved on to her own private practice. From 1997-2003, Reg worked as a part time School Counselor for Central Florida Prep School where she provided counseling for students in grades K-12, consultation with staff on classroom management and team development and provided counseling services for the staff.
    As a Consultant for Behavioral Health Associates, Carl Nickeson introduced Reg and her colleagues to EMDR. She was first trained in EMDR, in 1995 by Steve Silver, and -with the encouragement of Cathy Strand- they practiced on a weekly basis supporting and critiquing each other by sitting in on each other's sessions. They continued this strategy after their Part 2 with Francine, training and attended Carl's no fee study group. By 2000, Reg became a Facilitator and also an EMDRIA Consultant. The Red Badge experiences during the process of becoming a facilitator were encouraging and supportive. Each mentor brought a different perspective to the table and increased the ways Reg viewed EMDR. She also recognized the depth of talented EMDR professionals in California and New York. It became important to build depth in Florida. This was the beginning of the urge to bring more EMDR to Orlando. She wanted to create an EMDR community in Orlando. Upon Carl's urging, Reg picked up the responsibilities of Regional Coordinator and began organizing and providing EMDR trainings in Orlando. Carol Crow shared this same desire to grow Florida and alternated trainings between Tampa and Orlando with Reg.
    During the journey to become a facilitator, Reg met Deborah Kennard. They became great friends, attending conferences, consulting about their experiences, and later did the Trainer's Training together. Deb's enthusiasm for EMDR, facilitating and training buoyed Reg's courage to keep it up! From Marilyn Luber, she learned the skills needed to do Logistics for training, adding to her already excellent people skills, team building and ability to support practitioners and EMDR staff. Marilyn's warmth and focus on the mission left a powerful impact on Reg.
    During one of Francine Shapiro's Plenary addresses as EMDRHAP was beginning to grow, Francine spoke about how treating trauma in the world can end the violence. It was at this moment that Reg was truly inspired and became excited about the idea of training others. She had already become the EMDRIA Regional Coordinator for Orlando in 2005, complementing the work that Carl was doing with the no fee study group. She began to facilitate for HAP and spent time with Roy Kiessling getting involved with the process of making the training simpler and more efficient. She liked watching the light bulbs going on during the training as people struggled and then got what was taught. She appreciated Roy's mentorship and encouraging her to find her own voice. He was the one who suggested she become an EMDRHAP trainer. She agreed and she began in 2007 and completed in 2008. He is an amazing mentor in Reg's eyes.
    I n 2009, she began the first formal recruitment for the EMDRHAP Trauma Recovery Network (TRN). She was inspired by Mike's work with Disney and felt that there should be a response by the mental health community. She encouraged colleagues to join and has a steering committee of four who are actively engaged in Orlando's TRN. They have had trainings in Elan Shapiro and Brurit Laub's Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol (R-TEP) to help therapists know what to do in case of emergency. In fact, this project has stimulated Reg's creative thinking about the kind of EMDR clinician she wants in her community. She wants therapists to actively advance in EMDR and "get it in every cell of their bodies". Reg says, "When I think of growing an EMDR Clinician, I want them to desire to bring more to their community. When Marina Lombardo was getting certified, her graduation project was to write the ???Infertility Protocol for EMDR.' The Regional meetings have become a wonderful venue to showcase the developing talent in our community and stimulate friendships and peer relationships. The Regional meetings are successful due to the contributions of members and participants offer to help grow it in many ways. I think that encouraging this type of extra activity for a consultee is a way of integrating their expertise into the community. One of my latest certified practitioners is in the Christian Community on a lecture circuit talking to her community. Christian Counseling is one of her areas of expertise. Now, she can take her expertise into the community. She is explaining trauma on their terms, helping them see the importance of treatment and encouraging them to promote EMDR. The goal is to find whoever really cares and keep them invested through community commitment and elevating their expertise. Then, it is hard to back out!" It is not surprising that Reg won the EMDRIA Award for Outstanding Regional Coordinator in 2010 as she has given her heart and soul to this calling.
    Upon reflecting on her journey to become a therapist, the talented mentors in Reg's life have made a huge impact. Reg carefully sought out many of the mentors who were known to be encouraging and focused on their craft. Others seemed to somehow just pop up. Mentoring well "pays it forward," improves the world, and, in our case as EMDR therapists, will contribute to easing suffering. It is a gift to develop a relationship with a good mentor and a life changing experience to receive it and to give it.
    Continuing in this spirit, Reg has this to say to our community:
    If you are mentoring somebody, help him/her build a root to be good at something to allow EMDR to grow. Whether it is a protocol, a regional group, a study group, a research project, a TRN, volunteering for HAP, giving lectures and/or public talks, it is important that somehow clinicians participate in building the roots of EMDR in their community. Their community can be their county they live in or their country, or a specialty population such as working with perpetrators, whatever it is that is their community or population. I love encouraging their enthusiasm for EMDR and establishing some path beyond just being a good EMDR therapist, help grow EMDR and therefore the relief from suffering. I want them to go back to their community and grow EMDR in it."
    Reg is an active speaker in her communities of Orlando, CFAMFT; EMDRIA; Regional Meetings; MFT graduate students; Mental Health Counselor's Association; Central Florida Prep School Staff; and Florida Council on Family Relations on subjects ranging from Neuroecology, to attachment styles and the therapeutic relationships, trauma, core tasks of expert therapist, family therapy, parent-teacher partnership and, of course EMDR and related topics.
    She has written a book review in the Journal of EMDR Practice and Research and an article on "EMDR Target Tracking." She has co-authored the article "Infertility Protocol with EMDR" with Marina Lombardo in EMDR Scripted Protocols: Special Populations.
    When not working in her practice or with EMDR, Reg is archiving family videos, gardening, sailing and traveling and interacting with her children, Becca and Michael.
    Regina is a talented woman who has brought her gifts of heart, intelligence, innovation and dedication to our EMDR Community. We are lucky that we have her among us.

Michael Paterson
    
If ever there were a good candidate for leprechaun, Michael Paterson would be our man. Light of step, keen of wit and big of heart, this engaging Irishman knows about life from the depths of anguish to the transcendent mysteries of the universe.
    Michael Charles Paterson was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland. His parents met in the Auxiliary Fire Service in the 1950's and he has a brother, two years younger.
    As an enterprising young man of 17 years, he began clerical work in the accounts and computer departments for the Northern Ireland Electricity Service where he remained for five years. In 1979, he had friends serving in the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and liked what he had heard about their experiences. He found that there was a good future and pay structure and the possibility of defending his country from insurgents.   As a result of all of this, Michael joined the Royal Ulster Constabulary, becoming a police officer in Northern Ireland. At the time that he joined the Constabulary, he did not think of himself as an academic and was excited about his new work where he did well and had a promising career. He was newly married and ready for the adventures that life had in store for him.
    In September 1981, on his wife's 25th birthday, Michael's life path abruptly changed.  At first, he was stationed outside of Belfast and then he was reassigned to inside the city. During that time, the police traveled in lightly armored vehicles. Michael was in just such a means of transportation when a rocket-propelled grenade was aimed at him. The grenade burnt through the armor of the vehicle and killed the driver. Next, it "took" Michael's arms and crushed his leg. It roared out of the passenger side window and exploded outside.
    Michael experienced the light in the tunnel first. He was feeling very comfortable in the light, although he had the distinct feeling that it was not the time for him to be there. Then, he was back in his body in intensive care. When he had returned from this experience, he was in great form and euphoric. He felt so close to God - even though he had not been religious. At that time, his mother's aunt brought him a Bible that he still has. Since then, he has had no fear of death, nor did he experience Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. He attributes this to his being newly married, physically fit and "keen to get back to it." He never saw himself as disabled, just impaired and his job was "to get on with it." Having a positive view of the future helped him move on.
    And, move on he did. Although life was difficult at first and he had to learn everything again such as writing or moving. He recovered from his injuries and was in traction for a fractured femur for three months. In late spring 1982, he was exercising again and started running and by early 1983, he ran a half marathon! He now sees his prosthetic limbs as part of himself that allow him the independence to live his life to the fullest.
    Also, in 1982, Michael became a full time student.  He attended Castlereagh College of Further Education for one year. He then went to the University of Ulster at Jordanstown where he studied Social Issues, Politics, Statistics, Economics, and majored in Psychology. He received first class honors in Psychology when he graduated in 1987. 
    The events of September 1981 changed Michael's life forever and influenced his future. It led to an interest in trauma and a desire to champion the cause of policemen wounded physically and/or psychologically in the line of duty.  The thesis that won him the honors was titled, "Physically Disabled People: Their Perceptions of the Public's Reaction to Them, the Impact of Disability on their Social Life, and their Satisfaction with the Caring Professions."  Nineteen eighty marked the first time that criteria for PTSD were acknowledged in the Constabulary. It was only late in the 1980's that any type of psychological support was in place.
    Michael went on to study at Queen's University of Belfast in the Department of Mental Health and received a Ph.D. in Research. This doctoral dissertation was "The Social and Psychological Adaptation of Individuals and their Families to Temporary but Prolonged Disability."
    As his first job, he was drawn into Government Statistics. He became a Senior Assistant Statistician with the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency for the Northern Ireland Civil Service. He was attached initially to the Department of Economic Development and latterly to the Police Authority for Northern Ireland (RUC). His duties included development and management of social surveys, development of management information systems, and staff management. But, his heart was not in it. He was much more interested in understanding people and how it is that they behave in the ways that they do. So, he applied to the Department of Clinical Psychology at Queen's University of Belfast, receiving his Doctorate in Clinical Psychology in 1999. His research on "The Psychological and Physical Health of Police Officers Retired Recently from the Royal Ulster Constabulary" won the Praxis Prize of 1999 for the best postgraduate research related to mental health in the School of Psychology, Queens University of Belfast. It was subsequently published in the Irish Journal of Psychology in 2001.
    While training to be a Clinical Psychologist, Michael learned about EMDR. In 1998, he took Part 1 in Cork City at a training organized by Desmond Poole; the trainer was Roger Solomon. It was during the practicum that Michael asked permission to work with the incident where he lost his arms. He remembered that the face of the woman who was to be the therapist fell at the prospect. It turned out that the practice was a success and Michael was able to process this central experience and let it go.
    After this, Michael realized the power of EMDR and began to use this new methodology with the patients in his practice with PTSD. As his enthusiasm grew, he worked with more and more challenging cases and his expertise grew. He used the listserv as a way to hone his skill between Part 1 and 2 and then completed his training in London, in 1999.  That same year he was invited to be a facilitator and completed this training in 2000.
    On the completion of his Clinical Doctorate, Michael became the Principal Clinical Psychologist with the Police Rehabilitation and Retraining Trust for Northern Ireland. Here was the chance for the change that he had dreamed about. He had the opportunity to work with his fellow policemen and policewoman to help them heal from the traumas that they had encountered in their work. Also, he was involved with service development, staff training and directing and supervising psychological research.
    It was at this time that he met Paul Miller ??? another EMDR aficionado- who was at the Trust in a supportive capacity to help prevent secondary traumatization; they became fast friends. Michael recognized that he was wanted to share his skills by bringing likeminded-people together to impact on others in a positive way. In 2002, he became the full-time Managing Director of TMR Health Professionals that is a private sector organization providing expertise in clinical assessment, intervention, clinical supervision, and research. Michael is the "front man" for the organization and administers it, generates new business, sees patients, supervises the staff and stays current. Paul joined him part-time and is still a great support.
    Michael is another member of our community who has been generous with his time when it comes to supporting his community, especially when it comes to trauma. In 2002, he was invited in his capacity as a mental health practitioner to be a participant in a program run by the Glencree Centre for Reconciliation (Co Wicklow). Former Republican and Loyalist paramilitary activists were to meet together with former security forces and the powers that be wanted mental health backup. Michael was to be a non-participating observer and give support. One of the Republican paramilitaries told him bluntly that he had a choice to, "Join in, or clear off!" but he used stronger words. Michael joined in and became a participant in this group where he told his story.
    His experience had an impact on the community and, as a result, he was invited to go to South Africa on a tour of the wilderness where this same group slept under the stars and had to depend on each other. There were 18 who went on the trip, including 4 women and 2 male and 2 female facilitators for the group. They were exposed to each other's points of view and personalities. There were ex-combatants who had been members of the Republican and Loyalist movements and had served time in jail, an ex-member of the prison service, Michael as an ex-police officer, and members of victims' groups who had lost someone close to them. They visited Cape Town and Robin Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned.  In all, they spent 14 days together. At Robin Island they had a workshop where they were invited to tell their narrative. When the leader was pushing a young woman to tell her story despite her reluctance, Michael spoke up in support of her right to choose to speak or not. This turned out to be an icebreaker and, later, ex-combatants came up to him in support. As the days progressed, an element of mutual respect developed, as well as trust. They started to see each other as people first, rather than just political ideologies. Michael noted that one way to equalize such a disparate group was to put them out in the wilderness together and after 5 days everyone smelled the same - BAD!! A film crew accompanied the group as a way to capture the group dynamic for the purpose of learning about how people from different points of view, philosophies and ideologies could come together. The individuals of the group retain the copyright of this material.
    When in the wilderness within ?? of an hour, Michael had a spiritual experience. These types of experience are not foreign to him and have occurred a number of times in his life, each time at the birth of his children. While having one, he has a sense of inner peace and being close to nature. While the group ???at that time- of eleven were walking, they came upon eleven water buffalo beside the river. "There were eleven of them looking at eleven of us." Later, the guide explained that buffalo are communal creatures and this he took as a promising sign. The group began to act and feel like the natural creatures living there. Although there were poisonous spiders, snakes, lions and rhinos, they were able to co-exist and maintain that feeling of inner peace. As a result, Michael was able to use this experience as a touchstone in his modern life when he returned to Belfast.
    Michael's first volunteer work, in 1987, was at CRUSE Bereavement Care for Northern Ireland where he learned many of his initial clinical skills. He worked as a volunteer Counselor for the Advice Service run by the Northern Ireland Association for Mental Health and in 2000 he was an Adjudication Committee Member for the regional "Give it a Go" program (Millennium Fund) for people with disabilities. In 2003, he was a member of the Northern Ireland DHSS CREST sub-group that examined effective treatments for PTSD in adults. Fortunately for EMDR, Michael was a member of the smaller group that looked at psychological therapies, as he wanted EMDR to have a fair hearing. As a result of his direct intervention, EMDR was accepted as an effective treatment for trauma. In Northern Ireland, the recommended treatment for PTSD to primary care givers is SSRIs, CBT and/or EMDR. In 2004, he was a member of the "Healing through Remembering" panel and, in the same year, he was a member of the Trauma Advisory Panel for the Eastern Health and Social Services Board.
    Michael has a number of publications from 1987 to current day. He has written and spoken on issues such as the impact of civil unrest for amputees in Northern Ireland; the psychological and physical health of retired members of the Constabulary; PTSD; psychological consequences of upper limb injury; attitudes and disabled people; the effects of age at which one is disabled and length of disability on the social behavior and perceptions of physically disabled people; the psychological cost of caring; and motivation and achievement to staff and pupils in a Belfast High School for starters!
    Michael has been actively involved in EMDR since he was first trained. He is an Executive Committee Member of the EMDR Association of UK and Ireland. He is responsible for organizing interest groups in his region and bringing over well-known EMDR teachers such as Gerry Puk, Mark Grant and Carol Forgash. He himself is interested in using Ego States with EMDR in the treatment of Complex PTSD. Currently, he is in the process of becoming an EMDR Institute Trainer for Ireland.
    A few years ago Michael met Terry Waite, a former Beirut hostage, at a talk in Belfast. Michael later invited him to open the building for TMR Health Professionals and gave him an experience of EMDR (see photo).
    To the EMDR community Michael would like to say the following:  "Keep doing what you are doing and believe in the process because it does change lives and, as Francine encourages us to do always, ???Do the research!!'"
    Michael is married with 3 female teenagers and one younger son. All of them love skiing and reading. He is not sure how his kids feel about Psychology!

However, we are sure about how we feel about him! He has transcended many of life's most difficult challenges and has emerged with his own brand of kindness, humor and keen intelligence. We are lucky to have him as part of our ever-expanding EMDR community.

