Francine Shapiro Library: EMDR Bibliography
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1. Bisson, J. I., Ehlers, A., Matthews, R., Pilling, S., Richards, D., & Turner, S. (2007, February). Psychological treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder: Systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 190(2), 97-104. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.021402.
Background: The relative efficacy of different psychological treatments for chronic PTSD is unclear.AIMS: To determine the efficacy of specific psychological treatments for chronic PTSD. Method: In a systematic review of randomised controlled trials, eligible studies were assessed against methodological quality criteria and data were extracted and analysed. RESULTS: 38 randomised controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (TFCBT), eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR), stress management, and group cognitive-behavioural therapy improved PTSD symptoms more than waiting-list or usual care. There was inconclusive evidence regarding other therapies. There was no evidence of a difference in efficacy between TFCBT and EMDR but there was some evidence that TFCBT and EMDR were superior to stress management and other therapies, and that stress management was superior to other therapies. Conclusions: The first-line psychological treatment for PTSD should be trauma-focused (TFCBT or EMDR). [Author Abstract]
Keywords: Chronic Mental Illness Cognitive Behavior Therapy Cognitive Therapy Group Counseling Literature Review Meta Analysis Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Stress Management Systematic Review Trauma
2. Cohen, A. (2012, May). A long-term grief counseling group for adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Saint Mary’s College of California, Moraga, CA. 1514521.
The purpose of this project was to propose a long-term, theoretically sound and research supported person-centered grief counseling group for adult women who were sexually abused as children. A review of the literature indicated that child abuse survivors can benefit from supportive group counseling; sharing a context of common experience seems to aid in their healing process. The proposed program recognizes the need to provide women who were abused with a trusting, social environment that helps to remove the secrecy and isolation, decrease the feelings of shame and self-blame, and increase self-esteem and self-worth. The integration of a nondirective approach with grief counseling creates a more comprehensive approach in which to support the development of social skills and healthy and trusting relationships. The group is structured for survivors to share their experiences, heal from their traumas, and find the tools to move forward into happier, healthier, and better functioning lives.
3. Taylor, R. J. (2004). Therapeutic intervention of trauma and stress brought on by divorce. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 41(1-2), 129-135. doi:10.1300/J087v41n01_08.
The trials and tribulations of experiencing a divorce are not easy for anyone who has seen it firsthand. Regardless of how the divorce occurs, it is important to note that there are hurt parties in need of healing. This article suggests a model based on EMDR, hypnosis, and NLP that may be combined with the efforts of mediation, divorce education, and support and counseling groups to reduce the pain and anguish being experienced. It is only when the parent(s) are free from the trauma associated from divorce that they may serve as a positive influence on their children.
Keywords: Distress Divorce Divorce Education Emotional Trauma Group Counseling Group Psychotherapy Hypnosis Intervention Mediation Neurolinguistic Programming NLP Psychoeducation Stress Support & Counseling Groups Therapeutic Intervention Support Groups Trauma Treatment