American Psychiatric Association. (2004). Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Acute Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Acute Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines.

California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare. (2010). Trauma treatment for children. http://

CREST. (2003). The management of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults.  A publication of the Clinical Resource Efficiency Support Team of the Northern Ireland Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety, Belfast.

Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense. (2004). VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for the management of post-traumatic stress. Washington, DC: Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs and Health Affairs, Department of Defense. Office of Quality and Performance publication 10Q-CPG/PTSD-04.

Dutch National Steering Committee Guidelines Mental Health Care. (2003). Multidisciplinary guideline anxiety disorders. Quality Institute Heath Care CBO/Trimbos Institute. Utrecht, Netherlands.

Foa, E.B., Keane, T.M., Friedman, M.J., & Cohen, J.A. (2009). Effective treatments for PTSD: Practice guidelines of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.  New York: Guilford Press.

INSERM. (2004). Psychotherapy: An evaluation of three approaches. French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Paris, France.

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health. (2005). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): The management of adults and children in primary and secondary care. London: National Institute for Clinical Excellence.

Francine Shapiro Library

Created by Dr. Barbara Hensley, the Francine Shapiro Library is dedicated to Francine Shapiro, originator and developer of the Adaptive Information Processing Model (AIP) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR).  The purpose of this Library is to provide information for clinicians, researchers, and lay people on the effectiveness and efficaciousness of EMDR for a wide range of mental health issues.  The Francine Shapiro Library (FSL) is the compendium of scholarly articles and other important writings related to the AIP and EMDR. The intent of the FSL is to maintain an accurate and up-to-date list of citations related to AIP and EMDR. 

EMDR is a phased, scientifically validated, and integrative psychotherapy approach based on the theory that much of psychopathology is due to traumatic experience or disturbing life events. These result in the impairment of the client's innate ability to process and to integrate the experience or experiences within the central nervous system.

What is EMDR?
The core of EMDR treatment involves activating components of the traumatic memory or disturbing life event and pairing those components with alternating bilateral or dual attention stimulation. This process appears to facilitate the resumption of normal information processing and integration. This treatment approach can result in the alleviation of presenting symptoms, diminution of distress from the memory, improved view of the self, relief from bodily disturbance, and resolution of present and future anticipated triggers.

Read description of EMDR for clients
Read EMDRIA'S Clinical Definition of EMDR

Theory of EMDR

Research Studies
A wide variety of research studies have been implemented using various treatment aspects and protocols as their focus since EMDR's initial development.

Many of these studies support EMDR as an empirically validated treatment of trauma. Several types of research models are utilized:

International treatment guidelines, meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, nonrandomized studies

Resources for Researchers
EMDR Research Resource Directory
Listserv for EMDR Researchers
How to Develop and Research a New Treatment Protocol for EMDR
Information About EMDR Research
Obtaining an EMDR Fidelity Scale
Selected Instruments for Psychotherapy Outcome Measurement
Informed Consent
Obtaining Help with an EMDR Research Project or Dissertation

The Library is hosted by Northern Kentucky University as a service to EMDR International Association. Please visit their site for full information about the association and its activities.