A. J. Popky
    
AJ (short for Arnold Jay) Popky has always been an innovative thinker and curious about all life has to offer. Born to Rose and Charles Popky in Wilkes- Barre, PA, AJ was the youngest of three. His older brother by 11 years, Murray, and his older sister by 5 ?? years, Hilda, have been the lights in his life, guiding him with humor and heart through the many ups and downs of their family's life path
    One of the major themes throughout AJ's life has been about service to his country. In fact, this trajectory began before he was born with his father's Armed Forces Service in World War 1 where he saw active combat in France. AJ noted that this was his first experience with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, although he did not know that his father's symptoms had a label until much later.
    Another central theme crucial to understanding AJ was the fact that he had a learning disability that went undiagnosed until he was an adult. However, hand in hand with these difficulties went his unwavering persistence in going after what he wanted to achieve; a drive that is apparent again and again in his life.
    In 1953, AJ graduated from Wyoming Seminary, a Prep school for the Naval Academy and college. He went off to Lehigh University to study Engineering. When he had difficulties academically, he decided to put his energy into something that would be more rewarding and he enlisted in the Marines. Joining in 1956 meant that he was too young for Korea and too old to serve in Vietnam. He spent most of his time at Parris Island, Camp Lejeune and Cherry Point and graduated from Parris Island the day after a famous incident where 6 Marines drowned in a creek. He served in the Marine Air Group 35 (MAG-35) which was part of the 2nd Marine Air Wing where he was an Aviation Electrician and was involved with flying boxcars. He was honorably discharged in 1958.
    He returned home to Wilkes-Barre and attended Wilkes College where he graduated in 1960 with a BA in Mathematics.
    Another theme in AJ's life is his ability to find situations that have allowed him to be on the cutting edge of industry, computer technologies and any other field in which he holds an interest. AJ entered the world of computers during his first job after completing college in 1960. He worked at Vandenberg Air Force Base in the Pacific missile range. After this, he was sent to the East Coast/Atlantic missile range where he worked at Cape Canaveral as a Systems Engineer involved with guidance for the Atlas Missile. His job was to program the computers there. At the time, he would punch paper tape for a huge computer that ???at the time- was not as powerful as our current laptops! 
    After working in Florida, he transferred to Cape Cod to Otis Air Force Base. However, his wandering spirit began to surface and he decided to change careers and become a photographer for The Falmouth Free Press and a bartender in the evenings. He was part of the press reception committee and in that capacity took many photographs of John Fitzpatrick Kennedy ??? although he never had the chance to meet him.
    The yearning for knowledge was great and took him to the University of California's Santa Barbara campus where he enrolled in Graduate School in Mathematics. Ever enterprising, he sold beauty products to make his way through school. When he found that he was having difficulties with his studies, he moved to New York City.
    In 1964, AJ took a job as a Sales Engineer for Fairchild Semi-Conductor. This marked the beginning of Silicon Valley and AJ's involvement with this new phenomenon. He worked with them for 3 years and later got a job in Sales for a company called Schweber Electronics and he managed the Fairchild line of Semi-Conductors.
    By 1970-71, he was so successful at investing in the computer companies all of his friends were starting up that he was able to retire and do what his heart desired.
    In 1972, Hurricane Agnes flooded Wilkes-Barre and AJ went back to help his family dig themselves out from the ravages of the flood. They evacuated to his brother's dress factory on the hill. They slept there until his uncle's hotel was cleaned up sufficiently so that the family could move in. His brother, sister and mother's homes were all damaged by the flood and had to be cleaned and restored
    AJ continued to be interested in education and went to Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY to study architecture. When he had difficulty keeping up there, he moved to the University of Hawaii in 1973 and attended Graduate School there in Psychology. In 1975, when they reinstated the GI bill after Vietnam, the government paid for him to get his commercial pilot's license.
    By 1976, he lost all of his money in the stock market and moved back to NYC and again got a job in computer sales. At that time, he was selling the first voice recognition computers to companies as Lockheed, United Airlines, UPS and Remington Arms. When a love interest moved to California, he convinced his company to let him open up the western United States and he moved to Silicon Valley in California. 
    In 1978, he took a job in sales for Zylog, a company that built microprocessors. From there he went to other high-technology start-up companies where he set up, trained and managed the Sales organizations.
    It was around this time that he became interested in NLP and Hypnosis so that he could hone his sales skills. He read everything he could about Hypnosis, starting with Leslie LeCron and then went on to study with John Grinder and later with Richard Bandler. He is qualified as an NLP Master Practitioner and NLP Accelerated Master Modeler. He is also certified in Ericksonian Hypnosis. He began to put on Sales Seminars under the name "Beyond Selling" Sales Seminars.
    While he was attending an Hypnosis seminar he happened to meet a woman by the name of Francine Shapiro. At the time, Francine was teaching at San Jose State at and it was in one of her classes that Francine met Robbie Dunton and introduced AJ to Robbie. They all became friends. During this time Francine was working on her dissertation and wrote her landmark EMDR study on his computer.
    AJ and Robbie moved to Grass Valley near Tahoe where AJ was selling consumer electronics stereo equipment and earning his Real Estate license. When AJ and Robbie moved back to Los Gatos around 1990, Francine had developed the EMDR training and the three began putting on trainings together. At the time, the EMDR Institute was administered from Francine's office at MRI. When all the administrators that Francine tried were ineffective, Robbie finally took over and the strong business alliance between Francine and Robbie was born. AJ designed the Institute software database and became the computer-go-to person for the Institute.
    Again, AJ was inspired to return to school after Francine made the decision to only train licensed people in EMDR. However, every time he would get near his schoolbooks he would have a panic attack. During his own EMDR work, he remembered an incident when he was thrown out of school in 4th grade. This session took care of the panic but he was still unable to read. At that point, Robbie, a learning specialist, figured out that AJ must have a learning disability and arranged to have him tested. At 58 years old, AJ learned that the problems that he was having with learning were the result of having Dyslexia, ADHD and an Auditory Processing problem. He began to take medication for the ADHD and, in January 1994, he received his MA in Psychology from Sierra University. This was such a magnificent accomplishment that his EMDR friends and supporters roasted him at the Palm in NYC! It was a great achievement and it proved to be one of those memorable EMDR events.
    Through the hypnosis work that he was doing, he felt that he had found something else that he was good at and he decided to pursue it. His inspiration was a client who was referred by her mother. Her presenting problem was that she wanted to stop smoking, however, she was also using Valium, Marijuana and Cocaine. AJ had been working on a Smoking Cessation Protocol and used this with her. Ten days later, she called for another appointment. When AJ asked about her smoking, the woman said that nothing had changed but that she had been strung out smoking Heroin and since they had used his Smoking Cessation Protocol she had no more desire to smoke Heroin! AJ was intrigued and went back in his mind to think about what he had done. He realized that while he was working on smoking, he had never said cigarettes and the woman had translated it to the Heroin she had been smoking instead of the cigarettes. He wrote about the Smoking Protocol in the EMDR Network Newsletter of December 1992 and then went on to present on it at the EMDR Conference in 1993.
    With this turn of events, he went on to develop what he called the Integrative EMDR Addiction Protocol and presented it at the EMDR Conferences of 1994-1996.
    In 1996, when the EMDR International Association was formed AJ was made a Lifetime Charter member along with Francine Shapiro, Robbie Dunton and Ellie Ryan.
     By 1998, he joined Silke Vogelmann-Sine, Larry F. Sine, Nancy Smyth and they put together a manual on the subject of chemical addiction called "EMDR: Chemical Dependency Treatment Manual." The authors contributed the manual to the Humanitarian Assistance Program. It can be purchased at www.emdrhap.org
    After he completed his MA, he decided he wanted to go for his Ph.D. He attended The International University of Professional Studies and was granted his degree in Counseling Psychology in 2003.  His dissertation was on the evolved addictions protocol which he called "The DeTUR Protocol: a new way of addressing addictions and dysfunctional behaviors." DeTUR stands for desensitization of triggers and urge reprocessing. He presented this model at the 2003 EMDRIA International Conference and wrote a chapter in "EMDR Solutions", edited by Robin Shapiro, on the subject. He has presented his model at EMDR Part 2 trainings and in specialized trainings in Philadelphia, Kansas City, Florida, Berkeley, and at Camp Pendleton.
    In december 2004, he was granted that license he was pursuing with such persistence and has been a licensed Marriage and Family therapist since then.
    When asked what he would like to say to the EMDR community, AJ replied:  "We have got to clean up from Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan. We owe it to these military people to do our best to help them heal. This is especially true in Iraq since we are exposing them to horrible experiences that they have not been trained to handle, multiple return visits, and utilization of the Reserves and the National Guard. We are pushing them past health and there are not enough therapists out there trained to work with this population. Since the present government is not doing enough, I believe it is up to us therapists who have been trained in working with PTSD. As a MARINE, I feel that it is my obligation."
    Currently, AJ has a private practice in the Los Angeles area and consults to other therapists on EMDR. He also conducts training on the DeTUR model and volunteers for HAP trainings at the Veteran's Administration Hospital in Los Angeles, at Camp Pendleton and as a Consultant with the Yaqui Indian tribe for a Bridge Course between Parts 1 and 2.
    AJ continues to be interested in tennis, reading and his work with veterans. He has been known to give away his chicken soup under his own label, "Uncle AJ's Chicken Soup" and he cooks an amazing Cioppino. His latest love is his dog "Fi" short for Semper Fidelis, the Marine's dictum.
    AJ Popky's life trajectory has been one filled with hurdles. His persistence, keen sense of fun and dedication are hallmarks of who he is. We are lucky to have this creative and interested man among us in our EMDR community.

Udi Oren
    
Udi Oren comes from a tradition of service to family, community and country. Yechezekel Oren, Udi's father was born in Poland and came to Israel as a child; his father assisted in the building of Tel Aviv. His mother, Ruth, was born in Israel; her father was a union leader and her mother a member of Kibbutz Merchavia. Both families were poor and worked from their early teens, devoted themselves to learning and were part of the resistance movement before the establishment of the State of Israel. They met while serving in the army, married in 1950 and had two sons, Gil and Udi. Ruth became a High School Teacher and Yechezekel, an Accountant.
     Growing up in Israel, Udi leaned towards his mother's interests in spirituality, literature, the arts and fun. Although, he was politically on the left, when 18, he surprised everyone and volunteered to go into the infantry in 1974. He completed officer's training and ultimately went into intelligence. After 4 years of service, he balanced his life by becoming a tour guide. During this 2-year period, he met his wife, Doreet, and they married in 1981.  Also, he read voraciously and decided on a BA in Psychology at Hebrew University after reading Paul Watzlawick's book, "Change." In 1983, when Udi was accepted at Boston University's Clinical Psychology Program, they moved to the US. What drew Udi to psychology were ideas about change, psychological health, resources and systemic thinking but this was not part of the curriculum at BU. He found his professional home during his post doc at Harvard Community Health Plan and directed a Mental Health Unit with the focus on short-term therapy. It was the first time Udi felt like an agent of change. It was intoxicating!
     During this time, his sons, Danny and Tomar were born and, in 1991, the Orens moved back to Israel and their families. Udi began working as the Regional Director of Mental Health Services at "Meuchedet" Sick Fund (HMO) and stayed until 2005. Here, he was responsible for providing mental health services to over 240,000 members of this national Israeli HMO. He was one of 4 people entrusted to establish all Mental Health services. His responsibilities included supervising direct service, doing utilization reviews, staffing, determining policy and representing the HMO on the National Mental Health Council. In this capacity, he was able to push through his agenda of hiring others committed to short-term treatment. It was because of this mindset that Udi Oren was drawn to EMDR when he read The Family Therapy Networker's cover story on EMDR.
    Although he thought EMDR bizarre, in 1995, he attended the EMDR training at Zichron Yaakov sponsored by Elan Shapiro and Mooli Lahad. Udi had a moving experience in his practicum when old military service wounds were activated and subsequently healed. Despite this, he did not use EMDR until 6 months later when the manager of an ammunition factory that had blown up killing many people -including the people who were next to him-walked into his office. This man had every symptom of PTSD, including not being able to sleep through the night since the explosion: Udi thought, "It is now or never." He targeted the explosion and the man reported the following week that he had slept for the first time in 3 years! Udi was hooked.
    Udi completed his Basic Training and Facilitator Course then helped in establishing the EMDR Israel Association (1997). At that time, his goal was that -within 10 years- every mental health provider would know about EMDR. By 1998, Udi was invited to the Trainer's Training given by the EMDR Institute in Cologne, Germany. This experience was one of the most moving experiences in his life. Although it was a relatively small group, the participants came from Europe, Asia, America and Africa; 4 continents, 4 religions and many ethnicities all focusing on EMDR. Francine Shapiro was the leader and he thought, "I have found my place in this room of people."
    His interest in practicing and teaching EMDR continued to grow. Then, the Izmit, Turkey Earthquake on August 17th occurred. Through EMDRHAP, teams from Israel, Europe and the United States went to Turkey to train and supervise our Turkish colleagues organized by Emre Konuk and his team. Udi would go 2-3 times per year and was awed by the power of HAP and the motivation of the volunteers who would travel to the other side of the world to help others. He has been a significant part of the HAP worldwide effort since that time.
    When the tsunami hit Southeast Asia in December, 2004, Udi and his team (Aiton Birnbaum, Brurit Laub, Elan Shapiro, Barbara Wizansky and Fran Yoeli) were invited to Sri Lanka by the Community Stress Prevention Center in Kiryat Schmona (the very first place that Francine Shapiro did an EMDR training in 1989). Gary Quinn later headed training in Thailand with Fran and Aiton.
    Through Udi's teaching in Europe, Asia and Africa, he noted that, "EMDR works everywhere and I have not met a culture or a language or a people that it seemed like that it did not do the trick. However, we need to be sensitive to the culture as there is always something different about how people perceive EMDR so that we have to adjust the manual according to the culture." During the Cameroon training, Udi realized that when we can teach people with little therapy background from the beginning, we are able to have a deeper impact on the trainees.
    In Israel itself, Udi has done much to teach and raise the awareness of EMDR. He writes in the Israeli Psychological Bulletins and is on the Faculty of the Tel Aviv University Continuing Education Program in Psychotherapy for PTSD. He lectures extensively in Psychiatry Departments of Hospitals, Mental Health Centers and Psychological Conferences. Other Israeli contributors to the literature especially in the area of acute trauma include Elan Shapiro, Brurit Laub, Judy Guedalia, Fran Yoeli, Gary Quinn and Esti Bar Sade. Esti and Barbara Wizansky are EMDR Europe Child Trainers and give numerous workshops on EMDR and Children. Fran Yoeli has been important to the success of HAP activities and has organized and volunteered for every HAP mission outside Israel and during the second Lebanese war.
    EMDR-Israel members have been volunteering during crisis situations in Israel. Volunteers went to Northern Israel during the second Lebanese War in 2006 and other crises in the South. They gave their time and risked their lives as they worked with people in bomb shelters and mental health crisis centers. In 1999, this group extended their hands to their Palestinian neighbors and was part of the first EMDR training in Bethlehem. In Jerusalem, during the past several years, Udi has been running an EMDR training for Israeli and Arab therapists. This group is committed to learning EMDR and coming together to move forward Francine Shapiro's vision "to stop the cycle of violence." They meet for supervision every few months and over breaks they talk together demonstrating "the very moving and strange place we live in." Udi also was part of Mona Zaghrout and Fedoosh' training, who have become leaders in their Palestinian EMDR community.
    Since setting his first goal for EMDR Israel, Udi is proud to say that EMDR is known throughout the Israeli professional community. They have had success in the Educational Psychology community and done trainings in Centers focusing on children. His next goal is for the Israeli people to know about EMDR. This is more difficult because the psychotherapeutic community is very conservative. However, the intrepid members of EMDR Israel are rising to the occasion and are spreading the word. At this time, the organization is growing and other associations are asking for in-service trainings. Udi and some colleagues are currently opening an EMDR Center.
    Udi became the delegate representing Israel on the EMDR Europe Board of Directors, and was nominated to the Executive Committee. In 2007, he became EMDR-Europe's President. In this role, Udi is interested in promoting research in Europe by establishing relationships with academicians and using the EMDR-Europe budget to continue supporting research. EMDR-Europe is engaging younger therapists and students. They set up awards for students and established the Francine Shapiro Research Prize. They are creating closer ties with other European-based trauma associations (ESTSS and ESTD) and encouraging joint memberships. Already, they have had several combined meetings with ESTSS with their Board and look forward to a joint conference day with ESTSS and EMDR Europe. They hope that they can form a trauma coalition across Europe to set policy and give recommendations for research, training and service. Currently, EMDR-Europe has 18 member countries with 6000 members and growing.
    To the EMDR Community:
    I would like to say that we are blessed to have EMDR and each other because this is an amazing community of good people.
    I believe that EMDR can grow, should grow and will grow into many other fields like medicine. We have touched the tip of the iceberg on the potential impact of EMDR on health in general. I believe that the future will show that we can have an amazing impact on illnesses that are perceived as purely somatic and I think that the place of the body will grow in the future development of EMDR.

It is clear to me that the place of research is important and that EMDR clinicians around the world should commit to be part of a research team by providing data about their clients or to write one case per year and present it in some kind of professional forum ??? preferably a non-EMDR forum. Quoting Bessel van der Kolk, ???As a community we should support EMDR research financially because our professional future is based on future research regarding EMDR.'

I would like to thank all the wonderful people who have supported me in becoming an EMDR professional, especially Roger Solomon, Francine Shapiro and Elan Shapiro. Also, I would like to thank my colleagues in EMDR-Israel and EMDR-Europe for being such a wonderful team.

Thank you to Udi, you are a true example of a man devoted to your family, community, country and our EMDR worldwide community.

