Francine Shapiro Library: EMDR Bibliography
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1. McCann, D. (1992, December). Post-traumatic stress disorder due to devastating burns overcome by a single session of eye movement desensitization. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 23(4), 319-323. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(92)90055-N.
This article reports on the effective use of a single session of eye movement desensitization (EMD) in the treatment of an exceptionally severe case of PTSD. The patient was the survivor of burns that left him with massive scarring, total deafness, bilateral amputations of the upper extremities above the elbow, severe contractures, and severely damaged feet and ankles. He had endured 8 years of intense suffering from symptoms of PTSD. [Author Summary]
2. Salabert, G. (2002). Treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder using eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing: two case studies. In B. Raphael, & A. Malak, (Eds.), Diversity and mental health in challenging times (pp. 237-245). Sydney: Transcultural Mental Health Centre.
Format: Book Section
In my experience of using EMDR with clients from Latin American backgrounds, a number of old traumatic experiences emerge earlier in the process of therapy than conventional psychotherapeutic treatment. These memories were mainly related to life threatening situations experienced in their countries of origin due to organised violence.Two cases will illustrate the clinical use of EMDR. These clients came from Argentina and Central America suffering from PTSD at the time of treatment. [Adapted from Text, p. 238][Pilots]
Keywords: Argentines Case Report Central Americans Dog Bites Females Immigrant Australian Middle Aged Multiple Traumatic Events Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Surgical Procedures Survivors Treatment Effectiveness
3. Sanderson, A., & Carpenter, R. (1992, December). Eye movement desensitization versus image confrontation: A single-session crossover study of 58 phobic subjects. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 23(4), 269-275. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(92)90049-O.
Eye movement desensitization (EMD) and a control procedure, image confrontation (IC) were compared in a group of 58 phobics, 31 of them arachnophobes. [There were 7 cases of "traumatic phobia" and 1 of "classical PTSD."] Subjects confronted disturbing images in a single-session crossover trial. Anxiety levels were recorded on the SUD Scale. Whenever practicable, SUDs to feared objects were also recorded. EMD and IC were equally effective in reducing anxiety levels. After 1 month, during which subjects were encouraged to use IC daily, improvement was maintained. Since exposure to the disturbing image is common to both methods it must be presumed to be the basis of change when EMD is used in cases of phobia. [Author Summary]