Francine Shapiro Library: EMDR Bibliography
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1. Johannesson, K. B. (2001, April). EMDR – psychotherapy in posttraumatic stress syndrome in young people. Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU), Stockholm, Sweden.
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a new psychotherapeutic method aimed at processing memories of traumatic events, thereby ameliorating the psychological consequences of these memories. EMDR involves elements from several different psychological approaches. It is uncertain which of the treatment elements are effective. Clients with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the main target group for EMDR treatment. Although both children and adults have been treated with EMDR, this document is aimed particularly at children and adolescents. Patient Benefits, Risks, and Side Effects Published studies of EMDR mainly cover adults with PTSD. There are two randomized and controlled studies, one of which has yet to be published, of EMDR treatment in 47 children and adolescents. One of the studies suggests that EMDR yields a better treatment outcome in the short term compared to the control treatment (active listening). In the second study, no significant difference was found between EMDR treatment in combination with standard treatment and standard treatment alone as regards reduction in avoidance and invading thoughts. However, the PTSD symptom of behavioral disorders declined significantly in the EMDR group. Furthermore, numerous case studies suggest that EMDR has a positive treatment effect in children and adolescents with PTSD. No harmful effects have been reported.
2. Kamari, A. Sahragard, M., Zinati, A. (2011, July). The investigating of the effectiveness of eye movmement desensitization and reprocessing on war veterans with PTSD. Poster presentation at the 12th European Congress of Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey.
The aim of his study was to examine the effectiveness of treatment of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on war veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. In this Rresearch 14 war veterans with PTSD were selected availability sampling and divided into 2 groups of: Treatment of EMDR (N=7) and control group (N=7). Three treatment sessions were individually hold by use of EMDR method, while control group was waiting. All of the subject was evaluated PTSD Symptom Scale_Interview (PSS_I) sefore and after the treatment. Analysis of data showed that comparison with control group the said treatment EMDR Caused a Decrease In PTSD syndrome. It can be generally noted that experimental groups has been found to be effective on PTSD among Iranian war veterans.
3. Knipscheer, J. (2011, March). Psychosociale problematiek na eenmalig trauma bij migranten: De casus van een Marokkaanse man met PTSS [Psychosocial problems after a single trauma among migrants: The case of a Moroccan man with PTSS]. Psychologie & Gezondheid, 39(3), 159-162. doi:10.1007/s12483-011-0032-6.
In dit artikel wordt de zaak en behandeling van een 43-jarige Marokkaanse man beschreven die leed aan post-traumatische stress-stoornis (PTSS) na een ongeval op de werkplek. Naast zijn PTSS symptomen, meldde hij woede en verbittering. De behandeling bestond uit Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) en cognitieve therapie. Aandacht besteed aan cultureel gevoelige aspecten van de interventies, waaronder waardoor extra tijd voor psycho-educatie en uitleg van de therapie beweegredenen, het optimaliseren van huiswerk oefeningen, cognitieve herstructurering met betrekking tot het herwinnen van het gezag, en affectregulatie om opwinding te verduren tijdens de EMDR-sessies.
In this paper, the case and treatment of a 43-year-old Moroccan man is described who suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS) following an accident at the workplace. In addition to his PTSS symptoms, he reported anger and embitterment. Treatment consisted of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and cognitive therapy. Attention was paid to culturally sensitive aspects of the interventions, including allowing additional time for psycho-education and explanation of the therapy rationale, optimizing homework exercises, cognitive restructuring concerning the regaining of authority, and affect regulation to endure arousal during EMDR-sessions.
4. Miller, P. (2005, April). A case study of complex PTSD exploring the use of EMDR and medication: The psychobiology of a traumatic incident. Presentation at 3rd Annual Conference of the EMDR Association of UK and Ireland, Jordanstown, Northern Ireland .