Graciela Rodriguez
    Graciela Rodriguez is a dynamic, jubilant woman from Argentina. She is a physician and a psychiatrist and started her career as a psychoanalyst. She then branched out to learn Ericksonian Hypnosis, studying under Jeffrey Zeig.
    She thinks of EMDR as "a miracle in my career." Beginning in 1992, Graciela traveled to the United States many times to participate in the EMDR Institute's trainings. Since then, she has worked tirelessly in public hospitals to bring what she has learned to the following patient populations: alcoholics, AIDS survivors, Dissociative Identity Disorders and victims of torture.
    As her interest in EMDR deepened, she became a facilitator and then went on to become a trainer after studying with Francine Shapiro. She lived in Australia for 1-?? years, assisting in the continuation of the Institute training program after Gary Fulcher had to step down for medical reasons. She did trainings in Sydney and Melbourne and assisted in the building of the EMDR Association ??? Australia.
    As a result of Graciela's excitement and enthusiasm about EMDR, she pioneered the introduction of EMDR into many new countries: Malaysia, Nepal, Chile, Brazil, Argentina, Spain, Singapore, Mexico and Columbia. One of the most poignant trainings was working with refugees from Bhutan in Nepal through an organization that worked with torture victims.
    It is, therefore, not a surprise that a subject close to Graciela's heart concerns the exchange of cultural information and how that affects the teaching of EMDR. She is interested in addressing cultural differences for the cultures to which she introduces EMDR and, in Graciela's words she is "in search of the best way to introduce EMDR in different cultures."  She found that her experience of using EMDR in Singapore and then in Nepal taught her many new things about culture. Her belief is that "EMDR is excellent because any person can use it, even in places like Nepal with Bhutanese refugees. It could be a common language all over the world!" She hosted a seminar on this subject at the 1998 EMDR International Association Conference and hopes to have this as a continuing presence at subsequent conferences. Also, she is experimenting with different teaching models to improve clinicians' mastery of the course material and case implementation.
    Now that Graciela has returned to Argentina to live, she continues to travel and teach in Latin America and Spain. She is a strong proponent of the multi-cultural perspective that characterizes the spirit of the EMDR International Association and supports this organization in its international scope. She will be starting a Spanish discussion list on the web and invites interested clinicians to contact her at graciro@intergate.com.ar.

Tri Iswardana Sadaturn
    
The district of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam is located in northern Sumatra and possesses one of Indonesia's largest reserves of natural gas and oil. This has resulted in conflict between the residents of Aceh and their government over wealth, and cultural and religious freedom. On December 26, 2004, this conflict, a devastating earthquake, followed by a catastrophic tsunami overshadowed this conflict. A ceasefire was declared as all struggled to respond to the devastation. Two women, Tri Iswardani Sadatun (Dani) and Shinto Sukirna, heard about the healing effects of EMDR and requested help from our EMDR community. This column introduces Dani and the next column will profile Shinto.
    Dani was born in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, to Sadatun Suryoharjo, a surgeon and professor at University of Indonesia, and her homemaker mother, Kusdiani Sediono. With parents who encouraged learning athletics, and responsibility, at 14, Dani took up gliding and aerobatic flight, while also expected to look after her 4 younger brothers and sisters. As a result of these experiences, she became a keen observer, effective leader, and compassionate caretaker of those more vulnerable than she. After high school, she was admitted to the Developmental Psychology program at the University of Indonesia. However, a conflict was growing inside her between her thirst for knowledge and her wanting to fly beyond the constraints of her known environment into the unknown. With the agreement that she would return to complete her degree, her father allowed her to attend the Boardman Flying School in Fort Worth, Texas to become a pilot. She earned her private pilot's (PPL) and later her commercial pilot's license (CPL) while she worked part time as a tow pilot at the Federation of Aero Sport, Indonesia.
    She returned to Indonesia, married and had children before she went back to work on her degree. When she completed her degree, she began teaching at her university and did clinical work and research. Her developmental perspective was useful in informing her understanding of the society in which she lived. She understood that working with all aspects of the community on an issue from the individual, to groups, to agencies and ultimately with government officials was crucial to a healthy functioning environment. She worked with juvenile delinquents, and conducted parenting groups. Since 1990, she was a lecturer at the Academy of Corrective Rehabilitation Services in the Department of Law and Human Rights for the Republic of Indonesia where she trained prison officers about psychology in prison, developmental and criminal psychology and how to do research. Her network now includes most of the Indonesian Directors of prisons as they were all her students! In 2002, she became the Director of the Department of Criminal Psychology and on the Faculty of Post Graduate Applied Psychological Study at her university and, in 2004, published "Psychology of Criminal Behavior" for the Department of Law and Human Rights Republic of Indonesia.
    In 1995, Dani completed her MA in Psychology. She assisted in the development of "Masyarakat Anti Narkoba" (Drug Free Society), a non-governmental organization (NGO) in Jakarta. She became the head of this organization in 1999 and added an Aftercare program that ran until 2003. Also, in 1999, Dani became the Director of a School-Based Drug Prevention Working Group for the Department of Education for the Republic of Indonesia and in 2000 wrote "School Based Drug Abuse Prevention and Management Program. Through the confluence of all her skills and interests, Dani developed a new subject called the "Psychology of Drug Addiction"; more than 100 students attended instead of the usual 30, because of the frequency of drug and alcohol use in families. She asked her students to do research in this area and create informational brochures, films, posters and t-shirts for a Drug-Free Society.  When drug and alcohol addictions changed to include other forms of addiction such as internet, game and sex and love addictions, Dani changed the name of her course to "Psychology of Addiction" and applied her knowledge of drug addictions to these other addictions by using the following: Alcoholics Anonymous 12 step program, cognitive and behavioral therapy, and motivational enhancement therapy. Dani is a Consultant to the National Narcotic Board for Indonesia, trains other mental health professionals in this field and has written many books about the subject such as "Standard Operating Procedure for Psychologists in Substance Abuse Treatment" (2007), "Manual for Social Workers: Psychological Services in Community Base Units and One Stop Centers" (2008), and "Psychosocial Approach in Substance Abuse Treatment" (2009).
    Dani's knowledge of developmental psychology resulted in a contract with the magazine, "Parent's Guide", "Ayahbunda", to travel all over Indonesia talking about these different developmental issues. From 1996-2000, she became the 2nd Deputy Dean for Administration and Finance for the Faculty of Psychology.
    In 2004, as Dani was returning from her second Haj to Mecca, she heard about the earthquake and tsunami. Her university was asked to send assistance and she volunteered. At first, the goal was to make the survivors comfortable. She brought donations from friends, relatives and anyone who would contribute and gave it to the people of Aceh. While there, she drew on all that she knew such as crisis psychology and "prana"-energy, chanting and Reiki practices. Formal therapy was difficult as there was no private place to go and survivors were not ready to enter therapy sessions.
    In 2005, Dani began working with the group "Post-Traumatic Relief and Management for Aceh Children (victims of the tsunami disaster)" and became the Assistant Program Manager of the NGO "Yayasan Nuraini" (to help survivors of the tsunami disaster overcome economic and psychosocial consequences). In the same year, the Goethe Institute in Germany sent sociologists Ute Soddemann and Peter Bumke to do a needs' assessment in the area affected by the tsunami. Their report became the publication, "The Sound of the Winds: Survey on the Psychosocial Condition and the Problems of Children Affected by the Tsunami in the Province of Aceh, Indonesia" (Sodemann, Iswardani, & Adelar, 2006). With Dr. Sodemann, Dani went to a "Terre des Hommes" meeting and presented their findings. This resulted in a proposal to conduct a Psychosocial Trauma Treatment for the Children and Families of Aceh. The German Department of Finance (BMZ) gave full funding through the Indonesian Psychology Association and the program began in 2006. 
    EMDR training was part of the 3-pronged approach of the project: capacity building, psychology service, and mental health training for mental health professionals.  EMDR came under the heading of capacity building. Ute and Peter had heard about the EMDR Institute in Germany run by Arne Hofmann. Dani and Shinto began their EMDR training and became EMDR Trainers 2008.
    Traumatology training began in by Arne and Helga Matthess began in 2007. Fourteen Indonesian mental health practitioners from the Aceh project and 16 others attended the first training. By 2008, they had completed the EMDR basic training.  Currently, Dani supervises 10 practitioners, once a month.
    Work with the people of Aceh was a learning experience and trainings were modified to support their needs and cultural and religious beliefs. The people of Aceh were stereotyped often as "stiff and lazy"; however, like most stereotypes, as practitioners began to know the people instead of the stereotype, this was proven false. Due to cultural and religious mores, the people ???especially the men- hide their emotions so Dani and Shinto realized they needed more time to build rapport. They conducted longer sessions (60-90 minutes) to ensure time to catch up and keep rapport and to close down the sessions ecologically. Since Indonesians seldom reflect on themselves, eliciting a negative cognition is difficult. Practitioners accommodated to this by taking more time and/or giving a suitable list of examples. Auditory and tacscan devices were used in addition to eye movements because of cultural concerns over proximity and touch. Women often came in first as men thought it was weak to do so. However, when people heard about the success of EMDR, more people came.
    New stabilization techniques were interspersed with standard ones to support the clients.  The following resources were used: Safe Place, Resource Activation and Installation, Light Stream Technique, Dzikir Stabilization Technique / Sound Vibration Calming Technique, and Dzikir Energy Visualization Technique / Dzikir Energy Channeling Technique.
    Due to the conflicts before the catastrophes, targets included issues of violence, dysfunctional beliefs and images from the tsunami. Since there is often violence in the family trans-generationally, these targets needed to be addressed too. It was important to address somatic complaints as they often masked other issues.  In order that clients not experience EMDR as magic, clinicians emphasized that. "EMDR is a natural healing process that it is in the brain ??? like how a scratch heals."
    The project will be completed by the end of 2009 and was extended to include more people living in Thailand, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Burma. By 2009, there have been more than 5 EMDR trainings and 100 Indonesian practitioners trained.
    To the EMDR community Dani would like to say the following: "With my own eyes, I see that EMDR frees people from suffering. Although, we think we can stand living with suffering, through our work with EMDR, we learned it is important that we let clients know suffering is not necessary. It is important that they finish life in peace, not just survival. God wants everyone to be happy. It is not something we have to be scared about. If we do EMDR properly, we can bring them to that level."
    To Francine:

"I think that you never thought EMDR would come to these secluded, remote areas. I want you to know that it works here. What we have found is that this method is universal; it is for humanity!"
    Dani also works in the intensive care wards in the hospital. She teaches the patient's family how to chant and you can see the patients' positive responses while on life support machines. As a result, more physicians refer their dying patients and Dani helps these patients using EMDR.
    Dani is married with 3 children. They have four grandchildren and are awaiting their fifth. She enjoys cooking, reading, travelling, and nature. How lucky we are to have this gifted, talented and compassionate woman in our midst.

Reyhana Seedat-Ravat
    
At a time in all of our lives when conflict, racism and divisions are rampant throughout the world, Reyhana Seedat-Ravat offers an alternative way of being in the world and addressing these issues. She is a model for us all.
    Reyhana is from South Africa. She is "a Muslim girl" who comes from a politically active family who has fought the battle of racism for as long as she can remember. She comes from a "traumatized society" and notes that it is common for people to suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in this environment where large numbers of hijackings, murders, sudden deaths, house break-ins and children exposed to all of the above occur.
    EMDR was just what Reyhana needed to address the realities of the Post-Apartheid Era. As she worked with the trauma of Apartheid, she noted that trauma is not sensitive to color and, indeed, both blacks and whites suffer the same terrible symptoms of PTSD. "Whites" serving their 2-year compulsory military service have been exposed to the horrific results of war such as deaths, murders and bombings. She told the story of one 39-year-old veteran who had endless nightmares about his job in the army that consisted of putting his dead comrades into body bags. After 2 months of therapy and using EMDR, he was able to sleep through the night. Other mental health care workers who have been trained in EMDR are using it with great success for their veteran population. Also, Reyhana has been using EMDR with children who have secondary PTSD due to hearing about the violence. She has had excellent results in dealing with symptoms of anxiety and nightmares.
    In every aspect of her life, Reyhana is concerned about children, not only her own children, but the world's children at large and those in South Africa, specifically.  She is an expert child therapist and advocate and she is known in her homeland for her skill. Also, she speaks English, Urdu, Gujarati and Zulu.
    She began her studies "late" after she had her 4 children: Junaid, Fatima, Mariam and Ayesha. They are her pride and joy and her motivation for the work she does. She was among 25 students who began a Social Work correspondence course through the University of South Africa; she was one of three students who finished this program with honors in 4 years. She worked for 2 years as a social worker at the Health Department. However, the year that she qualified for her Masters of Medical Science of Social Work (J. Med. Sc. S.W.) her 19-year-old daughter was arrested as a result of her political activity. It was a pivotal moment for Reyhana and her husband, Hashim. They had dealt with fathers, uncles and aunts incarcerated for their beliefs but their daughter's arrest shook them to the core and they decided to emigrate.
    In 1985, Reyhana and her family moved to Canada and Reyhana continued her advocacy for children at Metro Children's Aid Society in Toronto. Her major focus was on racism and she became involved in cross-religion adoption and foster care as there was nothing for the large Muslim population of Somalis and Pakistanis that were living in Canada at the time. She was involved in a highly publicized case where the children of a Pakistani father who murdered his wife were to be sent into foster care with a non-Muslim Canadian family. In her precedent setting work, Reyhana was able to re-instate these children with their maternal grandparents in Pakistan. With great delight she noted,  "It worked wonderfully!" She spoke on talk shows and was influential in changing the situation of Muslim children needing adoption or foster care in Canada.
    And then, the unexpected happened. Mandela was released! Reyhana and her family sat and listened with shock and then joy. They unanimously decided to return to their home, South Africa.
    During the course of her acclimatization to Canadian social work culture, Reyhana discovered continuing education! This was a concept unheard of in South Africa. During her stay in Canada, Reyhana became "a continuing education junkie"! As a result of her new passion, Reyhana vowed to bring continuing education to South Africa. When she returned, she brought courses in Hypnosis, Play Therapy, Imago Therapy and, of course, EMDR. Recently, continuing education has become mandatory in South Africa. Reyhana is proud that because of her track record for excellent workshops, she has received full accreditation.
    In 1996, Reyhana was nominated by Femina Magazine to be "Woman of the 90's" for her innovative work with children. Her name is synonymous with Play Therapy in her country. She has worked with the world's greatest play therapists and has brought the work of Gary Landreth, Virginia Axline, Louis Carey, Kevin O'Connor, and Helen Benedict to South Africa. Her hope is to combat racism and its effects as well as other psychological issues with this modality.
    Reyhana's introduction to EMDR was through The Family Therapy Networker. She was so fascinated that she called the EMDR Institute and attended and completed EMDR training in 1994. She went on to become a Facilitator. She returned to South Africa and began talking about EMDR everywhere. She laughed and said, "Everyone thought I was crazy and that I went to Canada and became Americanized!" However, she persevered with her colleagues and arranged the first training in 1995 with Gary Fulcher from Australia. There were two trainings in 1995 and interest was growing in South Africa. In 1996, Gerry Puk came to pinch hit for Gary and has been coming back yearly.
    Through the efforts of Francine Shapiro who was sponsored by the Young Executive's Club to talk about EMDR and due to Bessel van der Kolk who has been educating South Africans about trauma over the last 3 years, the concept of trauma and EMDR have become familiar in South Africa. As EMDR has gained more respect throughout the academic world, one of the major Afrikaner universities has shown interest and sponsored EMDR trainings in August 2000.  The excellent quality of the training has been an important factor in the flourishing of EMDR in South Africa. She is very pleased that a number of the participants of color that took the course will go back into their communities to work with their groups. Also, people from the rest of Africa have been inquiring about EMDR training such as Zimbabwe and Kenya.
    Reyhana has been integrating EMDR into her life at every level. With her grandchildren, she uses bilateral stimulation to soothe them, for herself she uses it to relax her on plane trips and, in her practice of other modalities such as marital work and play therapy, with great success. She notes that EMDR allows people to move forward faster and with better results.

