Francine Shapiro Library: EMDR Bibliography
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1. Lievegoed, R., & Seubert, A. (2004, June). Trauma and beyond: EMDR in the treatment of traumatized clients with mental retardation (MH/MR diagnosis). In children and EMDR (J. Morris-Smith, Chair). Symposium conducted at the EMDR Europe Association annual meeting, Stockholm, Sweden .
For the past three decades, clinical experience as well as research has supported the validity of counseling and psychotherapy in the treatment of dually diagnosed (MH/MR) clients. At first behavioral therapies and later various forms of process-oriented therapy (Gestalt, creative arts, body-centered, play) have been effectively employed with this population, Particularly through the use of process therapies it has become clear that traditional insight and cognitive therapy must be adapted in favor of experience, action, body-centeredness and “right-brain” functioning to be impactful with this population.
EMDR< given its primarily non-verbal mode of functioning, holds great promise as an effective and efficient therapy for trauma treatment with dually diagnosed clients, a population inherently vulnerable to traumatic impact. Anecdotal case presentations with mental retarded clients, corroborated by both client report and by clinical observation. In all cases, therapeutic gains remained intact after treatment.
This presentation will introduce a “phase model” of trauma treatment for this population and will demonstrate were EMDR would be most effective within this model. Attention will also be given to ways in which the basic EMDR protocol would need to be adapted to meet the needs of these clients.