5. ter Heide, F. J. J., Mooren, T. M., Kleijn, W., de Jongh, A., & Kleber, R. J. (2011, August). EMDR versus stabilisation in traumatised asylum seekers and refugees: Results of a pilot study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2, 5881. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v2i0.5881.
Background: Traumatised asylum seekers and refugees are clinically considered a complex population. Discussion exists on whether with this population treatment guidelines for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) should be followed and Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (TF-CBT) or Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) should be applied, or whether a phased model starting with stabilisation is preferable. Some clinicians fear that trauma-focused interventions may lead to unmanageable distress or may be ineffective. While cognitive-behavioural interventions have been found to be effective with traumatised refugees, no studies concerning the efficacy of EMDR with this population have been conducted as yet. Objective: In preparation for a randomised trial comparing EMDR and stabilisation with traumatised refugees, a pilot study with 20 participants was conducted. The objective was to examine feasibility of participation in a randomised trial for this complex population and to examine acceptability and preliminary efficacy of EMDR. Design: Participants were randomly allocated to 11 sessions of either EMDR or stabilisation. Symptoms of PTSD (SCID-I, HTQ), depression and anxiety (HSCL-25), and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) were assessed at pre- and post-treatment and 3-month follow-up. Results: Participation of traumatised refugees in the study was found feasible, although issues associated with complex traumatisation led to a high pre-treatment attrition and challenges in assessments. Acceptability of EMDR was found equal to that of stabilisation with a high drop-out for both conditions. No participants dropped out of the EMDR condition because of unmanageable distress. While improvement for EMDR participants was small, EMDR was found to be no less efficacious than stabilisation. Different symptom courses between the two conditions, with EMDR showing some improvement and stabilisation showing some deterioration between pre-treatment and post-treatment, justify the conduct of a full trial. Conclusion: With some adaptations in study design, inclusion of a greater sample is justifiable to determine which treatment is more suitable for this complex population.
6. Walte, C. (2010). Posttraumatische belastungsstörung bei kindern und jugendlichen: Traumafokussierte kognitive verhaltenstherapie und eye movement desensitization and reprocessing als mögliche interventionsformen [Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing as possible forms of intervention]. University of Hildesheim, Grin, 31. doi:10.3239/9783640733767.
Abstract: Abstract: In der Gegenwart erfährt sowohl die Thematik des Traumas bei Kindern, als auch die Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung erhöhte Aufmerksamkeit und eine Reihe von Befunden zeigt, dass ein erheblicher Teil von Kindern nach einem Trauma eine Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung entwickelt, was eine genauere und detaillierte Betrachtung des Störungsbildes und seiner Behandlungsmöglichkeiten erfordert. Besonders die Traumafokussierte kognitive Verhaltenstherapie und die Methode des Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing finden neben anderen Interventionsverfahren in der Fachliteratur vermehrt Beachtung. Auf der Grundlage dieser Aspekte habe ich die folgende Fragestellung entwickelt, die ich in meiner Arbeit untersuche: Durch welche Merkmale sind die Traumafokussierte kognitiv-behaviorale Verhaltenstherapie nach Cohen und das Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing nach Shapiro als mögliche Interventionsformen der Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung gekennzeichnet, in welchen Aspekten bestehen Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede beider Therapieformen und welche Therapieform ist aus welchen Gründen wirksam(er)?
Abstract undergoes in the presence of both the issue of trauma in children, as well as post-traumatic stress disorder increased attention and a series of findings indicates that a significant proportion developed by children after a trauma a post-traumatic stress disorder, which is a more accurate and detailed consideration of the disorder and its treatment requires. In particular, the trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy and the method of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing find more in addition to other intervention methods in the literature attention. Based on this, I have developed the following question that I explore in my work: Which features are the trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral behavioral therapy according to Cohen and the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for Shapiro characterized as a possible intervention forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in which Aspects are the similarities and differences between the two forms of therapy and which treatment is effective for any reason(s)?