David Servan-Schreiber (1)
    
There is a man who is taking the French-speaking world by storm and his name is David Servan-Schreiber. He has written a best selling book called "Gu??rir le Stress, l'Anxi??t?? et la d??pression sans M??dicaments Ni Psychanalyse" (The English title will be: "The Instinct to Heal: Curing stress, anxiety and depression"). However, we know David as a valued member of our international EMDR community.
    David first learned about EMDR during a lecture by Francine Shapiro. He became curious about EMDR and went on to take the EMDR Institute training in January 1998. During the course of the program, Robert Tinker's "The Mary Tape" touched him. Although he was skeptical that EMDR could really work, he went back to his office and used EMDR right away. He said, the following:
    "It worked from the first day and I was hooked. That's the story! I think that it happens to everybody. It is surprising to see something work so well. After years of doing therapy, I never experienced somebody leaving my office and not feeling like the same person. People would feel better but that was nothing like what I saw with EMDR. Also, what happens with it made me feel less helpless and I felt more effective."
    David's first encounter with wanting to help others was when he was 2 years old. He was playing with his friends at a playground in Neuilly, a suburb of Paris and there was another 2 year old there with thick glasses. David remembers that he wanted to help him. In fact, he says that the feeling of wanting to help others when they are in misery has been a feeling that has never left him. 
    At first, he thought that he would follow in the footsteps of his great grandfather who was one of the first surgeons in France. He began his medical training at the Faculty of Medicine, Necker-Enfants Malades at the University of Paris. However, every summer during college, his other interests, computers and film, brought him to a university in North America to learn about these areas of interest. During that time, he learned how Americans were taught medicine and decided to transfer to The School of Medicine at Laval University in Quebec. While doing a clinical rotation at Stanford in conjunction with Laval U, he fell in love with Psychiatry. David said:
    "What could be better than to listen to people telling the story of their lives? It was like going to the movies!" Furthermore, he went on to say that there was an aspect of EMDR that was similar to surgery: "You are working with one lesion at a time and you are cleaning it out with EMDR like you would a lesion."
    After medical school, he decided to do a Bi-disciplinary internship in Internal Medicine and Psychiatry at the Royal Victoria Hospital at McGill University. The following year he completed a Fellowship in the field of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, in Pittsburgh. He thought that his career would be about "Information and how to improve medicine by how people make decisions and he would capture it in computer expert systems." Several years later he completed his Ph.D. in Cognitive Neuroscience at the School of Computer Science at the same University. It was an exciting time where David had the opportunity to combine his love of Psychiatry, Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience. He was part of the group that developed a way to model neural networks on computers so that it would be possible to understand how thoughts and emotions arose from interactions between neurons and then gave rise to behavior. He worked under the Nobel Prize Scientist, Dr. Herbert Simon, and Dr. Jay McClelland. His thesis was a great success and was published in Science, August 1990 under the title "A network model of catecholamine effects: Gain, signal-to-noise ratio and behavior."
    David went on to start an NIH lab for clinical applications of cognitive neuroscience at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Pittsburgh that he co-directed for 8 years. During this time, he finished his Residency in Psychiatry at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. During his research career, David published more than 90 papers in diverse areas of knowledge such as engineering; artificial intelligence and medical management; a system for sexually dysfunctional couples; computerized psychotherapy; language learning; schizophrenia; human brain mapping; fear conditioning; neuroleptic effects on learned behaviors; Anxiety Disorders; Dopamine and the mechanisms of cognition; computational modeling of emotion; etc. He won many awards in recognition of his research skills such as the "Research Scientific Career Development Award" from NIMH, the "Mead Johnson Award" from the American College of Neuropsyychopharmacology to the most recent "Pennsylvania Psychiatrist Society Presidential Award for Outstanding Career in Psychiatry." The problem was that the more successful he became in Research the less clinical work that he did. When he understood that his career would continue to move in this direction, he reflected on what was happening and decided that because teaching residents about Clinical Psychiatry was the best part of his work, it was time to make a change.  He said that this was very hard to do and that it was the first time that anyone sent money back to NIH!
    David moved to join the staff of Shadyside Hospital. He became the Chief of Psychiatry and later, also, Director of Psychiatric Services for the new Center for Complementary Medicine. He later went on to be its Medical Director. While working with people with medical conditions, he began to understand the importance of the mind-body connection. As he began to use this principle to organize his thinking about human behavior, he began to have powerful results with his patients. The Center for Complementary Medicine was one of the very first university-affiliated units that used complementary-based medicine.
    As the new millennium was born, David became an EMDRIA Instructor and began to teach EMDR at the University of Pittsburgh and McGill University. A year later, he became an EMDR Institute Trainer and began to offer the first EMDR trainings in French in France. Building on the foundation of the first EMDR sponsor in France, Francois Bonnel, David has trained 250-300 therapists in France. Currently, he is in the process of creating a group of French-speaking facilitators and supervisors to support the growing number of clinicians in the French-speaking world. He has been asked to be part of a training course in Cognitive Therapy at the University of Lyon I where he is training medical students, psychiatrists, and therapists who are taking a university level course in Cognitive Therapy. Currently, he is helping to develop a university degree in Clinical Traumatology as part of a 2-year program at the University of Paris V; the basic training will include EMDR.
    In September 2001, David took a sabbatical to give him a chance to integrate all that he had been experiencing and learning. The book "Guerir" became the way to pull this information together in a coherent fashion. It also became a way for him to return to France and to the Paris where he had grown up.   Currently, he is living in a building that belonged to his great grandmother with other members of his family.
    The book came out in March 2003 and is changing the way the French conceptualize healing. David has used studies published in some of the most prestigious scientific journals such as "General Psychiatry", "Lancet," and the "Journal of New England" to give support to the importance of natural treatment methods for stress, anxiety and depression. What he talks about is that what these natural methods have in common is that they all tap into the body and the emotional brain to help bring it into balance. Also, he noted that the emotional brain is more connected to the body and its experiences than it is to language and reason.
    To the EMDR community David wanted to say the following: "I think that EMDR is at the forefront of this movement. This realization is going on worldwide. The new medicine of the 21st century will capitalize on the powerful healing connection between the mind and body. They should continue to do what they are doing because they are pioneers."
    David is a firm believer in the benefit of pets when it comes to stress and anxiety. He has a cat and enjoys cooking and playing cards with his friends on Sunday night as a way to deal with his own stress.
    We wish David the best with the important work that he is bringing to the public. We are glad that he is a member of our international EMDR community.

David Servan-Schreiber (2)
    
On July 24, 2011, our friend and colleague, David Servan-Schreiber died at 50 years of age. He was a leader in our field. He brought his special talents to the understanding of healing and went beyond the usual Western medical framework in which he was educated. His interest in alternative ways of healing began after he was on a mission for Doctors Without Borders in Tibet and learned about meditation, acupuncture and nutrition and deepened after an early occurrence of brain cancer at the age of 31. He pursued and wrote about treatments that supported healing of the whole person and in so doing revolutionized the thinking of the French-speaking world. This celebration of David's life is an updated version of an article that I wrote for this newsletter in 2003 and includes the many contributions he has done since that time and the reminiscences of some of the many colleagues who loved and respected him.
    There is a man who is taking the French-speaking world by storm and his name is David Servan- Schreiber. He has written a bestselling book called "Guerir: le stress, l'anxiete et la depression sans medicaments ni psychanalyse" (The English title will be: "The Instinct to Heal: Curing stress, anxiety and depression"). However, we know David as a valued member of our international EMDR community.
    David first learned about EMDR during a lecture by Francine Shapiro. He became curious about EMDR and went on to take an EMDR Institute basic training in January 1998. During the training, he saw Robert Tinker's "The Mary Tape" about a woman dealing with issues of death and dying and was touched by it. Although skeptical if EMDR could really work, he went back to his office and used EMDR right away. He said the following: "It worked from the first day and I was hooked. That's the story! I think that it happens to everybody. It is surprising to see something work so well. After years of doing therapy,
    I never experienced somebody leaving my office and not feeling like the same person. People would feel better but that was nothing like what I saw with EMDR. Also, what happens with it made me feel less helpless and I felt more effective."
    David's first encounter with wanting to help others was when he was 2 years old. He was playing with his friends at a playground in Neuilly, a suburb of Paris, and there was another 2 year old there with thick glasses. David remembers that he wanted to help him. In fact, he says that the feeling of wanting to help others when they are in misery has been a feeling that has never left him.
    At first, he thought that he would follow in the footsteps of his great grandfather who was one of the first surgeons in France. He began his medical training at the Faculty of Medicine, Necker-Enfants Malades at the University of Paris. However, every summer during college, his other interests, computers and film, brought him to a university in North America to learn about these areas of interest.
    During that time, he learned how Americans were taught medicine and decided to transfer to The School of Medicine at Laval University in Quebec. While doing a clinical rotation at Stanford in conjunction with Laval U, he fell in love with Psychiatry. David said: "What could be better than to listen to people telling the story of their lives? It was like going to the movies!"
    Furthermore, he said that there was an aspect of EMDR that was similar to surgery: "You are working with one lesion at a time and you are cleaning it out with EMDR like you would a lesion."
    After medical school, he decided to do a bidisciplinary internship in Internal Medicine and Psychiatry at the Royal Victoria Hospital at McGill University. The following year he completed a Fellowship in the field of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic and the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, in Pittsburgh. He thought that his career would be about "information and how to improve medicine by how people make decisions and he would capture it in computer expert systems". Several years later he completed his Ph.D. in Cognitive Neuroscience at the School of Computer Science at the same University. It was an exciting time where David had the opportunity to combine his love of Psychiatry, Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience. He was part of the group that developed a way to model neural networks on computers so that it would
    be possible to understand how thoughts and emotions arose from interactions between neurons and then gave rise to behavior. He worked under the Nobel Prize Scientist, Dr. Herbert Simon, and Dr. Jay McClelland. His thesis was a great success and was published in Science, August 1990 under the title "A network model of catecholamine effects: Gain, signal-to-noise ratio and behavior."
    In 1991, David began working with Doctors Without Borders in Iraqi Kurdistan after the first Persian Gulf War, as well as in Tajikistan, India and Kosovo. David provided medical and psychiatric support in these areas. Also, he was a Founding Board member of the United States branch of Doctors Without Borders. This international group was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1999.
    David started an NIH lab for clinical applications of Cognitive Neuroscience at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Pittsburgh that he co-directed for 8 years. During this time, he finished his Residency in Psychiatry at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic at the University of Pittsburgh.
    Throughout his research career, David published more than 90 papers in diverse areas of knowledge such as engineering; artificial intelligence and medical management; a system for sexually dysfunctional couples; computerized psychotherapy; language learning; schizophrenia; human brain mapping; fear conditioning; neuroleptic effects on learned behaviors; Anxiety Disorders; Dopamine and the mechanisms of cognition; computational modeling of emotion; etc. He won many awards in recognition of his research skills. The problem was that the more successful he became in research the less clinical work that he did. When he understood that his career would continue to move in this direction, he reflected on what was happening and decided that because teaching residents about Clinical Psychiatry was the best part of his work, it was time to make a change. He said that this was very hard to do and that it was the first time that anyone sent money back to NIH! David joined the Shadyside Hospital Staff and became the Chief of Psychiatry. He was appointed the Director of Psychiatric Services for the new Center for Complementary
    Medicine and later became its Medical Director. While he worked with people with medical conditions, he began to understand the importance of the mind-body connection. As he began to use this principle to organize his thinking about human behavior, he had more powerful results with his patients. The Center for Complementary Medicine was one of the very first university-affiliated units involved in the use of complementary-based medicine.
    In the new millennium, David became an EMDRIA Instructor and taught EMDR at the University of Pittsburgh and McGill University. A year later, he became an EMDR Institute Trainer and offered the first EMDR trainings taught in French. By 2003, David had trained 250-300 therapists in France and was in the process of creating a group of French-speaking Facilitators and Supervisors to support the growing number of clinicians in the French-speaking world. He was asked to take part in a Cognitive Therapy course at the University of Lyon where he was training medical students, psychiatrists, and therapists. Also, he helped to develop a university degree in Clinical Traumatology as part of a 2-year program at the University of Paris V; the basic training there included EMDR.
    In September, 2001, David wanted to assimilate all that he was learning and took a sabbatical to integrate his thinking, returning home to Paris, where he had grown up. Through his book "Guerir" (www.
    guerir.org), he pulled all of this information together into a coherent body of work.
    "Guerir" was published in March 2003 and changed the way the French-speaking people conceptualized healing. David has used studies published in some of the most prestigious scientific journals such as "General Psychiatry", "Lancet," and the "Journal of New England" to give support to the importance of natural treatment methods for stress, anxiety and depression. His thesis was that these natural methods all tap into the body and the emotional brain to help bring it into balance and that the emotional brain was more connected to the body and its experiences than it was to language and reason. David is a firm believer in the benefit of pets when it comes to stress and anxiety. He has a cat and enjoys cooking and playing cards with his friends on Sunday night as a way to deal with his own stress.
    To the EMDR community David wants to say: "I think that EMDR is at the forefront of this movement. This realization is going on worldwide. The new medicine of the
    21st century will capitalize on the powerful healing connection between the mind and body. They should continue to do what they are doing because they are pioneers."
    Over the next 8 years, David wrote two more books. "Anticancer: A New Way of Life (2007)," has been translated into 36 languages, and looked at the benefits of a healthy diet and balanced lifestyle, including nutrition, exercise, emotional well-being and environmental awareness to prevent and battle cancer. In 2010, he found out that he had another brain tumor ??? he called it "The Big One"??? and he wrote his third book, "Not the Last Goodbye: On life, death, healing, & Cancer," with Ursula Gauthier, a journalist. In this book, David has shared this final passage of his life. He deals with the complex questions of life and death and shares his own experience to assist us in addressing our joys and fears about our own journey of life. All of David's endeavors show his dedication to science and his need to go beyond existing dogma to look for a new a profound understanding of human nature, but, also, the rare capacity to truly listen, understand and through his compassion to assist us in uncovering a healthier way of being. David has often been at the forefront of controversial issues. He is one of the scientists who spoke out on the potential dangers of cell phones and the importance of vitamin D.
    David was an Adjunct Professor in the Section of Integrative Medicine, Department of General Oncology, at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and a member of the Board of the Society for Integrative Oncology. Through "Anticancer," the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center found a way to advance the goals of the Integrative Medicine Program run by Lorenzo Cohen, Ph.D. They have been interested in supporting "the development and testing of a novel, comprehensive integrative oncology intervention." The model David outlined in "Anticancer" was the type of standardized integrative oncology program for which they were looking and now has evolved into a $5 million research program supported by the Servan-Schreiber/Cohen Anticancer Fund (for more information http://www.mdanderson.org/how-you-can-help/make-a-donation/theservan-schreiber/cohen-anticancer-fund.html).
    As a result of David's emphasis on research, a major part of the EMDR French Institute's mission is to support research. Annually, the Institute prepares a summary of the latest EMDR research, translates articles into French and encourages research during their trainings. Since 2002, David has been responsible for the EMDR French Institute's EMDR training curriculum. Since he started training in
    French, more than 1700 French-speaking mental health practitioners have been trained. EMDR Basic trainings are currently taking place at the University of Lyon and at the University of Metz.
    David has been a recipient of many awards throughout the course of his career. As a student, he received the following awards: Award of Best Paper, Joint National Congress of the American Association for Medical Systems and Informatics (1984); Individual Fellowship Award, National Institute of Mental Health (1988); Laur??at de la Facult?? de M??decine de Paris (1989); Outstanding Resident in Psychiatry Award, National Institute of Mental Health (1991); Laughlin Fellow of the American College of Psychiatrists (1992); Fellow of the Summer Institute of the McDonnell-Pew Foundation for Cognitive Neuroscience (1993); and the Young Investigator Award, National Association for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders Research Scientist Career Development Award, National Institute of Mental Health (1994). As his career continued, he was given these awards: Mead Johnson Award, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (1995); UPMC Shadyside Hospital Recognition Award (2000); Pennsylvania Psychiatric Society Presidential Award for Outsanding Career in Psychiatry (2002); William Cooper award - Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh (2005); and the Board of the Prince Louis de Polignac Foundation Award (2009). David is survived by his wife (Gwena??lle Briseul), his 3 children (Hugo, Charlie, and Ana), his three brothers and his mother.

Memories of David

Robbie Dunton (Administrative Director of the EMDR Institute): David Servan-Schreiber is an inspiration to people throughout the world and his achievements will impact the lives of many forever. The EMDR community will miss him terribly. I feel blessed to have known him and to enjoy the love and joy that he so freely shared with those around him. Through his videos, books and lectures he shared his compassion for others and his dynamic ability to put his knowledge and experience into words. I have recommended his books to friends and family, and look forward to reading his third book when it becomes available in English. He accomplished so much in his 50 years!
    Udi Oren (President of EMDR Europe and EMDR European Trainer): Writing about David in the past tense seems unreal and makes me very, very sad. David Servan-Schreiber has been one of the most significant contributors to the development of EMDR in the last decade. In this short period, he wrote his bestseller book "The Instinct to Heal" that introduced EMDR to over a million readers around the world. He was the force behind the growth of EMDR in France and in the French-speaking world. He conducted EMDR-focused research, and was the President of the EMDR France Association as well as an important voice on the EMDR Europe Board. David was a friend and a colleague who both supported the growth of EMDR, as well as put it into the larger perspective of the changes taking place in medicine. This combination of an insider/outsider view of EMDR is a very unique one, and was only one of the ways in which David's ability to integrate different "worlds" came into life. He will be remembered by all who knew him for his courage, his wisdom, his warm  loving smile, and his all-embracing leadership. David was a good, great, and inspiring man-the kind of man you wish the world would have more of, and one you miss tremendously once he is gone.
    Ludwig Cornil (EMDR European Trainer; Director of the EMDR Institute Belgium): David has meant a lot to me personally and to the development of EMDR in Belgium. About 10 years ago, it was David and Arne Hofmann, who supported me when I created the Belgian EMDR-Institute. I still remember my first meeting with David. This was before his first book, "The Instinct to Heal" was published and I didn't know his personal history, so I was rather confused about his ???strange' behavior. He was drinking "green tea" in front of the audience and ordering different kinds of fish in a restaurant that did not specialize in fish but served typical Belgian food that we had planned for him to taste. During the training, he took a little nap after lunch and did some meditation. He was already living the book he was going to write afterwards. I also remember the participants of the training being touched as he gave a specialty workshop on "EMDR and Mourning," as he had a lot of experience in palliative care. From the beginning his humanity emanated from his being.bAs he became too occupied with his first book, he took an enormous risk and he asked me ??? a man from the Flemishspeaking part of Belgium- to do a Part 1 training in Paris! In the end, it worked out and I am grateful to David because he clearly conveyed his trust in me to the participants when he introduced me to them. He kept his faith after that first training and allowed me to grow, for which I will be forever grateful. David had a mission in life and he used all his talents to accomplish it. I experienced him as one of the steadiest people I know. It is rare to meet people like David in one's lifetime, and, each time we do, it is a blessing. David's form has disappeared, but his energy has been transmitted to every person he has touched. I am sad and happy at the same time, sad that he's gone, but also really happy when I let his image appear before my mind's eye and I hear his voice in my head.
    Martine Ircane (EMDR European Trainer - France): David brought an ethical and human dimension to medicine, healthcare and teaching that demystified behavioral psychology, psychiatry and brought everyone access to the benefits of psychotherapy. To EMDR, he brought his own careful, integrated approach that included his medical, psychiatric, and interpersonal gifts, including the knowledge of the mind and body. We thank him for being the first psychiatrist to teach about EMDR at the University of Lyon (since 2004) in the CBT program and sharing this information with HAP. I want to thank him especially for his trust in me during the time that he supported me as a new EMDR trainer. I will never forget those moments that we shared of laughter during our many voyages. Also, I will never forget his kindness and his smile. We will miss him. GOOD BYE AND THANK YOU, DAVID. (translated)
    Judith Black (EMDR Canadian Facilitator): We, in the Quebec EMDR community will remember David fondly and with special gratitude. Following the publication of his first book, "Gu??rir", and the "Anticancer," he made numerous visits to Qu??bec, gave many interviews and was a much sought after lecturer. This had a marked impact on the interest in EMDR, both on behalf of clinicians and the public. As a result, many additional local clinicians, sought training in EMDR. Many are continuing to this day as active participants locally, in EMDR Canada and in the International EMDR community. In spite of his growing renown, he remained humble, approachable, caring, and genuine. We bid you David: "Un gros merci et Adieu."
    Sandra Kaplan (EMDR Institute Trainer): David Servan-Schreiber was a very special person. His book: The "Instinct to Heal" took France by storm. He brought EMDR therapy and EMDR training to France. Over the nine years that I knew him, I was touched that he would make sure I understood what was being discussed in French. Adjectives to describe David Servan-Schreiber: elegant,
    thoughtful, sensitive, creative, brilliant, energetic, inspiring. It was my good fortune to have known and worked with him.
    Delphine P??coul (Assistant to David Servan-Schreiber): David voulait vraiement que toute une g??n??ration de jeunesbchercheurs suivent le mouvement et continuent de chercher, d'avoir des id??es, de rassembler ce qui s'??tait fait et d'oser sortir des chemins battus. David souhaitait ??galement que les projets dans lesquels il s'est beaucoup investi puissent continuer, sans lui. C'est ce que nous allons faire, notamment avec l'Institut Fran??ais d'EMDR, qui continue de fonctionner, dans le m??me ??tat d'esprit (qualit?? des formations propos??es, aide ?? la recherche, aide aux projets humanitaires, aide aux d??veloppement de formations universitaires), grace ?? l'??quipe de l'Institut, qui est tr??s soud??e et mobilis??e, en lien avec l'association EMDR France et l'association EMDR Europe, et avec le soutien de Francine Shapiro. (David truly wanted a generation of young scholars to follow suit and to continue to search, to have ideas, to study what has been done and to dare to go beyond the road already traveled. Also, David hoped that the projects in which he had invested so much continue, even without him. This is what we are doing, especially through the EMDR French Institute which will continue to function in the same spirit (quality of proposed trainings, research support; assistance for humanitarian projects, and support for trainings in universities) with the EMDR French Institute Team, who are committed and active, in solidarity with the EMDR Europe Association and with the support of Francine Shapiro)
    Francine Shapiro: It is impossible for me to adequately express my feelings about the loss of David. In his service to humanity, he was a light to the world in so many ways. He was a wonderful, wise and compassionate man whom we will sorely miss. I am forever grateful for having known him. In closing, a final message from David in his own words: "Death is part of life; it happens to everyone, profit from now, do the important things."

Elan Shapiro
    
Francine Shapiro???was she a cousin???a long lost relative? That is what Elan Shapiro wondered when he heard about the first EMDR training that took place in Israel in 1989. When Elan was a college student, he worked with Dr. Danny Kahaneman who later became the first psychologist who won a Nobel Prize. Elan was his assistant when he was writing a book on attention. His job was to read every article on attention and summarize it in one page. There was one article that caught his eye and stayed with him, only to be triggered when he heard about Francine Shapiro and a new idea called Eye Movement and Desensitization. This article was by someone called Day that documented the following observation:  when attention is focused inward e.g. while doing mental arithmetic, the eyes move to the left or right. Some people's eyes move right and the others move left while, with couples, often, one spouse goes to the right and the other goes to the left. Day's conclusion was that it had something to do with personality; he thought that there was a link between shifting attention and spontaneous eye movement. Interestingly, this was the only article that Elan remembered so vividly Shapiro and eye movements, it looked like a winning possibility.
    Elan was born in South Africa.  The family moved to England when he was six. Education was always important for Elan and it was in England that his first love of science was fostered and then thwarted. Physics, math and chemistry were his passions and life may have taken a very different turn had he not had an uninspired Physics teacher. The subject became so much less interesting in the hands of this ungifted teacher that he decided to take a year off before university and enlarge his world perspective.
    In 1966, Elan went to Israel for a year through a one-year program at the University of Jerusalem, joining students from seven different countries, including his soon to be bride, Helene, from Belgium. Elan was entranced by Jerusalem and Israel. He stayed on to complete a first degree with distinction at the Hebrew University where he majored in Psychology and Sociology and he began his work with Dr. Kahaneman.  He was married in 1968. When he completed his university studies in 1970, they went to England.
    He was accepted at Sussex University, one of the "new" universities of the time, modeled on the tutorial system of Oxford and Cambridge. When he saw the unstructured nature of the program meant that no one yet was able to graduate with his doctorate, he finished his MA and went on to merge his science with his love of art. He went to an Art Therapy Program at St. Albans, now Hertfordshire College of Art and Design.
    At the time, he read about an idea that a program in Holland espoused which was to give their students a list of 300 different types of art media and expected them to try at least 150 to find the one that spoke to them. They figured that if artists find a medium that speaks to them, they will know what to do with it. Elan found oil painting on wood and began to experiment.
    At around the same time, the need for Israel and his desire to work with the land grew until he could no longer deny it. In 1973, one day before the Yom Kippur war, Elan and his wife made "aliyah" to Israel. They came to stay.
    They moved to a rural area in the north near Nazareth. He began to work in Clinical Psychologist training posts at a Ministry of Health Child and Adolescent clinic in Haifa and the Psychiatric Department at a government hospital in Afula.  They were expecting him, also, to use his art therapy, and, it was then that he came to another point of crisis in his life. Elan said that after the Yom Kippur War, it was a very strange and difficult time in Israel. The people went into shock and depression and it lasted a long time. He tried to use Art Therapy but found that he did not really know what it was and how to help with these tools. He felt that it was "not authentic for me." He made the big choice to keep art and psychology separate. While he continued working as a psychologist, he began taking his own art more seriously.
    It was then that Elan stumbled on this oil painting on textured woodwork. He took great delight in the sensuousness of the wood and the figurative models and landscape that he began to capture in this unique medium. He did exhibitions and he was surprised to find out that people really liked his work and that he could supplement his income through his art.
    In the beautiful home that he and Helene created in Ramat Yishay with their 3 children, Cygalle, Yuval and Inbal, Elan turned his second floor into a studio and went to work. No doubt finding inspiration in the splendor of their garden with its orchards and 30 different kinds of fruit trees.
    He became a member of his local Town Council in the 80's for about 5 years and takes great pride now in the 700 trees he was responsible for planting during his term portfolio for Education and Environmental Development.
    Deciding to delve more deeply into Psychology. Elan went on to specialize in Adlerian Psychology doing a 3 year training in Adlerian Lifestyle Analysis with Mica Katz, who, incidentally was trained by Dreikurs ???who himself was trained by Adler. It was only when he had his own Lifestyle analysis that Elan realized a possible holistic connection between his name Elan ???which means "forest tree" in Hebrew and his passion for trees and for working with wood.
    At this time, he went to the Director of the Psychological Service in Nazereth Ilit for some advice. Wisely, the Director offered Elan a job on the spot. In Israel, Municipal Community and Educational Psychology is the largest employer of psychologists with an impressive continuing education program. Elan went on to become a Senior Consultant in Educational Psychology and directed the Clinic for several years when his chief went abroad. Later, he became the director of their new Treatment Unit. Today, he focuses on administration, treatment and special education. He is the Coordinator for Special Education and has had a private practice for over 25 years in Ramat Yishay.
    In the late 90's, he was the Deputy Chief Regional Psychologist, an inspector of psychologists for a period of time. His job was to visit the 80 clinics in Northern Israel and check the quality of the work.
    EMDR entered Elan's life in 1989. He attended the first workshop that Francine Shapiro gave on EMD after she presented her research at the International Stress conference in Tel Aviv.. It was given in Kiryat Schmona and sponsored by Mooli Lahad. Elan was convinced during the second day of the practicum after he had an authentic experience in the practicum. Francine told them to go out and see what they could do with EMD(R) and Elan did just that.
    In 1991, he was on sabbatical in London taking a CBT course at the Institute of Psychiatry, when he wrote to Francine that he was getting good results with EMD. She invited him to come to the United States as a guest to see what she was doing with it now. During 1992, he completed his Part I and II trainings in Philadelphia and San Francisco. When he returned, he had hoped that the Maudsley Institute of Psychiatry would sponsor a training; this was not to be. However, two years later, during his facilitator program in London, he took on the role as client when a participant needed one. He chose as the target the disappointment and responsibility he felt because he was unable to get EMDR to London 2 years earlier. As he worked, he realized that it had not been realistic, as he did not have the contacts that he had in Israel. He then went and asked Robbie Dunton, the co-owner of the EMDR Institute, about sponsoring EMDR seminars in Israel. The birth of EMDR in Israel came out of an EMDR session; his insight got translated into action in 1995.
    EMDR was re-introduced in its current format to Israel in Zichron Yaakov. William Zangwill was the trainer and Elan and I did the Logistics. More training followed with Francine giving the first Part 2 in 1996. Institute trainers, Gerry Puk and Roger Solomon, continued the trainings and they were major influences on the local training team. Since then, there have been a number of trainings throughout Israel.  There are 2 EMDR Institute trainers: Udi Oren and Gary Quinn and 15 trained facilitaters, trained by Harriet Sage and myself: Yair Emanuel, Alan Cohen, Brurit Laub, Frances Yoeli, Yvonne Tauber, Aiton Birnbaum, Joel Comet, Eva Eshkol, Estie Bar Sade, Shula Brin, Barbara Wizansky, Nili Arkin and Marlene Zaslow. Two of the facilitators are also trained Child Trainers by Bob Tinker and Sandra Wilson: Estie Bar Sade and Barbara Wizansky.
    Although Elan identified himself as an Adlerian and worked within the framework of the Lifestyle Analysis work where you use early recollections, interpreting them and then looking for "the recognition reflex", Elan's therapeutic gestalt shifted in 1991 after he worked with a woman in her seventies and decided to try using EMDR with the early childhood memories rather than the way he would ordinarily have done it using the lifestyle work. He brought the results of the session to his peer supervision group in lifestyle. They interpreted the memories and he compared them with how the woman herself processed the memories with EMDR; he found that the EMDR work took her much further. Subsequent to processing 3-4 memories, the woman's depression went into remission and she was able to decrease the many medications that she was on. The treatment was so successful that it was the last time that Elan interpreted memories, moving directly into EMDR.
    EMDR-Israel was formed in 2000 as a non-profit professional association whose mission is to promote training of therapists in EMDR and promoting and maintaining standards. In keeping with this beginning conceptualization, Elan' s plan for Israel to address the results of terrorist attacks was to adopt a strategy to train as many therapists as possible so that people could be treated in their own regions. He did this by charging a nominal fee. Currently 1500 people have been trained at a Part 1 level. Recently, they have been doing small trainings in the hospitals and work places. In Israel, the course has been modified into a 4-day course that is mandatory with much more time for practice. The last day of the course is 6 weeks later after the participants have worked with at least one real client of their own. During this last day, they are given some supervision, learn resource development and there is a lecture on children and a practicum.
    After being involved in so many HAP projects, the local trainers and facilitators are in the planning stage of evolving their own HAP-Israel. Members of the Israeli team have been very involved in the Turkey trainings after the earthquake and supplying ongoing support. Recently, Gary Quinn led a team to Bangkok, Thailand to train therapists and work with victims of the Tsunami. 
    The latest phase for EMDR-Israel is the decision to train consultants from all over the country. In March 2005, I taught the first part of the Consultancy training -pioneered in Germany- in Zichron Yaakov. Twenty-one consultants were trained and will ultimately be involved in consulting with groups of EMDR-trained therapists to ensure ongoing support in the implementation of their EMDR skills into their practices.

Not only has Elan been instrumental in bringing EMDR to Israel and promoting its growth there, he is also an active member of EMDR Europe. He was part of the founding EMDR Europe Board and has been on the Board since its inception in 1996. He was recently elected to the Executive Board as its Secretary. Currently, there are 14 member countries and observer countries like Greece. 
    His thoughts for the EMDR Community are the following: I have always liked Rollo May' s definition of Creativity, "Total commitment in the face of total uncertainty"???the product is unique, transformed. With the artist, if you believe in the process and have the hope that the outcome will be a worthwhile outcome, you are committed to the process. This is the way in art. In EMDR, you are similarly committed to the process while you are uncertain about its course. You know where you start and you do not know where you are going to go. EMDR is a merging of science and art. After you structure and organize it a lot of the work is intuition. The actual process is creative and intuitive in that sense and empowering for the same reason. You step back and say, ???How did that happen' ? You are amazed at the outcome. It has come from somewhere divine.
    Elan' s total commitment to EMDR has been our good fortune. He has contributed to the EMDR community in innumerable ways. How did that happen? Clearly, he has come from somewhere divine.

Steven M. Silver
    
In a world filled with conflict, confused thinking and cacophony, Steven M. Silver is the person that you want covering your back. Whether it is on a flight mission in Vietnam, dealing with his fellow veterans who have PTSD or tilting with the academic community in favor of the efficacy of EMDR, Steve is your man.
    Born into a military family, Steve' s first point of entry was Key West, Florida.  His father was a pilot in the Navy and by the time that he completed High School, he had lived more time outside of the United States than in. He grew up on Guam, Naples, Italy, Cuba, Puerto Rico, New Jersey, Texas, Washington and Ohio; at no time did he live more than 3 years in any of these places and attended 8 elementary schools, 2 Junior High Schools and 2 different Senior High Schools! Even though this could have been a disastrous experience, Steve' s mother kept her family of 4 sons and 2 daughters intact because of her organization skills and dedication. Through these experiences, Steve grew to appreciate the diversity of human beings and the allegiance of those who served in the military for their love of country and dedication to a mission. In Steve' s world, people looked out for each other and when his dad was away on a mission, others in his squadron looked out for them. He also was able to witness the families who were not as fortunate as his own and how disorienting this type of movement could be for a family that was not well grounded. By living in places that were not democracies, Steve grew to value his own country' s way of life.
    Steve has always had a passion for the study of History, especially focusing on the great themes of life such as the consequences of violence and the meaning of courage.   He went, first, to John Carroll in Cleveland and then completed college at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio where he received his B.S. in History and Government. During that time ??? despite the fact that he had been classified as 4F because of his eyes - Steve decided that joining the Marines and leading people would assist him in his maturation process and would "give payback to the USA." Initially, he believed that he would like to join the Peace Corps. However, in thoughtful Steve fashion, he decided that being a Marine officer would be more of a challenge. It was.
    He entered a summer program for the Marines and attended boot camp at Quantico for two 6-week periods. When he completed college in 1967, he was commissioned immediately as a second lieutenant. At the time that he had entered the program in January of 1965, there were only a few advisors in Vietnam and little war. His plan was to stay three years and then become a History teacher. He ??? like his father - went into Aviation. He trained with the Navy as a "back seater" in Phantom aircraft. At Pensacola, he went through preflight training and fundamentals of flight and, then, Air Navigation. He was part of a Marine F4 Squadron ??? a fighter squadron - in Vietnam where he flew 316 combat missions. When his tour was done, he came back to a squadron stationed in California and worked as a teacher for the Marines.  He completed his active duty in 1971 and then was asked back to do research for the Historical Division at the Headquarters of the Marine Corps for several months. He was in the military 4 years.
    By 1972, he was back at Miami University to complete a M.A.T. in American History. During that time, he volunteered as a Crisis Intervention Counselor at Together, Inc. He taught for 2 years in Cincinnati but lost his job because of teacher cutbacks. So, discovering that he enjoyed working one on one with the kids, he went back to Miami U for an MA in Counseling, which he was granted in 1975. At that time, he became the Coordinator of Counseling services at the same place that he had volunteered.
    By 1978, he had decided that he had reached the limits of what he knew and needed to learn more if he were going to remain a Counselor. He entered Temple University' s Counseling Psychology program on a University Fellowship and completed his Ph.D. in 3 years. The most exciting concept that he encountered then was family systems thinking introduced to him by Professor Harold Little. Also, he did a 2-month internship with Clorinda Margolis at Jefferson Hospital and the St. Agnes Burn Center where he learned Hypnosis. While he was finishing his dissertation, he did his Clinical Internship at the Veterans' Administration Hospital in Coatesville. His dissertation was on returning Veterans and their symptoms (for those who had them); he was able to make a connection between these symptoms and the DSM-III diagnosis of PTSD. He gave his dissertation to one of the Staff Psychiatrist' s at the time and he passed it on to the Chief of Staff of the Hospital. Steve was shocked when he asked if he would like to put together a program for Veterans returning from Vietnam. Although, at the time, he did not like the VA because of a bad experience he had had as a Veteran, he decided he would try it out.
    In 1981, after he was awarded his Ph.D., he began working for the VA at Coatesville as a Staff Psychologist for the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Program which he helped organize; he was made Director of the program around 1990, a post that he has continues to hold to this day. During this time, he also joined the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at Jefferson Medical College as an Adjunct Faculty member and remained there until 1989. In 1982-2000, he was a Psychologist at Clorinda Margolis and Associates, P.C., a private practice group. He was also on the faculty of Temple University Medical School and taught at the graduate division of Immaculata College. For a brief period he was Visiting Professor of American Civilization at the University of Pennsylvania. Wherever Steve went, they wanted him to stay.
    Steve was a natural to hold a position at the VA. Having grown up in the military and a veteran himself, members of the military were family and he had a deep appreciation for them, what they believed in and how they led their lives. What distressed him were all of those symptoms that many of his fellow veterans had to deal with on a daily basis.
    Life at the VA was challenging. Steve had to attend not only to clinical problems but issues of managed care, limited budgets, and management of Veterans from all wars in which this country has fought. He is proud of the members of his staff and how competitive it is for staff to work in the program. This life' s work of Steve' s deeply matters to him because he has seen the contribution that he and his staff have made to his fellow veterans and the tangible effects their interventions have made on their lives. On his watch, he and his staff did not just help people get better, he and his staff saved many lives.
    Of the many different teams and committees Steve has been on at the VA, the one closest to his heart has been the American Indian Working Group. The VA wanted a liaison between the medical team and the traditional healers of the Native American Veterans. As a member of this group, Steve visited reservations and talked to the traditional healers and the Native American Veterans. He was impressed with what he learned and decided to find ways to translate his new knowledge into mainstream culture. He was most touched by the ways that they responded to him as an outsider once they realized he was not there "to rip anyone off." They tried to make him feel like he was a part of what was going on.
    Steve studied how the Native American Communities responded as a community to someone who has been to war. They asked questions such as what is the community level and societal response that is needed and what important lessons were to be learned from trauma survivors as they came back to their society. Reentry and adjustment were huge obstacles, and, if something traumatic occurred, it was even more difficult. If you ever have the opportunity to hear Steve teach, ask him to tell one of his Native American stories. At trainings, facilitators ???although they have heard his ending story of "The Woman Who Saved Her Brother"- many times, will line the back of the room to hear it again.
    Over the years, Steve has been an Editor or Referee for a number of professional journals such as the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vet Center Voice and the Journal of Traumatic Stress. In his position as Editorial Board Member at the Journal of Traumatic Stress, he read an article by an unknown clinician named Francine Shapiro. He called Chuck Figley ???the editor of the journal- and said, "Either the reviewers missed something or you are a victim of a hoax!" A fellow VA Psychologist from Chicago (Howard Lipke) -whom Steve respected- put together this woman' s methodology from the paper and got good results.
    When the first EMDR training was offered on the campus of the Temple University Medical School in Philadelphia, Steve went. He brought what he learned back to the VA and said, "It worked with a rapidity and depth of resolution of anything that I had ever used and I had used all that had been accepted for PTSD."  When something intrigues Steve, he dives in. Soon he was asked if he wanted to be a Facilitator for the EMDR Institute. Since he always acted with the credo that "the best way to learn is to teach", he accepted. He went on to be a Trainer at the Institute.  At the time of this article, between the EMDR Institute, EMDR-HAP and the VA, Steve has completed over 140 EMDR trainings. It has forced him to master EMDR and through the variety of training experiences, he feels that he understands thoroughly what is going on.
    Steve has been crucial to the development of the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program as the Programs Chairperson and the Coordinator of the Training Programs for EMDR-HAP. Through the work that he accomplished in the Balkans and other places prior to the birth of EMDR-HAP and with all of the accumulated wisdom he has gleaned over the diverse experiences of his life, Steve had a keen vision of the possibilities of EMDR-HAP. His belief is that it is through the support of EMDR-HAP and agencies like it, that everyone can do something to help and "knock down" the sense of helplessness that people have as they watch events unfold around them. When he assisted in putting EMDR-HAP together, he thought it was the next logical step for the EMDR community and a way to get this method into the world where otherwise it could not be afforded. He has worked in Zagreb, Croatia; Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina; Belfast, Northern Ireland; Oklahoma City; Williamsport, PA (TWA800); Dhaka, Bangladesh; New York City and Washington D.C. (Sept 11). Also he has coordinated and organized similar trainings for Rwanda, Londonderry and Belfast, Northern Ireland; Kiev, Ukraine; Budapest, Hungary; UNICEF sponsored project for Bangladesh. He has assisted in organizing training projects for Fargo, SD (floods), and clinicians working in the inner cities of New York, Oakland, and others.
    Steve' s impressive number of presented papers, referred journal articles, book chapters and book ("Light in the Heart of Darkness: EMDR and the Treatment of War and Terrorism Survivors," with Dr. Susan Rogers), for the most part, focus on his fascination with all aspects of PTSD, however, they also include work on Native American Healing, Apache and Navajo warfare, the Veteran as therapist, EMDR, program effectiveness, existential elements of rage, historical analyses, rape, and the philosophy of war. Steve noted in his resume that, "Since 1972, he has provided over 500 workshops, seminars, and training programs for professional and community groups, including Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Centers and units of the U.S. Army and Navy.  The subjects include crisis intervention, critical incident responses, sex role differences, hypnosis, research, family therapy, psychological testing, posttraumatic stress disorder, differential diagnosis, and EMDR, among others."
    Steve' s work over the 21 years that he has been a licensed Psychologist in the state of Pennsylvania is an enormous contribution to the field. He has received 24 honors and distinctions from Temple University, to the Disabled American Veterans, the Veterans Administration, the Florida State University Psychosocial Stress Research Program and Psychosocial Stress Clinical Laboratory' s "Active Ingredient" Project, the EMDR Institute, EMDRIA and EMDR- HAP.
    He is an accomplished writer and poet and is in the midst of writing the seventh of a series of science fiction novels. His love of writing rivals his love of teaching and these two areas of his life are where he finds deep fulfillment. Based on his knowledge of history, he has set his novels in the future where his characters are a group of mercenaries hired to help liberate a world and what becomes of them as a result of their involvement. All of the events that Steve has lived through and the issues with which he has struggled provide the foundation for his novels. Although he organized the conflicts out of human history, his work is based in reality. He is fascinated by how people have reacted in the past and what it means for the future.
    As a result of his interest in history and the study of behavior, Steve was asked to help develop a model for human behavior in high stress combat situations. He built his model from history to help people understand how people will react in certain situations. He served as a technological advisor to a computer company that was the first to introduce psychological reactions into their games. Then, some of this work was taken by the Air Force to train people how to build models of what to expect when people are flying aircraft.
    When I asked Steve what he would like to say to the EMDR community, he responded with the following:  "I think that a lot of folks don' t realize this is a war that can still be lost. We are still trying to get EMDR accepted. And the opponents to EMDR are still working very hard to sell the idea that EMDR is ineffective and not worth paying any attention to. If you "Google" EMDR and visit all the websites, you will find that people have their own web-sites where they do an analysis of EMDR based on something they read or someone said in 1992 or 1994. There are relatively few people who are thoroughly up to date on where the research is. This ignorance of the research is what the "naysayers" make use of when they do their little sound bytes and that is what people remember, the sound bytes. There is much to be done and research to be done that would help the effort in the long run.
    The other thing I have seen, and, you get this with every time that something new is introduced. I have seen a lot of splintering and drift. It is like everybody needs to make EMDR theirs and the way to do it is to change it. I have no objection to innovation, but, if people are trying to use EMDR differently than the protocol, if they have something new to change or take away, they have an obligation to do some research. I see money being made off of workshops of variations on EMDR with zero research. We do have the research to show the closer you follow the protocol the greater the effects. The danger is not just that some therapists will become ineffective or less effective than if they had followed the protocol, the real danger is that someone will come up with a weird variation and it will work poorly or hurt someone and the "naysayers" will grab it and use it against the EMDR community as a whole. We have already seen that happen in the CISM field where the debriefing protocol has been attacked as ineffective based on research that was done on debriefings performed on people for whom critical incident stress debriefing was never intended. The same kind of vulnerability exists for EMDR now.
    So I still see some difficulties ahead for EMDR despite its current level of acceptance. Because people are trying to get that rolled back, it is very possible that they will be able to succeed unless we are able to produce good research. In these days of managed care, we are being required to prove more and more that what we do works."
    Even though Steve moved a great deal while he was growing up, as an adult, he has chosen to put down roots with his wife, Jeannie, and their 2 dogs, in Coatesville, PA. He is an amateur astronomer and an avid Harley Davidson aficionado.
    When I think of Steve, I am always impressed with his knowledge and teaching skill as a psychologist and deeply touched by his spiritual being that illuminates his stories and writing. So, when you go into those dark places in your lives or with your patients into their lives, remember to keep Steve as an inspiration and know that when it comes to EMDR he keeps our backs covered. Thank you, Steve.

Roger Solomon
    
In this time of increasing world-wide disasters -both natural and man-made- and in the wake of September 11th, I have joined many of my colleagues in thinking about how lucky we are to be able to offer some relief from the grief, loss and trauma that currently fills the worlds of our friends, colleagues and patients. When I think about critical incidents and the area of trauma and grief with EMDR, I think of my friend, teacher and colleague, Roger Solomon.
    Roger has had a long history of service and interest in his community. Coming of age in the community-oriented world of Berkeley University, Roger volunteered his services and then received course credit for his work at the Berkeley Free Clinic in the early ???70' s. He was fascinated by the varied student, drug and protest cultures, including the flower children, such a symbol of those times. The Berkeley Free Clinic was an independent entity, funded by donations and grants from merchants in the community as well as the university. From this experience, Roger began to transform his knowledge and wisdom into practical applications for the people and communities of which he is and was a valued member. He graduated from Berkeley University with a BA in Psychology and was Phi Beta Kappa in 1972.
    Armed with a BA from Berkeley and a community outlook, Roger moved on to the University of Chicago where he worked towards an MA in the Social Service Administration. This program enriched his clinical outlook and taught him to be even more practical and again emphasized the importance of a community orientation.
    From the West to the Midwest and down into the Deep South, Roger continued his quest for knowledge. He went to Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama because they had a strong, APA-approved, Clinical Psychology Community Program. One of his professors introduced Roger to Police Psychology because this mentor had established a relationship with the police and assigned him to work in this area. Although Roger had not anticipated moving into this field of psychology, with his interest in people and in the community, he was a natural. During his last year, he had an Assistantship with the Police Department. He was involved with psychological selection and crisis intervention and dealt with psychotic and suicidal situations and court assessments. He wrote his dissertation on "Social psychological determinants of police behavior", and found that there is a police subculture and that peer influence is a significant determinant of peer behavior in the police environment. In 1977, he interned at Chicago Reed Mental Health Center. He found the work interesting and much preferred "working on the streets" to sitting in a mental health center; this initial practicum was to have a profound influence on his career. He received his Ph.D. in February 1979 and, for the next 15-years, he was a full-time Police Psychologist.
    Roger did Postdoctoral work at the Arizona Department of Public Safety for the State Police in Phoenix, AZ and then moved on to a full-time job at the Colorado State Police Department where he remained as a Police Psychologist for the next 9 years.
    It was in Colorado that he discovered his interest in trauma. In 1979, a FBI agent approached him to talk to him in his role as a Police Psychologist. The agent had had a curious observation: he noted that police who were involved in line-of-duty-shootings left law enforcement within the next two years. The FBI agent was interested in what psychologists had to say about this; however, at that time, there was little information on trauma and law enforcement and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder was not yet an official diagnosis. So, Roger and his friend, Jim Horn, joined forces and did their own research by talking to hundreds of officers following these incidents and then setting up support programs. They found that whereas the men were not interested in talking to "head shrinkers," they were interested in talking to each other so they initiated peer support trainings. Jim and Roger were the only ones providing this service for police and they became known for their work. At the time, the Police Department did not recognize that any other incidents were traumatizing. Later, they found that other critical incidents were traumatizing such as pursuits resulting in fatalities, multiple fatalities accidents, horrible child abuse and being in a fight for one' s life. Also, they found that an officer did not have to be involved with the trauma directly to experience traumatic effects. If they witnessed the horrible or critical incident, they could be traumatized as well. Although these are commonly understood principles today, mental health workers fought hard for them back then. Roger' s friend Jim eventually became the head of the FBI' s Critical Incident Program.
    By 1984, Roger met Jeffrey Mitchell, founder of the International Critical Incident Stress Foundation (ICISF). Jeff is known for his significant contribution of shifting the focus from individual to a group crisis intervention that included everyone at the scene. This practical approach was very effective with emergency services and has now expanded to include private industry, military, schools and work place violence.
    Roger and Jeff became fast friends and Roger began to incorporate Jeff' s methods into the work he did in group-crisis intervention for the Emergency Service Personnel. They taught together at different World Congresses and Conferences on trauma.  Also, they worked with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Roger became a faculty member of the ICISF and has taught their courses for many years. For 2002, Roger and Jeff have submitted a ?? day workshop for EMDRIA' s annual conference in San Diego. In this day and age, we should all attend!
    In 1988, Roger moved to Washington State where he was a Department Psychologist in the Washington State Patrol for the next six years. There he conducted psychological screening of law enforcement applicants and for selection of SWAT team, bomb squad and hostage negotiators; provided psychological services (individual, marital and family psychotherapy) to department personnel and their dependents; organized, coordinated and supervised prevention programs; conducted training at in-services and at the academy levels on psychological issues; and provided organization and program consultation to all bureaus in the department, conducted research and provided operational assistance.
    Part of Roger' s job over the years has included Roger is Railroad Consultation. He began in 1989 when he consulted with Union Pacific Railroad' s critical incident peer support program. Until 1993, he provided training and services to over 1000 railroad personnel in traumatic incidents. Since 1995, he has been consulting with Via Rail Canada. He also provides services to Alaska Railroad.
    Roger has been consulting with numerous municipal, county, state and federal agencies on critical incident programs and he has provided psychological services after traumatic events.  He is well known for his workshops and seminars nationally and internationally and has taught law enforcement and mental health professionals in Australia, Canada, Kuwait, The Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. The topics he teaches include critical incident trauma, and other topics related to police stress and police psychology.  In the private sector, he has provided critical incident debriefing for teams involved with major incidents such as airline crashes, major crimes and disasters. He is an expert witness in civil suits and criminal trials in cases involving law enforcement use of deadly force.
    In 1989, Roger took the early EMDR training from Francine Shapiro. He thought this was "a silly-looking method" until he met the veteran that Francine talks about in her Level 1 EMDR Institute trainings and EMDR text while doing a debriefing for the Mental Health Center in Santa Cruz following the 1989 San Francisco earthquake. The veteran was a volunteer counselor working to help people with their responses to the earthquake and told Roger his story about his encounter with EMDR. Although, at the time, Roger did not believe Francine, he did believe the veteran himself. He asked the counselor to show him this new method. In Roger' s words: "I brought something up that was annoying to me and he did several sets. And, after that, I did not understand how this could have annoyed me in the first place! And then, I realized something shifted and the rest is history!"
    When Roger learns something that intrigues him, he practices it and integrates it. In the case of EMDR, he began to sponsor trainings in Washington State. As one of the early qualified members of the EMDR team, Roger was invited to train to become a trainer. After apprenticing with Francine from 1993-1994, Roger went out on his own to teach EMDR Institute and Humanitarian Assistance Program (HAP) Level I and II trainings.
    Roger now travels all over the world teaching his many specialties. He has been amongst a number of EMDR Institute and HAP trainers who have travelled extensively to bring EMDR to clinicians in many countries where traumatic events have occurred. Roger has been to India, Israel, The Palestinian Authority, Ukraine and Rwanda around the world and to Central Massachusetts in the United States to teach agency clinicians in the HAP Inner City Program. To Roger, these were very meaningful trainings where he could see the purpose of his work. In hearing the "horror stories" from clinicians during the practica, Roger understood on a very deep level the pain and the suffering that his fellow colleagues had witnessed or experienced themselves. In celebration of his contributions to EMDR, Roger was the recipient of the 1997 Ron Martinez Award.
    Roger loves to travel and has been influenced by his introduction to the many different cultures he has visited on a regular basis. He is interested in seeing the differences between cultures but believes that "People are people no matter where I am and trauma is trauma."  New foods, wonderful vistas and meeting so many new people have been some of the benefits that have kept Roger enchanted with his traveling. He also enjoys showing his discoveries to his daughters Rachel and Julia.
    For the past three years, Roger has been on the Faculty of The Trauma Center in their Community Services Program led by Robert Macy. Roger is the Lead Instructor of this program that provides crisis intervention, clinical services, and education programs to the Boston School District and the community.  Roger modified Jeff Mitchell' s model to make Crisis Stress Intervention Trainings more applicable to clinicians who are working in the community.
    Roger???s expertise in Critical Incident Stress Management has resulted in a worldwide reputation and he consults with national and international companies and their employees. In Toronto, Roger is working with MEDCAN Health Services. This agency provides disability management and healthcare services to other companies. He is proud of their "soup-to-nuts" Critical Incident Trauma Program which includes the provision of treatment to personnel on trauma related disability, training in critical incident stress management, and consultation to management and nursing staff on psychological issues.
    Currently, Roger is engaged in many research projects. In Canada and Germany, Roger and Arne Hofmann are gathering data on the effect of implementing "the one-two punch"  (Roger' s term for the power of doing first CISD then EMDR), after bank employees have been involved in a bank robbery and meet the criteria for Acute Stress Disorder. Roger is collaborating with Theresa McGoldrick on grief research and he is writing a protocol on EMDR and grief based on the work of Theresa Rando. He is gathering research on the effects of a multi-day intervention with those police officers that have been involved with traumatic incidents, using the Impact of Events Scale pre and post treatment.
    Roger is a well-published psychologist and has written on topics ranging from EMDR to issues related to law enforcement, critical incident stress debriefing, memory impairment and critical incidents and administrative guidelines for police-related issues.
    During the September 11th disaster, Roger was in Turkey. When he returned, he was called to New York City immediately to provide Critical Incident Stress Debriefings and other clinical services to a number of federal law enforcement agencies and some private companies.  He reports that he has found EMDR to be very helpful in NYC with Acute Stress Disorder. Roger' s philosophy is "It is very important to supply appropriate intervention depending on the emotional state and phase of recovery of the people involved." As an example, Roger tells of a person who is stuck in an experience of extreme fear and the belief "I am going to die."  When the images, fear, and belief are intruding significantly on the person' s ability to function, EMDR has been helpful in integrating the traumatic images and facilitating on-going functioning. It is important to provide on-going support to monitor the person' s reaction. He says, "EMDR has been a wonderful tool to help people move beyond moments of terror that are frozen in their system."
    Knowing all that Roger has done, I was concerned about how he was taking care of himself in the face of all of the trauma, grief and loss that he has seen, heard and experienced and wondered if he had something to help us as we move through these difficult times. This was his response:  "How have I learned to handle other people' s trauma? It has definitely been a learning experience over the years. It is a continual process of learning to deal with my own vulnerability as I deal with other people' s vulnerability. The best way I have found to deal with it is to be part of a team, with colleagues that I trust. We can talk, debrief, and take care of each other. In New York, I am working with other people whom I have worked with for years, and trust. Another important factor is that I see people get better. When I am working with someone who is traumatized, whether it is a police widow or a WTC survivor, my mindset is that his/her current emotional state is normal and temporary. Things will improve, and I will be part of that forward movement and resolution. This keeps my work meaningful and prevents burnout. The efficacy of EMDR has played a significant role in the development of this outlook."
    We are lucky to have this educated and committed man as part of our EMDR Community.

John Spector
    
When I think back to when I learned EMDR compared to now, I marvel at the numbers of people who are trained in this methodology. I can go anywhere in the world and know that there will be some eager mental health care worker wanting "to talk EMDR." In the early days of EMDR European trainings, there were several sponsors who were excited about the success that they achieved when working with EMDR and they decided to become sponsors in their countries. John Spencer took the lead in the United Kingdom.
    As I became acquainted with this smart, debonair, man with the twinkle in his eye, I knew that we were lucky to have him working on behalf of EMDR in the United Kingdom. Not only has he sponsored trainings in the United Kingdom, he has become a leader in the international community in his support of EMDR at the levels of practitioner, facilitator, consultant, reviewer, researcher, presenter and organizer.
    John was alerted to EMDR through his psychologist wife, Karen, as she was reading through the literature. With Joseph Wolpe' s seal of approval, John and a colleague, Mark Hathwaite, decided to put this "interesting but bizarre" new therapy to the test by trying it out on each other. Mark was a South African army veteran who had a traumatic experience during his military service. John noted that Francine' s method seemed to have a dramatic and beneficial effect on Mark' s memory of the event. John and Mark' s EMDR careers had unofficially begun!  
    Encouraged by their success with Mark' s traumatic memory, they began to use EMDR with other clients presenting with trauma. In 1993, they published an article on one of their successful treatments of a trauma survivor in the British Journal of Psychiatry. John was delighted that this article marked not only the first publication in the British scientific literature but the first European article on EMDR. What followed was "a great burgeoning of interest in the scientific literature in Europe on EMDR."
    John decided it was time to be trained by Francine herself and in 1993 took the EMDR Institute trainings in New York and then San Jose. He became one of the first European practitioners trained in EMDR. Enthused with his EMDR successes, John decided to host the first EMDR Institute training in London.
    Seventy-five brave souls appeared and the British enthusiasm for EMDR had begun!  In 1995, the ground swell of EMDR clinicians in Britain grew to the point that they formed the British EMDR Association of UK and Ireland. At this time, there are 600 British clinicians trained in EMDR. This organization represents EMDR in the United Kingdom and is a member of EMDR-Europe. In fact, it was on British soil, that the seeds for EMDR-Europe began with Richard Mitchell at its helm. John played a seminal role in these historic events. Currently, he continues to be the British EMDR Institute sponsor and the Training Officer for EMDR UK and Ireland.
    John is Head of Clinical Psychology at Watford General Hospital in the United Kingdom. Here, he directs a "unique" Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Clinic. Although his clinic is a part of the British National Health Service, it is unique because it is funded from outside sources such as doctors, lawyers, transport and emergency organizations, etc. who are willing to pay for their clients to be treated. The clinic has attracted national recognition and has had excellent outcomes when working with EMDR. John is also a Consultant Clinical Psychologist.
    And, still, John found he could do more! He has been very active in the domains of research, information and the media. Not only did he publish his 1993 paper, in 1999, he published a review paper entitled "The Current Status of EMDR" which has been used as a touchstone in the EMDR efficacy debate. He gives talks on EMDR throughout the year to hospitals, psychotherapy groups, The Tavistock Institute, The Royal Army Medical Corp, and annual conferences of the British Cognitive Behavioral Association. He has presented at major PTSD conferences in the United Kingdom and he has spoken on BBC Radio about EMDR. Also, he has published newspaper articles on the subject of EMDR. He is a member of the United Kingdom Trauma Group through which he has the chance to interact with all the guiding lights in the trauma field in the UK. With great personal satisfaction, John reports that, "the general climate towards EMDR in the clinical and academic communities has changed from initial antipathy to acceptance of EMDR as a mainline treatment for trauma. This acceptance is mirrored at PTSD Conferences here where EMDR is usually referred to with significant respect.
    On the personal side, I can attest to the fact that he is happily married to Karen, a lovely woman and friend who is also EMDR-trained! Together they enjoy tennis, travel, and reading and long walks in the English countryside that include "stopovers at pubs"! He is very proud of his two daughters who are in the twenties and accomplished in their own right. One has made a name for herself in the field of the psychological treatment of Alzheimer' s disease and the other has just started her first job as a production assistant in the film industry.
    John' s hopes for the future are "for EMDR to be widely accepted and acknowledged in the scientific literature and for EMDR Europe to consolidate and develop EMDR throughout Europe with great vigor"! With John at the helm, I am not worried! Thank you John for your spirit, vitality and heart!

Robert Tinker
    
Bob Tinker is no stranger to trauma. It began when he was 5 years old and his mother died of breast cancer. In retrospect, he realized that this event caused a reaction in his father that led to his developing PTSD symptoms resulting in alcoholism. Bob has been observing the effects of trauma in his family and in the world at large ever since. It has been an organizing phenomenon that has been the crucible from which has emerged his tremendous sensitivity and his drive to make the world a better place for children and adults.
    The first objective look at people' s stories came from his love of literature. Bob delved into books as a way of learning about people and their mysterious ways. If Bob had not pragmatic and concerned about earning a living, he would have been an English major. However, lucky for us, Bob chose the Social Sciences when he went to Michigan State University and he declared his major as Divisional Social Science that included Political Science, Sociology-Anthropology and Psychology. When he was deciding to move further in his education, he had found that Psychology fascinated him the most and he went on to earn an M.A. in Clinical Psychology. Here his experience included evaluation and psychotherapeutic work with children, adolescents, adults, families and couples and in various settings such as Mental Health Clinics, college, prison and the state hospital. Bob went on to receive his Ph.D. at Michigan State University in Clinical Psychology and minored in Developmental Psychology.
    Throughout the course of his training, Bob noticed that many of the psychologists that he observed became "burnt-out wreckages" by the time that they were in their 50' s or 60' s. He decided that he would prevent this outcome for himself by constantly be willing to learn about new approaches to keep his mind and interest in change active. After 20 years of being a psychologist and many seminars of different ideas, Bob "found EMDR." He remembered that in 1990, he was working at the Center for Creative Leadership in Colorado when his colleague, Len Loudis, came back from an early EMDR training talking about this amazing new method. He decided to get trained immediately.
    Bob came back from his first training and was excited about EMDR. He had the good fortune to have a tremendous success with the first patient with whom he used it. "Sometimes, you are just lucky!" he said. This woman was a multiply traumatized women who had been in treatment with him for several years and in treatment all of her life. After several sessions of EMDR, this woman felt that she had had "a transformational experience." She went on to say that "I am where I need to be. I have emotional resolution I never had before." Bob was hooked! This same woman stayed in contact with him over the years and, as a result, he knows that the results held.
    At first, Bob was apprehensive about using EMDR with children. However, he had seen the good results with adults so he began to work with his child patients with. He videotaped everything because he could not believe the results. The videos convey to people what words cannot convey and have the added benefit of practitioners saying, "I can do this, too!" Bob is thrilled to see the effects that his videos have had on other therapists because of the generative quality of passing on knowledge to others that they can put in use.
    Bob' s view on what happens with trauma, children and EMDR is the following:
    "What happens with trauma is that it dysregulates the neurophysiological system. When that happens to a child, the trauma changes their developmental trajectory. EMDR, with a limited number of sessions, puts them on a normal developmental trajectory so that they can be back to learning normal developmental tasks. We have learned through working with children, even prenatal, birth and early medical trauma that those events dysregulate their system and they become hyperaroused, hyperfearful and hyperaggressive. I do not know if it makes sense to talk about memory then when autobiographical memory does not occur until 2 years of age; but there is the dysregulation that is there. With being able to intervene and re-regulate that aroused system downward, they are responding more normally physiologically."
    Recently, Bob told me of an insight he had that had been right under his nose from the beginning. He noted that in all the years he had been videotaping children, he would let them watch themselves playfully on TV so that they could desensitize themselves to any fearfulness about it. A few weeks ago, he had been working with a 4 year old who had a medical trauma and a short attention span. She asked to watch herself on TV and, as she sat in rapt attention through the 20-minute video, he tapped her as she watched, thus doubling the length of her attention span and the EMDR session. "How come I had never thought of this before?" he wondered. He thought about how fascinated he had been with how the Tele-Tubbies would play a song and sing and act it out. The kids would get excited and ask them to do it again encouraging the kids at home to learn through repetition. Bob noted, "As brilliant as I thought it was, I never thought to repeat it with EMDR!" With the right timing, observations and continued exposure to new material, Bob came up with another way to use EMDR.
    Bob' s work with children has been the source of much thought. One of the things that he is most delighted about is that EMDR affords him the opportunity of being able to intervene with a limited number of sessions, allowing the children to get "back on track" quickly. Also, they can ask to come back to see him when needed. He has noticed that when a child who has worked with him has something upsetting happen, they ask to come back to see him and they have a few sessions to clear up whatever the issue is. He has a whole crew of children who have had EMDR sessions over 4-5 times in segments throughout their formative years. Another observation has been that many of the children are anxious, bright and imaginative. As they move through their "little t" traumas, they become more capable of becoming talented writers, artists and performer. Bob thinks that it is because they live in the world of imagination, that they are so creative. However, the liability of this is that they are more easily traumatized. Thus, when they watch the news or scary movies, they imagine it so vividly that they do not need to be in a plane or an accident to have a plane phobia or car phobia. EMDR helps deal with the downside without being overwhelmed by their imagination.
    Bob is concerned that children are underserved and are not included in any national health insurance. Unless parents are well off, children have to go to Departments of Human Services or Community Mental Health services where their care is variable and often implemented by people who are in training. Bob firmly believes that the next generation is very important and we need to do as much as we can do to help.
    Another facet of Bob' s professional development has been his remarkable collaboration with Sandra Wilson and Lee Becker. As a result, he has become an even stronger supporter of the Scientist-Practitioner Model. As Bob puts it:   "In terms of doing research, I am struck that you need such vast knowledge. It is hard to imagine one person who has enough knowledge to conduct all aspects of research. You need a team approach. Lee provided the scientific and statistical expertise, while Sandra gave clinical and administrative expertise and I furnished clinical expertise. I was the corpus callosum and they were the right and left hemispheres."
    There have been many projects that have benefited from this collaboration. Sandra Wilson' s dissertation was the very first project that resulted in the study that replicated Francine Shapiro' s findings about EMDR and was published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) in 1995. Bob was involved as a research therapist and taped all of his sessions. This is where the famous "Mary tape" came from; a tape that is used in all of the EMDR Institute trainings. He was involved with analyzing and writing up that study as well as the 15-month follow up that was published in the same journal in 1997. Bob underlined "I like to make a medical comparison that if a drug company announced that they had a cure for PTSD and that with 3 injections (because EMDR can be painful) and 15 months later there are 75% functioning normally like before the trauma and the other 25% would show improvement and only need several more injections, that would be on the front pages of the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times! The drug companies would make billions of dollars. But, with EMDR we do not have a proprietary product that somebody makes billions of dollars from and the word spreads more slowly! We have to deal with it."  To have these 2 studies published, he remembers how difficult it was to jump through all of the hoops. However, due to their strong data and Lee' s extraordinary analysis (which ended up in Statistical textbooks as state of the art), they were able to present their data in a way that fit a new standard of excellence that included statistical and clinical significance as well as individual and group effectiveness.
    In 1996, this team began work on phantom limb pain. Bob was particularly pleased with this study as it showed that phantom limb pain had much in common with trauma. He noted that after 20 years of an amputation, 70% still have the pain. With EMDR intervention, they are getting 80% relief with leg amputees. Bob believes that "EMDR has an effect on pain whether it is emotional pain or the pain memory. I see this with motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors. Whenever you deal with someone injured, the pain of the MVA is evoked in the EMDR session itself. The person hits their head and that pain comes up within the EMDR session that illustrates how strong the mind-body connection is even to the point of stigmata appearing on the body from early abuse or from an MVA the bruises will reoccur. Neurology does not have a clue how that happens."
    Other notable projects include working in Oklahoma City after the bombing and being part of the team that set up an EMDR free clinic. This was an event that was directed by Sandra Wilson and resulted in the founding of the EMDR Institute' s Humanitarian Assistance Program. Bob and Sandra created their own Spencer Curtis foundation with the mission to create psychological services for humanitarian purposes and to document their effectiveness. One of the first projects sponsored by the Spencer Curtis foundation was working with Kosovo children in Germany. This resulted in the first study of the use of EMDR with children exposed to war.  Another project was with stress management with law enforcement personnel. It was found that EMDR produced more changes in a positive direction when compared to the usual psycho-educational information. This study was published in the International Journal of Stress Management in 2001. Previously Bob trained therapists who were participating in Claude Chemtob et al.' s study, "Brief treatment for elementary school children with disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder: a field study" that was published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology in 2002. Also, Bob and Sandra are the designated EMDR children' s trainers for EMDR Europe.
    Bob has held teaching positions at the University Colorado, Michigan State University and the EMDR Institute. He has been a Consultant in Drug and Alcohol, Autism, Education, Child treatment, Hemodialysis and Creative Leadership.
    In 1999, he wrote a well-received book with Sandra Wilson called "Through the eyes of a child: EMDR with Children which has been translated into German, Japanese, Spanish and Turkish. He has also received 2 awards from the EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Program: in 1995 for his Contribution to Disaster Relief Effort in Oklahoma City after the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building; and in 1996 for his Contribution to Disaster Relief Effort in Nairobi. In 2000, along with Lee Becker and Sandra Wilson, he was a recipient of the EMDRIA Outstanding Research Award.
    To the EMDR community Bob has this to say: 
    "I would like to ask that all the EMDR therapists consider being child EMDR therapists as well because when they work with adults who have been traumatized as children they are really working with children. Anyone who works in the area of trauma with EMDR should be skilled in working with both children and adults. Over the last 12 years, people have become like family. I feel it strongly. They are real leaders and innovators and courageous. When our 3 grandchildren died, we got condolences ??? hundreds and hundreds of cards and condolences. It shows how much a family people who work with EMDR are and how well people who work with trauma can understand the effects of it. We were buoyed up by these expressions of sympathy. It truly helped us get through this devastating loss. When someone dies, you want it to be noticed and have meaning in it. The outpouring of life and affection was awe-inspiring."
    To Bob ???our clinician, scientist, researcher, consultant, teacher and friend- we offer our heartfelt thanks for being such an active and integral part of our EMDR community.

David Wilson
    
Over the many years that I have known David Wilson, each time I meet or talk with him I learn something I did not know before about him. Whether he is telling me about his latest invention, or a new concept in research, or something about one of the many organizations that he is involved with (or on the Board of), I am always surprised and delighted by the breadth of his interests and the depths of his concerns about psychology, people, and the world in general.
    His earliest interest in uncovering a good story and creating a narrative history came through his fascination with archeology. He began by working several summers at the Town Creek Indian Mound State Park in Mt. Gilead, North Carolina, in the late 50' s. He continued this interest with site surveys in North Carolina and California. In 1984, he went on the "Expedition Luna Maya Caribe" on the Eastern Coast of the Yucatan to study the Archaeoastronomy of the Mayans. David called this "a trip of a lifetime", and he spent a year preparing for it. He was part of the surveying crew and cross-trained in compass reading and in the sextant. His last archaeological adventure was under his first mentor in North Carolina. It seems David will do anything to piece together and solve a good story!
    Most of you may think of David as a native Californian since he has contributed so much to this state through his work in professional organizations, community   services and forensic endeavors. However, David was born and grew up in the lovely southern state of North Carolina. Both father and son were brought up in North Carolina and they trace their family lineage back 1000 years. They are related to Heinrich Widener, IV, the oldest son of the Duke of Saxe-Colberg and Gotha-Hapsburgs- and to Herman the Cruel and George the Fat!
    Although from a home of modest means, his father modeled the importance of education by becoming "the first modern Wilson" to finish High School, and David was the first to finish college on his father' s side. Not only did David value education, he excelled in it. He received his A.B. from Davidson College in North Carolina, where he completed this fine men' s school as a Dana Scholar for every year he attended.
    David was inspired by a professor at Davidson, William Gatewood Workman, who had been a student of Carl Rogers at Chicago and an outstanding Psychology teacher. David was hooked and decided to major in Psych-ology and go into the experimental and physiological branches of the field, since he has always been interested in brain functioning. An inventor at heart, David built his own equipment to replicate James Olds' experiment on the electrical stimulation of the pleasure centers in albino rats. He became an expert in Neurosurgery on rats. Luckily for the rats, he took a summer job after college at a clinical psychology internship program. Instead of treating him like a new college graduate, they let him do whatever he could learn to do. It was here that David learned of his love for working with people and doing psychological testing. When he went on to do his doctorate at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, he decided to major in Clinical Psychology, but he has never lost his love for the physiological aspects of his discipline. He was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow at the University of North Carolina, where he received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology. 
    In June 1963, he was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant and served for 5 years in the US Army. He was deferred for graduate studies to begin his doctorate. In September 1966, he moved to California to begin a one-year internship in Clinical Psychology at Letterman General Hospital at the Presidio of San Francisco. On the completion of his internship, David was promoted to Captain. The following year he became a Staff and then Supervising Psychologist for the Outpatient Services in the Psychology Service Section at Letterman. In 1967, he received his doctorate and in September 1970, he left the army and worked for Kaiser Permanente in Haywood for 2 years.
    By 1972, David relocated to Redding in Northern California as it reminded him more of the South because of its rural nature. He began to build his private practice in 1974, and has worked full-time in private practice since that time. His busy practice includes seeing individual and group clients, 2 hours of Consultation for the Child Welfare Department, 2 diagnostic evaluations per week and work in forensics. David is a forensic specialist and is an expert witness in Clinical Psychology for Superior Courts in 10 California counties. He is considered a qualified expert witness in another 6 California counties plus Oregon, Arizona, and the Federal Courts. He is also a Court appointed expert witness in Child Psychology by 7 California counties for Superior Court. He has done over 2000 forensic evaluations, including 260 murder cases over the past 20 years.
    David has been involved with state psychological issues since the beginning of the 70??s. He is proud to say that he was among the first psychologists licensed in the state of California. He founded the Shasta Cascade Psychological Association, as a Chapter of the California Psychological Association. He was President, Chapter Representative, and on the Executive Board. With the California Psychological Association, he was a member of Divisions I, VI and VII; on the Vision Quest Committee/Long Range Planning; Commission on Social Healing; Chair of the Membership and Publications Committees; on the Board of Directors as Chapter and Division Representatives; Co-Chair of the Chapter Representatives Group; Executive Council as a Chapter and Division Delegate.
    David has won many awards over the years such as Outstanding Psychologist Award (1994) from Shasta Cascade Psychological Association; Outstanding Research Award (1994) from the EMDR Network; the Silver Psi Award from the California Psychological Association; and the Outstanding Contribution to EMDRIA (1997) from the EMDR International Association.
    His love of helping groups organize was put to use as he became a member of the Board of Directors for over a dozen nonprofit Social Service agencies like the YMCA' s Youth and Family Counseling Center; Criminal Justice Advisory Board; Parents United; the Sexual Abuse Treatment Program; Help, Inc.; Head Start; and The Redding Teen Center.
    David brought this wealth of knowledge to us when he became part of the EMDR task force to build a new association in EMDR. He was a Charter Member and Founding Board Member of EMDRIA where he served as the Chairman of the Board and then President-Elect and finally, President of our organization.
    David began his EMDR career in September 1990, when he took one of the early trainings with Francine Shapiro. He said that, "Things were wide open at that point. No model, no facilitators. She developed EMDR, as we know it, out of teaching others how to use it.  She realized that people who were doing a lot of EMDR were complaining about tennis elbow." This is where David, "the Inventor and Saver of the Collective Arms of EMDR", came to the rescue! He built the first eye movement device out of "Knight Rider" turn signals. He re-wired the circuitry so it would go back and forth and he could control the speed. He mounted it on a tripod so that the angle could be adjusted, and that was the beginning of the gadget that became the "Eyescan." He then teamed up with Doug Fisher from Neurotek. David said, "The ones I build look like I built them! Doug' s look like they were built by an engineer!" David noted that he thought of the visual, audio and tactile machines at the same time in 1991, but did not do anything about them because of the prohibitive cost of the patents. Doug and David are in collaboration of a new device that will be coming out soon and will provide more choices in the use of bilateral and tactile stimulation.
    However, the very latest in David Wilson technology is what he likes to call "the poor man' s brain scan"! David was interested in looking for a physiological trigger that could tell us when to change the stimulus when the EMDR processing was blocked. But, how should we measure it? He started with the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) but it was too unstable; blood pressure was too difficult; and skin temperature was too slow. He looked at heart rate but settled on ear temperature figuring that ear temperature is closer to the brain and the carotid arteries and would reflect blood flow to the hemispheres. After thinking about Bessel van der Kolk, Uri Bergman and Frederic Schiffer' s work, he developed a gadget that would measure left and right ear temperature. He thought that the difference would be small but was surprised to find that the first group of combat veterans that he tested were much hotter on the right consistently. It turns out that normal males who do not have PTSD have no difference in ear temperature. Women also run close to a 0 difference. Battered women also run hotter on the right side. He now has temperature on 80 people and he has found the most consistency with combat veterans. There is a high correlation with the degree of combat experience (i.e. chronic higher arousal) and having a hotter temperature on the right side. Normal males also show variability and may have hotter temperatures on the right or left sides; David wonders if these men have been traumatized in some way or if this is some version of an anxiety disorder. He also noted that most left handed combat veterans run hotter on the left side than the right, however, left handed combat vets showed more variability, suggesting that some of these men might not be left handed naturally. The interesting news is that in this sample of men, when the temperature is taken before EMDR and then after, EMDR normalizes the ear temperature differential! David has 8 other research publications that he has authored or co-authored on subjects such as EMDR, Hypnosis and Military Stress, the MMPI and Creativity.
    David has a rich personal life. He has 3 children from his first marriage, Cheryl, Lisa and David, Jr.  He is proud of all of them and their accomplishments, including his 2 grandchildren, Eric and Alex. He recently married Gail whom is a Nurse and working in an administrative capacity as a Discharge Planner for the Northern California Rehabilitation Center. She finished her BA in January and he is looking forward to more time with her. They like to dance and have been taking dancing lessons for the past 3 years.
    What you also may not know about David is that he is a playwright. He has written two plays. The first one, "Ten Zen Tales", was performed in November 1985, as a benefit for the Hunger Project, Beyond War, and the Redding Church of Religious Science. In March 1987, his play "The Moon Cannot Be Stolen" was produced at the Critic' s Choice Theater in Redding. After receiving video training, he also filmed the productions of his two plays.
    David has a love of outdoor sports that includes camping, hiking, fishing (trout) creeks and stream in the high country, and white water rafting. He is an avid reader of Science Fiction and recently has begun to do Sumi-e, Japanese ink brush painting.
    When I asked David about what was close to his heart, this was his answer: "I do believe that there is something in EMDR that represents a breakthrough in psychotherapy. What EMDR attracts are people who want to make a difference in the world."
    I think that EMDRIA is now in a position where it could absorb a geometric increase in members, and to attract that, we need a vision that is big enough to make people want to be a part of what we are doing. I think that my best statement is my introduction to Francine Shapiro at the Toronto EMDRIA Conference last year. If our lives are going to be used by something, why not make that something a grand and noble purpose that turns you on and lights you up and calls you forth to be the best therapist and the best human being you can be. 
    If we look at where the world is headed, it is headed in a bad direction. With the Internet, TV, and rapid transportation, we have shrunk the world to a point at which the rules for success have really changed, from one based on competition for survival, to one that requires cooperation for survival. We need a critical mass of enough people who can see that. We need to move from you OR me, to you AND me.
    I see EMDR potentially playing an important role in that. My hope is that by healing trauma, we can empower people to next focus on living a meaningful life. In a way, that is full circle. What is a meaningful life? Touching and being touched by our family and friends."
    David has touched the lives of people on our planet in many ways. From gathering the ancient stories to loving father and husband, healer, inventor, soldier, sportsman, organizer, playwright, and EMDR advocate and practitioner, David has made contributions that will help forge and touch many more futures, a fitting legacy for such a kind, creative and intelligent man. Thank you, David, on behalf of the EMDR community of which you are such an integral part.

Sandra Wilson
    
When I think of Sandra Wilson, I think of a kaleidoscope of dynamic shapes and colors coinciding with the different facets of her life: caring friend, wife, mother, grandmother, philanthropist, psychologist, researcher, humanitarian, wilderness retreat leader, fund-raiser and champion of the underdog. There is no area of the human heart that she has not touched and the number of human hearts she has touched is countless.
    I was introduced to Sandra soon after she completed her doctoral dissertation in partial fulfillment of the requirements for her Ph.D. at The Union Institute. This was the first controlled study of EMDR with 80 traumatized adults and was later published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology as a Special Feature in December 1995  (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for psychologically traumatized individuals) with her co-authors Lee Becker and Robert Tinker. For her important work, she received "The Good Froggy" Research Award from the EMDR Institute in 1995. The 15-month follow-up with 84% participant response was published in JCCP with the same co-authors in 1997. For this research, Sandra won "The EMDR Research Excellence Award" in 1996. These two studies demonstrated the positive and long-term effects of EMDR with patients and became the launch site for the slow steady accumulation of positive research on EMDR.
    I liked her immediately. She was full of life, feisty, irreverent, funny and bright. Also, she was focused and driven to do what she could to fund her research and to help demonstrate the efficacy of EMDR to the world at large and the psychotherapeutic world in particular. At the time, we called ourselves "GOBS" (it was the time of acronyms!), or "Great Old Broads of EMDR"! Sandra was busy selling bright pink and orange T-shirts that read "p<. 0001, snake oil-not" and "I am woman. I am strong. I am invincible. I am tired" (many of us can relate to that!). She was a woman on a mission.
    Sandra was born in Detroit, Michigan and was the eldest of 10 children.  In 1985, she received her Bachelor's of Art Degree Magna Cum Laude in Psychology and Sociology from Central Michigan University. In 1987, she completed her Master of Arts Degree in Clinical Psychology and Child Development, also Magna Cum Laude, from the same university in Mt. Pleasant, MI. She moved to Colorado in 1988 in search of the mountains and to keep her son company while he was attending the University of Colorado!
    A long the way, Sandra has had a variety of other occupations: lead vocalist in a band in the '60's, Pre-School Educator, Crisis Center Co-Director, Parent Education Program Director, General Contractor, Community College Instructor teaching house construction, Head of numerous humanitarian projects, Recreation Director for an exclusive family resort and Psychological Private Practice Clinician.
    She has had her share of her own trauma and tragedy through the years; the saddest being the loss of two grandchildren in infancy, Spencer and Curtis. In true Sandra fashion of turning tragedy into good works, she and her husband, Robert Tinker founded the Spencer Curtis foundation in 1994 as a loving memorial to her grandchildren. The purpose of this non-profit corporation is to provide psychological and humanitarian programs for children, worldwide, and to conduct scientific studies of EMDR and Trauma. Sandra, Bob and Lee Becker spearhead the projects with the help of many volunteers and/or paid therapists to create a special working community for the various projects. So far, 247 therapists have participated in their studies and projects to date!
    What has followed is a cascade of wonderful projects, humanitarian efforts and challenging research that has spanned the nineties and -no doubt- will flourish during the new millennium.
    In 1995, Sandra was appointed Project Director along with Joe Westerheid, Ph.D. and Karin Kleiner, LCSW for the Oklahoma City Bombing Relief Project sponsored by EMDR-HAP (marking the founding of HAP) and The Spencer Curtis Foundation. They supervised the EMDR Free Clinic that was staffed by 186 EMDR facilitators who volunteered their services to treat 250 victims of the Oklahoma Federal Building bombing. They also ran gratis trainings so that 300 therapists in the area could learn EMDR to use with trauma survivors.  For her work in Oklahoma City, Sandra was awarded "The Cornelius Sabin Award" by the El Paso County Psychological Society.
    In 1996, The Spencer Curtis Foundation sponsored "The EMDR with Children Research Project." One hundred and twenty children and their parents were interviewed with approximately half completing the study. However, due to a failure of funding commitments, the Tinker's are endeavoring to find the funds to complete the analysis and write up the study for publication. Unfortunately, this is often the plight of researchers.
    In June 1996, "The Phantom Limb Pain Research with EMDR" began. The idea for this project came after Francine Shapiro spoke at the 1995 EMDRIA Conference about Linda Vanderlaan's work during the "HAP Bogot?? Columbia Project" with a child in Columbia who had remission of phantom limb pain after an EMDR treatment. Sandra and Bob were fascinated by this result and with great curiosity began to delve into this area of research. The pilot study began with 7 patients and was funded by The Spencer Curtis Foundation and the Tinkers in the United States and Germany. At this time, 50 patients have received EMDR and report approximately a 70% reduction of pain. Part of the data include MEG scans for 3 patients pre and post their EMDR intervention. These patients are currently undergoing their post testing and the results will be presented at the Toronto EMDRIA Conference in September 2000. "The Phantom Limb Pain Research" is in a funding status at this time and work will be continued once a grant or large donation is secured.
    When Sandra is involved with these research projects, she brings the heart she demonstrates in the rest of her life into whatever study she is working on. Not only does she have a fierce support for her therapists, she has a great love and delight in the kinds of process and experience reported by the patients who are part of the project. She told me one story about a patient who had lost an arm from Cancer and after she was treated with EMDR was no longer experiencing any phantom limb pain. This woman had regained her joie de vivre and went out two-stepping with her boyfriend. They were dancing and stepping with such abandon that, at one point, her partner was left holding her prosthesis while her stump was exposed. While the dancers around her had stopped in surprise, she and her partner were laughing so hard they could hardly catch their breaths. I could see Sandra's eyes twinkling with sheer delight at this woman's triumph in the face of her disability.
    "The EMDR with Police Officers as a Stress Reduction and PTSD Program" for the City of Colorado Springs Police Department began in 1997. This project was under the auspices of the National Institute of Justice Program to look at effective ways to help law enforcement officers and their families recover from the stress of such intense work. The Spencer Curtis Foundation received an $85,000 grant to assess 62 officers and their partners or spouses on the main areas of police stress. A 6-month follow-up was conducted and the article has recently been submitted for publication.
    In 1998, Sandra was awarded "The Ron Martinez Award" by the EMDR Institute.
    During 1999, the much awaited "Through the Eyes of a Child: EMDR with Children" was published. Bob and Sandra have included the wealth of their collective experience with EMDR and working with children in the text. It is an important book to include in any library as the literature on EMDR grows.
    September of last year marked the beginning of the Malteser Refugee Camp in Hemer, Germany Project. More than 100 children and adults benefited from the 6-month program. A controlled study of 40 children was begun in December using a modified version of the EMDR protocol that included the butterfly hug. The butterfly hug was the result of work that Judy Boel and Judy Albert did with children who were victims of the floods subsequent to Hurricane Paulina, in Mexico. This project was undertaken to validate the effectiveness of EMDR so that governments will accept this treatment in the face of other disasters. At the moment, there are two Albanian psychiatrists who are hoping to raise money to set up a clinic to do EMDR in Kosovo. The plan is to have HAP trained local therapists and volunteer EMDR therapists do clinical supervision over the next two years to support the trainings.
    Sandra's latest venture is to integrate her love for the wilderness into her passion for psychotherapy. As she has plunged into the work of helping others face disasters, she has been intimately in contact with the fall-out of such events. She said to me, "We are putting us in situations that change us. I will never be the same. I have a different world picture." Dealing with her own vicarious trauma and Auto-immune Disorder, and looking to her mountains for comfort, she is creating wilderness retreats to assist healers in healing themselves and to help people wounded from life and work to rejuvenate and/or resuscitate their bodies, minds and spirits.
    Unless you think that Sandra is totally concentrated on her work, you need to know that she is an avid wife, a mother of five and a grandmother of eight so far. She has learned the art of making every moment count and is enjoying each one. She likes to read and enjoys all types of music. Currently she is reading Eleanor Roosevelt's autobiography, "Ghost of the Balkans" and "The Firm." When she is outside, she includes gardening, hiking, walking, biking, skiing, snowboarding, fishing, white water rafting, horseback riding in her activities. As Sandra says:
    "I am living my life, before it is over.
     I am where I want to be.
     Doing what I want to do
                       With whom I want to do it.
     The three biggies.
     A nice place to be."
                  How lucky we are to have Sandra Wilson in our community.